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The Roman Gods

In Alphabetical Order:
She is the goddess guardian of children leaving home to go on their own.

Abundantia (Abundita):
Goddess of abundance.

An Etruscan goddess, one of the Lasas (Fates).

Goddess associated with Hercules.

Acca Larentia:
An earth goddess. The foster-mother, as a she-wolf, that nursed Romulus and Remus. She is also said to be an early Etruscan goddess who passed into Roman myth as a semi-devine prostitute.

Called "Mother of Maidens". Wife of Scamander.

Goddess of schoolchildren; similar to Abeona above.

A priestess of Juno.

A goddess of prophecy. She is invoked by pregnant women. One of the Camenae.

One of the heroes of the Iliad. Son of Venus.

Goddess of summer; usually portrayed nude and adorned with garlands of corn.

Aetna is the Roman mountain goddess after whom the Italian volcano Mount Etna is named. In some legends she is the wife of the smith god Vulcan.

Etruscan dawn goddess; protector of ill-fated lovers. A white sow goddess similar to the celtic Cerridwen.

A prophetic priestess.

(Etruscan) An attendant to Turan, goddess of love.

(Etruscan) An ancient earth goddess.

A goddess of healing.

Goddess of healing along with Angita and Anagtia.

The goddess of the winter solstice, and goddess of fear and anguish (producing or relieving).

Another goddess of health, specifically of sore throats.

Early Roman goddess of healing and witchcraft.

A very early earth goddess, who with her daughter Axiocersa, personified the earth in spring (Axiocersa) and in autumn (Anieros).

Anima Mundi:
Personification of immortality; means "Soul of the World".

Anna Perenna:
An Etruscan goddess who ruled human and vegetative reproduction.

Goddess of prophecy and childbirth.

Appiades, The:
Two groups:
1. The nymphs of the Appian Spring in Rome.
2. The five goddesses: Concordia, Minerva, Pax, Venus, and Vesta.

A fountain nymph.

A goddess of prophetic visions.

A heroic Roman whose husband was ordered by the emperor to commit suicide. The husband could not force himself to do so until Arria grabbed his dagger, stabbed herself, then handed the dagger to her husband saying, "It does not hurt."

The son of Aeneas. He is the founder of the city of Alba Longa in Italy.

A vegetation god.

Goddess that heals earaches.

The personification of the dawn. Her Greek counterpart was Eos.

The queen of the dead.

Nymphs of the rivers of the underworld.

Goddess of childbirth; specifically of the delivery.

(Etruscan) A goddess pictured carrying an ax. Function unknown.

In Greek and Roman mythology, the god of wine and ecstasy, identified with Dionysus, the Greek god of wine, and Liber, the Roman god of wine. His followers were mostly women who celebrated in a rite that gave us the modern term Bacchanalia. His feasts were drunken euphoria-filled revelries that sometimes led to bloodshed. The name Bacchus came into use in ancient Greece during the 5th century bc. It refers to the loud cries with which he was worshiped at the Bacchanalia, frenetic celebrations in his honor. These events, which supposedly originated in spring nature festivals, became occasions for licentiousness and intoxication, at which the celebrants danced, drank, and generally debauched themselves. The Bacchanalia became more and more extreme and were prohibited by the Roman Senate in 186 bc.

(Italy) She is represented as an old woman who, although ugly, is also very kind. On January 5th of each year she distributes candy to the good children and lumps of coal to the bad.

Goddess of lightning and thunder.

The goddess of war, popular among the Roman soldiers. She accompanied Mars in battle. She was either the wife, daughter, or sister of Mars, and was sometimes portrayed as his charioteer or muse. This serpent-haired goddess is often described as the feminine side of the god Mars. She is identified with the Greek war goddess Enyo. In front of Bellona's temple, the fetialis (priestly officials) performed the declaration of war ceremony, the casting of a spear against the distant enemy. Bellona's attribute is a sword and she is depicted wearing a helmet. She could be of Etruscan origin. Human sacrifices were made to her.

