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About the dogs I have:

Breed History

Although the Kuvasz name has been corrupted, the breed has remained pure. A likely relative of the Komondor, the breed name derives from the Turkish word "kawasz" meaning armed guard of the nobility. The misspelling ironically means mongrel, a poor description of this purebred dog.

At one time, these dogs lived as companions and security guards to many European rulers. Their intimidating size and defensive skills thwarted potential attacks. Although the dogs later herded sheep and cattle, history primarily recounts their respected royal service. Modern breed developments in Hungary reduced their awesome girth and produced mellower dogs.

Ideal Breed Characteristics Appearance: Sturdy, balanced body with relaxed, effortless motion.

Coat and Color: Medium-length, coarse, straight or wavy coat; short, smooth hair on the head, ears and paws; feathering on the legs. Uniform white color with dark gray or black skin.

Head: Gently rounded skull with a straight, strong muzzle; brown, almond-shaped, wide-set eyes; v-shaped, thick, rounded ears.

Tail: Low, long, curved at the tip.

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Breed History

Rottweilers have existed as a distinct breed for so long that their ancient ancestry remains unknown. Given their strong, compact bodies and willingness to work, they probably descended from Mastiff-type dogs. Originally workers in ancient Rome, these dogs acted as "drovers," shuttling and guarding flocks of animals. They moved around the globe, particularly into Europe, with mobile Roman legions who brought the dogs as guards and herders. Given the limited ability to preserve meat and the need to bring live herds of food stock animals on long marches, the dogs provided an invaluable service. At night, they acted as guards from both human and animal threats. After crossing the Alps, the dogs settled largely into southern Germany, where they lived for centuries.

Rottweil derives from "das Rote Wil," meaning red tile, and is the name of the town where red-colored clay was unearthed. This town became a major trade center, particularly for cattle, and large numbers of dogs worked very closely with butchers by pulling carts, driving cows and guarding stock. The dogs even became known as "butcher dogs" for these invaluable services. The breed name certainly derived from the town appellation.

Until the late 19th century, when railroads and other technological innovations limited the need for the dogs' services, they remained at the center of commerce and trade. The breed suffered greatly with the advent of modern transportation, however, and nearly disappeared. Until 1901, few dogs and no breed standard existed. With the development of canine police service, however, Rottweilers gained popularity as guards and police assistants. These jobs rescued them from near extinction. Having also served as war and rescue dogs, they are often trained in Schutzhund today, enabling them to perform many kinds of work.

Given their large, muscular bodies, the modern dogs often have a reputation for ferocity. In truth, a properly bred and trained Rottweiler is highly loyal, obedient and wise. The breed remains extremely popular among dog enthusiasts worldwide.

Ideal Breed Characteristics

Size: Males 24 to 27 inches, Females 22 to 25 inches (at the withers).

Appearance: Strong, powerful body with driving, easy motion.

Coat and Color: Straight, thick, flat, rough coat; shorter hair on the head, ears and legs. Black color with rust or mahogany markings over each eye, on the cheeks, sides of muzzle, throat, chest, forelegs and rear.

Head: Broad, gently rounded skull with a straight, slightly tapered muzzle; medium-sized, dark brown eyes; triangular, wide-set ears.

Tail: Docked (clipped) short.

Breed History

A very old spitz breed, the American Eskimo dog has existed for nearly 6,000 years. Its genetic heritage probably includes Keeshond, Pomeranian and other European Spitz dogs. Well known across Europe, the breed probably arrived in the United States during the 19th century with the immigration of dog owners. Originally known as the American Spitz, these dogs were renamed American Eskimo in the 1910s for unknown reasons.

Long recognized by the United Kennel Club, the "Eskie" is a recent addition to the American Kennel Club's list of purebreds having gained admittance in 1993. The breed exists in three varieties, the Toy, Miniature and the Standard. As Nordic dogs, American Eskimos tend to be energetic, alert and loyal.

Ideal Breed Characteristics

Size: Toy variety 9 to 12 inches; Miniature variety 12 to 15 inches; Standard variety males 15 to 19 inches (at the withers).

Appearance: Compact, balanced body with easy-going motion.

Coat and Color: Straight, thick, smooth double coat with a thick under coat and "ruff" around the neck. Solid white color preferred, though cream-white is permitted.

Head: Wide, crowned and gently wedged skull with a wide muzzle; oval, wide-set, dark brown eyes; triangular, erect, wide-set, gently rounded ears.

Tail: Curved, covered with long hair, set high and carried over the back when in motion.

Breed History

Retrieving dogs have long existed in Britain, where they were used as hunting assistants to people who sought animals as food and sport. The dogs were capable of finding game and fallen birds on water or land and returning them without damaging the quarry. Throughout the middle and late 19th century, the Golden Retriever was developed to also fill that role. Created largely in secrecy, but with well-documented records, Lord Tweedmouth combined Tweed Water Spaniel, small Newfoundlands, Irish Setters, Bloodhounds and other Water Spaniels at his estate. Emphasis on water skill and hearty physique created yellow-colored dogs with the talent, instinct and build for retrieving work. First known as Yellow Retrievers, the dogs were later called Golden Retrievers.

After their appearance in conformation and field trials during the late 19th century, the dogs gained great popularity across England, and a national club was quickly formed. Travelers across the Atlantic brought the dogs to the United States and Canada during the early part of the 20th century. They were used and bred for hunting, rather than physical appearance, but their attractive shape and coloring made them popular show dogs as well. While dark colors were favored originally, medium and light-colored dogs have gained greater acceptance in the past few decades.

Today, Golden Retrievers remain one of the most versatile and well loved breeds. They can compete in field, hunting, obedience and conformation trials. They also work as therapy, guide, tracking and search and rescue dogs because of their amenable personalities, keen sense of smell and obedience skill. As pets, they are energetic and loyal. They remain one of the most popular pet breeds with owners and families around the world.

Ideal Breed Characteristics

Size: Males 23 to 24 inches, Females 21 1/2 to 22 1/2 inches (at the withers).

Appearance: Proportional, powerful body with strong, relaxed motion.

Coat and Color: Thick, weather-resistant, close-to-the-body coat is straight or wavy with feathering on the legs, neck and underbody. All varieties of golden color allowed.

Head: Rounded skull with a straight muzzle; deep, medium-sized, dark brown eyes; small ears lay near the cheeks.

Tail: Thick, long and slightly curved.