Elmira Prison Camp OnLine Library
[This short document was found in the Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume XI, page 524.]
Fredericksburg, Va., July 31, 1883
Rev. J. William Jones:
I was captured near Spotsylvania Courthouse, Va., May 19th, 1864, and carried to Point Lookout, where I remained until July 4, 1864, when I was transferred to Elmira, New York. While there I was employed in the prison hospital. Dr. E. F. Sanger, Surgeon in charge of the hospital, showed me great kindness, for which I have ever been grateful. During a recent visit to Bangor, Maine, I had the pleasure of meeting with the Doctor, and while conversing with him the subject of the mortality among the prisoners, both North and South, came up. I asked Dr. Sanger whether or not he had a record o the percentage of deaths at the hospital in Elmira. He told me that he had, and kindly allowed me to copy from his journal the following figures:
Number of prisoners received
at Elmira, from July 1864 to May 1865, 12,121; transferred, 4,273; released,
4,741; died, 2,933; unaccounted for, 174.
Of this number about twenty escaped from the prison by tunneling under the fence -- what became of the others is not known. Thinking that these figures will be of interest to the readers of the Southern Historical Society Papers, I send them to you to use as you may see fit.
Very respectfully yours,
Pastor of M.E. Church, South Fredericksburg, Va.
(Formerly private Company F, Tenth Regiment Va. Infantry).