Goddess of female characteristics.

Bona Dea:
Latin for "Good Goddess". The deity of fruitfulness, both in earth and in women. She was worshipped by the Vestals as the goddess of chastity and fertility.

A goddess of healing.

Goddess protector of animals.

A water nymph who suffered from unrequited love.

Goddess of fire or vice.

Fire deity, brother of Caca. Cacus, three-headed and vomiting flames, was a son of Vulcan. He was noted as a robber, and was strangled to death by Hercules when he stole some of Hercules' cattle.

A water nymph.

Camenae, The:
These water spirits dwell in freshwater springs and rivers. Their name means "foretellers". Their festival, the Fontinalia, was celebrated on October 13 by tossing good luck wreaths into wells. Among them are Aegiria, Antevorta, Carmentis (the leader), Porrima, Prorsa, Proversa, Postvorta, Tiburtis, and Timandra.

Ocean nymph who grieved so much over the loss of her husband she dissolved in tears.

A virgin queen. She was so swift, it is said, that she could run over the sea without getting her feet wet. She was a warrior dedicated to the service of the virgin goddess Diana. In one myth Camilla led an army against Aeneas and his invading Trojans. On foot, and with breasts bare, she fought at the head of the army, but was killed by Aeneas. In another she is killed in battle by the Etruscan Arruns.

A water nymph; mother of Tibernius by Janus.

A goddess of childbirth, in charge of providing enough light during delivery.

An ocean nymph who dissolved in tears while grieving the loss of her husband.

Goddess who possessed power over doorways. Cardea was a minor goddess who personified the hinges of the front door, and therefore the comings and goings of family life. She was particularly invoked to protect sleeping children against night-spirits who might harm or kill them. She is similar to the Greek goddess Artemis also.

Carmenta (Carmentis):
A goddess of prophecy and midwifery; she also brought the art of writing to her land. She was said to assist a woman in labor and to tell the future of the newborn.

A pesonification of the physical processes of survival. "Carnal" is a derivative.

Daughter of Saturn and Ops. Goddess of the growth of food plants. She and her daughter Proserpine were the counterparts of the Greek goddesses Demeter and Persephone. Her worship involved fertility rites and rites for the dead, and her chief festival was the Cerealia. (Our word cereal is derived from Ceres.)

Goddess who watched over the construction and preservation of sewers (think Cloaca Maxima, that famous sewer in ancient Rome). She was also the protector of sexual intercourse in marriage.

Goddess of trees.

Goddess of hills.

A goddess of childbirth.

Goddess of marital harmony.

Concordia is the goddess of peace and is pictured as a heavyset matron holding a cornucopia in one hand and an olive branch in the other.

Consentes Dii:
The 12 chief gods (a la the 12 Greek Olympian gods): Jupiter, Apollo, Neptune, Mars, Mercury, Vulcan, Juno, Diana, Minerva, Venus, Ceres, and Vesta.

Goddess of plenty a la "cornucopia" and "copious".

Goddess of infants. She brings sleep to them; her cohorts are Edulica who blesses their food and Portina who blesses their drinking. She is sister to Cunina and Rumina.

A goddess of the underworld.

Goddess who protected infants asleep in their cradles.

Means desire (Lat. cupido). The son of Venus, goddess of love. His Greek mythology counterpart was Eros, god of love. The most famous myth about Cupid is the one that documents his romance with Psyche: Psyche was a beautiful princess. Venus, jealous of Psyche's beauty, ordered her son Cupid, god of love, to make Psyche fall in love with the ugliest man in the world. Instead, he fell in love with her, and spirited her away to a secluded palace where he visited her only at night, unseen and unrecognized by her. He forbade her to ever look upon his face, but one night while he was asleep she lit a lamp and looked at him. Cupid then abandoned her and she was left to wander the world, in misery, searching for him. Finally Cupid repented and had Jupiter make her immortal so they could be together forever.

