ROYAL RUSSIA NEWS. THE ROMANOV DYNASTY & THEIR LEGACY, MONARCHY, HISTORY OF IMPERIAL & HOLY RUSSIA
« August 2017 »
S M T W T F S
1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 9 10 11 12
13 14 15 16 17 18 19
20 21 22 23 24 25 26
27 28 29 30 31
Entries by Topic
All topics
400th Anniversary
A Russian Moment
Alapaevsk
Alexander I
Alexander II
Alexander III
Alexander Mikhailovich, GD
Alexander Palace
Alexandra Feodorovna
Alexandra Nicholayevna, GD
Alexandra Pavlovna GD
Amber Room
Andrei Vladimirovich, GD
Anna Feodorovna, GD
Anna Ioannovna, Empress
Anna Leopoldovna
Anna Pavlovna, GD
Antiques
Architecture
Auctions
Bagrations
Beautiful Orthodox Churches
Benckendorff, Count Paul
Bolsheviks
Bolshoi
Books
Catherine II
Chavchavadze
Chekhov
Collectibles
Conspiracy Theories
Constantine Constantinovich, GD
Cossacks
Country Estates
Crimea
Dmitri Pavlovich, GD
Dmitri Romanovich
Documentaries
Dowager Empress Maria
Eagar, Margaretta
Easter
Ekaterinburg
Ekaterinburg Remains
Elena Vladimirovna, GD
Elizabeth Feodorovna GD
Elizabeth Petrovna, Empress
Events
Exhibitions
Faberge
Frederiks, Count Vladimir
Ganima Yama
GARF
Gatchina
George Alexandrovich, GD
Gibbes, Charles Sidney
Grand Duchess Xenia Alexa
Grand Duke Mikhail Alexan
Grand Dukes
Holy Royal Martyrs
Imperial Russia
Ivan IV, Tsar
Jewels
Kazan Cathedral
Kerensky, Alexander
Kolchak, Admiral
Kolomenskoye
Konstantin Nikolayevich, GD
Kostroma
Kremlin
Kronstadt
Kulikovsky
Livadia
Maria Alexandrovna
Maria Feodorovna, Empress
Maria Pavlovna, Senior
Maria Vladimirovna GD
Marie Georgievna, GD
Massandra
Mikhail Nikolayevich, GD
Moscow
Museums
Nevsky, Alexander
News
Nicholas Alexandrovich GD
Nicholas I
Nicholas II  «
Nicholas Mikhailovich, GD
Nicholas Nicholayevich, GD
Nicholas Romanovich
Nobility
Numismatics
Oldenburg
Oleg Konstantinovich, Prince
Olga Alexandrovna GD
Olga Konstantinovna GD
Olga Nicholayevna GD
Oranienbaum
Ostankino
OTMA
Palaces
Paley, Princess Natalia
Paul Alexandrovich, GD
Paul Gilbert
Paul I, Emperor
Pavlovsk
Peter and Paul Fortress
Peter II
Peter III
Peter Nicholayevich, GD
Peter the Great
Peterhof
Prince Michael of Kent
Pushkin
Rasputin
Romanov
Romanov Descendants
Romanov Family Album
Ropsha
Royal Russia
Ruriks
Russian Art
Russian Church
Russian Cuisine
Russian Film
Russian History
Russian Imperial House
Russian Monarchy
Russian Orders
Russo-Japanese War
Sergei Alexandrovich GD
St. Petersburg
St. Theodore's Church
State Hermitage Museum
Stieglitz, Alexander
Stolypin, Pyotr
Strelna
Succession
Tauride Palace
Tobolsk
Tsaritsino
Tsarskoye Selo
Tsesarevich Alexei
Vera Konstantinovna, Princess
Vladimir Alexandrovich, GD
Vyrubova, Anna
Winter Palace
Witte, Sergei
World War I
Wrangel, Pyotr
Yachts
Yalta
Yelagin Palace
Yusupov
Blog Tools
Edit your Blog
Build a Blog
RSS Feed
View Profile
You are not logged in. Log in
Tuesday, 1 August 2017
Monument to Tsar Nicholas II, Tsesarevich Alexey in Novosibirsk Attacked with Axe
Topic: Nicholas II

 
The head of the monument to Tsesarevich Alexey is covered to conceal the damage

This article was originally published by Pravoslavie.ru on 1 August 2017

Novosibirsk police are looking into the damage inflicted on a monument to Tsar Nicholas II and his son Tsesarevich Alexey, installed in July at St. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, reports Interfax-Religion, with reference to the press service of the regional office of Russian Internal Affairs.

