On This Day: Emperor Nicholas II Abdicates Topic: Nicholas II
Today, marks the 100th anniversary of the abdication of Emperor Nicholas II, bringing an end to more than 300 years of the Romanov dynasty and the monarchy in Russia.
The Emperor issued the following statement (which was suppressed by the Provisional Government) on 15 March (O.S. 2 March) 1917:
In the days of the great struggle against the foreign enemies, who for nearly three years have tried to enslave our fatherland, the Lord God has been pleased to send down on Russia a new heavy trial. Internal popular disturbances threaten to have a disastrous effect on the future conduct of this persistent war. The destiny of Russia, the honor of our heroic army, the welfare of the people and the whole future of our dear fatherland demand that the war should be brought to a victorious conclusion whatever the cost. The cruel enemy is making his last efforts, and already the hour approaches when our glorious army together with our gallant allies will crush him. In these decisive days in the life of Russia, We thought it Our duty of conscience to facilitate for Our people the closest union possible and a consolidation of all national forces for the speedy attainment of victory. In agreement with the Imperial Duma We have thought it well to renounce the Throne of the Russian Empire and to lay down the supreme power. As We do not wish to part from Our beloved son, We transmit the succession to Our brother, the Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich, and give Him Our blessing to mount the Throne of the Russian Empire. We direct Our brother to conduct the affairs of state in full and inviolable union with the representatives of the people in the legislative bodies on those principles which will be established by them, and on which He will take an inviolable oath. In the name of Our dearly beloved homeland, We call on Our faithful sons of the fatherland to fulfill their sacred duty to the fatherland, to obey the Tsar in the heavy moment of national trials, and to help Him, together with the representatives of the people, to guide the Russian Empire on the road to victory, welfare, and glory. May the Lord God help Russia!
In private, Nicholas was devastated that his generals no longer had confidence in him and recorded in his diary, “All around is betrayal, cowardice and deceit!”
Royal Russia presents the following articles drawn from media sources around the world on a variety of topics which relate to this historic day, on the abdication, the Russian Revolution, Lenin and the Russian monarchy:
The following is a Legitimist examination of the 3 March 1917 (15 March 1917, new style) abdication of Nicholas II and the subsequent 15 March 1917 (28 March 1917, new style) deferral of the throne by Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich in commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the Emperor Nicholas II's laying down of "the supreme power."
"Monarchy has always been a guarantor of stability, especially an Orthodox monarch. We live in an Orthodox country and we profess Orthodox values and the monarch has always been the Anointed of the Lord," says Alexander Fomin of the All-Russian Monarchist Center.
As the centenary of the abdication of the last Tsar of Russia, Nicholas II, approaches, Liadan Hynes traces the story of the tsar and his wife - from their meeting as teenagers to their execution at the hands of the secret police.
Mikhail Rodzianko is credited as the man who persuaded Nicholas II to abdicate. A century later, his descendants struggle with his legacy. Modern-day conservatives and nationalists blame “traitors” for the events of 1917 that led to the destruction of the Russian Empire — and Rodzianko is one of their targets.
The 100th anniversary of the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II, has attracted little notice. It is the opinion of most historians that Nicholas was a failure: feckless, dimwitted, reactionary—and henpecked to boot. But as Robert Massie makes clear in his admirable biography, Nicholas and Alexandra, the real Nicholas was more complex, more human and more interesting than the caricature.
Patriarch Kirill to Prayerfully Commemorate 100th Anniversary of Tsar Nicholas II Topic: Nicholas II
The “Reigning” or “Enthroned” Icon of the Mother of God
This article was originally published by Pravoslavie.ru, on 10th March 2017.
The centenary of the abdication from the throne of the holy Royal Martyr Tsar Nicholas II will be marked by a Patriarchal Divine Liturgy, as established by the Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church at its March 9th meeting in Moscow, reports the site of the Moscow Patriarchate.
The prayerful commemoration will take place March 15, on the anniversary of Tsar Nicholas’ stepping-down from the throne, which is also the day of the “Reigning” or “Enthroned” Icon of the Mother of God which miraculously appeared in the village of Kolomenskoye, near Moscow, on the same day as the tsar’s abdication. The appearance of the icon was perceived by the faithful as a sign that the Mother of God would protect the Russian land in the stead of the tsar, from which it takes its name.
