Members of the Extraordinary Investigative Commission of the Provisional Government,
includedSergei Oldenburg (second from left), and Alexander Blok (second from right)
On 17 March 2017, a pinpoint exhibition opened in the Raphael Loggias in the State Hermitage devoted to the Extraordinary Investigative Commission of the Provisional Government.
On 4 March (17 March, New Style) 1917, following the February Revolution, the Provisional Government set up an Extraordinary Investigative Commission to examine the actions of former ministers, heads of departments and other senior officials, both civilian and in the administration of the army and navy. Initially the commission was based in the building of the Senate, but soon it moved to the Old Hermitage “We used what was called the Committee Entrance, the first after the Winter Canal along the embankment,” Sergei Zavadsky, the deputy chairman of the commission, recalled. (Today it is known as the Small or Director’s Entrance.)
In May 1917, Alexander Blok was recruited to work for the commission. The poet edited the records of the interrogations of former ministers. Sergei Oldenburg, secretary of the Russian Academy of Sciences, was in charge of the editorial work. In June 1917, he was appointed minister of education in the Provisional Government. The historian Professor Yevgeny Tarle was invited to join the commission, which also included the historian and Pushkin-specialist Pavel Shchegolev, chairman of the Special Commission for Investigating the Activities of the Department of Police. He later became one of the creators of the Museum of the Revolution that was opened in the Winter Palace in January 1920. Shchegolev published the verbatim reports of the interrogations and testimony given to the Extraordinary Investigative Commission of the Provisional Government.
In the 1930s, both Oldenburg and Tarle were on the staff of the State Hermitage.
The commission was unable to discover any crimes committed by the former Emperor, Empress or ministers of the Tsar’s government.
The exhibition includes photographs of Shchegolev, Tarle, Oldenburg and Blok, reports of the Extraordinary Commission, and also the text “The Last Days of Imperial Rule” compiled by Blok. In the poet’s opinion, the materials gathered by the commission “by giving an accurate picture of the activities and fall of the old regime, would destroy many of the legends that have built up around it.”
From March 2017, events will take place in various halls of the Hermitage marking key occurrences of 100 years ago. Each of them represents one small element of the exhibition “The Winter Palace and Hermitage in 1917”.
The month of March played a fatal role in the destiny of several generations of the Romanov dynasty:
24 March (O.S 12 March) 1801 - Emperor Paul I was murdered in his bedroom of the newly constructed St Michael's (Engineers) Castle
13 March (O.S. 1 March) 1881 - Emperor Alexander II was assassinated by terrorists while travelling along the Griboyedov Canal
15 March (O.S. 2 March) 1917 - Emperor Nicholas II abdicated for himself and for his son and heir. His abdication brought an end to his 22-year reign, together with that of the Romanov dynasty and monarchy in Russia.
On March 7th, the exhibition The Fatal March, opened at the Suvorov Museum in St. Petersburg. The exhibition marks the tragic events which took place in Russian history a hundred years ago.
The exhibition features a collection of commemorative medals and military decorations, issued after the abdication of Emperor Nicholas II by the new Provisional Government. It was during this period that all former state symbols were removed, replaced by those which reflected the new regime. Medals depicting the portrait of the emperor were replaced with the image of St. George, while the Imperial crown was removed from orders.
The exhibition also presents symbols of the monarchy, which were saved by museum staff during the February Revoution in 1917. In spite of risk of persecution by authorities, these items also form part of this unique exhibit.
The exhibition also traces the relationship the family of the famous commander Alexander Suvorov. Together with a portrait of Emperor Nicholas II, busts of his ancestors - Paul I and Alexander II, whose lives also tragically ended in March, are also represented.
The Suvorov Memorial Museum is a military museum dedicated to the memory of Generalissimo Alexander Suvorov (1729-1800). It was founded in 1900 to commemorate the centenary of Suvorov's death and was inaugurated four years later, on the 175th anniversary of Suvorov's birth, with much pageantry, in the presence of Emperor Nicholas II, who also became the museums’ chief benefactor.
The Russian Museum of Malaga Presents The Romanovs and the Fine Arts Topic: Exhibitions
The Collection of the Russian Museum in Malaga takes you into the era of the Russian empire through art, thanks to the year-long exhibition The Romanovs and the Fine Arts. The exhibition brings together nearly 250 works - paintings, sculptures, icons and other artistic pieces - by artists who excelled between the seventeenth and twentieth centuries, coinciding with the successive reigns of the Romanov dynasty, until the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II with the outbreak of the Russian Revolution in 1917.