According to police, a 31-year-old Novosibirsk man placed a ladder against the newly-consecrated monument, and, having climbed up it, dealt several blows with an axe. Security officers happened to pass by at the time and were able to detain the vandal and hand him over to the police. Motive and cost of damages are yet to be established.

The head of the tsesarevich in the monument, which was apparently the target, is currently covered over by a cloth. The statue of the emperor himself was not damaged.

The monument had only just been opened on the square in front of St. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in Novosibirsk on July 16, the day before the Church commemorates the holy Royal Martyrs. It was consecrated by Metropolitan Tikhon of Novosibirsk and Berdsk. The consecration was also attended by Bishop Paul of Kolyvansky, the dean of Novosibirsk churches Archpriest Alexander Novopashin, and the clergy of the Novosibirsk Diocese.

Rector of the St. Alexander Nevsky cathedral Archpriest Alexander Novopashin explained that the choice of location for the monument was no accident, as the cathedral itself had been built in honor of Tsar Alexander III the Peacemaker, the father of Tsar Nicholas II, with a donation of 7,500 rubles from Tsar Nicholas II himself for the cathedral’s iconostasis, and donations from Maria Feodorovna, the wife of Tsar Alexander III and mother of Tsar Nicholas II. “Finally, you can see, behind the back of Tsar Nicholas Alexandrovich stands an arch with a cross. It is a symbol of Golgotha!” the priest said.

Fr. Alexander also noted that Novosibirsk was previously known as Novo-Nikolaevsk, in honour of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker, the patron saint of Tsar Nicholas II.
 
Click here to read an article about the unveiling and consecration of this monument in Novosibirsk on 17th July, 2017.

©  Pravoslavie.ru. 1 August, 2017 
 

 

Posted by Paul Gilbert at 10:30 AM EDT
Updated: Tuesday, 1 August 2017 10:39 AM EDT
Permalink | Share This Post
Monday, 31 July 2017
"Hands off the Russian Tsar" - Orthodox Christians Protest Controversial Film in Moscow
Topic: Nicholas II

 
The film Mathilde is set to premiere on 6th October at the Mariinsky Theater in St. Petersburg
 
This article was originally published by Pravoslavie.ru on 31 July 2017

Orthodox activists of the Forty Times Forty movement protested against the new film “Mathilde,” which deals with the early life of the Royal Martyr Tsar Nicholas II, on Friday, standing with banners near the State Duma, the Public Prosecutor, and the Ministry of Culture, reports RIA-Novosti.

“Today, Orthodox believers stood with placards against the film ‘Mathilde’ at the main state buildings—the Ministry of Culture, the State Duma, the Presidential Administration, the Prosecutor’s office, and also the studios of the director Uchitel in St. Petersburg and of the Cinema Fund in Moscow,” a representative of the movement reported.

Movement coordinator Andrei Kormukhin earlier stated that the pickets were planned at those agencies with the authority to make a decision about the film project.

The movie is dedicated to the history of the life of the ballerina Mathilde Kschessinska, who once had a relationship with the future tsar and Royal Martyr Nicholas II. The main role is played by Polish actress Mikhalina Olshansky, and that of the then-tsarevich Lars Eidinger from Germany. Many believe the film is historically inaccurate, provocatively distorting the truth of the pious and holy emperor.

The picketers’ placards read such things as, “’Mathilde’ destroys the national security strategy,” “Hands off the Russian Tsar!” “Orthodoxy built Russia! ‘Mathilde’ is destroying it… Vladimir Vladimirovich, protect Russia,” and bore Bible verses: “Touch not mine anointed” (Ps. 104:15).

“The pickets were held to express the opinion of the people, who for some reason want to remain on the sidelines of the controversy over ‘Mathilde.’ Each participant made his own poster with his own hands and wrote what he wanted to convey to the decision-makers. We are not against Alexei Uchitel; we are against the blasphemous film which insults the holy tsar, Russian history, and the sensibilities of Orthodox believers with its content,” the activists proclaimed.

The cause against the film has also been championed by State Duma Deputy Natalia Poklonskaya, well known for her great veneration of the Royal Martyr Nicholas II and his family. She has gathered 100,000 appeals and signatures from citizens standing against the film, and has made an inquiry with the Prosecutor General, the Ministry of the Interior, and the Ministry of Culture, she wrote on her Facebook page.
 
According to her, 37 State Duma deputies have also signed a request to take measures to prevent “insults to the religious sensibilities of believers and the profanation of Orthodox saints,” including the Duma Vice-Chairman.
 


