Elmira Prison Camp OnLine Library
Underwood, Benjamin F.
b. 1837 Monroe Co, GA d. 17-Feb-1865 Elmira, NY
m. Sephronia (?) b. 1840
Children: Victoria Underwood b. 1859
Private, Co. B, 45th Georgia Reg., Thomas' Brigade, CSA Enlisted 1862. Captured at Battle of the Wilderness, VA (May 5, 1864). Imprisoned at Point Lookout, MD. Later at Elmira Prison, Elmira, NY. Died in prison, chronic diarrhea. Buried at Woodlawn National Cemetery, Elmira, NY, Confederate Section, Grave #2227
Upchurch, James W.
Co I, 1st NC Reg
James W. Upchurch was born on January 26th, 1839. He married Jane Ellen Pace on November 25th, 1860. He was a farmer. He enlisted for Confederate service in Wake County 7/16/1861 at the age of 22. He was mustered in as Sergeant. Present and accounted for until capture at Spotsylvania Court House, Va. 5/12/1864. Confined at Point Lookout MD until transferred to Elmira NY 8/6/1864. Paroled at Elmira and sent to James River, Va. for exchange on 2/20/1865. Admitted to Hospital at Richmond, Va. 2/27/1865, and furloughed 30 days on 3/7/1865. His first of 8 children was born 9 months after his furlough. James remained a farmer in Wake County, North Carolina, and died in July, 1913. He was buried on his farm. In 1964, his grave was moved to the Wake Cross Roads Baptist Church Cemetery, where it is marked with a Confederate headstone from the Veteran's Administration.
Information submitted by John Perry.
Vann, Chester R.
Co. K, 51st N.C. Reg.
Born in Sampson County where he resided as a farmer prior to enlisting in Duplin County at age 32, March 29, 1862. Mustered in as a Private. Promoted to 1st Sergeant on July 1, 1862. Present or accounted for until hospitalized at Wilmington on May 29, 1863, with diarrhea. Furloughed for twenty days on June 16, 1863. Returned to duty in July-August,1863. Present or accounted for until capture at Cold Harbor, Virginia, June 1, 1864. Confined at Point Lookout, Maryland, June 11, 1864. Transferred to Elmira, New York, July 12,1864. Died at Elmira on October 29, 1864, of "pneumonia."
Information provided by Robert C. Powell.
Warren, Burris Co. F, 50th Vir. Inf.
Co. F, 50th Vir. Inf.
Information from Mark Meadows Burris Warren was born in 1837 on Buffalo Creek, near Bethel, Amherst County, Virginia. His brothers included William, Larkin and Bluford Warren. He enlisted along with brothers in July, 1861 at Camp Jackson in Amherst County. Assigned to Co. F, 50th Virginia Infantry Warren saw action in the following engagements:
He was captured in May, 1864, at Spotsylvania Court House during the Wilderness Campaign, and was sent to Elmira despite his request for parole and a promise to "go to Henry County, Missouri" because he had an uncle that lived there. Prison records state that he died on February 2, 1865 - cause of death was listed as "variola" (group of viral diseases including smallpox and chickenpox). Gravesite in Woodlawn Cemetery listed as # 1753.
Information provided by Mark Meadows
Warren, James C.
Co. I, 51st N.C. Reg.
Born in Sampson County where he resided as a farmer prior to enlisting in Sampson County at age 28, April 4, 1862. Present or accounted for until capture at Cold Harbor, Virginia, June 1,1864. Confined at Point Lookout, Maryland, June 11,1864. Transferred to Elmira, New York, July 12,1864. Injured in a railroad accident at Shohola, Pennsylvania, July 15, 1864, while enroute to Elmira. Paroled at Elmira on March 14, 1865. Received at Boulware's Wharf, James River, Virginia, March 18, 1865, for exchange. Survived the war.
Information provided by Judith Williford.
Sgt. Co F, 3rd GA Sharpshooters
Sgt. T. W. Waters was captured at Front Royal VA Aug. 16, 1864 and died of pnuemonia at Elmira NY April 17, 1865. Also served as a Pvt. in Co. D, Phillips Legion.
Pvt. Co C, 14th NC Inf
Captured at Mechanicsville, Virginia, May 30, 1864. Confined at Point Lookout, Maryland, until transferred to Elmira, New York, July 8, 1864. Died at Elmira on August 26, 1864, of "rubeola."
Watson, Charles L
2Sgt. - Age 20 upon enlistment as Pvt. with Co. D, 10th Texas Infantry, at Camp Brazos near Millican, Brazos County, Texas, on April 1, 1862. A native of Henderson County Tennessee, he was a farmer living at Freestone County, Texas. Pvt. Watson was promoted to 2Sgt. on August 16, 1862.
