- American Psychiatric Association (APA). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual
of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition. Washington DC: APA, 1994.
This manual for mental health professionals contains the medical definition
of Gender Identity Disorder.
- Angier, Natalie. "New Debate Over Surgery on Genitals." New York Times
May 13, 1997. B7.
This article explains the current controversy surrounding Intersex Genital
- Balsamo, Anne. Technologies of the Gendered Body: Reading Cyborg
Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1996. Pages 116-132.
- Benjamin, Harry. "Standards of Care".
- Bornstein, Kate. "Test Your Gender Aptitude Here".
- _______. Gender Outlaw: On Men, Women, and the Rest of Us.
New York: Vintage, 1995. Pages 227-238.
An exploration of personal gender transition and cultural oppression.
- Bornstein, Kate and Caitlin Sullivan. Nearly Roadkill:
An Infobahn Erotic Adventure. London: High Risk Books/Serpent's Tail,
1996. 385 pages.
A fictional experiment to interrogate what happens when characters connect
in a cyberspace where there are no fixed genders or indentities.
- Butler, Judith. "Imitation and Gender Insubordination." The Lesbian and
Gay Studies Reader. Eds. Henry Abelove et al. New York: Routlege, 1993.
A foundational theoretical text on the concept of gender performativity
and institutionalization through repetition.
- Califia, Pat. "Transsexual Autobiography: The First Wave."
Sex Changes: The Politics of Transgenderism. San Francisco: Cleis Press,
1997. Pages 11-51.
A chapter that posits that male-to-female autobiographies of disclosure
as the foundation of the American transsexual movement.
- Cameron, Loren. Body Alchemy: Transsexual Portraits. San Franciso:
Cleis Press, 1997. 110 pages.
A series of black and white portraits of female-to-male transsexual and
transgender men, with commentary and personal narratives.
- Ciecko, Anne. "Transgender, Transgenre, and the Transnational:
Sally Potter's Orlando." The Velvet Light Trap: A Critical
Journal of Film and Television no. 41 (Spring 1998). Pages 19-34.
An article that elucidates the concepts of gender and nation that intersect
- The Crying Game. Directed by Neil Jordan. 112 min. Artisian
Already a classic, this complex thriller takes on notions of race, gender,
and Irish nationalism.
- Fausto-Sterling, Anne. "The Five Sexes: Why Male and Female Are Not
Enough." The Sciences. March/April, 1993. Pages 20-24.
A famous article on historical and biological conceptions of hermaphrodism.
- _______. "Society Writes Biology/Biology Constructs Gender."
DAEDALUS: Journal of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Fall 1987.
Fausto-Sterling continues to challenge the nature / culture binary.
- Feinberg, Leslie. Stone Butch Blues. Ithaca, NY: Firebrand Books,
1993. Pages 5-12.
A fictional book outlining the struggles and experience of butch lesbians
and gender dynamics in the bar scene of 1950s and 60s America.
- ______. Transgender Warriors: Making History from Joan of Arc to
Boston: Beacon Press, 1996. 212 pages.
A historical and personal account of the transgression of gender binaries,
with focus both on anthropology and contemporary socialist theory.
- Hale, C. Jacob. "Leatherdyke Boys and Their Daddies: How to Have Sex
Without Men or Women." Social Text 52-53. Durham, NC: Duke University Press,
1997. Pages 223-236.
A sex radical theoretical text on gender fluidity in queer S/M culture.
- _______. "Suggested Rules for Non-Transsexuals Writing about Transsexuals,
Trassexuality, Transsexualism, or Trans____."
A website about ownership and authorship
- Hausman, Bernice L. Changing Sex: Transsexualism, Technology,
and the Idea of Gender. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1995.
A conservative look at the creation of sex reassignment through
- Hwang, David Henry. M. Butterfly. New York: Dramatists Play
Service, 1988. 93 pages.
A play about conflicts of nation and gender between a French diplomat and
his Chinese lover.
- Intersex Society of North America.
- Intersex Voices.
- James, Joy. "Black Femmes Fatales and Sexual Abuse in Progressive
"White" Cinema: Neil Jordan's Mona Lisa and The Crying Game"
Camera Obscura: Black Women, Spectatorship, and Visual Culture/36,
Deborah Grayson, ed. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1995.
An analysis of the racial and sexual politics in The Crying Game.
- Jorgensen, Christine. "The Story of My Life." America Weekly
(March 1953). Parts III & IV.
Before Jorgensen wrote her famous autobiography, she ran this serial in
a mainstream magazine.
- Kulick, Don. "A Man in the House: The Boyfriends of Travesti
Prostitutes." Social Text 52-53. Durham, NC: Duke University Press,
1997. Pages 133-160.
A sociological study on gender dynamics and cross-gender expression in
the Brazilian sex industry.
