14 Romanov Statues Planned for St. Petersburg Park Topic: Romanov
Zurab Tsereteli is preparing a special gift for Russia’s northern capital. Fourteen bronze sculptures by the famed Russian sculptor depicting the sovereigns of the Romanov dynasty, will be erected in the 300th Anniversary Park in St. Petersburg.
Russian Minister of Culture, Vladimir Medina presented drafts of the monuments at the International Cultural Forum, which was recently held in St. Petersburg. Tsereteli’s idea is to create a Walk of Fame, or “Romanov Alley” began some 35 years ago.
The 14 monuments will begin with Tsar Mikhail Feodorovich (ruled 1613-1645), and end with Tsar Nicholas II (ruled 1894-1917). Each monument will be cast in bronze, and stand from three to six meters in height.
The 300th Anniversary Park is located in north-western St. Petersburg. It was founded in 1995, and by 2003 it offered a beautiful landscaped green space, which included fountains and hundreds of trees.
Zurab Tsereteli has created numerous statues dedicated to the Romanov dynasty. One of the most controversial is a monument to Peter the Great in Moscow. His museum in Moscow is home to other Romanov monuments, including the thought provoking Night at the Ipatiev House.
Russian Farmer Ivan Susanin Gave his Life to Save the First Russian Tsar Topic: Romanov
Many Russian poems, paintings and musical pieces are devoted to Susanin’s feat
400 years ago, in 1613, Russian farmer Ivan Susanin gave his life to save the life of the first Russian tsar of the Romanov dynasty, Mikhail.
Various sources name various details of this event. It is sometimes very difficult to separate historic truth from myths and legends. Besides, the significance of what Susanin did is estimated variously by various historians.
What can be said with more or less certainty is that Ivan Susanin lived in the village of Domnino, which was an estate of Mikhail Romanov. The village was in 80 km from the city of Kostroma.
As a rule, monarchs are not elected – they inherit the throne from their parents. However, after Russians overthrew the regime of the Polish invaders in 1612, they had to appoint or elect someone as the country’s new ruler. Thus, something like a council was convoked to elect a tsar.
Mikhail Romanov, a son of a high-ranking clergyman, who was very young at that time, was not present at this council. He was in the city of Kostroma when he heard the news that he was elected the tsar of Russia.
The Poles, wanting to take revenge for their defeat, decided to capture or even kill the newly elected tsar before he had managed to ascend the throne. They came to the village of Domnino and ordered a local farmer, Ivan Susanin, to tell them where the young tsar was.
A widely spread version of Susanin’s story has it that allegedly, he said that he would take the Poles to the place where Mikhail Romanov was hiding. But instead, he led them into an impassable forest. When the enemies realized that Susanin had deceived him, they killed him. But they never managed to get out of the forest because they drowned in a bog.
However, historians say this version is probably a legend that appeared later. The version that sounds more real to them is that Susanin did not lead the Poles to any forest. He categorically refused to say where Mikhail Romanov was. The Poles severely tortured Susanin, but he did not betray the tsar. Finally, the enemies killed the brave farmer.
The only documented mention of Susanin which dates back to his time and has preserved till our days is a decree of Mikhail Romanov, by which he presented one half of the Domnino estate to Ivan Susanin’s descendants.
The Director of the Chancellery of the Romanov Royal House Alexander Zakatov believes that the significance of Ivan Susanin’s feat can hardly be overestimated:
“The Gospel says: “Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends.” (John 15:13.) Ivan Susanin sacrificed his life for the Romanov dynasty. The history of the Romanov dynasty did not start from a large-scale battle or from a historic deed of a certain noble person. It started from a selfless feat of a modest farmer who, most likely, never expected that people would glorify him in songs within many centuries and build monuments to him.”
“In fact, Ivan Susanin gave his life not only for the young Mikhail Romanov,” Alexander Zakatov says. “It would not be an exaggeration to say that he saved the entire Russia. If the Polish invaders’ regime resumed in Russia, this would have been a real catastrophe for our country.”
