Vintage Photo of Nicholas II No. 7 Topic: Nicholas II
Photo: Emperor Nicholas II kayaking among the islands of southern Finland in 1913
After becoming part of the Russian Empire in 1809, the Grand Duchy of Finland became one of the favourite summer vacation spots for the Russian emperors and their families. It was here amongst the natural beauty of the Finnish archipelago that they found rest and relaxation away from the Russian capital.
Nicholas II in particular shared many happy memories cruising amongst the Finnish islands with his family on board the Imperial yacht Standart, taking time for picnics, fishing and other leisure activities.
In 1905, he wrote a letter to his mother stating that "in St. Petersburg I feel constant prey to terrorists, while in Finland I can truly relax". During his reign, Nicholas II spent over 300 days in Finland.
Memorial Chapel to Nicholas II Opens in Omsk Region Topic: Nicholas II
A memorial chapel dedicated to Tsar Nicholas II has opened in the village of Lyuba which is situated in the Omsk region of Siberia.
The chapel opened on July 14th, a year after a memorial plaque in honour of Nicholas II had been erected on the spot.
The former Russian emperor, along with his wife Alexandra, and their daughter Maria stopped at the Lyubinskaya Station after being transferred from Tobolsk to the Ekaterinburg in 1918.
In the summer of 1917 the Provisional Government in Petrograd sent the Imperial family to Tobolsk. In October, the Provisional Government fell after a successful coup by Lenin.
In April of 1918 Yakov Sverdlov ordered that Nicholas be sent to Moscow to stand trial. However, their train was stopped at the Lyubinskaya Station on April 28th. Eye witnesses recall seeing the last emperor and empress walking on the platform of the station while awaiting their fate. In an unsuccessful attempt to negotiate with the Bolsheviks on the transporting of the Imperial family members to Moscow, Vasily Yakovlev, the special plenipotentiary commissar of the Central Executive Committee took them instead to Ekaterinburg.
After that, any possibility of escape or rescue was gone. To this day, some historians believe that regardless of Yakovlev’s motives, that the fate of the Emperor and his family might have been different had the family been moved to Omsk. For a brief period during the Russian Civil War (1918-1920), Omsk served as the capital of the anti-Bolshevik Russian State and held the Imperial gold reserves.
Monument to Nicholas II at Pavlovsk Topic: Nicholas II
I recently discovered a monument to Emperor Nicholas II at Pavlovsk. The monument was unveiled on November 20th, 2011, at the Cathedral of St. Nicholas, which is located on Artillery Street in Pavlovsk.
The churchl was built by the architect Alexander von Gauguin in 1900-1904. The construction of the church was overseen by a committee headed by the Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich. Other members included Grand Duke's Andrei Vladimirovich, Michael Alexandrovich. The plans for the church were approved by the Grand Duke Constantine Constantinovich, the owner of Pavlovsk.
The consecration of the church took place on August 28 (O.S. 15), 1902, in the presence of the Emperor Nicholas II and members of his family. Construction was completed in 1904.
The church was closed by the Soviets, but returned to the Russian Orthodox Church in 1991. The church was restored as a cathedral.
Colour Film Footage of Tsar Nicholas II Now Playing: Language: N/A. Duration: 7 minutes, 18 seconds Topic: Nicholas II
A unique collection of colour news clips of Tsar Nicholas II and his family. The background music includes the Russian Imperial national anthem God Save the Tsar, followed by the Preobrazhensky Regiment and Semenov Regiment Marches.
Bust of Nicholas II Unveiled at Taormina Topic: Nicholas II
On Friday, June 8th, a bronze bust of Emperor Nicholas II was installed at the city of Taormina, a small town on the east coast of Sicily in Italy.
The event was organized by the International Cultural Foundation of Russia and marks an official visit of the Russian emperor to Taormina in the late 19th century.
The bust of the last tsar rests on a column made of red marble in the Giovanni Colonna Duca di Cesaro public gardens in Taormina.
The ceremony was attended by members of military and civilian authorities of Russia and Italy, and received the blessing of two bishops of the Russian Orthodox Church. This was followed by an outdoor concert performed by the student orchestra of the Navy of the Russian Federation and the local Plectrucm Orchestra of Taormina.