Among the nearly 250 works presented in the exhibition, such acknowledged masterpieces as "Portrait of Peter I" (1770) by Aleksey Antropov, "Peter I interrogates Tsarevich Alexei in Peterhof" (1872) Nikolai GE, "Ice house" (1878) by Valery Jacobi, "the Court of Pugachev" (1879) by Vasily Perov "Portrait of Alexander III" (1886) by Ivan Kramskoy, painting of Fedor Alekseev, Vasily Vereshchagin, George Dawe, Boris Kustodiev, Ilya Repin, Andrei Ryabushkin, Gregory Ugryumova, etc.
Aside from the gallery of portraits of Russian rulers, visitors to the exhibit will also have an opportunity to see Church utensils, furniture and works of decorative art from the 18th-20th centuries. Among them are items from the famous Imperial porcelain dinnerware, and orders of St. Alexander Nevsky and the Order of St. Vladimir.
The exhibition The Romanovs and the Fine Arts runs from 22 February 2017 to 4 February 2018 at the El Museo Ruso in Malaga, Spain.
Click on the link below for more information about this exhibition:
An interesting exhibition opened in the Yusupov palace at Arkhangelskoye last year, however, I only just learned about it this week, when the museum announced that it would extend the exhibit until the end of March 2017.
The exhibition Desserts Princes Yusupov allows visitors a unique opportunity to see the works of pièce montée (the art of decorative confectionery centerpieces in an architectural or sculptural form used for formal banquets - from the era of Catherine the Great to the time of the Emperor Alexander II.
the opportunity to get acquainted with a little known facet life noble estate: welcome and treat guests. Specially conceived and organized, so the reception was one of the most important aspects of the life of Russian country estate.
The Russian monarchs and their families were regular visitors to Arkhangelskoye, where official receptions were often arranged by their Yusupov hosts. The Emperor Alexander I visited here, and the estate was included in the program of the coronation of Emperor Nicholas I in 1826. Other August guests to Arkhangelskoye included the Emperors Alexander II, Alexander III and Nicholas II. In the 19th century, Prince N.B. Yusupov retained warm recollections of a visit by the Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna (wife of Emperor Paul I). At the beginning of the 20th century Princess Zinaida Yusupova welcomed members of the Russian Imperial family from the neighbouring estate Ilyinskoe: Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich and his wife Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna. Other prominent guests included prominent figures of Russian culture: musicians, artists, and writers.
Dining was one of the most important aspects of the life of a Russian country estate. Desserts were a spectacular, brilliant part of the feast. This tradition came to Russia from Europe in the 18th century. The serving and presentation of sweets and fruit dazzled and enchanted guests.
The exhibition Desserts Prince Yusupov is on display in the dining room of the palace at Arkhangelskoye. The table is set with porcelain from the dessert set of the Yusupov family, preserved in the storerooms of the estate. The center of the table is elaborately decorated with cakes, desserts and fruit, in which the sweet composition recreates the tastes of the original owners of the estate and their guests.
The recreation of multi desserts of the 18th - 19th centuries, demonstrates the development of the unique art of fancy pastry. For instance, a grand Imperial cake is reminiscent of the era of Emperor Nicholas I, which the artist recreated according to old engravings, using authentic recipes. The cake is a striking example of the confectionery art of the first half of the 19th century. Confectioners created these giant cakes - measuring 1.5 to 2.5 - 3 m in height - for special occasions: coronation celebrations, for important diplomatic receptions, receptions on the occasion of the celebration of name days, or for the wedding of a member of the Imperial family.
The dessert table on display at Arkhangelskoye was recreated by Aldis Brichevsom, an expert on the history of the art of confectionery and pastry. He has been commissioned for some 30 projects by various museums and other cultural institutions in recent years. The uniqueness of his creations is that they are reproduced using old technology: manually, without the use of tools and moulds for casting without mechanical kneading and melting. His hand-made masterpieces, are produced from natural ingredients: sugar paste, nougat, marzipan, marshmallow and honey syrup. Aldis Brichevsom developed his own confectionery preservation system of natural products, ensuring a long display life.
Ten magnificent works of pastry art created by Aldis Brichevsom for the Arkhangelskoye Museum-Estate, evoke "sweet memories" of the era of the Russian manor house, which flourished in the 18th and 19th centuries, the owners and guests of the famous noble princes Yusupov family in their glorious estate of Arkhangelskoye in the Moscow region.
The exhibition Desserts Princes Yusupov runs until 31st March 2017 at the Arkhangelskoye Museum-Estate in Moscow.
1917. Romanovs & Revolution. The End of Monarchy Exhibition Opens in Amsterdam Topic: Exhibitions
The exhibition 1917. Romanovs & Revolution. The End of Monarchy
runs to 17th September 2017 at the Hermitage Museum in Amsterdam, Netherlands
On 3 February 2017, the exhibition 1917. Romanovs & Revolution. The End of Monarchy formally opened at the Hermitage–Amsterdam Centre.
