|Puerto Rican historian and university
Education & Professional Skills:
1981 Ph.D. Rutgers
University, New Brunswick, N.J. Areas of Concentration: Colonial
Latin American and Caribbean History. Title of Dissertation:
El Grito de Lares: A Socio-Historic Interpretation of Puerto Rico's Uprising
Against Spain in l868.
1971 M.A. State
University of New York, Buffalo Campus, Buffalo, New York. Area of
Concentration: Latin American History .
1970 B.A. Inter
American University, San Juan, Puerto Rico. Major: History. Minor:
Education. Graduated Magna Cum Laude (1970).
Fluent in Spanish and English.
Working knowledge of Portuguese.
Employment History & Teaching
Experienced Teacher, Researcher and Writer.
Associate Professor, Department of
History (1986-present), Director, Puerto Rican Studies Program , Rutgers-Newark
Fulbright Lecturer, Graduate School,
University of Buenos Aires, Argentina, Fall of 1991.
Member, Graduate Faculty, Rutgers-Newark
Distinguished Visiting Hispanic Scholar,
William Paterson College, Wayne, NJ, Spring of 1991.
Assistant Professor, Dept. of History,
Instructor, Dept. of History and
Puerto Rican Studies Program, Rutgers-Newark (1977-1981).
Assistant to the Director, Equal Opportunity
Fund (E.O.F.) and Adjunct Instructor, Sociology Dept., Rutgers-Newark (1972-1973).
Coordinator, Bilingual Component,
The Learning Center, State University of New York-Buffalo (Fall 1971).
Teaching Assistant, Puerto Rican Studies
Dept., State University of New York-Buffalo (1970-1971).
Courses Developed and Taught:
Development of the United States (Colonial,
Survey of Latin American History (Colonial,
Survey of Puerto Rican History (Spanish
& U.S. Colonial Eras).
History of Puerto Rican Politics (19th
& 20th Centuries).
History of Puerto Rican Migration to
the U.S. (Oral History Project, taught under Puerto Rican Studies).
Contemporary Puerto Rican Problems.
Developed every course offered by the Puerto Rican Studies Program at NCAS
(Major & Minor).
Third World Civilizations (in collaboration
with three colleagues in the History Department).
Imperialism in the World (developed and
team-taught this course as a Senior Seminar for History Majors).
History of the Caribbean.
Perspectives on Latin America: History
& Culture (developed and taught at William Paterson College).
Documenting the Caribbean Community of
New Jersey (developed as part of the ongoing Oral History Project).
Foreign Intervention in Latin America
(taught as a Senior Seminar for History Majors).
U.S.-Puerto Rico Relations (taught at
the Graduate School, University of Buenos Aires, Argentina, as Fulbright
U.S.-Latin American Relations (History
Topics in Liberal Studies: Caribbean
History & Culture (M.A. in Liberal Studies, NCAS).
Puerto Rico: An Interpretive
History: From Pre-Colombian Times to 1900 (Princeton: Markus Wiener
The Puerto Ricans: A Documentary
History. Co-edited with Kal Wagenheim (Princeton: Markus
Wiener Publishing, 1994). Previously published by Doubleday
Anchor (New York: 1975) and Praeger Publishers (New York: 1973).
Puerto Rico's Revolt for Independence:
El Grito de Lares (Princeton: Markus Wiener Publishers, 1993;
previously published by Westview Press (Boulder, Colo., 1985).
El Grito de Lares: Sus Causas
y Sus Hombres (Río Piedras, Puerto Rico: Ediciones Huracán,
1994, 1987, 1984).
Contributions to Other Books:
“From Aguada to Dover: Puerto Ricans
in Morris County, New Jersey, 1948-1988”, chapter for a book under contract
with Temple University Press, The Puerto Rican Diaspora: Historical
Perspectives, Editors, Carmen T. Whalen and Victor Vazquez.