Emperor Nicholas II Commemorated in Sicily Topic: Nicholas II
Emperor Nicholas II will be celebrated on the island of Sicily, ITAR-TASS reports. The ceremonies will begin with the unveiling of a monument in Taormina to the Russian tsar, who visited the city in the late 19th century.
Nicholas II Memorial Plaque Unveiled in Sevastopol Topic: Nicholas II
A memorial plaque to Tsar Nicholas II has been unveiled at St. George's Monastery, situated at Cape Phiolent near Sevastopol in the Crimea.
The plaque marks an official visit by the Russian tsar and his family to the area on May 28th, 1915.
The memorial was initiated by the local Imperial Cossack Union and the Union of Monarchists, it was paid for by donations of local residents.
A prayer service was held before the unveiling of the plaque, followed by a sermon by the abbot who addressed members of the church and local monarchists. He said, "Russia had lost its tsar, and paid a dear price with the great troubles and turmoil that followed . . . and the only way for the revival of a Great Russia is the restoration of the monarchy." After the sermon was over the assembled crowd sang God Save the Tsar.
Nicholas II Opens the First State Duma 1906 Topic: Nicholas II
Speech by Emperor Nicholas II on the opening of the State Duma (Artist: V. Polyakov)
This magnificent painting by the Russian artist, V. Polyakov shows the speech from the throne by Emperor Nicholas II on the occasion of the opening of the First State Duma of the Russian Empire on 27 April, 1906. The painting is from the collection of the State Museum of Political History of Russia, which is housed in the former mansion of the famous Russian ballerina Mathilde Kschessinska in St. Petersburg.
The State Duma was created after a wave of attacks against Imperial officials and public upheaval, which culminated in a national strike in October 1905, paving the way for Russia's first parliament. With the nation's infrastructure all but paralyzed, Emperor Nicholas II signed the historic manifesto of October 17, 1905, promising civil rights to the population and creating Russia's first parliament.
Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna noted the event in her diary: "A day full of emotions!! And hopes for a better future!! Thank God, everything went off splendidly and with great solemnity - just as it should.
Mama got dressed upstairs, while Olga sat with us. Then we went to Nicky and Alix. The family were waiting in the rooms. The procession began at a quarter to two. Nicky walked alone, the crown and regalia were carried in front of him. In the Armoury Hall there were many society ladies with a large crowd of other people. From there the grand duchesses went through the Romanov gallery into the St. George Hall, where we took our places on a platform to the right of the throne. We were joined by the ladies-in-waiting, Mama, Alix and the duty guard. The Te Deum had already begun.
St. George's Hall in the Winter Palace (Artist: Konstantin Ukhtomsky, 1862)
Directly opposite us were the members of the Council of State and high officials, to the left the members of the Duma, who included several men with repulsive faces and insolent disdainful expressions! They neither crossed themselves nor bowed, but stood with their hands behind their backs or in their pockets, looking sombrely at everyone and everything.
But among the peasants there were such wonderful faces, as well as several soldiers from the St. George cavlary, the Cossacks, etc. After the Te Deum Mama and Alix stood in front of us on the platform, with the grand dukes next to us on the steps of the throne - then Nicky mounted the steps and sat on the throne.
He did this with such simplicity, yet at the same time it was such a solemn moment! After this Count Fredericks handed him the speech, which he read standing, in a loud steady voice. Every word penetrated the sould - tears welled up in the throat.
We all experienced an incredible emotion, it's difficult to convey what we felt. It was a great historical moment, unforgettable for those who witnessed it. He spoke so well, saying just what was needed, asking everyone to come to his aid. When he finished, a cheer broke out, which was taken up by everyone including in the other halls - it sounded magnificent. The choir sang the anthem (it was all terribly emotional!)
We returned in the same order. I walked with Boris. Mama and Alix were crying and poor Nicky was standing there in tears - his self control finally overcome, he could not hold back his tears!"
Bust of Nicholas II Unveiled at Moscow Church Topic: Nicholas II
A bust of Tsar Nicholas II has been unveiled at the Church of St. Nicolas, located in Staroe Vagankovo near the Kremlin in central Moscow. The church was built at the place of the old chapel of the Forty Martyrs of Sebaste in the 18th century. The church was closed in 1924 and turned it into a warehouse of the Lenin Library. It was returned to the Russian Orthodox Church in 1992.
A bust of Tsar-Martyr Nicholas II has been installed in the courtyard of the church.