The Reigning Icon is kept at the Kazan Church in Kolomenskoye Park where it was found, and is one of modern Russia’s main sacred objects. Patriarch Kirill is scheduled to celebrate the anniversary Liturgy in this church.
Rare Vintage Cars of the Last Russian Emperor on Display in Moscow Topic: Nicholas II
The favourite automobiles of Russia's last emperor Nicholas II are currently on display at the Sokolniki Exhibition and Convention Centre in Moscow. The exhibit is hosted by the Oldtimer-Gallery, Russia’s largest exhibition of vintage cars and technical Antiques, held twice a year in Moscow.
The exhibition dubbed The First Motors of Russia features more than 50 automobiles, motorcycles and other vehicles manufactured for the local market or used in Russia before 1917. The highlight of the exhibit is a collection of 28 automobiles from His Imperial Majesty's Personal Garage, including the favourite automobile of Russia's last Tsar Nicholas II, a French Delaunay-Belleville.
It was Prince Vladimir Nikolaevich Orlov (1868-1927), who in 1904 first drove to the Alexander Palace at Tsarskoye Selo, a Delaunay-Belleville that caught the interest of the Emperor. For many years, Prince Orlov was considered one of the most trusted men of Nicholas II’s entourage, who voluntarily served as the personal chauffeur to the imperial family.
In the early 20th century, Nicholas II took a particular interest in the new mode of transport. By 1917, his collection of 56 automobiles rivalled that of any European monarch of US president. The first garage for the Imperial fleet was built at Tsarskoye Selo, near the Alexander Palace in late 1905 - early 1906. Additional garages were constructed at Peterhof, St. Petersburg, and by the spring of 1911 at Livadia.
The exhibition The First Motors of Russia runs from March 8-12 at the Sokolniki Exhibition and Convention Centre in Moscow.
Myrhh-Streaming Bust of Tsar Nicholas II in Simferopol Topic: Nicholas II
Bust of Emperor Nicholas II at the Memorial Chapel to the Holy Royal Martyrs in Simferopol, Crimea
This article was originally published by Pravoslavie.ru, on 6th March 2017.
It has been revised and edited by Paul Gilbert @ Royal Russia
Russian social media has been awash with activity this past week, over a myrhh-streaming bust of Tsar Nicholas II in Simferopol. The claim has prompted ridicule, consternation and awe in Russia. Russian Orthodox Church officials in Crimea have refuted these claims.
Deputy of the State Duma of Russia and a former Prosecutor General of the Republic of Crimea Natalia Poklonskaya and local church warden of the chapel of the Holy Royal Martyrs in Simferopol have reported about a myrrh-streaming bust of Tsar Nicholas II at the parish, reports pravoslavie.fm.
Chapel warden Alexei has stated that “Natalia Vladimirovna saw the first myrrh-streaming, and I also looked but did not attach any importance to it... Then a parishioner told us that something is happening with the bust. We decided to look closer and we saw that it was the grace of God—myrrh. The rain passed and it turned out that the whole bust was covered in myrrh. Generally it’s a sign. After all, we have myrrh-streaming icons: the first myrrh-streaming icon of the Royal Family, then the Vladimir Icon of the Mother of God, the Kazan Icon of the Mother of God, and others.”
On the morning of February 22, at 6:30 AM, Alexei went to the chapel as usual to pray, and while reciting the Creed he noticed that there were drops on the face of the Kazan Mother of God Icon. Others noticed it as well. It then turned out that other icons were streaming as well. Then on March 3, the warden noticed an unusual shine on the bust after a rain, finding droplets of a very different consistency from rain water, like resin that was very difficult to separate and collect.
According to Poklonskaya, people have already come to the bust with their children, looking for healing. The Russian Orthodox Church has not made any official statement on the occurrence either way.
Representatives of the Simferopol and Crimean Diocese, however, have investigated the icons in the chapel and the bust standing outside, but found no traces of the miraculous occurrence. They have called on the local priest to continue monitoring the situation.
Miraculous myrrh streaming is typically associated with icons and the relics of saints in Orthodoxy, manifesting the grace of God present in the sacred objects, and is often used for healing.