Revision of a History of Puerto Rico
manuscript for an audio version distributed in Mexico and the Americas
by Indisa (Libros en Audio), Mexico. Spring 1994.
"Empowerment of Latinas in New Jersey,"
Proceedings of the March 1989 Conference of the the Hispanic Women's Task
Force of New Jersey, Inc., co-edited with Dr. Gloria Bonilla-Santiago (New
Jersey: Hispanic Women's Task Force, 1989).
"La mujer en el Puerto Rico del siglo
19”. In Boletín del Centro de Estudios Puertorriqueños,
Vol. 2, No. 7 (invierno 1989- 90), pp. 10-17 (Refereed journal).
"Making History: The Hispanic Women's
Task Force of New Jersey”. In HWTF Newsletter, Vol. 1, No.
1 (Spring 1989), p. 4.
"HFFT rinde homenaje a cinco jóvenes
hispanas”. In Horizontes, Marzo 1989, pp. 8-9.
"Características y motivaciones
de los rebeldes de Lares. In Revista de Historia, Vol. I
(enero-junio, 1985), pp. 76-88. (Refereed journal).
"The Drama of Lares: The New Intellectual
Debate”. In Caribbean Review, Vol. XII, No.1 (Winter 1983),
"The Puerto Rican Woman in the 19th
Century: An Agenda for Research”. In Revista/ Review Interamericana,
Vol. XI, No. 2 (Summer 1981), pp. 196-203 (Refereed journal).
"Prelude to Lares". In Caribbean
Review, Vol. VIII, No. 1 (March 1979), pp.39-43.
"El Grito de Lares". In El
Momento, San Juan, Puerto Rico. (October 1977), p.10.
“Biographies of Maria de Castro
Blake; Rosa Cortez-Collazo; Dolores (Lolita) Lebron; and Nitza Tufino”
to appear in Latinas in the United States: An Historical Encyclopedia,
Indiana University Press. Forthcoming.
“Puerto Ricans in New Jersey” in The
Encyclopedia of New Jersey. Forthcoming.
Co-authored a 9,000 word revised entry
on “Puerto Rico” for the Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. (August,
Published the biographies of governors
Luis Muñoz-Marin and Jesús T. Piñero in American
National Biography, Edited by Mathew E. Van Atta (Oxford U. Press,
1999), vol. 16, pp. 99-100, vol., 17, pp. 542-543.
Wrote seven entries on Puerto Rican
figures and events for Encyclopedia of Latin American History,
Editors, Barbara A. Tenenbaum and Ralph Lee Woodward, Jr. (New York: Charles
Scribner's Sons, 1995). vol.1, pp. 3, 32, 340, vol. 2,
p. 194; vol. 3, p. 100, vol. 4, pp.
Constructing a Colonial People: Puerto
Rico and the United States, 1898-1932, by Pedro A. Caban (Boulder: Westview
Press, 1999). Hispanic American Historical Review (HAHR)
Review-Essay “Ethnicity and the Political
Struggle of Puerto Ricans in the U.S.” on: The Puerto Rican Movement: Voices
from the Diaspora. Edited by Andres Torres and Jose E. Velazquez (Philadelphia:
Temple University Press, 1998) and Identity and Power: Puerto Rican Politics
and the Challenge of Ethnicity, by Jose E. Cruz (Temple University Press,
1998). Journal of American Ethnic History, Volume 19, No.
2, pp. 97-98.
Producing Power: Ethnicity, Gender,
and Class in a Caribbean Workplace, by Kevin A. Yelvington (Philadelphia:
Temple University Press, 1995) and The Myth of the Male Breadwinner: Women
and Industrialization in the Caribbean, by Helen I. Safa (Boulder: Westview
Press, 1995). In: Hispanic American Historical Review
(HAHR), February 1997, pp. 169-170.
