The Director of Livadia Palace Larissa Dekusheva, has announced that a new monument to Emperor Alexander III will be installed in the park at Livadia. The monument is a joint project between the palace museum and the Russian Artists' Union.
The monument will be installed on the site where the Small (Maly) Palace once stood. After World War II the Small Palace was almost destroyed, however, the Soviet authorities decided not to restore the historic wooden palace. Instead, a sports field was built on the site, which included tennis courts, a stage and a dance floor.
Livadia served as a favourite holiday destination for Alexander III and his family. They lived in the Small (Maly) Palace, built in 1861 by the famous Russian architect (of Swiss descent) Ippolit Antonovich Monighetti (1819–1878). It was here, that Emperor Alexander III and Empress Maria Feodorovna celebrated their 25th anniversary in 1891.
The Small (Maly) Palace at Livadia was built in 1861. It was here, that Emperor Alexander III died in 1894
During his short 13-year reign, Alexander III took a great interest in the development of Yalta, making large donations for the construction of schools, colleges, health centers, and public buildings. He was responsible for the modernizing the port at Yalta, and for the construction of the promenade along the city’s seafront. It was on his initiative that the Aleksander Nevsky Cathedral was built. Alexander III significantly improved the city infrastructure, creating a resort for members of the Russian Imperial family and the nobility, as well as the creation of the world famous Massandra wine industry.
Emperor Alexander III died in the Small Palace at Livadia, on 1 November [O.S. 20 October] 1894, at the age of forty-nine.
Despite more than 70 years of Communist propaganda (1917-1991), a growing number of Russians support a restoration of monarchy in their country. In recent years, a growing number of Russian politicians and members of the Russian Orthodox Church have expressed their support for a restoration. Further, numerous predictions of Russian Orthodox prophets have foreseen a return to monarchy in Russia’s future.
According to a recent research poll conducted by the All-Russian Center for the Study of Public Opinion, 28% of Russians support the restoration of monarchy in their country, an increase of 18% since a similar poll was conducted after the fall of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s.
The recent poll shows a majority of the supporters of a restoration reside in Moscow and St. Petersburg (37%). In addition, among respondents aged 18 to 34 years, 68% were not against the monarchy.
At the same time, however, some two-thirds of Russians oppose the revival of Russian monarchy, believing that its historical time has passed.
The overwhelming majority of respondents (82%) believe the current republican form of government is more suitable. Smaller towns and villages approved of the current form slightly more, at 84-86%. In specifically choosing between monarchy and a republic, only 11% inclined towards monarchy.
Were the monarchy to be restored, respondents favoured looking to public figures and politicians to fill the role (13%), rather than to a Romanov descendant (6%). 70% say that the revival of the monarchy in Russia at this time would be impossible and incorrect.
According to the poll, among those who oppose a restoration of monarchy in Russia, most are supporters of the Communist party (74%) and elderly Russians (70%). Electorates of the Liberal Democratic Party of Russia are more in favour of the monarchy (36%), and younger, 45-59 year-olds (31%).
The poll was conducted March 9-10, with 1,600 people in 138 locations in 46 regions and republics responding. The margin of error is 3.4%.
Discussion about the possibility of reviving the Russian monarchy has initiated once again after a March TV broadcast in which the head of Crimea Sergei Aksenov said, “We do not need democracy in this form, as it is presented in the Western media… We have our traditional Orthodox values… In my view, today, Russia needs monarchy.”
On This Day: Emperor Nicholas II Abdicates Topic: Nicholas II
Today, marks the 100th anniversary of the abdication of Emperor Nicholas II, bringing an end to more than 300 years of the Romanov dynasty and the monarchy in Russia.
The Emperor issued the following statement (which was suppressed by the Provisional Government) on 15 March (O.S. 2 March) 1917:
In the days of the great struggle against the foreign enemies, who for nearly three years have tried to enslave our fatherland, the Lord God has been pleased to send down on Russia a new heavy trial. Internal popular disturbances threaten to have a disastrous effect on the future conduct of this persistent war. The destiny of Russia, the honor of our heroic army, the welfare of the people and the whole future of our dear fatherland demand that the war should be brought to a victorious conclusion whatever the cost. The cruel enemy is making his last efforts, and already the hour approaches when our glorious army together with our gallant allies will crush him. In these decisive days in the life of Russia, We thought it Our duty of conscience to facilitate for Our people the closest union possible and a consolidation of all national forces for the speedy attainment of victory. In agreement with the Imperial Duma We have thought it well to renounce the Throne of the Russian Empire and to lay down the supreme power. As We do not wish to part from Our beloved son, We transmit the succession to Our brother, the Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich, and give Him Our blessing to mount the Throne of the Russian Empire. We direct Our brother to conduct the affairs of state in full and inviolable union with the representatives of the people in the legislative bodies on those principles which will be established by them, and on which He will take an inviolable oath. In the name of Our dearly beloved homeland, We call on Our faithful sons of the fatherland to fulfill their sacred duty to the fatherland, to obey the Tsar in the heavy moment of national trials, and to help Him, together with the representatives of the people, to guide the Russian Empire on the road to victory, welfare, and glory. May the Lord God help Russia!
