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Friday, 17 March 2017
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Topic: Royal Russia


© Royal Russia. 17 March, 2017
 

 

Posted by Paul Gilbert at 12:00 AM EDT
Updated: Sunday, 12 March 2017 5:25 PM EST
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Wednesday, 15 March 2017
On This Day: Emperor Nicholas II Abdicates
Topic: Nicholas II

 
Today, marks the 100th anniversary of the abdication of Emperor Nicholas II, bringing an end to more than 300 years of the Romanov dynasty and the monarchy in Russia.
 
The Emperor issued the following statement (which was suppressed by the Provisional Government) on 15 March (O.S. 2 March) 1917:
 
In the days of the great struggle against the foreign enemies, who for nearly three years have tried to enslave our fatherland, the Lord God has been pleased to send down on Russia a new heavy trial. Internal popular disturbances threaten to have a disastrous effect on the future conduct of this persistent war. The destiny of Russia, the honor of our heroic army, the welfare of the people and the whole future of our dear fatherland demand that the war should be brought to a victorious conclusion whatever the cost. The cruel enemy is making his last efforts, and already the hour approaches when our glorious army together with our gallant allies will crush him. In these decisive days in the life of Russia, We thought it Our duty of conscience to facilitate for Our people the closest union possible and a consolidation of all national forces for the speedy attainment of victory. In agreement with the Imperial Duma We have thought it well to renounce the Throne of the Russian Empire and to lay down the supreme power. As We do not wish to part from Our beloved son, We transmit the succession to Our brother, the Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich, and give Him Our blessing to mount the Throne of the Russian Empire. We direct Our brother to conduct the affairs of state in full and inviolable union with the representatives of the people in the legislative bodies on those principles which will be established by them, and on which He will take an inviolable oath. In the name of Our dearly beloved homeland, We call on Our faithful sons of the fatherland to fulfill their sacred duty to the fatherland, to obey the Tsar in the heavy moment of national trials, and to help Him, together with the representatives of the people, to guide the Russian Empire on the road to victory, welfare, and glory. May the Lord God help Russia!

In private, Nicholas was devastated that his generals no longer had confidence in him and recorded in his diary, “All around is betrayal, cowardice and deceit!”

Royal Russia presents the following articles drawn from media sources around the world on a variety of topics which relate to this historic day, on the abdication, the Russian Revolution, Lenin and the Russian monarchy:

The Abdication of Nicholas II: 100 Years Later

The following is a Legitimist examination of the 3 March 1917 (15 March 1917, new style) abdication of Nicholas II and the subsequent 15 March 1917 (28 March 1917, new style) deferral of the throne by Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich in commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the Emperor Nicholas II's laying down of "the supreme power."

In Russia, Some Long for the Return of Monarchy

"Monarchy has always been a guarantor of stability, especially an Orthodox monarch. We live in an Orthodox country and we profess Orthodox values and the monarch has always been the Anointed of the Lord," says Alexander Fomin of the All-Russian Monarchist Center.

ROCOR Epistle of the Synod of Bishops on the 100th Anniversary of the Revolution

Epistle of the Synod of Bishops of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia on the 100th Anniversary of the Tragic Revolution in Russia and Beginning of the Godless Persecutions.

The Abdication of Nicholas II Left Russia Without a Czar for the First Time in 300 Years

Events in Saint Petersburg 100 years ago brought the end to the Romanov dynasty. Carolyn Harris writes in 'The Smithsonian'

100 Years On, Debate Rolls on Over Russia's Last Tsar

Independent polling centre Levada last month found almost half of Russians feel positively about Nicholas II.

Russia Commemorates 1917 Revolution—Timidly

Ambivalence towards Soviet history has led to museums taking a cautious approach to tackling the centenary head-on. Sophia Kishkovsky reports in 'The Art Newspaper'.

From Russia, With Love...

As the centenary of the abdication of the last Tsar of Russia, Nicholas II, approaches, Liadan Hynes traces the story of the tsar and his wife - from their meeting as teenagers to their execution at the hands of the secret police.