Orthodox activists protest the film Mathilde in Moscow

Although the film has caused a scandal among believers, the chairman of the Synodal Department for Church and Society and the Media Vladmir Legoyda believes it is misguided to organize against the film. Responding to Metropolitan Paul of Khanty-Mansiysk and Surgut’s June 18 call to collect signatures in his diocese against the film, Legoyda wrote on his Facebook page, “I can understand what many do not like in the director’s idea… However, I consider the centralized collection of signatures in parishes of the diocese to ban the film to be a mistake.”

The head of the House of Romanov Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna has stated that she is upset with the upcoming release of the film “Mathilde,” but at the same time, that she thinks it is pointless to try to ban it, and other films, as it only draws undue attention.

“The head of the Russian Imperial House of the Romanovs, Her Imperial Highness the Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna is disappointed that in the centenary year of the tragic events of the 1917 revolution, and on the eve of the centenary of the regicide, the release of a film is planned, representing the Emperor Nicholas II, the Empress Alexandra Feodorovna, and a number of other historical figures in a completely distorted light, as amoral and mentally unbalanced people,” stated Alexander Zakatov, the director of the Imperial House’s chancellery, adding that the diaries of those involved disprove the presentation put forth in the film.

“Mathilde” director Alexei Uchitel has stated that there is nothing in the film that should offend Orthodox Christians. “There is nothing there that can offend the sensibilities of believers. There is no vulgarity there,” he said, although the Imperial House believes he knew full well what the reaction to his film would be.

In contrast to Legoyda, abbot of the Athonite St. Panteleimon’s Monastery Fr. Evlogy and the brotherhood stand behind Poklonskaya and her attempt to ban the film: “We wholeheartedly support you and share your attitude to the project, which dishonors the memory of the holy Royal Martyrs.”

Responding to the deputy’s request for a statement concerning the film, Fr. Evlogy terms the film “deliberately provocative,” saying it “evokes abhorrence from anyone who reveres the history of the Fatherland and preserves the whole of its moral sense.” Noting that the memory of the Royal Martyrs is reverently celebrated with love on the Holy Mountain, the abbot writes that the fact of such a film being released in an Orthodox nation “is deeply distressing and depressing.”

“We cannot characterize this film other than as a mockery of the sensibilities of the faithful,” Fr. Evlogy writes on behalf of his brotherhood.

Metropolitan Hilarion (Alfeyev) had earlier told Uchitel that he did not like his film, characterizing it as “vulgarity.” He also said that he would make his opinion publicly known. Uchitel stated that he respects the metropolitan and his evaluation and thanked him for his honesty.

For his part, Bishop Tikhon (Shevkunov), abbot of Sretensky Monastery and head of the Patriarchal Council for Culture has called the film a “vulgar fraud” and “slander,” stating that it belongs to the genre of fantasy. Speaking in an interview with Russian Gazette, he asked rhetorically, “Why do they make audiences believe in the historicity of these contrived heartbreaking scenes of a ‘love triangle’ in which Nicholas, both before and after marriage, is melodramatically torn between Mathilde and Alexandra?” adding, “What is that? The author’s vision? No—it is slander against real people,” in sharp disagreement with the director.

The film’s premiere is set for October 6 at the Mariinsky Theater in St. Petersburg, with general release slated for late October. Meanwhile, work on a documentary film “Mathilde's Lies,” directed by Sergei Aliev, has begun, to “debunk the myths” surrounding the historical personality of Tsar Nicholas II.

©  Pravoslavie.ru. 31 July, 2017
 

 

Posted by Paul Gilbert at 2:18 PM EDT
Updated: Tuesday, 1 August 2017 4:39 PM EDT
Permalink | Share This Post
Saturday, 22 July 2017
SOVEREIGN No. 4 - NOW IN STOCK!
Topic: Nicholas II

 
I am pleased to announce that the latest issue of SOVEREIGN, our popular bi-annual periodical dedicated to the life and reign of Emperor Nicholas II is now available from the Royal Russia Bookshop - Paul Gilbert

The No. 4 - Spring 2017 issue features 133 pages with nearly 100 black-and-white photographs, 8 full-length articles, including 4 first English translations of articles written by Russian historians and experts. 
 
FIRST ENGLISH TRANSLATIONS BY RUSSIAN HISTORIANS AND EXPERTS:

The Aide-de-Camp Generals’ Revolution: A Joint Conspiracy Against Nicholas II 
by Pyotr Multatuli
Translated from Russian by Irene W. Galaktionova

- Pyotr Multatuli has a PhD in Historical Sciences, and his written a number of monographs and articles on the life and reign of the Emperor Nicholas II and his epoch. He is the great-grandson of the imperial cook Ivan Kharitonov, who was shot along with the Imperial family in the Ipatiev House in Ekaterinburg on 17 July, 1918.

