Emperor Nicholas II Memorial Plaque Unveiled in Voronezh Topic: Nicholas II
On December 19 a new memorial plaque dedicated to Emperor Nicholas II was unveiled in the city of Voronezh. The plaque was erected on the Voronezh Musical College in honour of the visit of Nicholas II to the Ladies' Committee of the Red Cross Hospital, which was located in the building before the Revolution. The emperor, his wife Empress Alexandra Feodorovna, their daughters Grand Duchesses Olga and Tatiana visited the hospital on 19 December (O.S. 6 December) 1914. The solemn ceremony was timed to coincide with the 100th anniversary of the visit of the Imperial family. The event took place within the framework of events dedicated to the centenary of the First World War. The bronze memorial plaque was made at the Anisimov bell factory.
Bust of Emperor Nicholas II Unveiled in Sevastopol Topic: Nicholas II
A bust of the last Emperor Nicholas II has been unveiled at the Church of the Holy Royal Martyrs in the Russian city of Sevastopol in the Crimea. The bust was consecrated by Archpriest Father Sergius (Halyuta) of the Sevastopol district.
The monument was created by sculptor Alexander Appolonov. The bust is a gift to Sevastopol is through the patronage of entrepreneurs of the Krasnodar Territory. A delegation of Taman (Krasnodar region) attended the consecration ceremony held on December 18th at the Church of the Holy Royal Martyrs, which is still under construction.
“If we examine the image of Nicholas II, then apart from being a peacemaker, he was also a family man. And the family is the bulwark up which we rely. His affairs can only be analyzed by a historian, but if he was consecrated as a saint, then that means he deserved this,” said Mikhail Baslovyak, Chairman of the Taman Municipal Legislature in the Krasnodar Region.
During his 23-year reign, Nicholas II made numerous visits to Sevastopol, met with veterans of the Crimean War, prayed in the city’s churches, visited monuments, inspected the ships of the Black Sea Fleet of the Imperial Russian Navy. It was at Sevastopol that the Imperial family arrived by train, and the imperial yacht Standart.
Metropolitan Hilarion Believes Nicholas II Made a Mistake Entering First World War Topic: Nicholas II
Emperor Nicholas II blesses his troops departing for the Eastern Front in 1914
The Head of the Synodal Department for External Church Relations (DECR) Metropolitan Hilarion of Volokolamsk sees the reason of Bolshevism and mass repressions in Emperor Nicholas II's decision to join World War I.
“The war had long-term consequences for the majority of countries involved in it. If Russia had not joined the war, there would have been no Bolshevism, starvation, dispossession of kulaks and Cossacks, mass repressions,” Metropolitan Hilarion said at the opening ceremony of the requiem concert dedicated to the 100th anniversary of World War I commence in the Grand Hall of the Moscow Conservatoire, the DECR communication service reports.
He notes that scientists still argue who won and who lost that war.
“From the formal point of view, Germany with its allies lost the war, but can we say that Russia won the war? The military actions seemed successful for it in the beginning, in 1914, but following three years of the war so much weakened the country’s forces and resources, that the empire failed, and Bolsheviks with Germany’s help managed to capture power almost without fighting, with bare hands,” the hierarch said.
Work Continues on Monument to King Rama V of Siam and Emperor Nicholas II Topic: Nicholas II
Two bronze prototypes of the monument to King Rama V of Siam and Emperor Nicholas II of Russia
The representative of the Moscow Patriarchate in Thailand continues to work on the development of prototypes of a future monument to two great monarchs - King Rama V of Siam and Emperor Nicholas II of Russia. The monument is a symbol of the friendship and good relations shared between Thailand and Russia which date back to tsarist times.
Work on the monument began in 2013, during the 400th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty. The prototype of the monument is based on the famous photograph of Rama V at Tsarskoye Selo, taken during his visit to Russia in 1897.
In the past week a bronze model designed by renowned sculptor, Sergei Mikhailovich Isakov arrived from Russia. In accordance with the laws of Thailand the model of the monument will be submitted to both the Royal Bureau and the Ministry of Culture for their approval.
Representatives of the Russian Orthodox Church in Thailand have requested that the model also be presented to the attention of the Head of the House of Romanov - Her Imperial Highness Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna. Work on the actual monument will commence upon the approval of all parties. The pedestal for the sculpture and other decorative elements will be designed by Thai sculptors.
Monument To Russian Emperor Nicholas II Unveiled In Belgrade - VIDEO Now Playing: Language: Serbian. Duration: 1 minute, 25 seconds Topic: Nicholas II
Video Source: Russia Today
A monument to Russian Emperor Nicholas II was unveiled and blessed in Belgrade on Sunday and Serbian President Tomislav Nikolic said at the ceremony that Belgrade was getting yet another symbol of the old friendship, a place where people could meet and discuss their friendships based on Russia’s last emperor’s example of loyalty to Serbia.