Dispatches from the Final Days of Tsar Nicholas II

The last Russian tsar, Nicholas II, abdicated 100 years ago on March 15, 1917. RBTH has compiled the reactions of his contemporaries to this landmark event in Russian history.

The Man Who Maybe Sparked a Revolution

Mikhail Rodzianko is credited as the man who persuaded Nicholas II to abdicate. A century later, his descendants struggle with his legacy. Modern-day conservatives and nationalists blame “traitors” for the events of 1917 that led to the destruction of the Russian Empire — and Rodzianko is one of their targets.
 

 
© Paul Gilbert @ Royal Russia. 15 March, 2017 
 

 

Posted by Paul Gilbert at 9:01 AM EDT
Updated: Wednesday, 15 March 2017 2:30 PM EDT
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Tuesday, 14 March 2017
Proposed Ekaterinburg Cathedral Divides City
Topic: Ekaterinburg

 
Click on the image above to watch a short video presentation of the proposed St. Catherine's Cathedral 
Produced by Mirball Studio, Tomsk, Russia
 
This article was researched from Russian media sources and written by Paul Gilbert, Founder of Royal Russia © 2017

Plans for the construction of St. Catherine's Cathedral - also known as the Church on the Water - in the Ural city of Ekaterinburg, have been met with both praise and opposition. The cathedral, large enough to accomodate 2,000 people, would be constructed on an artificial island in the waters of the city pond (formed by the Iset River), and connected to the embankment by two bridges. 

Some opponents believe that the proposed cathedral would ruin the natural ambiance of the area, while proponents believe it would be a symbol of repentance and a tourist attraction.

St Catherine's Cathedral will be constructed in the Russian Revival style, reflecting the style that arose in second quarter of the 19th century and was an eclectic melding of pre-Peterine Russian architecture and elements of Byzantine architecture. Some of the finest examples of the Russian Revival style include the Church of the Saviour on Blood (St Petersburg), SS Peter and Paul Cathedral (Peterhof), the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour (Borki - blown up by the Soviets in the late 1940s), among many others.
 
According to the project's architect Mikhail Goloborodskogo, if the project is approved, construction would commence in 1.5-2 years, to be completed by 2023, the year marking the 300th anniversary of Ekaterinburg. 
 

 
The proposed St. Catherine's Cathedral (left) would mirror the Church on the Blood (right)
 
On a personal note, I think that the concept is both beautiful and fitting for Ekaterinburg, the setting on the waterfront ideal. Since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, Ekaterinburg has made tremendous efforts in coming to terms with the regicide which took place here on the night of 16/17 July 1918, and the persecution of the ROC by the Bolsheviks and later the Soviets. During the 20th century, the city was a bastion of Bolshevism, and the "capital of atheism". The construction of this cathedral could indeed by a symbol of repentance in a city, which many now consider the center of Orthodox Russia in the Urals. The final decision, however, rests with the citizens of Ekaterinburg, whom I respect and admire immensely.

© Paul Gilbert @ Royal Russia. 14 March, 2017
 

 

Posted by Paul Gilbert at 5:19 PM EDT
Updated: Tuesday, 14 March 2017 6:50 PM EDT
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Monday, 13 March 2017
Rid Red Square of Lenin's Remains and Destroy Monuments to Him, Urges ROCOR
Topic: Bolsheviks

 
Russia's love affair with Lenin has sharply deteriorated since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991
 
This article, originally published by Interfax, has been revised and edited
from its original by Paul Gilbert, Founder of Royal Russia © 2017
 
The Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia (ROCOR) on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the Russian Revolution, has urged the liberation of Russia's cities and towns from monuments to Lenin and to rid the center of Moscow of his body. 

"A symbol of reconciliation of the Russian nation with the Lord would be to rid Red Square of the remains of the main persecutor and executioner of the 20th century, and the destruction of monuments to him. They are all symbols of catastrophe, tragedy, and of the destruction of our God-given Sovereignty. The same applies to the cities, oblasts and streets which are deprived of their original historic names," the ROCOR Synod of Bishops was quoted by its press service as saying in their epistle. 