The “Royal Newsreel” and the Cinematic Image of Nicholas II: An Ideological Transformation 
by Svetlana Limanova 
Translated from Russian by William Lee

Royal Passion Bearers: Why Were Nicholas II and His Family Canonized?
by Valeria (Possahko) Mikhailova
Translated from Russian by William Lee

The Real Rasputin? A Look at His Admirers’ Revisionist History
by D. P. Anashkin

ADDITIONAL FULL-LENGTH ARTICLES BY GUEST WRITERS IN THIS ISSUE

‘Your Most Loving Cousin’ - Nicholas II and George V 
by Coryne Hall

This article is the third of a four part series on the relationships between Emperor Nicholas II and the British monarchs by royal historian and author Coryne Hall.

The Imperial Yacht Standart. Floating Palace of Russia’s Last Emperor 
by Paul Gilbert

Last Years of the Court at Tsarskoe Selo 
by General Alexandre Spiridovitch

1917 Romanovs and Revolution. The End of Monarchy Exhibition at the Hermitage Amsterdam
 
plus

Sovereign News 
a 22-page supplement featuring news highlights from Russian media sources 

Click on the link below for more information or to order the current or back issues of Sovereign. The Life and Reign of Emperor Nicholas II, please visit our web site:
 
SOVEREIGN. THE LIFE and REIGN OF EMPEROR NICHOLAS II 

© Royal Russia. 22 July, 2017
 

 

Posted by Paul Gilbert at 9:10 AM EDT
Updated: Saturday, 22 July 2017 9:22 AM EDT
Permalink | Share This Post
New Memorials to Nicholas II Unveiled in Russia
Topic: Nicholas II

 
Mosaic icon of St Tsar Nicholas II

This article was researched from Russian media sources and written by Paul Gilbert, Founder of Royal Russia © 2017

In the days leading up to and after the date marking the 99th anniversary of the murders of the last Imperial family on 17th July, Russia’s last emperor and tsar Nicholas II was memorialized in a number of cities across Russia.

On 13th July, a mosaic icon of Nicholas II was unveiled on the façade of a new chapel dedicated to St Tsar Nicholas II, near the Tchaikovsky State Memorial Music Museum in Klin.
 


Memorial bas-relief of Emperor Nicholas II, Vladivostock Railway Station

On 14th July, a memorial plaque to Nicholas II was unveiled in the main railway station in the Vladivostok, a major port city in Russia’s Far East. The bronze bas-relief marks the historic visit to Vladivostock by Tsesarevich Nicholas Alexandrovich in 1891.
 


The Tsesarevich House Museum, Semiluchki
 
On 22nd July,  a house, specially built in the late 19th century for Tsesarevich Nicholas during his stay in Semiluchki, Tomsk district, was officially opened. The Tsesarevich House Museum - an exact replica of the original house - consists of two sections dedicated to the Romanov dynasty and the journey of the future Russian emperor to the Far East in 1891.
 

The Tsesarevich House Museum, Semiluchki 

© Paul Gilbert @ Royal Russia. 22 July, 2017
 

 

Posted by Paul Gilbert at 7:40 AM EDT
Updated: Saturday, 22 July 2017 8:22 AM EDT
Permalink | Share This Post
Monday, 17 July 2017
Monument to Russia's Last Emperor Nicholas II and Tsesarevich Alexei Unveiled in Siberia
Topic: Nicholas II


Monument of Emperor Nicholas II and Tsesarevich Alexei, St Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, Novosibirsk
 
This article has been revised and edited from its original by Paul Gilbert, Founder of Royal Russia © 2017
 
A bronze statue of Russia’s last Emperor, Nicholas II, and his son and heir Tsesarevich Alexei was unveiled in Russia’s Siberian city of Novosibirsk on Sunday, the Novosibirsk Metropolitanate of the Russian Orthodox Church reported on its website.

The monument was unveiled in the territory of the St Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, at the south gate. 

The St. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral was constructed in the Neo-Byzantine architectural style in 1896–1899, at the expense of the Ministry of the Imperial Court in memory of Emperor Alexander III of - the father of the Emperor Nicholas II. Emperor Nicholas II personally donated 7500 rubles for the cathedral’s iconostasis. 

The wife of Alexander III the Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna was also a benefactor of the cathedral. Priestly vestments presented to the Cathedral, were sewn from the brocade which covered the hearse of the deceased younger brother of Nicholas II, Grand Duke George Alexandrovich (1871-1899). 

