Federalist Paper #10 is arguably one of the most important documents in U.S. history. Madison spoke openly and honestly, from his class-based point of view, about the issues of democracy and republicanism...clearly favoring the latter. He touches on many issues still with us today...class divisions, in particular...and stratification by design, in general. He openly discusses just "who should govern" and why he thinks so. Although it has an innocent sounding title, its content is very powerful...it is far more than "just a political document." It's a philosophical justification for a particular class-based point of view.
The following are scanned images of Paper #10. Most importantly, this copy contains #'s in the margins refering to an annotated Critical Commentary by Creel Froman. I suggest you read Paper #10 with this Critical Commentary along side...it will help clarify just what Madison is saying and his paradigmatic assumptions in-use.
The document is divided into 8 smaller sections...to enhance printability.
THE SIZE AND VARIETY OF THE UNION AS A CHECK ON FACTION
THE FEDERALIST NO. 10