Personification of the day (or light).

Goddess who first fashioned humans from clay.

Sicilian nymph, companion of Proserpina. She was so devastated over the loss of Proserpina that she cried until she became a well.

Her Greek mythology counterpart was Rhea, mother of the Olympian gods. Cybele was the goddess of nature and fertility. Because Cybele presided over mountains and fortresses, her crown was in the form of a city wall. The cult of Cybele was directed by eunuch priests called Corybantes, who led the faithful in orgiastic rites accompanied by wild cries and the frenzied music of flutes, drums, and cymbals. Her annual spring festival celebrated the death and resurrection of her beloved Attis, a vegetation god.

Dea Dia:
Ancient goddess of corn and agriculture.

Dea Marica:
Goddess of the marshes.

One of the Parcae.

One of the three goddesses who protect young mothers.< The other two are Intercidona and Pilumnus.

Her name shows that she was one of Italy's original goddesses, but there is little information about her today.

Goddess of the hunt. In Roman art Diana usually appears as a huntress with bow and arrow, along with a hunting dog or a stag. She is also goddess of the moon, forests, animals, and women in childbirth. Both a virgin goddess and an earth goddess, she was identified with the Greek Artemis. She is praised for her strength, athletic grace, beauty and her hunting skills. With two other deities she made up a trinity: Egeria the water nymph (her servant and assistant midwife), and Virbius (the woodland god).

The Carthaginian Queen who was involved in an ill-fated affair with Aeneas (in the Aeneid).

Goddess of discipline.

She was the personification of strife. She was sister to Mars and belonged to the retinue of Mars and Bellona. She is identified with the Greek Eris (The goddess of discord).

A water nymph who was religious adviser to Numa, King of Rome (700 BCE).

Empanda (Empanada):
This goddess of asylum personified the idea of openness and generosity.

Protector of domesticated animals.

Son of Vulcan. He was deformed (had dragon feet). Athena put him in a box and gave it to the care of the daughters of Cecrops, with strict orders not to open the box. Naturally they opened it and what they saw so frightened them they jumped off Acropolis to their deaths. He later became the constellation Auriga, which is Latin for charioteer, as he is said to be the inventor of the chariot.

Goddess of childbirth.

Goddess of fame or rumor. She is said to have many eyes and mouths. She travels about the world, first whispering her rumors to only a few, then becoming louder and louder till the whole world knows the news. She lived in a palace with a thousand windows, all of which were always kept open so she could hear everything that was said by anyone on earth. Her friends were Credulitas (error), Laetitia (joy), Timores (terror), and Susuri (rumor). She was known as Ossa to the Greeks.

The Fates:
The Roman Fates were the "Parcae"; the Norse Fates were the "Norns" (They were usually three: Urth (Wyrd), past; Verthandi, present; and Skuld, future); the Greek fates were called the "Moerae" or "Moirai" (Clotho, who spun the web of life; Lachesis, who measured its length; and Atropos, who cut it). The Parcae were three very old women who spin the fate of mortal destiny. They were Nona, Decuma, and Morta. Nona spun the thread of life, Decuma assigned it to a person and Morta cut it, ending that person's life.

Goddess who personified fertility. She was the wife of Faunus.

Son of Picus. A woodland deity, protector of herds and crops; identified with the Greek Pan. The grandson of the god Saturn, he was worshiped as the god of the fields and of shepherds. He was believed to speak to people through the sounds of the forest and in nightmares. He was attended by the fauns, creatures that resemble humans somewhat except for the fact that they have short horns, pointed ears, tails and goat's feet, the counterparts of the Greek satyrs.

The shepherd who found and raised (with his wife Acca) the twins Romulus and Remus.

Goddess of fevers.

Goddess of purification.

Another goddess of purification.

God of purification who dwells in the underworld.

Goddess of fertility.

The goddess of good luck. She was a favorite of the Roman emperors and their generals.