2Sgt. Watson was wounded and captured at Arkansas Post on January 11, 1863; and was admitted to for his wound at City U.S.A. Hospital, Ward No. 5, St. Louis, Missouri. He was discharged from the hospital and sent to Gratiot Street Hospital of the same city on May 30, 1862.
2Sgt. Watson was discharged on June 2nd, then sent to City Point, Virginia. He was retired from the Invalid Corps P.A.C.S., on June 28, 1864. "I was discharged at Atlanta Ga on 17 July 1864 being disabled by wounds." 2Sgt. Watson was captured at Rodney, Mississippi, on July 19, 1864, while he was enroute home to Texas. He was confined in the Military Prison at Natchez, Mississippi, on July 21st. He was received at New Orleans, Louisiana, on September 10th. He was transferred to Shipp Island, Louisiana, on October 5th; then he was sent to New York on November 5th. He was received at Fort Columbus, New York, on November 16th. He finally was received at Elmira Prison at Elmira, New York, on November 19, 1864.
2Sgt. Watson was paroled from Elmira Prison on March 14, 1865 and sent to the James River for exchange; he was exchanged at Camp Lee, near Richmond, Virginia, on March 19, 1865.
Watson married his wife at Freestone County, Texas, on November 27, 1867. On August 9, 1899, C. L. Watson testified at the Probate Court of Limestone County, Texas on the behalf of Julia Knight, widow of Henry C. Knight Co. B, 10th Texas Infantry, on her application for a Widow's Pension. At age 69, Watson testified on behalf of the Pension Application of his comrade-in-arms, Moses Jobe at Limestone County, Texas, on June 11, 1911. In his testimony he said, "after the surrender of Arkansas Post - Captain Watson [Ed: 1Lt. John C. Watson, Co. D, 10th Texas] & 42 men made their escape by cutting their way out and made their way to Little Rock Ark and reported to General Holmes, who assigned them to Young's Regiment [Ed: Co. L, 8th Texas Infantry] ... I was in the same Company and went out with him, when the war ended W. L. Adams [Ed: Pvt. William L. Adams], who was also in the same Company, swears to the same facts..." They surrendered at Mansfield, Louisiana, at the end of the war. Jobe's application was approved on May 1, 1912.
After the war, Charles Watson became a practicing attorney at Mexia, Limestone County, Texas. Charles Lewis Watson died at Limestone County, Texas, on November 23, 1926.
At age 85, Mrs. Watson applied for a Widow's Pension at Mexia, Limestone County, Texas, on November 17, 1930; her application was approved on November 18, 1930. Mrs. Watson died of "Myocardia" in her home at Mexia, Limestone County, Texas, on January 14, 1941; her daughter, Mrs. J. W. David of Corsicana, Navarro County, Texas, signed her mortuary warrant on January 17th.
Information submitted by Scott McKay.
Watson, Samuel D.
1st Sgt. 51st NC, Co. F
Born in Robeson County and was by occupation a student prior to enlisting in Robeson County at age 20, March 10, 1862. Mustered in as 1st Sergeant. Present or accounted for until wounded in the arm at Drewry's Bluff, VA, on or about May 13, 1864. Returned to duty prior to June 1, 1864, when he was captured at Cold Harbor, VA. Confined at Point Lookout, MD, June 11, 1864. Transferred to Elmira, NY, July 12, 1864. Killed in a railroad accident at Shohola, Pennsylvania, July 15, 1864, while en route to Elmira.
5th N.C. Infantry
James was wounded in the left eye on 1 July 1863 but returned to duty and was captured at Spotsylvania Courthouse. He was transferred from Point Lookout Maryland to Elmira and died around April 6 1865 of "viorola".
Information provided by Gene Wellons.
West, William J.
Pvt, Co K, 12th La Inf
Captured May 16, 1863 at Bakers' Creek (also stated as Champion Hill) and sent to Elmira, New York, where he was paroled Feb. 25, 1865 and sent to James River for exchange.
Information provided by Priscilla Leddy.
Co. G, 6th Ala. Inf.