In private, Nicholas was devastated that his generals no longer had confidence in him and recorded in his diary, “All around is betrayal, cowardice and deceit!”
Royal Russia presents the following articles drawn from media sources around the world on a variety of topics which relate to this historic day, on the abdication, the Russian Revolution, Lenin and the Russian monarchy:
The following is a Legitimist examination of the 3 March 1917 (15 March 1917, new style) abdication of Nicholas II and the subsequent 15 March 1917 (28 March 1917, new style) deferral of the throne by Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich in commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the Emperor Nicholas II's laying down of "the supreme power."
"Monarchy has always been a guarantor of stability, especially an Orthodox monarch. We live in an Orthodox country and we profess Orthodox values and the monarch has always been the Anointed of the Lord," says Alexander Fomin of the All-Russian Monarchist Center.
As the centenary of the abdication of the last Tsar of Russia, Nicholas II, approaches, Liadan Hynes traces the story of the tsar and his wife - from their meeting as teenagers to their execution at the hands of the secret police.
Mikhail Rodzianko is credited as the man who persuaded Nicholas II to abdicate. A century later, his descendants struggle with his legacy. Modern-day conservatives and nationalists blame “traitors” for the events of 1917 that led to the destruction of the Russian Empire — and Rodzianko is one of their targets.
The 100th anniversary of the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II, has attracted little notice. It is the opinion of most historians that Nicholas was a failure: feckless, dimwitted, reactionary—and henpecked to boot. But as Robert Massie makes clear in his admirable biography, Nicholas and Alexandra, the real Nicholas was more complex, more human and more interesting than the caricature.
Plans for the construction of St. Catherine's Cathedral - also known as the Church on the Water - in the Ural city of Ekaterinburg, have been met with both praise and opposition. The cathedral, large enough to accomodate 2,000 people, would be constructed on an artificial island in the waters of the city pond (formed by the Iset River), and connected to the embankment by two bridges.
Some opponents believe that the proposed cathedral would ruin the natural ambiance of the area, while proponents believe it would be a symbol of repentance and a tourist attraction.
St Catherine's Cathedral will be constructed in the Russian Revival style, reflecting the style that arose in second quarter of the 19th century and was an eclectic melding of pre-Peterine Russian architecture and elements of Byzantine architecture. Some of the finest examples of the Russian Revival style include the Church of the Saviour on Blood (St Petersburg), SS Peter and Paul Cathedral (Peterhof), the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour (Borki - blown up by the Soviets in the late 1940s), among many others.
According to the project's architect Mikhail Goloborodskogo, if the project is approved, construction would commence in 1.5-2 years, to be completed by 2023, the year marking the 300th anniversary of Ekaterinburg.
The proposed St. Catherine's Cathedral (left) would mirror the Church on the Blood (right)
On a personal note, I think that the concept is both beautiful and fitting for Ekaterinburg, the setting on the waterfront ideal. Since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, Ekaterinburg has made tremendous efforts in coming to terms with the regicide which took place here on the night of 16/17 July 1918, and the persecution of the ROC by the Bolsheviks and later the Soviets. During the 20th century, the city was a bastion of Bolshevism, and the "capital of atheism". The construction of this cathedral could indeed by a symbol of repentance in a city, which many now consider the center of Orthodox Russia in the Urals. The final decision, however, rests with the citizens of Ekaterinburg, whom I respect and admire immensely.
The Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia (ROCOR) on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the Russian Revolution, has urged the liberation of Russia's cities and towns from monuments to Lenin and to rid the center of Moscow of his body.
"A symbol of reconciliation of the Russian nation with the Lord would be to rid Red Square of the remains of the main persecutor and executioner of the 20th century, and the destruction of monuments to him. They are all symbols of catastrophe, tragedy, and of the destruction of our God-given Sovereignty. The same applies to the cities, oblasts and streets which are deprived of their original historic names," the ROCOR Synod of Bishops was quoted by its press service as saying in their epistle.
The bishops noted that the only thing that hindered Russia's unstoppable growth was "a revolution organized and supported by the Western nations."
It is important to note that the constant denigration of Russia on the part of “Western civilization” we see today existed a hundred years ago and, in fact, much earlier. The world despised the Russian Empire, the heir to Holy Orthodox Rus. Neither adherence to the duty to Russia’s allies, nor the unceasing readiness for cooperation by the Russian Tsars could change that. The renowned British statesman, Lord Palmerston, succinctly stated: "How difficult life is in the world when no one is at war with Russia."
