Topic: Nicholas I
Emperor Nicholas I, by the famous Austrian sculptor N.-M. Shroedel
This article has been edited from its original by Paul Gilbert, Founder of Royal Russia © 2016
The Borodino Filed Museum-Reserve, situated near Moscow has opened a new exhibition dedicated to the Emperor Nicholas I. The 6th July (O.S. 25th June) marks the 220th anniversary of his birth in 1796, and 177 years ago he founded the museum at Borodino.
Nicholas I ascended the throne in 1825, in 1837, he purchased the village of Borodino, and gave it to his son, the heir to the Russian throne Tsesarevich Alexander Nikolaevich (future Emperor Alexander II). In 1839 a grand celebration was held marking the anniversary of Borodino. On the very day of the battle on August 26th, the main monument of the Borodino field was consecrated. Several days later grand maneuvers were held involving 120,000 troops, who re-enacted famous battle scenes. For seventeen days, the palace and park ensemble at Borodino became the seat of the Emperor.
In those memorable days the emperor issued a decree for the establishment of a museum dedicated to the great battle in a small house situated at the foot of the Rajewski battery. Its first exhibits were: battlefield maps of Military Topographic Office and the numerous testimonies of the Borodino battle - core canisters, fragments of grenades, horseshoes, and various weapons.
The current exhibition, opened at the Borodino Field Museum-Preserve as a tribute to the Emperor Nicholas I, whose writings were preserved and perpetuated the memory of the glory of 1812 and the Battle of Borodino. Among the exhibits are portraits of the Emperor Nicholas I, painted by Russian and Western European artists; watercolours and lithographs with views of the Borodino estate and scenes of the 1839 celebration, the anniversary of Borodino. A few exhibits from the collection of rare books tell about the deeds of the Russian Emperor to perpetuate the memory of that ever-memorable year of Russia.
The main artefact of the exhibition is a sculptural portrait of Emperor Nicholas I, by the famous Austrian sculptor N.-M. Shroedel, who worked in Russia from 1849. It refers to the first sample of the domestic industry and bronze casting "cabinet-interior bronze". The work was acquired by the funds of the Borodino Museum in December 2015 and is being exhibited for the first time.
The exhibition will run until the end of 2016.
The Borodino Field Museum
© Paul Gilbert @ Royal Russia / Presidential Library. 23 July, 2016