The United States Marine Corps was first created when, on 10 November 1775, Continental Congress passed a resolution to raise "two
Battalions of Marines " for service as landing forces for the Navy. Serving on land and at sea, the Continental Marines distinguished themselves in a number of operations including their first amphibious raid into the Bahamas in March 1776, under the command of Captain Samuel Nicholas. Nicholas was later promoted to major and, as the senior officer of the Marines during the Revolutionary War, is considered the first Marine Commandant. The Treaty of Paris, April 1783, concluded the Revolutionary War and as the last of the Navy's ships were sold, the Contitnental Navy and Marines went out of existence.
Tensions between the United States and France led to the formal re-establishment of the Marine Corps on 11 July 1798, although some ships' detachments had actually been organized the year before. The legislation of July 1798 established the authority for these unit and created the basic organization and command structure from which the future Marine Corps was to emerege. Marine ships' detachments saw action in the quasi war with France (1798-1800), landed in Santo Domingo (1800) and took part in operations against the Barbary pirates along the 'Shores of Tripoli'(1801-15).
Note about this Page:
The information on this page is a guide supplement for you. It is no way a substitute for studying the Young
Marine Guide Book. These facts were found in the GI series;9, " The United States Marine Corps ". author: "Charles H. Cureton."©1997
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