The deity who protects freedmen. This goddess made her home in woodlands or at the foot of mountains. Some believe she is an Etruscan goddess dating back before Rome, powerful enough to maintain her own identity after the Roman conquest.

Goddess of good faith and honesty. Fides was the guardian of integrity and honesty in all dealings between individuals and groups. She was depicted as an old woman wearing an olive wreath and carrying a basket of fruit.

Goddess of flowers and springtime. Her festival, the Floralia, was licentious in spirit (she was revered especially by courtesans since flowers are the sex organs of plants and she represented flowers) and featured dramatic spectacles, the passing of obscene medallions and love-making by friends and/or strangers. The women paraded about unclothed, at least until the 3rd century CE, when that was banned by the authorities. Flora was depicted as a beautiful maiden, wearing a crown of flowers.

Goddess who stops the menstrual flow.

Goddess of fountains.

Goddess of bread.

She controls the destiny of every human being by permitting the fertilization of humans, animals and plants. She was shown as a blind woman holding a rudder (for steering a course for each of us) and a cornucopia (for the wealth that she could bring).

Goddess of betrayal. She has a human face, the body of a serpent, and a scorpion stinger at the end of her tail.

Goddess of lightning.

An ancient Italian goddess who is all but forgotten in myth now. Some mythographers believe she was one of the Furies.

Etruscan goddess of darkness and robbers.

(Etruscan) She saved her city from a Roman invasion by appearing naked on the battlefield. Her appearance so affected the Romans that they fell back in confusion.

Geneta Mana
A goddess who presided over life and death.

(Sardinia) A woodland spinning spirit, an average-sized woman with steel fingernails, long disheveled hair, and long, pendant breasts that she threw over her shoulders as she was working her magic loom. As she worked she would sing plaintive love songs. If a human man should respond she would have intercourse with him. The man would die when they were done and his child, a half-breed brute, would be born only three days later.

God of the sea (according to Virgil).

The Romans borrowed this hero from the Greeks (Herakles) and changed his name into the familiar Latin one of Hercules (see under Heracles).

Goddess who presides over horses.

Goddess who presides over time and/or beauty.

Goddess of gardens.

Goddess who presides over corn in growth.

Ancient Sicilian earth goddess, and ancestor of humanity.

The Vestal virgin who became, by Mars, the mother of the twins Romulus and Remus. She is the daughter of king Numitor of Alba Longa, who was dethroned by his brother Amulius. Her uncle gave her to the goddess Vesta so she would remain a virgin for the rest of her life. Amulius had learned from an oracle that her children would become a threat to his power. However, because she had violated her sacred vow (by dallying with Mars), she and her children were cast in the Tiber. The god Tiberinus rescued her and made her his wife.

Her name means "underworld"; used as an alternate name for Proserpina.

Protectress of children and goddess of the axe that separated the newborn from danger. She guards new mothers from evil spirits.

Name given to Juno when related to the marriage ceremony.

Moon goddess, wife of Janus.

Janus, custodian of the universe, god of beginnings. The guardian of gates and doors, he held sacred the first hour of the day, first day of the month, and first month of the year (which bears his name). He is represented with two bearded heads set back to back, the better to see the year just ended and to face the year just beginning.

Juga (Jugalis):
Goddess of marriage.

Queen of the gods, the wife and sister of the god Jupiter. She was the protector of women and was worshiped under several names. As Juno Pronuba she presided over marriage; as Juno Lucina she aided women in childbirth; and as Juno Regina she was the special counselor and protector of the Roman state. She is considered to be the female counterpart to Jupiter, king of the gods. Every year, on the first of March, women held a festival in honor of Juno called the Matronalia. To this day, many people consider the month of June, which is named after the goddess to be the most favorable time to marry. The peacock is sacred to Juno. Her Greek mythology counterpart was Hera.