J. D. Whetstone was born April 10, 1836 Autauga Co Al. He was the son of Lewis Myers Whetstone, Sr. and Sophia Murphy. Two of his brothers were killed during the war. John Andrew Whetstone was killed at the Battle of Seven Pines. Lewis Whetstone, Jr. was killed at Boonsboro Gap at Antietam. J. D. Whetstone and his brothers served in Co G of the 6th Alabama Inf. and proceeded to Mississippi before going to Virginia. The early part of the War J. D. served as an orderly in Camp Winder Hospital, Richmond. He was a patient who had several problems and served as a nurse during his confinement. He was released from the hospital just in time for the Battle of the Wilderness where on May 12, 1864 during the Battle of the Bloody Angle, he was captured and sent to Point Lookout. From there he was transferred to Elmira Prison. He was paroled under G.O. No. 109 from A.G.O. dated June 6, 1865. Actual date of release was June 27, 1865 at Elmira. A physical description was given, Eyes - blue, Height 5-8", Complexion and hair, dark. He returned to his farm in Autauga Co. Later the family moved to Eclectic, Al. where J. D. Whetstone is buried. Few records are extant of this unit. There is a small booklet written by James Thompson, History of the Autauga Rifles; this book may be found in the Archives and History Department at the Capitol, Montgomery, Al. Thompson, who as a Sgt., states that the Alabama 6th was present at every major battle of the war and that the remnants were at Appomattox when the surrender took place. The writer has a picture of the remaining men who walked home from Appomattox to their home, Autauga Co., Al. Joanne W. Gokey 133 Oxford Rd, Greenwood, SC. 29649, would like to share available information with descendants of those whose ancestor served in the 6th Alabama Inf. and particularly those who were imprisoned at Elmira Prison.
Information provided by Joanne Gokey.
White, John W.
John W. White, was a prisoner at Elmira. He died at sea between Elmira and Richmond while being shipped South to Richmond as a part of a "prisoner of war" exchange, and was buried at Point Lookout, Maryland. He served with the 26th Virginia, was a native of Gloucester County, Va., and was captured near Petersburg.
Information provided by Cy Rilee
Co. K, 40th Reg, 3rd Art NC State Troops
E.M.White/Eli Musselwhite Pvt. Co. K, 40th Reg, 3rd Artillery NC State Troops. Born Oct 16, 1818 in Robeson Co, N.C. married Emily Kinlaw Feb 16, 1847. Enlisted at the age of 44 on Aug 27, 1863 in Lumberton, N.C. Captured at Fort Fisher, N.C. on Jan 15, 1865 and confined at Elmira Prison Camp, NY, where he died on April 23, 1865 of pneumonia and was buried in Woodlawn National Cemetery, Elmira, NY, with his brother in-law Neil Kinlaw also of the NC 40th. E.M.White full name is Eli Musselwhite, it appears on the Confederate Military Records As Eli Musselwhite. Eli''s name also appears as Eli M.White on the same records, The name Musselwhite is often abbreviated as M.White. It is believed that on the Elmira Prison Records the abbreviation for Musselwhite (M.White) was read as a middle initial. Therefore Eli Musselwhite and E.M.White are one in the same since all dates on the records match.Including date of enlistment, Company and Regiment, date of capture, and date of death. Source of information provided by The North Carolina State Archives (Military Records), From the Book of North Carolina Troops: 1861-1865, and the Musselwhite Family of North Carolina.
Information submitted by David Lynn Snipes.
Co. I, 14th Ala. Inf.
Born 3-13-1843 in Randolph Co. Alabama. Died 9-3-1916 in Dublin, TX. Wounded twice during the war. Captured May 24,1864 at Hanover Junction. Arrived at Point Lookout, MD June 8th 1864. Transferred to Elmira Prison July 8,1864. Transferred for exchange March 14, 1865. Went back to Clay Co. Alabama and married Jan. 11,1866 and had 11 children that reached maturity.
Information submitted by Brett Whitfield.
Whitmore, John Addison
Pvt 5th Va Inf Co I
3/23/62 Mt. Jackson b. Mar. 15, 1833; Detached as teamster, Dec. 1862 - Jan. 1863. Wounded. (groin) at the Wilderness. Captured May 19, 1864; sent to Point Lookout, and Elmira, July 3, 1864. Released June 30, 1865, after taking the oath. Described as 5 ft. 6 in., dark complexion, dark hair, hazel eyes. Died in Augusta Co., July 30, 1904.
Williford, Richard W.
Co. K, 51st N.C. Reg.
