Where does stream and river deposition occur?
It occurs along the inside of the bank where water flows slower.What is deposition?
Mature rivers flow across wide river valleys and meander or snake across the flat plains. These meandering streams create large loop meanders that develop into oxbow lakes adjacent to the stream.
As a mature river begins to curve, it cuts and erodes into the outside of the curve and deposits sediment on the inside of the cure. This is due to the fact that the stream moves more rapidly on the outside of the curve and more slowly on the inside of the curve. Thus, as the erosion and deposition continues, the curve becomes larger and more circular.
Eventually, the loop of the curve reaches a diameter of approximately five times the width of the stream and the river begins to cut the loop off by eroding the neck of the loop. Eventually, the river breaks through at a cutoff and forms a new streambed.
Sediment is then deposited on the loop side of the stream, cutting off the loop from the stream entirely. This results in a crescent-shaped lake that looks exactly like an abandoned river meander. Such lakes are called oxbow lakes because they look like the bow part of the yoke used with teams of oxen.