King of the Roman gods, son of Saturn (whom he overthrew) and Ops, brother and husband of Juno. He was particularly concerned with oaths, treaties, confederations and with the most ancient and sacred form of marriage. Jupiter, the name, is derived from the same root word as Zeus (bright). He was improperly called Jove also. Originally the god of the sky, Jupiter was worshiped as god of rain, thunder, and lightning. He developed into the prime protector of the state, and as the protector of Rome he was called Jupiter Optimus Maximus. As Jupiter Fidius he was guardian of law, defender of truth, and protector of justice and virtue. The Romans identified Jupiter with Zeus, the supreme god of the Greeks, and assigned to the Roman god the attributes and myths of the Greek divinity; the Jupiter of Latin literature, therefore, has many Greek characteristics, but the Jupiter of Roman religious worship remained substantially untouched by the Greek influence. With the goddeses Juno and Minerva, Jupiter formed the triad whose worship was the central cult of the Roman state.

Goddess of justice. She is depicted as blindfolded holding two balanced scales and a sword.

Goddess of fountains. In some myths she is the mother of Fons.

Goddess of youth.

Ancient mother goddess. Probably an early form of Ceres.

Ancient underworld goddess.

Etruscan moon goddess.

A goddess of the underworld.

Gods of the household. They were spirits of dead ancestors who protected the family.

House goddess.

Goddess of fate; usually depicted with wings and with hammer and nail.

Etruscan winged goddess.

Patron goddess of thieves.

Goddess of the earth's fertility.

Goddess of sexual pleasure.

Goddess of the cultivation of grapes.

Goddess of liberty.

Goddess of death.

Lignaco Dex:
Forest goddess.

Etruscan moon goddess.

Goddess of plagues.

Name used for Diana as a moon goddess.

Goddess of childbirth.

Moon goddess that regulates the seasons and the months.

The goddess she-wolf who suckled Romulus and Remus.

Goddess of healing.

Magna Mater or Mater Magna:
A mother goddess. She is depicted as a dove and doves are her messengers.

Goddess of spring warmth (and sexual heat). Wife of Vulcan.

Goddess who presides over infants that die at birth.

Representations of her were hung in household doorways to ward off evil.

A water nymph.

The son of Jupiter and Juno, he was the god of war. Mars was regarded as the father of the Roman people because he was the father of Romulus, the legendary founder of Rome, and husband to Bellona. He was the most prominent of the military gods that were worshipped by the Roman legions. The martial Romans considered him second in importance only to Jupiter. His festivals were held in March (named for him) and October. Mars was identified with the Greek Ares.

Name used for Juno when worshipped as a protector of women from birth to death.

A goddess of healing.

Honey goddess.

A mother/guardian goddess. The word menstruation comes from her name.

Goddess of noxious vapors. She protects her followers from poisonous gasses.

Mercury was the son of Jupiter and of Maia, the daughter of the Titan Atlas. He was the messenger of the gods. Mercury was also the god of merchants and of trading, and shared many of the attributes of the Greek god Hermes.He was often depicted holding a purse, to symbolize his business functions.

Goddess of agriculture.

Minerva is the goddess of wisdom, commerce, crafts, and the inventor of music. Ovid called her the "goddess of a thousand works." Her Greek mythology counterpart was Athena, and Minerva too sprung fully grown, and fully armored, from the head of Jupiter.

Goddess of poverty.

Etruscan love goddess.

Molae, The:
Goddesses who presided over mills.

Guardian of finances.

One of the Parcae; she's the one who cuts the thread of life.

Protector of chastity and womanhood.

Etruscan goddess of health.

Goddess of silence.

Goddess of funerals. All her places of worship were placed outside the city's walls.

Goddess of childbirth; protector of infants.

Goddess of destiny. Akin to the Greek Anake.

Son of Saturn, and brother to Jupiter and Pluto. God of the sea. Usually shown carrying a trident and rising from the sea.His Greek mythology counterpart was Poseidon.

Sabine woman supposedly married to Mars.

A minor Roman goddess, and the consort of Mars.

Nixi, The:
Deities who assist women during childbirth by easing the pain.

Goddess of fetal formation.

