Oath of Allegiance
I hereby declare, an oath, that I absolutely and entirely renounce and abjure all allegiance and fidelity to
any foreign prince, potentate, state or sovereignty, of whom or which I have heretofore been a subject or citizen; that I will support and defend the Constitution and laws of the United States of America against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I will bear arms on behalf of the United States when required by the law*; that I will perform noncombatant service in the armed forces of the United States when required by the law*;that I will perform work of national importance under civilian direction when required by law;
and that I take this obligation freely without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion:
So help me God.
*Sec. 337 (a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 permits, under certain circumstances, the taking of the oath without these clauses.
I believe in the United States of America as a Government of the people, by the people, for the people, whose just powers are derived from the consent of the governed; a democracy in a republic; a sovereign Nation of many sovereign States; a perfect union, one and inseparable; established upon those principles of freedom, equality, justice, and humanity for which American patriots sacrificed their lives and fortunes. I therefore believe it my duty to my country to love it, to support its Constitution, to obey its laws, to respect its flag, and to defend it against all enemies.
Written by William Tyler Page, clerk of the United States House of Representatives, 1917; accepted by that House on behalf of the American People, April 3, 1918
The Pledge of Allegiance
I pledge allegiance
to the flag
United States of America.
And to the Republic
for which it stands,
and justice for all.