The monument was consecrated by Metropolitan Tikhon of Novosibirsk and Berd. After the monument was unveiled, hundreds of Orthodox Christians sang God Save the Tsar. The ceremony was timed to the 99th anniversary of the murder of the Imperial Family.

Novosibirsk, founded in 1893 was named Novonikolayevsk, in honour both of Saint Nicholas and of the reigning Tsar Nicholas II.

The city was given its present name on September 12, 1926. A monument to Emperor Alexander III was unveiled at Novosibirsk in June 2012.

In recent years, along with Novosibirsk, monuments to Nicholas II have been erected in Russia’s cities of St. Petersburg, Kursk, Kaluga, Ekaterinburg, Sochi, Sevastopol, Yalta, and in Serbia’s capital city of Belgrade.

Tsar Nicholas II, who abdicated on 2 March, 1917, and his family were murdered in the basement of the Ipatiev House in Ekaterinburg on the night of 16/17 July, 1918, following a resolution of the Urals Soviet of Workers’ and Peasants’ Deputies that was controlled by the Bolsheviks.

The Moscow Patriarchate canonized Tsar Nicholas II, Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna, Tsesarevich Alexei, and Grand Duchesses Olga, Tatiana, Maria, and Anastasia in 2000 as New Martyrs for Christ.
 


©  Paul Gilbert @ Royal Russia. 17 July, 2017
 

 

Posted by Paul Gilbert at 9:26 AM EDT
Updated: Monday, 17 July 2017 9:34 AM EDT
Permalink | Share This Post
Thursday, 6 July 2017
Russia and Thailand Issue Postage Stamps Depicting Nicholas II and King of Siam
Topic: Nicholas II

 
Russia and Thailand have joint issued a postage stamp and a postcard to celebrate the 120th anniversary of diplomatic relations with Russia.

Diplomatic relations between Russia and Thailand (Siam) were established during the visit of King Chulalongkorn (King Rama V) to the Russian Empire in July 1897. Russian diplomat Aleksandr Olarovsky was appointed Charge d’affaires and Consul General of the Russian Empire to Siam on December 4, 1897. A Declaration on Jurisdiction, Trade and Seafaring was signed in Bangkok on June 23, 1899. Siam saw the Russian Empire as a possible ally hoping for support in asserting its independence from European colonial powers and retaining its political sovereignty. Relations between the two states gradually improved. Russian hereditary prince Nicholas visited Bangkok in 1891. In turn, the Siamese royal family paid numerous visits to Russia, which strengthened friendship between the countries.

In 1897, when King Rama V traveled around Europe, the Kingdom of Siam received a summons to surrender the country to the French army. Chulalongkorn turned to all the European nations for help. It was only Russia that answered inviting the King of Siam to Petersburg to Emperor Nicholas II, who proposed taking a shared picture. The photo was printed in all the European press as an evidence of close friendship between the Russian Empire and the Kingdom of Siam. A conflict with Russia was highly disadvantageous for the French government so France forgot about the summons and left Siam after the photo was published. Such a political move by Nicholas II saved the Kingdom of Siam from colonization.

Click here to read the article Russian-Siamese Royal Relations, Late 19th Century.
 


'A True Friend of Russia' - Russia's Relations with Siam

Royal historian and Romanov expert Coryne Hall explores the relationship between the royal courts of Russia and Siam (Thailand), including the visit of Nicholas II as Tsesarevich to Siam, Grand Duke Boris Vladimirovich's visit for the King of Siam's coronation in 1910, plus visits to the Russian Court by members of the Siam Royal Family. Published in Royal Russia No. 7 (Winter 2015), pg. 75-86, with 9 black and white photographs. Click here to order your copy. 

©  Marka. 6 July, 2017 
 

 

Posted by Paul Gilbert at 9:37 AM EDT
Updated: Thursday, 6 July 2017 12:22 PM EDT
Permalink | Share This Post
Saturday, 1 July 2017
SOVEREIGN Coming to South Africa!
Topic: Nicholas II

 
I am pleased to announce that my bi-annual journal Sovereign is coming to South Africa.

Contact Publishers (Kontak-Uitgewers), a Pretoria based firm, will soon promote and distribute Sovereign to a large number of booksellers in South Africa.

Sovereign is dedicated to the life and reign of Emperor Nicholas II, featuring many first English translations of works by Russian historians and other experts, who challenge the popular negative assessment of Russia's last emperor and tsar, held by their Western counterparts.

I am VERY proud of both the success, and growing popularity of this publication. Thank you to every one who supports this important historical publishing project.
 