Etruscan goddess of healing.

Goddess of night.

The goddess who presides over a child's naming day (ninth day after birth).

Goddess of childbirth.

Earth goddess. Protector of everything connected to agriculture.

Goddess of children, especially orphans.

Daughter of the north wind and wife of the god of agriculture.

Goddess who watched over pastures. Goddess of flocks and shepherds.

Parca (Partula):
Goddess of childbirth.

Parcae, The:
Name for the Fates. They are Decuma. Morta, and Nona.

One of the Roman Sirens. She was the mother of Europa.

An agriculture goddess.

Goddess of peace.

Goddess who presides over money.

Goddess who is invoked to ward off enemies.

Gods who presided over the welfare of the family.

Pertunda (Prema):
Goddess who presides over the newlyweds' first sexual intercourse.

Philemon and Baucis:
A peasant couple remarkable for their mutual love. When Jupiter and Mercury wandered about on earth in human form seeking food and shelter, they were turned away by all, except Philemon and Baucis, an old couple, who offered them both, although they had little food to share. As a reward for their kindness, Jupiter offered to grant them a wish. They decided that when their time was near they wished to die together. Their wish was granted and Jupiter turned each into a tree when they died.

Goddess of justice.

Pluto (Dis or Dis Pater, Orcus):
God of the dead, the abductor, and later, the husband of Proserpine. Pluto assisted his two brothers, Jupiter and Neptune, in overthrowing their father, Saturn. They then divided the world among themselves, with Jupiter choosing the earth and the heavens as his realm, Neptune becoming the ruler of the sea, and Pluto receiving the lower world as his kingdom. He was originally considered a fierce and unyielding god, deaf to prayers and unappeased by sacrifices. Later the belief arose in which the milder and more beneficent aspects of the god were stressed. He was believed to be the bestower of the blessings hidden in the earth, such as mineral wealth and crops. He was the Latin counterpart of the Greek god Hades.

Goddess of punishment.

The goddess of fruit and fertility.

God of harbors.

God of fertility.

Proserpina, daughter of Ceres, is the counterpart of the Greek goddess, Persephone. She was kidnapped by Pluto, who married her, and took her to his underworld and made her queen of the dead.

A beautiful princess loved by Cupid. Venus, jealous of Psyche's beauty, ordered her son Cupid, god of love, to make Psyche fall in love with the ugliest man in the world. Instead, he fell in love with her, and spirited her away to a secluded palace where he visited her only at night, unseen and unrecognized by her. He forbade her to ever look upon his face, but one night while he was asleep she lit a lamp and looked at him. Cupid then abandoned her and she was left to wander the world, in misery, searching for him. Finally Cupid repented and had Jupiter make her immortal so they could be together forever.

God of war.

Sabine goddess of motherhood.

Rhea Silvia:
A Vestal Virgin until she was deflowered by the god Mars. She bore him the twins Romulus and Remus.

Goddess of grain, especially corn.

Personification of Rome.

Romulus & Remus:
The brothers who founded the city of Rome.

Rumia Dea:
Protector of infants.

One of the three goddesses who protected sleeping infants. The other two are her sisters Cuba and Cunina.

Goddess of agriculture who presides over weeding.

Goddess of fields and open country.

A sea goddess. (How do we get to "salacious" from here?)

Goddess of health. Assimilated into the Roman pantheon from an earlier Sabine goddess.

Goddess of wisdom. (From whence comes the term "Homo Sapiens".)

The god of farmers. The biggest feast in his honor was the Saturnalia which became the biggest influence in the inception of today's Christmas-New Year holidays. Saturday was named for Saturn.

Goddess invoked to cure skin diseases.

Goddess of stored seeds.

Goddess of planted seeds. She controls sprouting and is part of a threesome; the other two being Seia and Tutilina.

Sentia is the Roman goddess who heightens feelings. Silvanus:
God of nature and the woods.

Goddess of health and protector of the young.

Goddess of vigor who gives energy to the weak and tired.

