COURSE OUTLINE INTRODUCTION The overall objectives of the course are discussed with the trainees, placing an emphasis on individual operator responsibilities. The shift in liability from the company to the operator is stressed for those who are trained and obtain a license. The operators will be trained in safety precautions, avoiding accidents, proper material handling techniques, and protecting equipment and stock. GETTING TO KNOW THE OVERHEAD CRANE Learning the unique capabilities of the overhead crane, Types of cranes and their uses in industry. Exercising extreme caution due to pedestrian traffic are covered in this section. THE PRE-SHIFT INSPECTION The walk around inspection and in depth pre-shift inspection are two of the most important daily routines that must be logged and maintained. Not only can this prevent damage, accidents and expensive repairs, it can also protect the company from liability in the event of injury. Proper techniques for performing the inspection, assigning a specific person, reporting problems, and updating the log book are responsibilities that all crane operators must know in order to avoid accidents or injury. Also included in this section are the proper hold tag and/or lock out procedures in the event of damage or problems found during the pre-shift inspection, or during a shift. RIGGING PROCEDURES Determining the weight to be lifted, selecting the proper rigging gear, and using sound practices to secure the load. Understanding the manufacturer's data plate, safe working loads, slings, chains, ropes, hooks, shackles, and their capacities are covered in detail in this section. LIFTING AND MOVING Proper lifting and moving procedures with cranes and hoists, load swing, raising the load, aborting a lift, setting the load, unhooking the slings, fall zones, storing or parking the crane, ANSI B30 hand signals, important safety practices. OPERATOR QUALIFICATIONS This section covers who may operate the cranes at your facility, specialized training and permits, and the physical requirements for crane operators. PREPARATION Responsibilities for safe crane operation, the visual inspection, checking for hydraulic leaks, condition of the safety guards, testing the controls, inspecting the hoist rope and hook, limit switches and braking mechanisms, and the proper reporting procedures are covered in this section. ATTACHING THE LOAD Understanding the load rating, calculating load weights and load centres for regular and irregular shaped loads, choosing the proper rigging equipment, sling capacity, positioning of the hoist, finding the centre of gravity, safety precautions, and preparing to lift a load. MOVING THE LOAD Correct starting and stopping procedures, controlling the load, guiding the load, observing working conditions, working with signals, what to do if there is a power failure. FINISHING THE JOB Techniques for lowering the load and removing the slings, storage of chains, ropes and straps, parking the crane, leaving the controls, securing an indoor and outdoor crane, special requirements for storing remote controls. INSPECTIONS Frequent and periodic inspections, proper documentation, filing the inspection, inspecting hooks for cracks, increases in the throat opening, degree of twist. Inspection of hoist ropes for corrosion, loss of diameter, worn wires, broken wires, kinks and bird caging, heat and chemical damage. Inspecting the chains for nicks and gouges, twists, distortion, excessive wear, stretching, pits, damage from welding or other extreme heat, corrosion and cracks. Finding the volumes of common shapes, approximate weights of common materials. Review of all safe operating practices. METHOD OF INSTRUCTION Lecture, overhead, video, hands on, class participation and discussion, written examination.