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Annotated Bibliography

  • American Psychiatric Association (APA). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition. Washington DC: APA, 1994.
    This manual for mental health professionals contains the medical definition of Gender Identity Disorder.

  • Angier, Natalie. "New Debate Over Surgery on Genitals." New York Times . May 13, 1997. B7.
    This article explains the current controversy surrounding Intersex Genital Mutilation.

  • Balsamo, Anne. Technologies of the Gendered Body: Reading Cyborg Women. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1996. Pages 116-132.

  • Benjamin, Harry. "Standards of Care".

  • Bornstein, Kate. "Test Your Gender Aptitude Here".

  • _______. Gender Outlaw: On Men, Women, and the Rest of Us. New York: Vintage, 1995. Pages 227-238.
    An exploration of personal gender transition and cultural oppression.

  • Bornstein, Kate and Caitlin Sullivan. Nearly Roadkill: An Infobahn Erotic Adventure. London: High Risk Books/Serpent's Tail, 1996. 385 pages.
    A fictional experiment to interrogate what happens when characters connect in a cyberspace where there are no fixed genders or indentities.

  • Butler, Judith. "Imitation and Gender Insubordination." The Lesbian and Gay Studies Reader. Eds. Henry Abelove et al. New York: Routlege, 1993. Pages 307-320.
    A foundational theoretical text on the concept of gender performativity and institutionalization through repetition.

  • Califia, Pat. "Transsexual Autobiography: The First Wave." Sex Changes: The Politics of Transgenderism. San Francisco: Cleis Press, 1997. Pages 11-51.
    A chapter that posits that male-to-female autobiographies of disclosure as the foundation of the American transsexual movement.

  • Cameron, Loren. Body Alchemy: Transsexual Portraits. San Franciso: Cleis Press, 1997. 110 pages.
    A series of black and white portraits of female-to-male transsexual and transgender men, with commentary and personal narratives.

  • Ciecko, Anne. "Transgender, Transgenre, and the Transnational: Sally Potter's Orlando." The Velvet Light Trap: A Critical Journal of Film and Television no. 41 (Spring 1998). Pages 19-34.
    An article that elucidates the concepts of gender and nation that intersect in Orlando

  • The Crying Game. Directed by Neil Jordan. 112 min. Artisian Entertainment, 1992. Videocassette.
    Already a classic, this complex thriller takes on notions of race, gender, and Irish nationalism.

  • Fausto-Sterling, Anne. "The Five Sexes: Why Male and Female Are Not Enough." The Sciences. March/April, 1993. Pages 20-24.
    A famous article on historical and biological conceptions of hermaphrodism.

  • _______. "Society Writes Biology/Biology Constructs Gender." DAEDALUS: Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Fall 1987.
    Fausto-Sterling continues to challenge the nature / culture binary.

  • Feinberg, Leslie. Stone Butch Blues. Ithaca, NY: Firebrand Books, 1993. Pages 5-12.
    A fictional book outlining the struggles and experience of butch lesbians and gender dynamics in the bar scene of 1950s and 60s America.

  • ______. Transgender Warriors: Making History from Joan of Arc to RuPaul. Boston: Beacon Press, 1996. 212 pages.
    A historical and personal account of the transgression of gender binaries, with focus both on anthropology and contemporary socialist theory.

  • Hale, C. Jacob. "Leatherdyke Boys and Their Daddies: How to Have Sex Without Men or Women." Social Text 52-53. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1997. Pages 223-236.
    A sex radical theoretical text on gender fluidity in queer S/M culture.

  • _______. "Suggested Rules for Non-Transsexuals Writing about Transsexuals, Trassexuality, Transsexualism, or Trans____."
    A website about ownership and authorship

  • Hausman, Bernice L. Changing Sex: Transsexualism, Technology, and the Idea of Gender. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1995. Pages 141-174.
    A conservative look at the creation of sex reassignment through technology.

  • Hwang, David Henry. M. Butterfly. New York: Dramatists Play Service, 1988. 93 pages.
    A play about conflicts of nation and gender between a French diplomat and his Chinese lover.

  • Intersex Society of North America.

  • Intersex Voices.

  • James, Joy. "Black Femmes Fatales and Sexual Abuse in Progressive "White" Cinema: Neil Jordan's Mona Lisa and The Crying Game" Camera Obscura: Black Women, Spectatorship, and Visual Culture/36, Deborah Grayson, ed. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1995.
    An analysis of the racial and sexual politics in The Crying Game.

  • Jorgensen, Christine. "The Story of My Life." America Weekly (March 1953). Parts III & IV.
    Before Jorgensen wrote her famous autobiography, she ran this serial in a mainstream magazine.

  • Kulick, Don. "A Man in the House: The Boyfriends of Travesti Prostitutes." Social Text 52-53. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1997. Pages 133-160.
    A sociological study on gender dynamics and cross-gender expression in the Brazilian sex industry.