The bishops noted that the only thing that hindered Russia's unstoppable growth was "a revolution organized and supported by the Western nations."

It is important to note that the constant denigration of Russia on the part of “Western civilization” we see today existed a hundred years ago and, in fact, much earlier. The world despised the Russian Empire, the heir to Holy Orthodox Rus. Neither adherence to the duty to Russia’s allies, nor the unceasing readiness for cooperation by the Russian Tsars could change that. The renowned British statesman, Lord Palmerston, succinctly stated: "How difficult life is in the world when no one is at war with Russia." 

Its authors said that of the reasons for revolution in Russia were "the apostasy and neglect of faith in Christ, and the rejection of the Divinely-ordained government."

They pointed out that "the educated classes in Russia, raised in so-called “Westernizing” traditions, pushed Russia with almost suicidal relentlessness into the abyss, pushing the Russian people in every way possible to reject their faith, their Tsar and their Fatherland."

© Interfax. 13 March, 2017
 

 

Posted by Paul Gilbert at 6:50 AM EDT
Updated: Monday, 13 March 2017 7:36 AM EDT
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Rosarchiv and Vatican Plan New Romanov Exhibit
Topic: Exhibitions

 
The Vatican Secret Archives
 
The Federal Archival Agency of Russia (Rosarchiv) is preparing a joint exhibition project with the Vatican Secret Archives.

The exhibition, which will open at the end of 2017, will present documents related to the relationship between the Romanov Dynasty and the Holy See.

© Paul Gilbert @ Royal Russia. 13 March, 2017 
 

 

Posted by Paul Gilbert at 6:46 AM EDT
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Saturday, 11 March 2017
The Fatal March Exhibition Opens at the Suvorov Museum
Topic: Exhibitions

 
Portrait of Emperor Nicholas II in the Suvorov Museum, St Petersburg
 
This article was researched from Russian media sources and written by Paul Gilbert, Founder of Royal Russia © 2017

The month of March played a fatal role in the destiny of several generations of the Romanov dynasty:
 
24 March (O.S 12 March) 1801 -  Emperor Paul I was murdered in his bedroom of the newly constructed St Michael's (Engineers) Castle
 
13 March (O.S. 1 March) 1881 - Emperor Alexander II was assassinated by terrorists while travelling along the Griboyedov Canal

15 March (O.S. 2 March) 1917 - Emperor Nicholas II abdicated for himself and for his son and heir. His abdication brought an end to his 22-year reign, together with that of the Romanov dynasty and monarchy in Russia. 

On March 7th, the exhibition The Fatal March, opened at the Suvorov Museum in St. Petersburg. The exhibition marks the tragic events which took place in Russian history a hundred years ago. 

The exhibition features a collection of commemorative medals and military decorations, issued after the abdication of Emperor Nicholas II by the new Provisional Government. It was during this period that all former state symbols were removed, replaced by those which reflected the new regime. Medals depicting the portrait of the emperor were replaced with the image of St. George, while the Imperial crown was removed from orders.

The exhibition also presents symbols of the monarchy, which were saved by museum staff during the February Revoution in 1917. In spite of risk of persecution by authorities, these items also form part of this unique exhibit.

The exhibition also traces the relationship the family of the famous commander Alexander Suvorov. Together with a portrait of Emperor Nicholas II, busts of his ancestors - Paul I and Alexander II, whose lives also tragically ended in March, are also represented. 

The Suvorov Memorial Museum is a military museum dedicated to the memory of Generalissimo Alexander Suvorov (1729-1800). It was founded in 1900 to commemorate the centenary of Suvorov's death and was inaugurated four years later, on the 175th anniversary of Suvorov's birth, with much pageantry, in the presence of Emperor Nicholas II, who also became the museums’ chief benefactor.