Born in Sampson County in 1830 (1822) and resided in Sampson County where he was by occupation a farmer prior to enlisting in Sampson County on April 4, 1862. Present or accounted for through June, 1863. Reported absent on detached service at the regimental hospital in July-October, 1863. Returned to duty in November-December, 1863. Present or accounted for until capture at Cold Harbor, Virginia, June 1, 1864. Confined at Point Lookout, Maryland, June 11, 1864. Transferred to Elmira, New York, July 12, 1864. Paroled at Elmira on February 20, 1865, and transferred to the James River, Virginia, for exchange. Hospitalized at Richmond, Virginia, March 4,1865, with rheumatism and was furloughed for thirty days on March 10, 1865. Survived the war. (The Company Log, on page 145, states that he enlisted from Johnston County and that he was a good soldier.)
Information provided by Judith Williford
Wingard, Job F.
Pvt 5th SC Cav
age 33, Residence: Lexington Dist., SC. Enlisted at Lexington C.H., SC, 18 Dec 1861, and appt. 2LT. Not reelected at reorganization, 13 May 1862, and resigned. Reenlisted as PVT at Pocotaligo, SC, 23 Feb 1863. Capt. at Trevilian Station, VA, 11 Jun 1864. Sent to Elmira, NY, and exchanged, 10 Mar 1865.
Information provided by Fred Knudsen.
Wiseman, William F.
Pvt 5th Va Inf Co D
4/17/61 Augusta Co B. March 1836; farmer; Captured June 27,1864, at Gaines' farm; sent to Elmira; released July 3,1865. Died at Newport, Oct. 14,1898. Buried McKinley Baptist Church Cemetery, Augusta Co. Left widow and seven children.
Lt., Co. B, 50th Vir. Inf.
Saw action in Gettysburg, the Wilderness, and Spotsylvania. His company was overrun at Spotsylvania and he was captured and sent to Elmira POW camp for over a year.
Information provided by Kaysha DaVault
Womack, Pvt. Joel M.
Co. D 5th SC Cav
Here is some information on Joel M. WOMACK of Co. D (South Carolina Rangers), 5th SC Cavalry, for inclusion in your index of Confederate soldiers held at Elmira. As recounted in Holmes' book, WOMACK was one of the few successful escapees from the prison, and one of the even fewer who did not escape through the tunnel. I should note that I am not related to him, but have been researching the 5th SC Cavalry for some years. Hope this helps, and let me know if you have any questions.
WOMACK, Joel M. (1845.1921): Age: 17; Born: 3 February 1845, New Orleans, LA; Residence: Charleston, SC; Occupation: Student. Physical description: blue eyes, light hair, fair complexion, 6 feet, 0 inches tall. As a cadet at the South Carolina Military Academy (the Citadel), he was detailed as a drillmaster at Camp Butler, near Aiken, SC, and helped train the 14th SC Infantry. He enlisted for Confederate service in Captain Moses B. Humphrey’s Co. (Cadet Rangers), 16th (Aiken's) Battalion SC Partisan Rangers, (subsequently Co. F, 6th SC Cavalry), on 9 June 1862, at the Citadel, and transferred to Co. D, 5th SC Cavalry, in exchange with Marx E. Cohen, Jr., on 28 February 1864. In April 1864, the 5th SC Cavalry was sent to Richmond, VA, to join the Army of Northern Virginia as part of Butler’s Brigade, Hampton's Cavalry Division. On 20 June 1864, Womack was captured at White House near Louisa Court House, VA, on the York River. He was sent to Point Lookout, MD, on 23 June 1864, and transferred to Elmira, NY, on 25 July 1864. On 27 October 1864, he escaped through the main gate of the prison using a forged pass made from a blank form found in a book lent to him by a Union officer. With the aid of Southern sympathizers, he made his way back to Richmond, VA, arriving there on 16 December 1864. The Secretary of War, James A. Seddon, granted him a 21-day furlough on 16 December 1864, following which he rejoined the company in South Carolina, and surrendered at Hillsboro, NC, on 27 April 1865. After the war, he was a clerk in Charleston, SC, and lived at 40 Reid Street. He moved to Kentucky in 1870, and in 1912, was living in Frankfort, KY, where he was employed in the state Attorney General’s office. He applied for a Confederate pension on 12 March 1917, stating that he was then an insurance salesman living in Louisville, and was suffering from rheumatism. He died in Jefferson Co., KY, on 14 June 1921.
Information submitted by Fred Knudsen.
Wood, Simeon Lavender
24th Reg Ga Co K
He was captured at Front Royal,VA on Aug 16,1864 and sent to Old Capitol Prison in D.C. then to Ft. Delaware and arrived on Aug.28,1864 at Elmira Prison. He was exchanged in Feb.1865. He died on Jan 27,1906 in Homer,GA and is buried in Amy''s Creek Baptist Church Cemetery in Habersham Co.,GA
Information submitted by Lexie Bowyer Thomas.