A whole series of important monuments commemorating the Russian troops who fought alongside Serbian soldiers in both world wars will now include the monument to Nicholas II Romanov, a gift from the Russian historical society, a gift from the Russian Federation to Serbia, which will become part of their stories of gratitude and honour, the Serbian president stated.
“Emperor Nicholas II Romanov was killed ritually; Christianity and support for Slavic ideals was being killed,” Nikolic said, adding that the crime had amde the civil war in Russia even more fierce, and that Nicholas II had already been viewed as a saint by the Serbian people by that time.
The monument was created by the most famous Russian sculptor, Andrey Kovachuk and Genady Pravotvorov and Belgrade architect Janko Krstic, who designed the park in which the monument is placed.
Russian Patriarch Kirill and Serbian Patriarch Irinej blessed the monument, which was followed by a wreath laying ceremony.
The unveiling and blessing of the monument is an important and historic event, Kirill said.
Nicholas did a lot to save the Serbs in World War One and sacrificed his crown, empire and life to save Serbia, the Russian patriarch pointed out.
Irinej stressed that this was a great day for Belgrade, Serbia and the Serbian people in the country and abroad. Many citizens, bishops, Russian government officials, Belgrade Mayor Sinisa Mali and Russian Ambassador to Serbia Alexander Chepurin attended the unveiling.
Kirill and Irinej held a joint service at the St Sava Cathedral earlier. The unveiling ceremony marked the end of Kirill’s visit to Serbia. For more information on the monument to Emperor Nicholas II in the Serbian capital, please refer to the following articles:
Patriarch Kirill Consecrates Monument to Nicholas II in Belgrade Topic: Nicholas II
Patriarch Kirill consecrates the monument to Emperor Nicholas II in central Belgrade.
Patriarch Kirill of Moscow and All Russia and Patriarch Irinej of Serbia sanctified a monument to the last Russian tsar, Nicholas II, in the center of Belgrade on Sunday.
Local residents welcomed the Russian and Serbian patriarchs, as well as Serb President Tomislav Nikolic, Russian Culture Minister Vladimir Medinsky and Federation Council Deputy Speaker Alexander Torshin, who attended the ceremony.
"The role that Tsar Nichols II played in saving Serbia and Europe as a whole is too great to describe it in just a couple of words. He sacrificed his crown, his reign and his life to save Serbia and to save Europe," the Russian patriarch said.
It is noteworthy that the first monument to Nicholas II to have been built in Europe is in Belgrade, he said.
"Nicholas II was remembered by the people of Serbia even when his name could not be said out loud in Russia. What was being said about him was nasty, or nothing was said about him at all," Patriarch Kirill said.
However, the truth about the Russian tsar's feat "sprouted trough the iron-and-concrete slab, placed on him and on Russia," he said. The historical truth must never be forgotten either in Serbia, or in Russia, for it will sprout through like grass sprouts through asphalt, the Russian patriarch said.
The monument was set up in the center of Belgrade on September 13 2014, in a park on King Milan Street, where the Russian embassy was located in the early 20th century. The statue was created by Russian sculptors Andrey Kovalchuk and Gennady Pravotorov.
It is Russia's gift to Belgrade, while the ceremony was part of a program to mark the 100th anniversary of the beginning of World War I. The park surrounding the monument is being landscaped into one of the city's most beautiful places.
Yesterday, His Holiness Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Kirill and His Holiness Serbian Patriarch Irinej visited the Russian necropolis in Belgrade - Europe's largest cemetery for Russian soldiers who died in the First World War. The Primates of the Russian and Serbian Orthodox Churches laid flowers at the monument to Russian soldiers. The hymn "Eternal Memory" was sung.
For more information on the monument to Emperor Nicholas II in the Serbian capital, please refer to the following articles:
The Reign of Nicholas II, Russia's Last Emperor Topic: Nicholas II
During the reign of Nicholas II in the late 19th and early 20th centuries Russia made considerable progress in all areas of life. Many predicted that Russia would have an important future and a more essential role to play in the world. It was in stark contrast to these predictions that the Empire came tumbling down in 1917 in a collapse that had dramatic consequences for the Russian people.
Copyright Notice: The following article was originally published in the April 14th, 2005 edition of The Voice of Russia. The author Lyubov Tsarevskaya , owns the copyright of the work presented below.
To read the full article, please refer to the following link in the Emperors and Empresses of Russia section of our web site:
Patriarch Kirill Will Visit Belgrade to Consecrate Monument to Nicholas II Topic: Nicholas II
Monument to Emperor Nicholas II was unveiled in the Serbian capital of Belgrade last month
Patriarch Kirill of Moscow and All Russia will visit Belgrade in mid-November, where he will, with Patriarch Irinej of the Serbian Orthodox Church, consecrate a monument to Russian Emperor Nicholas II, recently erected in Devojacki park, the Belgrade Patriarchate has confirmed.
His visit will have "great significance" and will send a message of "political romanticism" considering the monument is dedicated to the last Russian tsar who is considered a martyr by the Russian Orthodox Church and a saint by the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia.