- Lorde, Audre. "The Uses of the Erotic: The Erotic as Power" Sister
Outsider: Essays and Speeches. Trumansburg, NY: Crossing Press, 1984.
A classic essay on lesbian feminist erotics.
- Ma Vie En Rose. 89 min. Columbia/Tristar Studios, 1997.
French film about a young child who wishes to be a girl, and the effects
on hir family.
- Madonna. Justify My Love. Produced by Philippe Dupis-Mendel with
Propaganda Films. Directed by Jean-Baptiste Mondino. 5 min. Warner
Reprise Video, 1990.
- Milliken, Christie. "Unheimlich Maneuvers: The Genres and Genders of
Transsexual Autobiography." The Velvet Light Trap: A Critical Journal
of Film and Television no. 41 (Spring 1998). Pages 47-61.
A theoretical response to You Don't Know Dick and other transsexual
- Moir, Anne and David Jessel. Brain Sex. Secaucus, NJ: Carol
Publishing Group, 1991. Pages 50-2.
A famous text on the "real" difference between men and women.
- Nagle, Jill. "Stroking My Inner Fag." PoMoSEXUALS: Challenging Assumptions
about Gender and Sexuality. Eds. Carol Queen and Lawrence Schimel.
San Francisco: Cleis Press, 1997. Pages 122-126.
A personal narrative on queer women's experimentations and expressions
of queer men's sexuality and gender markers.
- Nataf, Zachary, Ed. "New Genders and Pansexualities." Lesbians Talk
Transgender. London: Scarlet Press, 1996. Pages 17-34.
A heavily edited blending of voices and personal takes on transgressing
gender and sexual orientation norms.
- Orlando. Directed by Sally Potter. 93 min. Columbia/Tristar
Studios, 1993. Videocassette.
- Raymond, Janice. The Transsexual Empire: The Making of a She-Male.
Boston: Beacon Press, 1979.
An (in)famous feminist backlash against transsexual women.
- Richards, Renee with John Ames. Second Serve: The Renee Richards Story.
New York: Stein and Day, 1983.
Autobiography of famous tennis player Renee Richards.
- Rotello, Gabriel. "Transgendered Like Me." The Advocate. December
10, 1996. Page 88.
A short article that explores the idea that all gays and lesbians are
marked by their difference from binary gender norms, and the transformative
potential involved in that awareness.
- Scholinski, Daphne and Jane Meredith Adams. The Last Time I Wore
New York: Riverhead Books, 1997. 211 pages.
A critically acclaimed autobiographical account of a woman who was
institutionalized for years in a mental hospital for the treatment of
Gender Identity Disorder during the 1980s.
- Signorile, Michelangelo. "Transgender Nation." Out. June 1996.
An informative article from the mainstream gay press on the current state
of transgender activism in America.
- Twelfth Night. Directed by Trevor Nunn. 133 min. New Line Studios,
A recent adaptation of the Shakespeare classic.
- Tyler, Carole-Anne. "Passing: Narcissism, Identity, and Difference."
Feminism Meets Queer Theory, Elizabeth Schor and Naomi Schor, eds.
Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1997. Pages 227-65.
A theoretical meditation upon the act of passing, whether as a race, gender,
class, or sexuality.
- Valentine, David and Riki Anne Wilchins. "One Percent on the Burn Chart:
Gender, Genitals, and Hermaphrodites with Attitude." Social Text 52-53.
Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1997. Pages 215-222.
An anthropological and personal approach to the study of intersex cultural
and medical issues and their intersections with transgender expression and
- Wilchins, Riki Anne. Read My Lips: Sexual Subversion and the End of
Gender. Ithaca, NY: Firebrand Books, 1997. 231 pages.
A theoretical and personal manifesto on postidentity politics and gender
- Winterson, Jeanette. Written on the Body. New York: Vintage Press,
1994. 190 pages.
An award-winning novel about love and obsession, written in the first person
from the eyes of a narrator whose gender is never revealed.
- Wittig, Monique. "One Is Not Born a Woman." The Straight Mind and Other
Essays. Boston: Beacon Press, 1992. Pages 1-20.
A text useful for discussing theoretical feminist critiques of gender roles.
- You Don't Know Dick: Courageous Hearts of Transsexual Men. Northern
Lights Productions, 1996.
Groundbreaking documentary which interviews several female-to-male
- Zilliax, Amy. "The Scorpion and The Frog: Agency and Identity in
Neil Jordan's The Crying Game." Camera Obscura: Feminism, Culture, and
Media Studies/35. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, May 1995. Pages 25-51.
A scholarly article on race, gender, and deceit in the film The Crying Game.