Unexpected as it may sound, although Susanin saved a tsar, the Soviet authorities also proclaimed him a hero. Soviet propaganda, however, didn’t stress that he saved a tsar. It said that he saved Russia from enemies.
Russian historian Alexey Shishov says:
“Artifacts or documents may be destroyed or lost. But if a hero lives in people’s memory, his feat can never be erased from this memory. In the case of Susanin, it is very hard, if possible at all, to separate the truth from legends. However, legends do not appear at an empty place. Some minor details of legends about Susanin may be not true, but these legends are obviously based on real events.”
Many Russian poems, paintings and musical pieces are devoted to Susanin’s feat. Probably the best known of them is the opera “Ivan Susanin, or a Life for the Tsar” by 19th-century composer Mikhail Glinka.
It is believed that a certain Western military commander allegedly said: “As long as Russia has people like Ivan Susanin, it would be madness for anyone to start a war against Russia.”
The Romanovs as Charitable Philanthropists Topic: Romanov
A unique photographic exhibition, Charity Under the Auspices of the Romanov Dynasty opened last week in Moscow.
The exhibit includes more than 100 photographs that show members of the Russian Imperial family involved and working with various charities for the benefit of the people.
Among the most actively involved were the Empresses Maria Alexandrovna, Maria Feodorovna and Alexandra Feodorovna, as well as Grand Duchesses Olga Alexandrovna and Elizabeth Feodorovna.
Many members of the Russian Imperial family built and founded charities, orphanages, almshouses, at their own expense and became active patrons of these institutions. As the ruling dynasty, many felt a moral obligation to reach out to those less fortunate.
The photographs depict the Romanovs at charity functions, including bazaars and concerts; working at clinics, hospitals, hospital trains, hospitals and orphanages. Many portraits are also featured, including members of the Russian Imperial family, doctors, medical staff, honourary trustees, hospital and hospice employees, teachers, etc.
The exhibition runs until 22 December, 2011 at the Moscow School No. 1573.
Unknown Romanovs: 400 Years of Service to Russia Now Playing: Language: Russian. Duration: 2 minutes, 31 seconds Topic: Romanov
An exhibition of photographs of the Russian Imperial family has opened in the Russian city of Vladimir.
More than 100 photographs show the last Russian tsar, Nicholas II and his family during happier times.
"It is always interesting to life the veil and see the royal family in more private settings," says Alexander Panin. "This exhibition offers a unique opportunity to see the emperor as a loving husband and father".
The House of the Romanov Boyars is located on Varvarka Ulitsa, in what is perhaps one of the oldest surviving buildings in the historic Kitai Gorod section of the city.
It was built in the sixteenth century by Nikita Romanov (Ivan the Terrible's brother-in-law), and it once formed the nucleus of a vast complex of seven thousand households stretching down to the river, made almost entirely of wood, with the exception of the palace.
Romanov men folk used the first floor, built of stone, whose rooms are low and vaulted, with mica windows, tiled stoves and gilded, embossed leather "wallpaper", in contrast to the spacious, airy women's quarters upstairs, panelled in blonde wood. Here, married couples slept on benches against the walls, while unmarried daughters spent the daytime weaving in the adjacent svetlitsa or "light room", with its latticed windows overlooking the street. The residence was abandoned after Mikhail Romanov was elected tsar in 1613, and the whole family and their retainers moved into the Kremlin. It was restored on the orders of Nicholas I as a tribute to his ancestors, and opened as a public museum in 1859. Among the first visitors, were members of the Imperial family, famous writers and other prominent Russians.
Although a venerable Moscow institution, the palace is for some reason often overlooked by foreign visitors. This is a shame, as it is a genuinely fascinating and appealing museum that gives an unusually complete glimpse of a world unknown to most Russians, let alone foreign visitors to Moscow.