  • Lorde, Audre. "The Uses of the Erotic: The Erotic as Power" Sister Outsider: Essays and Speeches. Trumansburg, NY: Crossing Press, 1984. Pages 53-9.
    A classic essay on lesbian feminist erotics.

  • Ma Vie En Rose. 89 min. Columbia/Tristar Studios, 1997.
    French film about a young child who wishes to be a girl, and the effects on hir family.

  • Madonna. Justify My Love. Produced by Philippe Dupis-Mendel with Propaganda Films. Directed by Jean-Baptiste Mondino. 5 min. Warner Reprise Video, 1990. Videocassette.

  • Milliken, Christie. "Unheimlich Maneuvers: The Genres and Genders of Transsexual Autobiography." The Velvet Light Trap: A Critical Journal of Film and Television no. 41 (Spring 1998). Pages 47-61.
    A theoretical response to You Don't Know Dick and other transsexual documentary.

  • Moir, Anne and David Jessel. Brain Sex. Secaucus, NJ: Carol Publishing Group, 1991. Pages 50-2.
    A famous text on the "real" difference between men and women.

  • Nagle, Jill. "Stroking My Inner Fag." PoMoSEXUALS: Challenging Assumptions about Gender and Sexuality. Eds. Carol Queen and Lawrence Schimel. San Francisco: Cleis Press, 1997. Pages 122-126.
    A personal narrative on queer women's experimentations and expressions of queer men's sexuality and gender markers.

  • Nataf, Zachary, Ed. "New Genders and Pansexualities." Lesbians Talk Transgender. London: Scarlet Press, 1996. Pages 17-34.
    A heavily edited blending of voices and personal takes on transgressing gender and sexual orientation norms.

  • Orlando. Directed by Sally Potter. 93 min. Columbia/Tristar Studios, 1993. Videocassette.

  • Raymond, Janice. The Transsexual Empire: The Making of a She-Male. Boston: Beacon Press, 1979.
    An (in)famous feminist backlash against transsexual women.

  • Richards, Renee with John Ames. Second Serve: The Renee Richards Story. New York: Stein and Day, 1983.
    Autobiography of famous tennis player Renee Richards.

  • Rotello, Gabriel. "Transgendered Like Me." The Advocate. December 10, 1996. Page 88.
    A short article that explores the idea that all gays and lesbians are marked by their difference from binary gender norms, and the transformative potential involved in that awareness.

  • Roughriders.

  • Scholinski, Daphne and Jane Meredith Adams. The Last Time I Wore a Dress. New York: Riverhead Books, 1997. 211 pages.
    A critically acclaimed autobiographical account of a woman who was institutionalized for years in a mental hospital for the treatment of Gender Identity Disorder during the 1980s.

  • Signorile, Michelangelo. "Transgender Nation." Out. June 1996.
    An informative article from the mainstream gay press on the current state of transgender activism in America.

  • Twelfth Night. Directed by Trevor Nunn. 133 min. New Line Studios, 1996.
    A recent adaptation of the Shakespeare classic.

  • Tyler, Carole-Anne. "Passing: Narcissism, Identity, and Difference." Feminism Meets Queer Theory, Elizabeth Schor and Naomi Schor, eds. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1997. Pages 227-65.
    A theoretical meditation upon the act of passing, whether as a race, gender, class, or sexuality.

  • Valentine, David and Riki Anne Wilchins. "One Percent on the Burn Chart: Gender, Genitals, and Hermaphrodites with Attitude." Social Text 52-53. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1997. Pages 215-222.
    An anthropological and personal approach to the study of intersex cultural and medical issues and their intersections with transgender expression and experience.

  • Wilchins, Riki Anne. Read My Lips: Sexual Subversion and the End of Gender. Ithaca, NY: Firebrand Books, 1997. 231 pages.
    A theoretical and personal manifesto on postidentity politics and gender activism.

  • Winterson, Jeanette. Written on the Body. New York: Vintage Press, 1994. 190 pages.
    An award-winning novel about love and obsession, written in the first person from the eyes of a narrator whose gender is never revealed.

  • Wittig, Monique. "One Is Not Born a Woman." The Straight Mind and Other Essays. Boston: Beacon Press, 1992. Pages 1-20.
    A text useful for discussing theoretical feminist critiques of gender roles.

  • You Don't Know Dick: Courageous Hearts of Transsexual Men. Northern Lights Productions, 1996.
    Groundbreaking documentary which interviews several female-to-male transsexuals.

  • Zilliax, Amy. "The Scorpion and The Frog: Agency and Identity in Neil Jordan's The Crying Game." Camera Obscura: Feminism, Culture, and Media Studies/35. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, May 1995. Pages 25-51.
    A scholarly article on race, gender, and deceit in the film The Crying Game.

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