“A study of the situation connected with the statement of the State Duma Deputy about the possibility of the myrrh-streaming bust of the Tsar-Passion Bearer Nicholas II, situated near the chapel of the Holy Royal Passion Bearers… and also of several icons inside the chapel itself, was carried out on site by a commission… At the time of the visit to the chapel… traches of myrrh on the bronze bust of the Tsar-Passion Bearer Nicholas and on the icons in the chapel were not found,” reads a message of the diocesan press service.
However, to come to a final conclusion, the commission has tasked the local priest with continuing to observe the icons and bust, and to report any signs of myrrh to the bishop and commission immediately.
For more information (and photos) on the bust of Emperor Nicholas II in Simferopol, please refer to the following link:
An exhibition dedicated to the abdication of Emperor Nicholas II opened today in the foyer of the main building of the Pskov Museum-Reserve. Historic documents and photographs present the events which transpired from 28 February (O.S.) to 2 March (O.S.) 1917, which resulted in the emperor’s abdication.
It was 100 years ago, on 2 March (O.S.) / 15 March (N.S.) 1917, that Russia’s last emperor signed the act of abdication, bringing an end to the Romanov dynasty and the Russian monarchy. The abdication was signed on the Imperial train, which had been diverted to a railroad siding in the city of Pskov.
Among the exhibits is a genuine telegraph, used at the Pskov railway station to send and receive telegrams in 1917.
The exhibition runs from 2nd to 19th March 2017 in the foyer of the main building of the Pskov Museum-Reserve.
For more information on the abdication of Emperor Nicholas II, please refer to the following articles:
Exhibition: Nicholas II and His Family in Portraits by Nikos Floros Topic: Nicholas II
The Grand Palace at Tsaritsyno in Moscow is the venue for the exhibition The Family of Nicholas II in Portraits by Nikos Floros. The exhibit presents unique three dimensional portraits of the seven members of the family of Russia’s last emperor and tsar. The exhibition which was previously held in St Petersburg in June 2016, is a tribute to the family of Nicholas II by the famed Greek artist and sculptor.
The three dimensional sculptural portraits of Emperor Nicholas II, Empress Alexandra Fedorovna, Tsesarevich Alexei and the Grand Duchesses Olga, Tatiana, Maria and Anastasia, as well as a portrait of the Empress Catherine II were created by hand from aluminium in the style of surreal pop art. They represent a new technique created and patented by the artist in 2003.
The exhibition Nicholas II and His Family in Portraits by Nikos Floros runs from 1st March to 21st May 2017 in the Grand Palace at Tsaritsyno in Moscow
For more information on Nikos Floros and his tribute to Emperor Nicholas II and his family, please refer to the links below:
An independent group of Russian filmmakers is protesting what it says are efforts by a State Duma deputy from Russia-annexed Crimea to "censor" a controversial film centered on a love affair between Tsearevich Nicholas Alexandrovich - the future Tsar Nicholas II - and a young ballerina.
Kino Soyuz (Union of Filmmakers) on February 7 published an open letter protesting Duma Deputy Natalya Poklonskaya's calls for investigations of the unreleased film, Mathilde, by director Aleksei Uchitel.
The protest letter, signed by more than 40 Russian directors, also charges that nationalists belonging to a group called "Orthodox State -- Holy Russia" have been threatening "arson attacks and violent acts against theaters that would dare to show the film."
Poklonskaya was the Kremlin-appointed prosecutor-general in Crimea from the time Russia annexed the Ukrainian territory in March 2014 until she was elected to Russia's State Duma in September.
She now wants Moscow prosecutors to declare that Uchitel's film violates provisions in Russia's Criminal Code against insulting "the religious feelings of believers."
She says the film portrays Tsar Nicholas II -- a canonized Russian Orthodox saint -- as a sinner.
'Drunkards And Fornicators'
Poklonskaya also charges that Uchitel wrongly portrays Russia as a country full of "drunkards, gallows, and fornicators."
Although Mathilde is not scheduled to have its first screening until October 2017, it became mired in controversy after a promotional trailer was released in 2016.
The film tells the story of a three-year affair between Tsesarevich Nicholas and a teenage ballet dancer named Mathilde Kschessinska that ended in 1894. After the affair, Nicholas married Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine who became Empress Alexandra Feodorovna.