© Paul Gilbert @ Royal Russia. 11 March, 2017
 

 

Posted by Paul Gilbert at 11:18 AM EST
Updated: Sunday, 12 March 2017 6:44 AM EST
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Friday, 10 March 2017
Patriarch Kirill to Prayerfully Commemorate 100th Anniversary of Tsar Nicholas II
Topic: Nicholas II

 
The “Reigning” or “Enthroned” Icon of the Mother of God
 
This article was originally published by Pravoslavie.ru, on 10th March 2017.

The centenary of the abdication from the throne of the holy Royal Martyr Tsar Nicholas II will be marked by a Patriarchal Divine Liturgy, as established by the Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church at its March 9th meeting in Moscow, reports the site of the Moscow Patriarchate.

The prayerful commemoration will take place March 15, on the anniversary of Tsar Nicholas’ stepping-down from the throne, which is also the day of the “Reigning” or “Enthroned” Icon of the Mother of God which miraculously appeared in the village of Kolomenskoye, near Moscow, on the same day as the tsar’s abdication. The appearance of the icon was perceived by the faithful as a sign that the Mother of God would protect the Russian land in the stead of the tsar, from which it takes its name.

The Reigning Icon is kept at the Kazan Church in Kolomenskoye Park where it was found, and is one of modern Russia’s main sacred objects. Patriarch Kirill is scheduled to celebrate the anniversary Liturgy in this church.

© Paul Gilbert @ Royal Russia. 10 March, 2017
 

 

Posted by Paul Gilbert at 9:41 AM EST
Updated: Friday, 10 March 2017 9:50 AM EST
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Thursday, 9 March 2017
Rare Vintage Cars of the Last Russian Emperor on Display in Moscow
Topic: Nicholas II

 
The favourite automobiles of Russia's last emperor Nicholas II are currently on display at the Sokolniki Exhibition and Convention Centre in Moscow. The exhibit is hosted by the Oldtimer-Gallery, Russia’s largest exhibition of vintage cars and technical Antiques, held twice a year in Moscow. 

The exhibition dubbed The First Motors of Russia features more than 50 automobiles, motorcycles and other vehicles manufactured for the local market or used in Russia before 1917. The highlight of the exhibit is a collection of 28 automobiles from His Imperial Majesty's Personal Garage, including the favourite automobile of Russia's last Tsar Nicholas II, a French Delaunay-Belleville.
 
It was Prince Vladimir Nikolaevich Orlov (1868-1927), who in 1904 first drove to the Alexander Palace at Tsarskoye Selo, a Delaunay-Belleville that caught the interest of the Emperor. For many years, Prince Orlov was considered one of the most trusted men of Nicholas II’s entourage, who voluntarily served as the personal chauffeur to the imperial family.
 
In the early 20th century, Nicholas II took a particular interest in the new mode of transport. By 1917, his collection of 56 automobiles rivalled that of any European monarch of US president. The first garage for the Imperial fleet was built at Tsarskoye Selo, near the Alexander Palace in late 1905 - early 1906. Additional garages were constructed at Peterhof, St. Petersburg, and by the spring of 1911 at Livadia.

The exhibition The First Motors of Russia runs from March 8-12 at the Sokolniki Exhibition and Convention Centre in Moscow.
 


© Paul Gilbert @ Royal Russia. 9 March, 2017
 

 

Posted by Paul Gilbert at 10:49 AM EST
Updated: Thursday, 9 March 2017 11:35 AM EST
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The Russian Museum of Malaga Presents The Romanovs and the Fine Arts
Topic: Exhibitions

 
The Collection of the Russian Museum in Malaga takes you into the era of the Russian empire through art, thanks to the year-long exhibition The Romanovs and the Fine Arts. The exhibition brings together nearly 250 works - paintings, sculptures, icons and other artistic pieces - by artists who excelled between the seventeenth and twentieth centuries, coinciding with the successive reigns of the Romanov dynasty, until the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II with the outbreak of the Russian Revolution in 1917. 

Among the nearly 250 works presented in the exhibition, such acknowledged masterpieces as "Portrait of Peter I" (1770) by Aleksey Antropov, "Peter I interrogates Tsarevich Alexei in Peterhof" (1872) Nikolai GE, "Ice house" (1878) by Valery Jacobi, "the Court of Pugachev" (1879) by Vasily Perov "Portrait of Alexander III" (1886) by Ivan Kramskoy, painting of Fedor Alekseev, Vasily Vereshchagin, George Dawe, Boris Kustodiev, Ilya Repin, Andrei Ryabushkin, Gregory Ugryumova, etc.

Aside from the gallery of portraits of Russian rulers, visitors to the exhibit will also have an opportunity to see  Church utensils, furniture and works of decorative art from the 18th-20th centuries. Among them are items from the famous Imperial porcelain dinnerware, and orders of St. Alexander Nevsky and the Order of St. Vladimir.

The exhibition The Romanovs and the Fine Arts runs from 22 February 2017 to 4 February 2018 at the El Museo Ruso in Malaga, Spain.
 
Click on the link below for more information about this exhibition:
 

The Romanovs and the Fine Arts

 
© Paul Gilbert @ Royal Russia. 9 March, 2017
 

 

Posted by Paul Gilbert at 8:55 AM EST
Updated: Friday, 10 March 2017 5:56 AM EST
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Wednesday, 8 March 2017
'Russia's soul is monarchic': Tsarist School Wants to Reverse 100 Years of History
Topic: Russian Monarchy

 
Headteacher Zurab Chavchavadze. Photograph: Shaun Walker/Guardian
 
by Shaun Walker © originally published in The Guardian on 6th March 2017. Royal Russia makes no claim to copyright of this article or images 

Patriotic financier known as the ‘Orthodox oligarch’ funds school that seeks to prepare students for the ‘inevitable’ return of monarchy

“We are raising a new elite here,” said Zurab Chavchavadze, the dapper 74-year-old headteacher of St Basil the Great School, sitting beneath a large portrait of Russia’s last tsar, Nicholas II. “The students will be morally sound, religious, intellectual and patriotic, and will have every chance of getting into power.”

A collection of grand buildings set around a new cathedral in an upmarket suburb of Moscow, the school harks back to Russia’s tsarist traditions to inculcate a sense of patriotism in its 400 students.

As the centenary approaches of Russia’s 1917 revolution, which deposed the Romanov dynasty after centuries of rule, Chavchavadze is part of a small but influential section of Russians who are looking to the tsarist past for inspiration – and even hope to restore a monarchy one day soon.

“Look at what the Russian people did with Lenin, Stalin, Putin. As soon as someone is in power for a few years, they become sacred. The Russian people strive for a monarchy; the Russian soul is monarchic,” said Chavchavadze.

At St Basil the Great school, portraits of the tsars look out at pupils from the corridors. A statue of Catherine the Great dominates a hallway, and the student ballroom features vast portraits of eight tsars. The lessons include scripture studies and Latin, and the school’s history textbooks were specially commissioned, to avoid the positive view of much of the Soviet period given by the standard Russian textbooks. 

The school is the pet project of Konstantin Malofeyev, a mysterious Russian financier known as the “Orthodox oligarch”. Malofeyev, well-connected in the Kremlin, is believed to have funded rebel forces in East Ukraine, and has set up a nationalist, Orthodox Christian television channel, Tsargrad. The school, he said in an interview with the Guardian, is meant to function as “an Orthodox Eton”, which will prepare the new elite for a future Russian monarchy.

“The mission of our school is to ensure that our graduates will be Orthodox patriots who will carry the thousand-year traditions of Russia, not just those of the last 20 or 100 years,” said Malofeyev, from his central Moscow office, adorned with Orthodox icons and a large portrait of Tsar Alexander III, a 19th century ruler known for his conservatism. “For me it’s very important to restore the traditions that were broken off in 1917.”