Annotated Bibliography of Puerto Rican
Bibliographies. By Fay Fowlie-Flores, comp. (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press,
1990); Puerto Rico's Statehood Movement. By Edgardo Meléndez.(Westport,
CT: Greenwood Press, 1988); Puerto Ricans: Born in the U.S.A. By
Clara E. Rodríguez. (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1991).
In: South Eastern Latin Americanist (SELA), Vol. XXXV, No.2
(September 1991), pp. 29-31.
Organizing Puerto Rican Migrant Farmworkers:
The Experience of Puerto Ricans in New Jersey. By Gloria Bonilla-Santiago
(New York: Peter Lang Pub., 1989). In: International
Migration Review (IMR), Vol. 25 (Spring 1991), pp. 199-200.
Puerto Rico's Statehood Movement.
By Edgardo Meléndez (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1988). In:
Historical Review (HAHR), 69:4 (Nov. 1989), pp. 789-90.
The Hispanic Experience in the United
States: Contemporary Issues and Perspectives. By Edna Acosta-Belén
and Barbara R. Sjostrom, Editors (New York: Praeger Publishers, 1988).
In: South Eastern Latin Americanist (SELA), Vol 33, No. 2
(September 1989), pp.28-29.
1898: La guerra después de
la guerra. By Fernando Picó. (Río Piedras,
Puerto Rico: Ediciones Huracán, 1987). In: Hispanic American
Historical Review (HAHR), Vol. 68, No. 4 (November 1988), pp. 859-860.
Factories and Food Stamps: Puerto
Rico Development Model By Richard Weisskoff (Baltimore and London:
The Johns Hopkins University Press, l985). In: South Eastern Latin
Americanist (SELA), Vol. 32, No.1 (June 1988), pp. 38-41.
The Dual Colonization of an Island:
A Political and Cultural History of Puerto Rico. In: Caribbean
Review, Vol. XIII, No.1 Winter 1984), pp. 31-32.
From Colonia to Community: The History
of Puerto Ricans in New York City, 1917-1948, by Virginia Sánchez-Korrol.
In: International Migration Review (IMR), Vol. 18, No. 1 (Spring
1984), pp. 125-27.
RX: Spiritists as Needed: A Study
of a Puerto Rican Community Mental Health Resource. By Alan Hardwood.
In: International Migration Review (IMR), Vol. 13,
No. 2 (Summer 1979), pp. 355- 56.
Works in Progress:
Completed a major portion of a research
project on the roles and actions of eight the Puerto Rican Nationalist
women, convicted of participating in the Nationalist Uprising in Puerto
Rico, 1950, and of conspiring in the Attack on the U.S. Congress, 1954.
Research includes in-depth tape-recorded interviews with some of the survivors,
newspaper articles, prison records, personal letters and papers of key
Nationalists and official figures.
Continuing with the Oral History Project
on the Puerto Ricans of New Jersey. The idea is to document the migration
experience as part of a national "Hispanic Recovery Project." At
present, I have more than two dozen tape-recorded interviews, many of them
Expanded the Oral History Project
on the Puerto Rican migration to include other Caribbean immigrants to
New Jersey. The expansion has been formulated as part of an oral
history I designed under the title: Documenting the Caribbean Community
of New Jersey.
Working with the Newark Public Library
on a recovery project of the documents of the migration experience of Puerto
Ricans and other Hispanics to New Jersey. The recovery project will form
part of a Hispanic Research and Information Center I designed, with the
help of Dr. Paul Stellhorn and Ms. Ingrid Betancourt. I also organized
a Working Committee and with its help Raised $30,000 from grassroots Hispanic
organizations. More recently, wrote and submitted a proposal to the New
Jersey Historical Commission for an additional $60,000, to hire a field
archivist and finance a survey of the documentary sources. The creation
of the Hispanic Research and Information Center is the outcome of the Oral
History Project I designed at Rutgers under the auspices of the Puerto
Rican Studies Program (1988) and the History Department during the last
two years. The oral history courses I taught during the last two years
have been in conjunction with the Newark Public Library, as part of the
NCAS Dean’s program to incorporate the city in our academic programs.