Nicholas II was murdered together with his entire family on the night of 16/17 July 1918. They were canonized as passion bearers by the Moscow Patriarchate in 2000.
A Russian Orthodox Christian and monarchist organization called Tsar's Cross denounced the film project as pornographic and unpatriotic -- leading Poklonskaya in November to demand a criminal investigation.
But the Prosecutor-General's Office in Moscow announced in January that it was unable to uncover any evidence suggesting the film might offend religious beliefs.
That ruling led more than 20,000 Russian Orthodox activists to petition Russia's Culture Ministry and demand that the film be banned.
Bolstered by that petition, Poklonskaya announced on January 30 that she had officially requested that the investigation be reopened.
The Russian Orthodox Church and Culture Ministry have not taken any public position on the controversy surrounding the film.
On February 7, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said President Vladimir Putin's administration "does not want to take sides" in the dispute.
Peskov said debate about whether the film is offensive should take place after it has been publicly screened.
The protest letter by Kino Soyuz says independent Russian filmmakers "know very well what censorship is" because of "decades" during the Soviet era that "ruined the destinies and fates of artists and impeded the development of the arts."
The letter concludes that Russian culture should "not be pressured by new forms of censorship, no matter what influential forces initiate it."
Exhibition: 1917. Romanovs & Revolution. The End of Monarchy Topic: Nicholas II
A unique exhibition entitled 1917. Romanovs & Revolution. The End of Monarchy will open at the Hermitage Amsterdam in February 2017, exactly a century after the outbreak of the Russian Revolution. This will be the only showing of the exhibition in Western Europe.
It will include over 250 items from the collections of the State Hermitage Museum in St Petersburg, the State Archive of the Russian Federation in Moscow, and the Artillery Museum in St Petersburg. Using films, photographs, paintings, objets d’art and historical documents, the exhibition will tell the gripping story of fashionable St Petersburg and the art that flourished there in the early twentieth century, of Tsar Nicholas II and his wife Alexandra, and of the explosive political and social circumstances of their reign. Visitors will see and hear how choices and decisions made by the tsar made revolution inevitable and spelled the inescapable end of the 300-year Romanov monarchy in Russia. They will also gain moving intimate insights into the final years of the imperial family, ending in their murder. 1917: the ultimate turning point in the history of Russia. The last tsar and the revolution, on exclusive show in Amsterdam a century after the event.
Top exhibits will include items from the imperial couple’s wardrobe, portraits of the royal pair, their children’s toys and drawings, Nicholas II’s Act of Abdication, works of art created at the period (Russia’s ‘Silver Age’), various Fabergé objects and one of the murder weapons.
The exhibition 1917. Romanovs & Revolution. The End of Monarchy runs from 4th February to 17th September 2017 at the Hermitage Museum in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
For more information on this exhibition, please refer to the following link:
Czech Museum Hosts Nicholas II Exhibition Topic: Nicholas II
The 100th anniversary of the abdication of Emperor Nicholas II will be marked on 15 March [O.S. 2 March] 2017. Numerous exhibitions are planned this year in Russia and Europe, including an exhibition at the Masaryk Museum in Hodonín in the Czech Republic.
The exhibition Tsar Nicholas II 100 Years Since the Abdication of the Last Russian Emperor presents unique exhibits directly associated with Nicholas II. It explores the events leading up to his abdication, and the hardships endured by the last tsar, his wife, children and servants during their house arrest in Tsarskoye Selo, Tobolsk and Ekaterinburg, where they were all murdered on the night of 16/17 July 1918.
Nicholas II ascended to the throne of the largest country in the world - the Russian Empire in 1894. He took upon himself the daunting task of governing the whole of Russia. He properly seized and immediately began to make reforms. These resulted in the introduction of universal suffrage for all citizens of the Russian Empire, and the establishment of the Russian parliament - the Duma was one of the important milestones during the reign of Tsar Nicholas II. His reign was marked by great economic growth in Russia, the largest in the history of the empire.
The exhibition Tsar Nicholas II 100 Years Since the Abdication of the Last Russian Emperor runs from 27th January to 28th May 2017 at the Masaryk Museum in Hodonín in the Czech Republic.