The display contains over 250 items from the collections of the State Hermitage, the State Archive of the Russian Federation in Moscow and the Artillery Museum in St Petersburg. There are photographs and film footage, paintings and applied art, historical documents and weapons. The exhibition tells about St Petersburg and art in the early 20th century, about the last Russian emperor, Nicholas II, and his family, about the political and social situation during his reign, about the first abortive Russian revolution in 1905 and the Russian Empire’s involvement in the First World War, about the revolutionary events of 1917 and the last years in the life of the imperial family. Visitors can see how Nicholas II’s personality and his decisions step by step made revolution inevitable and led to the end of 300 years of rule by the Romanov dynasty in Russia.
The extensive assortment of historical documents, personal belongings and letters of the last Romanovs presented in the exhibition make it possible to view events of the period from the inside. Many stories will be told in their own words.
Georgy Vilinbakhov, Deputy General Director of the State Hermitage, who is commissar of the exhibition, said: “This display is the first stage, the first event devoted to the 100th anniversary of the revolution. It makes us think about the events that took place 100 years ago and their consequences.”
“The exhibition tells about a very important and interesting period. For the Dutch, the 1917 revolution is not purely Russian history, it is world history. And that attracts people,” Cathelijne Broers, Director of the Hermitage–Amsterdam Exhibition Centre, emphasized.
The commissar of the exhibition is Georgy Vadimovich Vilinbakhov, Deputy General Director of the State Hermitage; the curators are Viacheslav Anatolyevich Feodorov, head of the State Hermitage’s Department of the History of Russian Culture, and Yelena Yuryevna Solomakha, deputy head of the Department of Manuscripts and Documents.
For more information on this exhibition, please refer to the following link:
The Museum of Military Uniform, a branch of the Museum of the Russian Military-Historical Society opened this week in Moscow. The first exhibition - Rescued Relics acquaints visitors with individual samples of Russian military uniforms of the 18th and 19th centuries.
The exhibition was created on the basis of the collection of the Imperial Quartermaster Museum, which existed before the revolution, under the auspices of Emperor Nicholas II. The "store of samples", established by Peter I, received items of military uniforms not only from the Russian army, but also foreign armies. In 1868, Emperor Alexander II issued an Imperial decree on the founding of the Quartermaster Museum and instructed the museum to collect samples of uniforms "in order to preserve the history of military uniforms of the Russian Imperial Army".
After the 1917 Revolution, the museum was closed and the exhibits were packed in crates and placed into storage in the Peter and Paul Fortress. In 1932, some of the uniforms were transferred to the artillery historical museum, and some went to the costume theatre. The greater part of the exhibit remained in the vaults. Since 1959 the collection has been available to a limited circle of specialists at the experimental design based on the Central Clothing Management, organized by the Office of the clothing supply the Ministry of Defence of the USSR.
Thanks to the full support of Anton Nikolaevich Gubankov, director of the Culture Department of the Ministry of the Armed Forces of Russia, in 2015 was carried out the project of the transfer of unique items from the museum's storerooms of the Ministry of Defence of Russia to the Russian Military-Historical Society for the restoration and display in the museum. A year after the start of restoration work and a hundred years of oblivion, rarities of military uniforms for the first time are shown to the wide range of visitors.
Exhibition: Pierre Gilliard. The Last Days of the Romanovs Topic: Exhibitions
Grand Duchesses Olga, Tatiana, Maria and Anastasia Nikolaevna
gathering mushrooms in the forest of Bielovesa, Autumn 1912. Photo by Pierre Gilliard
A new photo exhibition will open at the Hague Museum of Photography / Fotomuseum Den Haag in March, featuring 70 photographs of Russia’s last Imperial family by Pierre Gilliard.
The Hague Museum of Photography marks the 100th anniversary of the abdication of Emperor Nicholas II, with a presentation of a unique series of personal photographs of the private world of Nicholas II and his family, taken by the Swiss writer and academic Pierre Gilliard (1879-1962). As private tutor to the tsar’s children, he built up a close relationship with them over a period of thirteen years. His intimate, disarming and sometimes surprising images of boat trips and games show the still carefree years before Russia’s last tsar met his fateful end.
The exhibition: Pierre Gilliard. The Last Days of the Romanovs, runs from 4th March to 11th June 2017 at the Hague Museum of Photography / Fotomuseum Den Haag.
For more information about Pierre Gilliard and the Romanovs, please refer to the following articles:
The Narva Castle Museum (Hermann Castle) will host a new photo exhibition The Romanovs and Imperial St. Petersburg, featuring the photographs of the famous Russian photographer Karl Bulla, from 21 January to 21 February, 2017
The exhibition showcases rare photographs of the Russian Imperial family, and a wide panorama of life in Imperial Russia at the turn of 19th to early 20th centuries, from the collection of the Karl Bulla Historical Photograph Fund in St. Petersburg.
