Lutherans in New Netherland


We do not have anything like a “membership list” that would tell us exactly who belonged to the Lutheran congregations in New Amsterdam (now New York City) and Beverwyck (Fort Orange) (now Albany) during the period of the New Netherland Colony. We do have some resources, however, that enable us to identify many of the families and individuals who were associated with these congregations.

The Lutherans in New Netherland wrote several letters to the Lutheran Consistory at Amsterdam, Holland. Copies of various petitions that they had sent to the Dutch colonial authorities were also forwarded to the Consistory. These documents dealt largely with the New Netherland Lutherans’ efforts to obtain the services of “a capable and faithful pastor of the Augsburg Confession,” and with the opposition that they encountered from the Director General and Reformed clergy of the colony. Most of them have been preserved in the Lutheran Church Archives at Amsterdam, and can be found (in English translation) in The Lutheran Church in New York, 1649-1772 (New York: The New York Public Library, 1946).

These letters and petitions were generally written and signed in Manhattan, “in the absence of others.” There were no doubt many Lutherans, especially at Beverwyck, whose names never appear in them. In a petition to the Directors of the Dutch West India Company, dated May 20, 1659, the Lutherans in New Netherland state that “at Fort Orange there are from 70 to 80 families, here at the Manhatans and on Long Island also fully that many, including permanent residents and mechanics, but mostly farmers” (LCNY, p. 39). The names that do appear in the body of these letters and petitions, and as signatories thereto, are given below, arranged chronologically according to the respective dates of the correspondence. Useful biographical information on most of these people can be found in Scandinavian Immigrants in New York, 1630-1674 by John O. Evjen (Minneapolis: K. C. Holter Publishing Company, 1916).


OCTOBER 4, 1653

signatories:

Daniel Litscho
Hindrick Willemsen
Chrysteyan Barensen
Mattheus Capito
Volckart Jansz
Harman Aedu [Eduardsen?]

______________________________


NOVEMBER 1, 1656

named in the text:

Paulus Schrick

signatories:

Hinderick Willem Bockker
Crysteyan Barensen
Casper Steinmets
Pieter Kock
Heinrich Heinrichsz
Lorens Andres
Hans Dreper
Hans Kettell
Mattheus Capito
IB the mark of Jochem Beeckman
Davit Wesels

______________________________


OCTOBER 10, 1657

signatories:

Mattheus Capito
Christian Niesen
Harmen Eduwarsen
Hans Dreper
Lourens Andriesen
Luycas Dircksen
xx Jan Jansen
xx Jochem Beeckman
Andries Rees
Luycas Eldersen
Harmen Jansen
Jan Cornelisse
Davidt Wessels
Hans Sillejavck
Hendrick Hendricksen
xx Meyndert Barentsen
Harmen Smeeman
Christian Barentsen
George Hanel
Pieter Jansen
xx Winckelhoeck
Claes de Witt
xx Jacob Elders
Hendrick Willemse

______________________________


OCTOBER 21, 1657

named in the text:

Laurens Andriesen

signatories:

Mattheus Capito
Lucas Dircksen
Casper Steinmets
Crysteyan Barensen
Hinderich Willemsen
Davit Wesels
Jochem IB Beeckman

______________________________


MAY 5, 1659

signatories:

Mattheus Capito
Chrystyaen Nyssen
I.B. the mark of Jochum Beekman
Davit Wesels
Hinderick Willemsen
Barendt Krudup

______________________________


MAY 20, 1659

signatories:

Harmen Yansen
Eldert Juryanse van Stenhuse
Gerrit Meyer
x Peter Jansen
x Albert Jansen
Eberhardt Hedeman
Mattheus Capito
Lucas Dircksen
Chris in Peters
Juryen Jansen
Marten Hoffman
John Seunson
Eurt Luc
Hans Kettel
Is Mensen [J Smensen?]
Johan MasTtrs [Masters?]
Cllass Schardyc
Teirck Jansen
Jochum Schoemacker
Gerrit Molenaer
Hendrick Jansen Spieringh
Jan Ranynertsoon [Maynertsoon?]
Hacken Bruyb
Mayndert Barensen
Cornelis Marisen factor
Stofve Stofssen [Stoffel Stoffelsen?]
Carsten Jansen
Chrysteyan Nyssen
Yan Cornelsen
Matys Moller
Davit Wesel
Jan Pietersoon
Cobes Wilbordt
Albert Pietersen trompetter
Lorens Andres
Barendt Krudup
Wilmen Traphegen [Wilman Traphagen]
Cristian Wolf
Poules Cristianesz
Pieter Jansen smit
The mark x of Heynrick Jansen Sluyter
Dirrich Jacobsenn
Siester Michgälsen
Nicklas Jssersen
Wollgang Karsten Von Wolffenbuttel [Wolffenbüttel]
Andreas Rees Von der Liebstadt [von Lippstadt]
Andreas Leensen [?]
Heinrich Heinrichsz
Simon Jansen
x is the mark of Jansen Von der Ham
Corneelus Matheysen
Claes Tysen
Claes Böm
Jonas Magni [Magnus]
Magnus Pittersz
Willsz Dober [?]
Andreas Hansen
Herman Smeman
x the mark of Claes Snyder
x the mark of Jan Brouwer
Casper Steinmets
x the mark of Marten Jansen Meyer
x the mark of Mathys Dirksen
Hans Drepery [Dreper]
Jan Hyndrychse Steelman
Volgart Jansen
the mark x [of] Lodewyk Jonge

______________________________


JULY 20, 1659

signatories:

Hans Dreper
Barendt Krudup
Heinderich Willemsen
Davit Wessels
The mark I.B. of Jochem Beeckman, made by himself
Mattheus Capito

______________________________


AUGUST 19, 1663

signatory:

Hendrick Bosch




The Beginnings of Lutheranism in New York by Harry J. Kreider (New York: 1949) is another excellent source of information on the Lutheran Church in New Netherland. Kreider identifies several Lutherans in the colony whose names do not appear in the material from the Amsterdam archives. The names on the following lists are taken from pp. 8-12 and 70 of his book. These lists also are not, and do not claim to be, complete.


LEADERS

at New Amsterdam:

Daniel Litschoe
Hendrick Willemsen
Matthys Capito
Paulus Schrick
Casper Steinmetz
Martin Hoffman

at Beverwyck:

Volckert Jansen Douw
Albert Andriessen Bratt
Tjerck Claessen de Witt

______________________________


MEMBERS

at New Amsterdam:

Christian Niessen
Andries Rees
George Hanel
Andries Lauren
Davidt Wessels
Laurens Andriesen [Van Buskirk]
Pieter Jansen Winckelhoeck
Harmen Eduardsen
Hans Dreper
Lucas Dircksen
Hendrick Willemsen
Matthys Capito
Harmen Smeeman
Claes Jansen de Wit
Christian Barentsen
Meyndert Barentsen
Jochem Beekman
Jacob Eldertsen
Luycas Eldertsen

at Beverwyck:

Jan Hendricks de Bruyn
Omy LaGrange
Jan Thomassen Wittbeck
Tjerck Claessen de Witt
Volckert Jansen Douw
Albert Andriessen Bratt
Willem Juriaensen
Evert Luykassen
Jan Harmensen [Backer]
Jochem Wesselsen
Jan Franz van Hosen
Carsten Fredericksen
Meyndert Fredericksen
Arent Andriessen.




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