Its authors said that of the reasons for revolution in Russia were "the apostasy and neglect of faith in Christ, and the rejection of the Divinely-ordained government."
They pointed out that "the educated classes in Russia, raised in so-called “Westernizing” traditions, pushed Russia with almost suicidal relentlessness into the abyss, pushing the Russian people in every way possible to reject their faith, their Tsar and their Fatherland."
The month of March played a fatal role in the destiny of several generations of the Romanov dynasty:
24 March (O.S 12 March) 1801 - Emperor Paul I was murdered in his bedroom of the newly constructed St Michael's (Engineers) Castle
13 March (O.S. 1 March) 1881 - Emperor Alexander II was assassinated by terrorists while travelling along the Griboyedov Canal
15 March (O.S. 2 March) 1917 - Emperor Nicholas II abdicated for himself and for his son and heir. His abdication brought an end to his 22-year reign, together with that of the Romanov dynasty and monarchy in Russia.
On March 7th, the exhibition The Fatal March, opened at the Suvorov Museum in St. Petersburg. The exhibition marks the tragic events which took place in Russian history a hundred years ago.
The exhibition features a collection of commemorative medals and military decorations, issued after the abdication of Emperor Nicholas II by the new Provisional Government. It was during this period that all former state symbols were removed, replaced by those which reflected the new regime. Medals depicting the portrait of the emperor were replaced with the image of St. George, while the Imperial crown was removed from orders.
The exhibition also presents symbols of the monarchy, which were saved by museum staff during the February Revoution in 1917. In spite of risk of persecution by authorities, these items also form part of this unique exhibit.
The exhibition also traces the relationship the family of the famous commander Alexander Suvorov. Together with a portrait of Emperor Nicholas II, busts of his ancestors - Paul I and Alexander II, whose lives also tragically ended in March, are also represented.
The Suvorov Memorial Museum is a military museum dedicated to the memory of Generalissimo Alexander Suvorov (1729-1800). It was founded in 1900 to commemorate the centenary of Suvorov's death and was inaugurated four years later, on the 175th anniversary of Suvorov's birth, with much pageantry, in the presence of Emperor Nicholas II, who also became the museums’ chief benefactor.
Patriarch Kirill to Prayerfully Commemorate 100th Anniversary of Tsar Nicholas II Topic: Nicholas II
The “Reigning” or “Enthroned” Icon of the Mother of God
This article was originally published by Pravoslavie.ru, on 10th March 2017.
The centenary of the abdication from the throne of the holy Royal Martyr Tsar Nicholas II will be marked by a Patriarchal Divine Liturgy, as established by the Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church at its March 9th meeting in Moscow, reports the site of the Moscow Patriarchate.
The prayerful commemoration will take place March 15, on the anniversary of Tsar Nicholas’ stepping-down from the throne, which is also the day of the “Reigning” or “Enthroned” Icon of the Mother of God which miraculously appeared in the village of Kolomenskoye, near Moscow, on the same day as the tsar’s abdication. The appearance of the icon was perceived by the faithful as a sign that the Mother of God would protect the Russian land in the stead of the tsar, from which it takes its name.
The Reigning Icon is kept at the Kazan Church in Kolomenskoye Park where it was found, and is one of modern Russia’s main sacred objects. Patriarch Kirill is scheduled to celebrate the anniversary Liturgy in this church.
Rare Vintage Cars of the Last Russian Emperor on Display in Moscow Topic: Nicholas II
The favourite automobiles of Russia's last emperor Nicholas II are currently on display at the Sokolniki Exhibition and Convention Centre in Moscow. The exhibit is hosted by the Oldtimer-Gallery, Russia’s largest exhibition of vintage cars and technical Antiques, held twice a year in Moscow.
The exhibition dubbed The First Motors of Russia features more than 50 automobiles, motorcycles and other vehicles manufactured for the local market or used in Russia before 1917. The highlight of the exhibit is a collection of 28 automobiles from His Imperial Majesty's Personal Garage, including the favourite automobile of Russia's last Tsar Nicholas II, a French Delaunay-Belleville.
It was Prince Vladimir Nikolaevich Orlov (1868-1927), who in 1904 first drove to the Alexander Palace at Tsarskoye Selo, a Delaunay-Belleville that caught the interest of the Emperor. For many years, Prince Orlov was considered one of the most trusted men of Nicholas II’s entourage, who voluntarily served as the personal chauffeur to the imperial family.
In the early 20th century, Nicholas II took a particular interest in the new mode of transport. By 1917, his collection of 56 automobiles rivalled that of any European monarch of US president. The first garage for the Imperial fleet was built at Tsarskoye Selo, near the Alexander Palace in late 1905 - early 1906. Additional garages were constructed at Peterhof, St. Petersburg, and by the spring of 1911 at Livadia.
The exhibition The First Motors of Russia runs from March 8-12 at the Sokolniki Exhibition and Convention Centre in Moscow.