"The consecration of the monument is a symbolic act that should once again emphasize the spiritual unity of Russian and Serb peoples, but also unequivocally point to the importance and influence that Russia is gaining in a country that stands divided between East and West, and direct the spiritual vertical and the political horizontal lines along which Serbia should move in the future" - said Nikola KneÅ¾evi, president of the Novi Sad-based Center for the Study of Religion, Politics and Society
Patriarch Kirill’s visit was announced last summer, when it was said that he will meet with top Serbian Orthodox Church dignitaries, as well as with state officials. It will be Patriarch Kirill’s second visit to Serbia since his election as the head of the Russian Orthodox Church (ROC). He attended the celebrations of the 1700th anniversary of the signing of the Milan Edict, held in Nis last year.
Historian Doubts Nicholas II Abdicated the Throne Topic: Nicholas II
The original document of Emperor Nicholas II’s abdication has not survived, so there may not have been any abdication at all, principal research officer of the Russian History Institute at the Russian Academy of Sciences Vladimir Lavrov, Ph.D. believes.
"First, they said that the document kept in the State Archive of the Russian Federation is the original. But it is absolutely clear that it is not the original," Lavrov said during an interview on the program Vechnost i Vremya (The Time and Eternity - IF) on the Russian network Spas TV channel.
According to Lavrov, there are many questions regarding this document: "it is written without a letterhead, signed with a pencil, it is addressed to the chief of the headquarters, and minister of the Emperor's court, Count Vladimir Frederiks, who certified the tsar's signature, said during his interrogation that the signature was forged."
"I believe the abdication possible, but the Provisional Government concealed it as the Provisional Government wasn't happy about the text of the abdication and it was a substitution. There is no original," the historian said.
He is convinced that both the Provisional Government and Bolsheviks were interested in preserving the original as "the Provisional Government didn't have any other legitimacy, any connection with the previous authority."
"There is another option: there wasn't any abdication at all," Lavrov said.
In April 2012, Royal Russia News published an article from a Russian media source which discussed this issue. A conference on the subject was held at the State Historical Museum in Moscow, on March 15, 2012, attended by many prominent Russian historians and scientists. Click on the link below to read the article:
Monument to Emperor Nicholas II Installed in Serbian Capital Topic: Nicholas II
Monument to Emperor Nicholas II has been installed in the center of Belgrade, capital of Serbia
A new monument to Russian emperor Nicholas II has been installed in the center of Belgrade, in recognition of his support of Serbia and the Serbian people in 1914.
The monument arrived in the Serbian capital on Friday evening. Together with the pedestal, it stands at 7.5 meters in height and weighs over 40 tons. It took 6 hours to unload from the truck and nearly 13 hours to install with the help of a crane yesterday.
The installation of the pedestal and sculpture was organized by two teams of specialists and workers from Russia, with the support of two local Serbian companies.
The monument’s creators, sculptor Andrei Kovalchuk and academician Gennady Pravotorov were on hand and directly involved with the monument’s installation.
Andrei Kovalchuk said that the work on the monument lasted six months. The sculpture is made from bronze, and the base - of granite. According to the sculptor, he found inspiration in the story of the Russian emperor coming to the aid of his country a century ago. "Russia and Serbia have always been fraternal powers" - said Kovalchuk.
Co-creator of the monument academician Gennady Pravotorov noted that the monument is dedicated to the Emperor, who at one time was admired and appreciated more in Serbia than in Russia. "Nicholas II lives in the hearts of Serbs long and fervently" - said Pravotorov. He went on to say that they did their best to achieve harmony with the sculpture and they spot were it would stand.
The monument is made in the classical tradition which is quite rare in contemporary Europe, Kovolchuk said and added that the pedestal contains details linking our era to the historical period honoured by the monument.
The monument to the Tsar Martyr is set in Devojacki Park on King Milan Street - near the place where the Embassy of the Russian Empire once stood - and in the immediate vicinity of the Russian House and the Assembly of the City of Belgrade. It was a gift of the Russian Federation to Serbia in honour of the celebrations marking the 100th anniversary of the First World War. The installation takes place one week before Russian President Vladimir Putin's forthcoming visit to the Serbian capital on October 20th.
The grand opening of the reconstructed park and monument to Emperor Nicholas II is scheduled for November 11th. The event will be attended by senior officials from Russia and Serbia, while the chairman of the Moscow Patriarchate Department for External Church Relations, Metropolitan Hilarion of Volokolamsk expressed the hope that the Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Kirill will consecrate this monument during his visit to Serbia in mid-November.
It is interesting to note that at the beginning of the 20th century a monument to Emperor Nicholas II stood in front of the Embassy of the Russian Empire in Belgrade.
Up until now, there were only two places of memory of the last Russian Tsar in Belgrade. At the Belgrade New Cemetery in 1935, was erected a memorial to "Russian Glory", on which is written: "Eternal Memory Emperor Nicholas II and two million Russian soldiers of the Great War." In 2013, a bust of Nicholas II was unveiled in the Russian House.
For more information on this monument, please refer to the following article: