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Copyright 2000 Michael Steinore


This is a list of Urechye Holocaust victims from the records of the Extraordinary State Commission to Investigate and Establish War Crimes of the German-Fascist Invaders (RG-22.002M, Reel 24, Fond 7021, Opis 82, File 9. USHMM). The list entries are numbered 880 to 1400 because they are part of a larger victim list for Slutsk Raion, Minsk Oblast. The date of compilation of this list appears to be in the Sept.-Oct. 1944 timeframe, 2 to 3 years after the atrocities occurred. I do not know what the population of Urechye was in June, 1941 (just before the German invasion), but my guess is that this list represents at least half of the townspeople of Urechye.

List Details

The list order appears to be a random grouping by family units, as if someone went around asking the surviving townspeople who they recalled. The original list in Russian had a number of errors in it, such as incorrect gender endings for patronymics, impossible dates of birth, occupations, etc. In most cases those errors were preserved by me. Therefore, it would be difficult for you to know whether an error is due to the original, or introduced in translation, but I think the translation and the data entry is very accurate. [This philosophy of error preservation is not the norm, but consider: if someone is a 3 year old tailor, which item is in error, the age or the occupation? Therefore, how do you correct it?]

The original list was cursive handwriting, so occasionally legibility was bad. '?' indicates a question as to the spelling, '---', means the information was not provided in the original list. The Nationality is either 'bel.' for Belarussian, or 'evr.' for Evrei, or Jew. Two columns of information were left out: Sex, which should be obvious from the full name; place of last work, which indicated in almost all cases Urechye, but in about two dozen cases, the place 'k-z'.


By entering these names in a spreadsheet, and performing various sorts and counts one can make a number of interesting observations, which would not be so obvious otherwise.

  • The year of birth was often an estimate rounded to the nearest 5th year. This observation comes from noting the unaturally high percentage of birth years ending in 0 and 5 (half of the list).

  • Slightly over half of the 30 different Jewish surnames that appear in the 1906-1907 Duma voter lists for Urechye are still found in the list of Holocaust victims 4 decades later. For those Jews who did not emigrate before the Russian revolution, they were unlikely/unable to migrate from Urechye during the Soviet period. Because the Duma voters were only a select 6% of the population, it is likely that a good percentage of the other Jewish surnames found in the Victims list existed in Urechye in the early 20th century as well.

  • The bulk of the occupations were farmer, laborer/worker, housewife and student. There does not appear to be any concentration of particular type of craft, as one might have found at the turn of the century.

  • There is no concentration of certain Jewish first names or patronymics, as one might have expected of Jewish naming patterns in a small town in the 19th century. By this time, the range of acceptable names had broadened considerably. Abram is the most popular in both categories.