The photo exhibition is presented in the framework of the celebrations dedicated to the 120th anniversary of the Voskresensky Cathedral in Narva, Estonia.
The ceremonial laying of the Cathedral of the Resurrection in Narva (1896) was dedicated to the official meeting of Emperors Alexander III of Russia and the German Emperor Wilhelm II on 5 August 1890. The event was presided by Reverend Father Arseny, Bishop of Riga and Mitava, in the presence of Emperor Alexander III and Empress Maria Feodorovna, as well as other members of the imperial family and many dignitaries. The foundation stone of the cathedral was laid by Emperor Alexander III.
In 1904, photographer Karl Bulla received permission to photograph members of the Russian Imperial family. He photographed the Emperor's meetings with other heads of state, including historic meetings held in Reval (Tallinn). It was here, that Bull photographed the meeting between Emperor Nicholas II and French President Armand Fallières in July 1908. In July of 1912 he photographed the meeting of Nicholas II and the German Emperor Wilhelm II onboard the imperial yacht Standart.
For 20 years, Karl Bulla photographed the Russian emperors and members of the Imperial family and their entourage. In November 1894, Karl Bulla photographed the funeral of Emperor Alexander III in St. Petersburg, as well as the coronation of Emperor Nicholas II in Moscow in May 1896. His photographs present the daily life of the Imperial family and public celebrations in which they participated. Karl Bulla gained popularity with his coverage during the participation of Nicholas II and his family during the celebrations marking the 200th anniversary of St. Petersburg in 1903, and the 300th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty in 1913.
The exhibition was organized by the Association of Russian Artists of Estonia, headed by Curator of the International Cultural Exhibition Project - Lily Kerr. The project is supported by the Embassy of Russian Federation in the Republic of Estonia and the Narva and Peipsi Diocese of the Estonian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate.
The exhibition The Romanovs and Imperial St. Petersburg runs from 21 January to 21 February 2017, in Narva Castle, Narva, Estonia.
Exhibition Dedicated to 200 Years of Relations Between the House of Romanov and Hohenzollern Dynasties Opens in Germany Topic: Exhibitions
Wedding of Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia and Grand Duchess Kira Kirillovna of Russia, with Emperor Wilhelm II (1938)
This article has been translated by Dmitry Lapa and updated with additional information by Paul Gilbert.
The exhibition, Kinship by Choice: the Romanovs and the Hohenzollerns – 200 Years Together has opened at Hohenzollern Castle near Stuttgart.
It includes over 130 exhibits. Among them are portraits and photographs of members of the House of Romanov and the House of Hohenzollern, personal items of imperial family members, pictures reflecting events which involved Russian and Prussian monarchs, early twentieth century photos depicting meetings of St. Nicholas II and Wilhelm II, and personal notes of the latter in which he tells about his attempts to rescue the Russian tsar and his family in the summer of 1918.
The exhibition will run until January 29, 2017. It was opened as part of the evening of German-Russian friendship arranged by the St. Gregory the Theologian Charity Foundation.
Additionally, a concert was performed at Hohenzollern Castle by both German and Russan singers, and a Litya was served at the castle’s Orthodox chapel near the grave of Grand Duchess Kira Kirillovna of Russia (1909-1967), grandmother of Prince Georg Friedrich of Prussia. The service was celebrated by Igumen Maxim (Schmidt), representative of the Southern Deanery of the Diocese of Berlin and Germany of the Moscow Patriarchate.
Next year will mark the 200th wedding anniversary of Grand Duke Nicholas Pavlovich (the future Emperor Nicholas I) and the Prussian Princess Frederica Louise Charlotte Wilhelmina (1798-1860). The latter was received into Orthodoxy with the name Alexandra Feodorovna and became the Russian empress in 1825.
It was the first “dynastic marriage” of a representative of the House of Romanov with a member of the Hohenzollern Dynasty which in many ways predetermined friendly and allied relations between Russia and Germany that were maintained for the most of the nineteenth century.
Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna gave birth to four sons from whom all the following generations of the Romanov Dynasty were descended. All their descendants living today are also descendants of this Prussian princess.
HIH Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna, attending the opening of the exhibition held in the Hohenzollern Castle
Head of the House of Hohenzollern Prince Georg Friedrich of Prussia, the Russian Federation’s Ambassador to Germany Vladimir Grinin, and CEO of the St. Gregory the Theologian Charity Foundation Leonid Sevastianov took part in the opening of the exhibition. Prince Georg Friedrich personally invited his aunt, the Head of the Russian Imperial House, HIH Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna, to attend the opening of the exhibit.