One such project led the class to research the Puerto Rican Riots in Newark
in 1974. The results of that research (photographs, newspaper clippings
and contacts with witnesses and participants) were presented to the students
of the Newark Campus in the form of an exhibit and a discussion panel.
The goals of the Hispanic Research and Information Center are: to expand
the Spanish collection of books at the
Sala Hispanoamericana; to create a
reference center of materials in English and Spanish for the college student,
scholars and other interested professionals; an to organize an archival
fund on the Puerto Rican migrants experience in NJ.
Scholarly Activities (since
Keynote Speaker at the 21st Conference
of HAHENJ (Hispanic Association of Hispanics in Higher Education in New
Jersey (Februrary 1998).
"María Agront: Life of A Migrant
Worker," Institute for Research on Women, Eighth Annual Research Conference,
Douglass College, Rutgers University (May 22, 1990).
"Constructing Identities of Community
and Self: The Puerto Ricans in the United States." 22nd Annual Conference
of the Oral History Association, held at Baltimore, Maryland (Oct. 13-16,
"Nationalist Violence in Puerto Rico."
11th Annual Conference, Society for Caribbean Studies, held at Hoddesdon,
Herfordshire, UK (July 13-16, 1987).
"La mujer puertorriqueña en
el siglo 19," 1st International Ibero-American Conference, held at the
Universidad Autónoma, Madrid, Spain (March 1985).
Chair of Panel, “Women, Saints and
Heaven: Creating Altars in the Caribbean and Brazil”, held at The Newark
Museum, April 26, 2001. The panel was part of an ongoing exhibit
of Puerto Rican santos (religious icons) for which I consulted on a volunteer
Presenter and Chair at the Puerto
Rican Studies Association Conference, “The Puerto Rican Newark Riots, 1974”,
held at U.Mass, Amherst, Oct. 26-28, 2000.
Presenter and Moderator for the Newark
Public Library’s panel: “25 Years Later: a Look at the Newark Puerto Rican
Civil Disturbances of 1974”, held on October 14, 1999.
Panelist in “A Puerto Rican Profile”,
a televised program of Sin Fronteras Productions (April, 11, 1999).
Panelist for "Don Ricardo Alegría
and the Patrimony of Puerto Rico." The Smithonian Institution, Washington
DC. (April 1996).
Panelist in "The Historical Context
of Puerto Rican Nationalism and Albizu's Role in It," Jersey City
Museum (Sept. 1995).
Presenter in "Puerto Rico: 500 Years
Retrospective." (Symposium on Latino Identity, History, Culture, and Literature),
held at The Newark Museum (Nov. 1993).
Panelist and Moderator for "The Historical
Background to the 1991 Puerto Rican Plebiscite," Jersey City State College
(Nov. 15, 1989).
Panelist in "Puerto Rico at the Crossroads,"
Center for American Culture Studies, Columbia University (Nov. 19, 1986).
“Maria Teresa Tula: A Salvadoran
Woman’s Struggle for Human Rights”. Paper presented as part of the Distinguished
Scholars Lecture Series, held at NCAS (April 29, 1999).
“Leadership and Scholarship: From
Reaction to Pro-Action”, Keynote Address presented at the 21st HAHE Conference,
Atlantic City, NJ, February 19, 1999.
"The Impact of the United States Invasion
(1898) of Puerto Rico." Rutgers University - Newark Campus (November
"Puerto Rican Identity: In Search
of Definition." Essex County College (March 1997).
"Puerto Rican Immigration and Contemporary
Status in America," The Puerto Rican Institute, Seton Hall University (November
"Puerto Rico Ante los Estados Unidos:
El Plebiscito de 1991," Graduate School of History, University of Buenos
Aires, Argentina (Nov. 1991).
"Arturo Morales Carrión: The
Historian," paper read in honor of the late historian at the Carnegie Endowment
Center for Peace, Washington, D.C. (February 25, 1991).