Sovereign is available in Canada (Royal Russia Bookshop), United States (Amazon), and Europe - Netherlands (Bookseller van Hoogstraten) and France (Librairie Galignani) - now, if only I could find distributors in the UK and Australia?!

Click here for more information about Sovereign.

Note: the No. 4 issue will ship from the printers on 12 July. No advance orders, sorry!

©  Paul Gilbert @ Royal Russia. 1 July, 2017
 

 


Posted by Paul Gilbert at 3:39 AM EDT
Updated: Sunday, 2 July 2017 8:26 AM EDT
Permalink | Share This Post
Thursday, 18 May 2017
Personal Diaries and Letters of Nicholas II Presented at the Presidential Library
Topic: Nicholas II


Diary entry of 19 February 1896 on the death of Peter A. Cherevin, who served as Assistant Minister of the Interior
and chief of police. "Unspeakably sorry for him; hard to lose such a loyal and honest friend," wrote Nicholas
 
On the birthday of Emperor Nicholas II (1868-1918), which is celebrated on May 18, the Boris Yeltsin Presidential Library in St Petersburg, presents rare materials, telling both about the best days of the young sovereign, about tragic events that fell to his lot. They are featured in diaries and letters of Nicholas II, as well as memoirs of contemporaries - in Russian only. 

Nicholas II began to write daily records as a child. The archive of his diaries consists of 50 voluminous notebooks covering the period from 1882 to 1918.

The Berlin publishing house "Slovo" was one of the first in 1923 to publish the "Diary of Emperor Nicholas II", which is presented on the Presidential Library portal. No less valuable than the notes made by Nicholas II's hand, editorial notes and explanatory notes are presented, in which the role of the emperor in the events of 1890-1906 is analyzed and evaluated.

In the preface to the diary it is said that the reign of Emperor Nicholas II is one of the darkest pages of Russian history. Started on the day of the coronation of the emperor by the tragedy of Khodynka, it ends with an "unheard of cataclysm, which Russia dropped two hundred years ago. The catastrophe crept up after the calm, externally brilliant reign of Alexander III, when Russia seemed at the apogee of its strength, and this circumstance prompts the transfer of the burden of responsibility to the personality of the successor. The personality of the last tsar was in tragic accordance with the pernicious disintegration, which at that time undermined the huge body of the Russian monarchy". 

At first the future of the successor to the throne seemed successful. "1890. January 5. Friday", - wrote Tsarevich Nicholas in his diary. "As always, after the ball I felt myself fine, but my legs are weak". "We skated with Sandro and Sergei. We drank tea with them. At 9:30 we went to Sergei for an ordinary fortune telling, which ended in dancing. We had supper at one pm".

Immediately after birth, the heir of the royal family was enrolled in the lists of several guards regiments and was appointed chief of the 65th Infantry Regiment of Moscow. At the age of five he is the chief of the Life Guards of the Reserve Infantry Regiment. In 1884, Nicholas II enlisted in active military service, in July 1887 he began regular military service in the Preobrazhensky regiment and in 1891 received the rank of captain, and a year later - colonel.
 

 
Pages from Nicholas II's 1912 diary

The military principle in the education of the Tsarevich clearly prevailed. Alexander III seemed to deliberately neglect the classical education of his successor. In notes to the same edition of “The Diary of Emperor Nicholas II”, Witte says that when he proposed an heir to the chairmen of the committee for the construction of the great Siberian route in 1892, Alexander III expressed extreme amazement and asked if Witte knew that the heir was quite a boy, that he has children's opinions?...Many statesmen close to the throne ironically mocked the education received by the heir. And two years later this "boy", due to the premature death of Alexander III, had to take control of the greatest state.

The "Correspondence of Wilhelm II with Nicholas II" (the period from 1894 to 1914) presented on the Presidential Library portal clearly shows the brewing Anglo-German conflict with the far-reaching plans of Wilhelm to push Russia and England in the Far East. And he succeeds in this, Nikolas is not averse to showing himself as a commander. In the "Diary" for 1903 he notes that "only now he takes power". 

Further in the notes to the Tsar's diary A. Kuropatkin, the former Minister of War, explains the psychology of the emperor: "I told Witte that our Emperor had grandiose plans in his head: to take Manchuria for Russia, to join Korea with Russia. He dreams to take Tibet. He wants to take Persia, to seize not only the Bosporus, but also the Dardanelles…".