After the February revolution – named for the month it began in Russia’s then-Juilan calendar – the country embarked on a short liberal experiment, but the provisional government was deposed by Vladimir Lenin’s Bolshevik uprising in October of the same year. Nicholas II and his family were executed in 1918; many aristocrats fought for the White armies in the Russian civil war, or fled to western Europe or further afield.

During the Soviet period, discussion of the Whites was forbidden. Chavchavadze’s family returned to the Soviet Union in 1947 in a wave of patriotism after victory in the second world war, but his father was quickly arrested as a spy and sent to the Gulag for 25 years, while the family was exiled to Kazakhstan.

In the post-Soviet period there has been renewed interest in the history of the pro-tsarist forces. Nicholas II has been canonised by the Russian Orthodox church. While Vladimir Putin’s administration has expressed admiration for the achievements of the Soviet Union, its foundation in 1917 is regarded as a tragedy, for the bloodshed and turmoil it caused. 

Malofeyev, now 42, was born near Moscow to parents who lived in a special housing reservation for Soviet scientists. As a teenager during Mikhail Gorbachev’s perestroika, he devoured literature about the Whites, and swiftly became a monarchist.

“When I was 14, I read two books which had a huge impact on me,” he recalled. One was the memoirs of a former tsarist officer who went on to publish an émigré newspaper in Argentina, while the other was Lord of the Rings. “The image of Aragorn returning to Gondor was my second image of monarchy. It also affected my monarchism,” he said.

Taken with the idea of monarchy, Malofeyev wrote a letter to the Paris-based Grand Duke Vladimir Kirillovich, born in 1917 and considered the head of the imperial family after Nicholas II and his family were executed by the Bolsheviks and other royals died in exile.

After reading Malofeyev’s letter, the duke asked Chavchavadze, who was then working as his assistant, to deliver his reply in person. The pair have stayed in touch ever since.

Malofeyev went on to study law at Moscow State University, writing his dissertation on the constitutional mechanism by which modern Russia could reintroduce monarchy, before going into banking and rapidly becoming one of Russia’s richest men. He tapped up Chavchavadze to head his school, which moved into its new premises in 2012. Its graduates, Malofeyev hopes, will provide the backbone of the “inevitable” future tsarist order in Russia.

Malofeyev said career politicians are venal and focused on electoral success, while monarchs can rule without the dirty business of politics intervening. He does not count Putin among the list of grubby democratic politicians, as the Russian president was handpicked by Boris Yeltsin.

“He never tried to get elected; he was found and put in place, and turned out to be sent by God. Who could have guessed in 1999 that Putin would come to us and Russia would start becoming Russia again? It was an act of God,” he said.

He claimed surveys show that the number of Russians who want a monarchy has risen from 15% to 25% over the past decade, and links this to Putin’s personal popularity.

Others who have gathered around Malofeyev’s tsarist agenda include Leonid Reshetnikov, formerly a general in the KGB and Russia’s SVR foreign intelligence and until recently head of an influential foreign policy think tank. Now he runs the Double-headed Eagle Society from a Moscow office adorned with portraits of Putin and Nicholas II.

Reshetnikov said he first became a monarchist when he was a KGB agent stationed in the Balkans during the 1980s, as he noticed there were no true believers in Communism. He is equally unimpressed with democracy.

“Our liberals want to be like Europeans, but God made us different,” said Reshetnikov. “Liberal democracy is like Marxism, it was brought to us from London, Paris and New York. We need to return to the point where we took the wrong turn, in 1917.”

Reshetnikov said it was likely to be decades before Russia could seriously think about restoring the monarchy, and would require a more mature and religious society before it could be contemplated.

Malofeyev, however, said it could happen sooner than expected, and said he believes it to be quite possible that Putin could be crowned tsar: “Nobody wanted Yeltsin to carry on forever, but everyone wants Putin to carry on forever.”

© Shaun Walker / The Guardian. 8 March, 2017
 

 

Posted by Paul Gilbert at 9:53 AM EST
Updated: Wednesday, 8 March 2017 10:01 AM EST
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