"Incorporating the Latin American
Perspective into the College Curriculum," Women's Studies Program (New
Jersey's Multicultural Project), Rutgers University at Camden (Oct. 18,
"The Indian View of the Conquest,"
Hispanic Heritage Month, Essex County College (Oct. 10, 1989).
"Social and Economic Background to
El Grito de Lares," Hispanic Heritage Month, Princeton University
(Oct. 2, 1989).
"Education as a Path to Success for
Hispanics in the U.S.," Keynote Address, 8th Annual Celebration of
Puerto Rican Heritage Month, Essex County College, N.J. (Nov. 2, 1987).
Editorial Boards & Related Activities:
Panel Member at The National Endowment
for the Humanities, reviewer of 45 Grant Applications for Latin America
and the Caribbean, July 2000.
Reviewer (single application) for
The National Endowment for the Humanities since (1998).
Member, Advisory Board of Editors
for Latinas in the United States: A Historical Encyclopedia, under contract
to be published by Indiana University Press.
Member, Editorial Board, Centro Journal,
the journal of the Center for Puerto Rican Studies, Research, and Archives,
Hunter College, New York City. (1997 to present).
Fellowships & Honors:
NEH Summer Fellowship: Seminar on
the "Philosophical Foundations of Political Self-Determination", University
of Wisconsin, Madison (1994).
Fulbright Teaching Fellowship, Graduate
History, University of Buenos Aires, Argentina (Fall 1991).
Outstanding Teacher of the Year Award,
Rutgers University, Newark College of Arts and Sciences (Spring
Distinguished Visiting Hispanic Scholar,
William Paterson University (Spring 1991).
NEH Summer Institute: “Brazilian Studies
and Language”, University of New Mexico (1987).
Ford Foundation Fellow (1973-1976).
Graduate Fellowship, Inter-American
University, San Juan, PR (1970-1971).
Salvador Brau History Prize, Inter-American
University, San Juan, PR (1970).
Awards & Civic Recognition:
Latino Caucus “Honored Teacher Award”,
Represented by a Golden Apple, Presented by the leaders of the Latino student
organizations at Rutgers-Newark, April 2001.
Aspira of New Jersey “Outstanding
Teacher Award”, for dedication to the Latino students of New Jersey, March
Hispanic Americans for Progress, Volunteer
Award, for teaching services to the Trenton State Prison, February 2001.
Rutgers University “Human Dignity
Award” April 2000.
Hispanic Association for Higher Education
of NJ, Inc. Award and Plaque, for “Contributions to the Hispanic Community
of NJ”, Presented by HAHE at its 21st Annual Conference, held in Atlantic
City, February 1999.
Latino Alumni Award for "Outstanding
Professional Achievement," given by the Center for Latino Arts and Culture,
Rutgers University, New Brunswick (Nov. 1995).
Certificates of Recognition from the
United States Congress (Issued by Rep. Robert Menéndez) and NJ Governor's
Office, for work with the Hispanic community of Elizabeth NJ (Nov. 1995).
Listed in International Who's Who
of Professional and Business Women, 4th Edition. (Raleigh NC: American
Biographical Institute, Autumn 1995).
Listed in Who's Who Among Hispanic
Americans, 1st edition (Detroit, Mich: Gale Research Inc., 1991-1992).
Latin American Students Organization
Award, for Support and Dedication to Students, given by LASO at William
Paterson University (May 1991).
Latino Faculty and Staff of Rutgers-Newark
Award for "Exemplary Teaching and Dedication to Students and Colleagues"
and the "Outstanding Service Award" from the Hispanic Students, April
Scholarly Achievement Award, given
by the Hispanic Association for Higher Education of New Jersey, in recognition
of the Oral History Project in NJ, April, 1989.
Listed in Who's Who of American Women,
16th edition (Wilmette, Ill: Marquis Who's Who, 1989).