While the Emperor dreamed of "washing his boots" in the Mediterranean Sea, relations with Japan became tense. In January, the Japanese ambassador in St. Petersburg, Kurino, implored the approximate tsar to speed up the answers to the notes of Japan, which for weeks remained without movement. He sought a personal reception from Nicholas. But the Emperor was invariably "busy". At the New Year reception of diplomats, he recalled the power of Russia and did not advise "to tempt its patience and peace". Then, as Nikolas wrote in his diary, "three weeks of visits to the theater and hunting, followed by balls, shows, walks and quiet family joys followed".

The Russian-Japanese war, the economic crisis and discontent that swept the majority of the working population led to an explosion - on January 9, 1905, the troops and police of St. Petersburg used weapons to disperse the peaceful march of workers who were going to petition the tsar.

In 1914 Russia entered the First World War. Failures on the fronts, economic dislocation, the growth of anti-war sentiments and general discontent with the autocracy led to mass protests against the government and the dynasty. On the question of the expediency of the abdication of Nicholas II, all the commanders of the fronts answered positively, with the exception of Admiral A. Kolchak, Commander of the Black Sea Fleet. And then on March 2 (15), 1917, Nicholas II decided to abdicate, this is stated in the work presented on the Presidential Library portal "Renunciation of Nicholas II: eyewitness recollections, documents".

The details about the fate of Nicholas II can be found in the electronic collection of the Presidential Library, which is dedicated to the 400th anniversary of the Romanov House celebrated in 2013. The collection includes about a thousand digitized documents, most of which were previously unknown to the general audience. 

© Boris Yeltsin Presidential Library. 18 May, 2017
 

 

Posted by Paul Gilbert at 1:49 PM EDT
Updated: Tuesday, 23 May 2017 10:22 AM EDT
Permalink | Share This Post
Monday, 15 May 2017
Royal Russia Planning Nicholas II Conference for 2018
Topic: Nicholas II


Next year marks the 100th anniversary of the death of Russia's last emperor and tsar Nicholas II. Royal Russia is planning to mark, what is considered one of the most significant events in 20th Russian history, by hosting a one-day conference in London, England. This event will bring together historians, authors and other experts, who will present lectures on the life and reign of Russia's last emperor and family.
 
Whether you live in the UK, Europe or overseas - all are welcome. The event is scheduled to take place in London, England on Saturday 27th October, 2018. Please note that the venue will be announced in the Fall of 2017.
 
While the event is still more than a year away, I am pleased to confirm the following two lectures:

Nicholas II in Post-Soviet Russia. Speaker: Paul Gilbert, Founder of Royal Russia

Royal Russia Founder Paul Gilbert discusses a series of significant events which have taken place since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. These events have helped Russia re-evaluate it's assessment of the life and reign of the country’s last emperor Nicholas II. This lecture is based on research for Gilbert's forthcoming book, to be published next year. 
 
Journey to Ekaterinburg. Speaker: Paul Gilbert, Founder of Royal Russia
 
Royal Russia Founder Paul Gilbert will recount his journeys to Ekaterinburg in 2013, 2016, as well as the centenary events to be held in July 1918. This presentation will feature Gilbert's personal photographs taken in the Ural city, including Ganina Yama, Porosyonkov Log and Alapaevsk. 
 
Why England?

Royal Russia has enjoyed a large and faithful following in the United Kingdom for more than 25 years. These are people, who share a common interest in the life and reign of Nicholas II and his family. 

As it is my eventual plan to return to England, and take up permanent residence in the next few years, I thought this would be a perfect opportunity to meet fellow Romanovphiles, monarchists, and Orthodox Christians, to discuss and exchange ideas and information on the life and reign of Nicholas II. Perhaps this event will be the precursor of future Royal Russia events in the UK?
 
What Events are Planned?

The conference will provide historians, authors and other experts to share and discuss their research, on the life and reign of Russia's last emperor and tsar. This will be acheived through a series of 6-8 lectures and discussions, complimented by slide presentations, etc. 
 
Please note that a nominal fee will be charged for attendance to help cover costs - this will be announced at a later date.

Invitation to Historians, Authors and Experts

I would like to take this opportunity to extend an invitation to historians, authors and other experts to submit their interest in participating in this event. Presentations based on previously unpublished materials will be given priority. A small honourarium will be paid to each speaker. It is important to note that interested speakers are under no obligation to commit to this event at this time, but simply express their interest in participating. 
 
Interested? Please submit a brief summary of your presentation to me at royalrussia@yahoo.com Note: please type 'Nicholas II Conference' in the 'Subject' box of your email, so that it is delivered to the appropriate folder in my mailbox.
 
Appeal for Assistance from Prospective Attendees

I would like to emphasize that this event is still in the planning stages, therefore am appealing to friends and interested attendees living in England for their assistance with ideas, suggestions, and volunteers to help bring the event together would be greatly appreciated.
 
I would be very interested in hearing from any one who can suggest a venue or church hall that could host such an event. I have a limited budget to work with, so the venue should be economically priced, and be able to provide seating for 50-100 people, the necessary equipment for powerpoint presentations, and the means to supply light refreshments. 
 
I invite prospective attendees and volunteers to submit their ideas and suggestions on how Royal Russia could make this an informative and enjoyable event for all. 
 
Interested? Please submit your suggestions and comments in writing to me at royalrussia@yahoo.com Note: please type 'Nicholas II Conference' in the 'Subject' box of your email, so that it is delivered to the appropriate folder in my mailbox.

I am very excited about the prospect of hosting such an event in England, and look forward to meeting old and new friends to share our mutual interest in Russia's last Emperor and Tsar, as well as one the Russian Orthodox Church's most revered Saints.
 
Note: This event is in the very early stages of planning and development. I will be traveling to England later this year to start making arrangements for this event. Further updates will be posted here as additional details become available. Thank you for your patience and understanding - PG
 

 © Paul Gilbert @ Royal Russia. 15 May, 2017
 

 

Posted by Paul Gilbert at 12:01 AM EDT
Updated: Sunday, 21 May 2017 6:00 AM EDT
Permalink | Share This Post
Thursday, 4 May 2017
Montenegro's Serbs Propose Establishing a Monument to Tsar Nicholas II
Topic: Nicholas II

 
Portrait of Emperor Nicholas II. 1914. Artist: Earnest Lipgart.
From the collection of the State Russian Museum, St Petersburg
 
This article was originally published by the TASS News Agency on 4 May 2017

Putting up a monument to Tsar Nicholas II would mark Montenegro’s permanent gratitude to Russia as the centuries-old benefactor

Serb National Council (SNC) that unites members of the community of ethnic Serbs living in Montenegro has filed a petition with the authorities of the country’s old royal capital Cetinje to erect a monument to the last Russian emperor as a symbol of gratitude to the Russian Tsars for centuries of assistance to Slavic people.

"We are turning to you with an initiative to erect a monument to Tsar Nicholas II Romanov of Russia," says the petition, a copy of which the SNC sent to the TASS bureau in Belgrade.

SNC leader Momcilo Vuksanovic told TASS the Council had sent an official letter to Mayor Aleksandr Bodanovic and the president of Cetinje city hall, Jovan Martinovic. It lists the historic landmarks in the Montenegrin-Russian relations, which started in 1711 when Tsar Peter I sent his emissaries to Montenegro.

The letter makes special emphasis on the permanent material assistance and political support that Russia accorded to Montenegro as of the beginning of the 18th century, adding that it eventually led up to the rise of an independent Montenegrin state.

"Metropolitan Peter I bequeathed to his nephew, Metropolitan II, as he was dying: ‘Pray to God and stay with Russia’," the petition reads. "It was with Russia’s assistance that the Cetinje Monastery became the spiritual and, on top of that, legislative power center. It was thanks to Russian aid that the first general school and printing house were opened in Cetinje in 1834 and the first Montenegrin calendar and then the first Serb abecedary was printed in 1835."

"During the reign of Prince Daniel [the first prince in the Petrovic-Njegos dynasty, on the throne from 1852 through 1860 — TASS] Russia played the decisive role in the international recognition of the status of our country," the SNC said. "Russia continued helping Montenegro. This country would not have survived as an independent state without Russia’s assistance."

"Putting up a monument to Tsar Nicholas II in Cetinje would mark Montenegro’s permanent gratitude to Russia as the centuries-old benefactor," the petition said. "It would be an act symbolizing gratitude for all the good things Russia has done for us, and a signal that we have not forgotten our own history or identity," it said.

The latest census suggests that Montenegro, a country with a population of 622,000 has about 180,000 ethnic Serbs. The sad fact of the situation is that the newest state ideology in Montenegro assumes assimilation of the Serbs living there since the times long gone.

The numeric strength of the ethnic Serb population reduces with each new census as people are scared and have to conceal their real ethnicity.

Montenegrin Serbs are known to have the most sincere admiration of Russian culture and history among the Balkan Slavs. They respect historic ties with Russia and try to contribute to their development as long as opportunities avail themselves.

© TASS News Agency. 2 May. 2017
 

 

Posted by Paul Gilbert at 6:02 AM EDT
Updated: Thursday, 4 May 2017 6:10 AM EDT
Permalink | Share This Post

Newer | Latest | Older