(Carthage) Goddess of the moon. Her symbol was the crescent moon or the full moon.

Tellus Mater:
The Roman "Mother Earth" is the constant companion of Ceres, and the two of them are patrons of vegetative and human reproduction. Tellus is also the mother death goddess since the dead are returned into her womb, the earth.

Tempestates is the Roman goddess of wind and storm.

God of boundaries.

Goddess of the dawn (a la Aurora).

Goddess of beauty. Thermia:
Goddess who presides over healing springs.

The Roman god of the river Tiber.

Name for Diana when she presides over crossroads.

Etruscan death demon. She is part human, part bird, and part animal, with snakes in her hair and around her arms.

Etruscan goddess of sexual love.

Goddess of terror.

Etruscan protector of cities and the women therein.

Protector of the newly married.

A war goddess that evolved from the Sabine goddess of victory.

Etruscan goddess of death. She is depicted with wings, a cap on her head, and a key to open tombs in her hand.

Goddess of the wind and the sea.

As the goddess of love, Venus is the "queen of pleasure" and mother of the Roman people. Possibly the daughter of Jupiter, she was the daughter of Dione. Venus was the wife of Vulcan, god of metalwork, but she was often unfaithful to him. Among her many lovers were Mars, the god of war; and the handsome shepherd Adonis. Venus was also the mother (by Mercury) of Cupid, god of love. She was the goddess of chastity in women, despite the fact that she had many affairs with both gods and mortals. As Venus Genetrix, she was worshiped as the mother (by Anchises) of the hero Aeneas, the founder of the Roman people; as Venus Felix, the bringer of good fortune; as Venus Victrix, the bringer of victory; and as Venus Verticordia, the protector of feminine chastity. Venus is also a nature goddess, associated with the arrival of spring. She is the bringer of joy to gods and humans. Venus really had no myths of her own but was so closely identified with the Greek Aphrodite that she "took over" Aphrodite's myths.

Vergiliae, The:
Goddesses representing the constellation Pleiades.

Goddess of truth and justice.

Goddess of love and sexuality.

The Ancient Roman god of the seasons. He was the husband of Pomona.

Goddess of the hearth and home. Households kept a fire burning on the hearth for Vesta (Above the hearth stood a statue of Lares, guard of the fields, and Penates protector of the house). Rome kept an "eternal" fire burning in the main temple dedicated to Vesta. This fire was attended to by the Vestal Virgins, (Six spotless virgins, who were selected by lot from maidens between the ages of six and ten from prominent Roman families, who were sworn to chastity and served for 30 years before they were allowed to marry, if they wanted. If they lost their virginity before the 30-year term ended, they were buried alive.) and was only allowed to be extinguished and rekindled but once a year at the beginning of the new year. Her Greek counterpart was Hestia, one of the 12 great Olympians.

Goddess of victory, similar to the Greek Nike.

Goddess of politics.

Virgo (Virginensis):
Goddess presiding over virginity.

Goddess invoked by women praying to continue to be exciting to their husbands.

Personification of bravery in war.

Goddess of the nursery.

Goddess of sensual pleasure.

A son of Jupiter and Juno. He was also called Mulciber. He was the craftsman that forged the armor of the gods, their drinking vessels, and many of their objects of ornamentation. He also forged the thunderbolts of Jupiter.The Cyclops assisted him in his work. It is said he built metal robots that carried out his every order. Venus was his wife, and because he trapped her in a comprimising position with her lover Mars, Vulcan was considered the patron of cuckolds. Vulcan was also the god of fire, usually in destructive form like forest fires, volcano eruptions, etc. Because of this his temples were always built outside of the town. Originally an old Italian deity, Vulcan was identified with the Greek god Hephaestus in classical times.

Pre-Roman goddess of the Balkans adopted by the Romans and revered for her beauty and courage.

The Etruscan moon goddess was the companion of the love goddess Turan; she was represented with a half-moon hanging from her neck.