Woodland, James H.
26th Virginia Inf., Co. A
This person was my great great great uncle: At age 21, James H. Woodland (occupation listed as oysterman), enlisted on April 20, 1861 at Belle Roi and mustered into service on May 10, 1861. Promoted to Corporal on July 15, 1861. Detailed on guard boat on York River from Sept. 1861 until Feb. 1862. Captured at Petersburg, Va. on June 15, 1864. Confined at Bermuda Hundred, Va. on June 16, 1864. Transferred to Point Lookout, Md. on June 18, 1864 and then to Elmira, NY on July 9, 1864. Died on February 23, 1865 of "variola" (aka smallpox) while incarcerated at Elmira. Buried in grave #2315. Other records indicate he may be buried in grave #2263.
Information provided by Thomas N.C. Spivey.
Worley, Charles S.
12th LA Inf Co. C
From copy of a pension application by Margaret Mullins Worley in 1914:
Board of Pension Commissioners, State of Louisiana, Baton Rouge.
The records show that one Charles S. Worley, private, 2d Company C, 12th Louisiana Infantry, C. S. A. , enlisted August 13th, 1861. The company roll for July and August, 1864, last on file shows that he was captured at Baker’s Creek and carried North May 16, 1863.
The prisoner-of-war records show that this soldier was captured May 16, 1863, at Champion Hill, Mississippi; that he was paroled at Elmira, New York, February 25, 1865, and sent to the James River for exchange.
The records further show that he was surrendered at New Orleans, Louisiana, May 26, 1865, and paroled at New Orleans, Louisiana, May, 26, 1865, and paroled at Monroe, Louisiana, June 9, 1865.
The Adjutant General "
Charles Worley lived on until May 16, 1877 when he died of Pneumonia at his home on the Ouachita River. Leaving behind his wife Margaret and (at least) 5 surviving children.
Information submitted by Kathy Worley.
Worsham, Robert Archer
Born in 1835, in what was then Cass County, Georgia. It is now known as Bartow County. He was the son of William and Sarah Smith Worsham; who obtained land in the 1832 Cherokee land lottery, and moved to Cass County from Monroe County, Georgia. Robert Archer Worsham was a private in the Civil War, joining with his brother John Elbert Worsham, April 25, 1862. They joined and left out of Cartersville, Georgia as members of Ga. 60th Inf. Co. H. Robert Archer married Sarah Turner before the war and had one son, John Archer Worsham. He was wounded and captured at Cedar Creek, Virginia, September 19, 1864. He was sent to Chimorazo Hospital, No.2, in Richmond, Virginia. He was transferred to Elmira Prison Camp December 16, 1865. He died April 8, 1865, of chronic diarrhea. He was buried at Woodlawn National Cemetery, Grave #2624.
Wyrick, Joseph W.
Pvt Co C 51st Va Inf. Regt
7/20/61 Wytheville; POW Frederick. Maryland 7/10/64; Old Capitol Prison 7/17/64 to Elmira 7/25/64; resident Wytheville; florid complexion, dark hair, blue eyes, 5'4"; alive in 1912.
Yeager, James Linn
Company C 1st Battalion Alabama Artillary
James Linn Yeager was from West Blockton, (Bibb County) Alabama. A veteran of Vicksburg, he was captured by the Union at Fort Morgan Alabama, August 23 1864, and Transferred to Elmira Prison Camp. He stayed there until his release on June 16, 1865. Afterwhich he returned to Bibb County. He married Nancy Deason on September 28, 1860. They had Sarah "Dollie" Yeager (1881-1931), William Huey Yeager (1866-1939), James Harvey Yeager (1868-1942), and Albert Deason Yeager (1870-1941, married Eliza Street Edmounds).
Information provided by Terry R Cook.
Zollers, Reuban DeHaven
Sgt Co. D 5th SC Cav
Age 26, Residence: Charleston Dist., SC. b. 18 Oct 1835, Hartford, CT. 5. 9" tall, dark complexion, dark hair, dark eyes, occupation: clerk. Enlisted at Charleston, SC, 27 Feb 1862. Appt. CPL, 20 Jan 1863. Appt. SGT, 7 Jul 1863. Capt. at Trevilian Station, VA, 11 Jun 1864, and sent to Elmira, NY. Last reported as exchanged, 29 Oct 1864. Post-war, thought to have moved to Iowa, and perhaps later to Europe. His brother, Daniel DeHaven ZOLLERS, served in the Union army with Co. G, 95th PA Infantry, and Co. H, 96th PA Infantry.
Information provided by Fred Knudsen.