Morris County Organization for Hispanic
Affairs Award, for “Preserving Latin American History and Culture”, May
Hispanic Women's Task Force of New
Jersey, Inc., for “Mentoring Young Latinas”, April 1988.
Hispanic Students "Outstanding Commitment
Award", Rutgers- Newark, for dedication to students, November 1986.
NCAS-Course Development Grant, to
revise the course: Contemporary Puerto Rican Problems. The updated
version was broadened into an archival/oral history course to document
the Puerto Rican and other Hispanics in New Jersey (Spring 2000).
NCAS-Course Development Grant, to
create the course: Documenting the Caribbean Community of New Jersey (an
oral history course) and to attend a summer seminar on Oral History at
Columbia University (Spring, 1999).
DHE Ethno-Linguistic Grant, from the
New Jersey Department of Higher Education, for cultural activities, Puerto
Rican Studies Program (1988-90)
DHE Humanities Grant to develop, teach,
and hire consultants for an Oral History Project with the Puerto Rican
Community of New Jersey (1986-87).
Summer Research Grants from Rutgers:
Oral History project, Puerto Ricans in Dover, NJ (1988); for travel and
research expenses in researching the Spanish-American War in Puerto Rico
(1986); for travel and research to revise dissertation (1982).
College and University Service:
Member, NCAS’ Courses of Study Committee
(Spring 1999- present).
Member, Committee on Faculty Exchange
between Rutgers and the University of Puerto Rico, Rutgers - New Brunswick
(1996 - present).
University-wide Committee to Advance
Our Common Purposes (1995 - present).
Member, Admissions and Financial Aid
Committee (1995 - 1999).
Member, Latino Faculty and Staff Caucus
(1986 - present).
Director, Puerto Rican Studies Program,
NCAS (1986 - present).
Developer of Curriculum of Puerto
Rican Studies Major & Minor (1977-1981).
Professional & Civic Activities:
Advisor on Puerto Rico to the Enclopaedia
Member of the Board, NJ Catholic Historical
Records Commission (2001)
Advisor to the Newark Museum’s exhibit
and panel on Puerto Rican santos (1999- 2001).
Founder of the Hispanic Research and
Information Center, being established at The Newark Public Library (1999-present).
Member, Planning Committee, "Puerto
Rico 1898-1998: A Retrospective," historical exhibit for the Newark Public
Library (1997 to 1998).
Member, "Images/Imagenes" Committee,
New Jersey Public TV Network (1997 – present).
Member of the Board, Advocates for
New Jersey History (1997 - present).
Organizer, "Cultural Panels," 20th
Conference of the National Puerto Rican Coalition, New York City (November
Member, Selection Committee, William
Ashby Community Service Award, Newark NJ (1996 - present).
Advisor to several projects at La
Casa de Don Pedro, FOCUS and Aspira, all community-based organizations
in Newark NJ (1990 - present).
Advisor, “Caribbean Folk Arts Project”,
N.J. Historical Society, Newark NJ (1994-1995).
Chair of the Advisory Board of the
Hispanic Women's Resource Centers, appointed by Governor James Florio (1992).
Member, Board of Trustees, Aspira
of NJ, and Vice Chair of Programs (1988-1990).
Member, Board of Governors, National
Puerto Rican Coalition, based in Washington, DC (1989 – 1999).
Advisory Member, Board of NJ Institute
for College Teaching and Learning (1989-1990).
Co-founder and member of the Board,
Hispanic Women's Task Force of NJ Inc., (1986-1991).
Member, Board of Trustees, The Newark
Museum, Newark NJ (1980- 1986).
Guest Historian and Consultant to
the television program on the history of “Puerto Rican Santos”, filmed
by NJN in April of 2001.
Guest Panelist on “Puerto Rican Profile”,
a one-hour television show taped by “Sin Fronteras” Productions (a cable
television program of Clifton, NJ) (April 1999).
Participant, TV program on "The Historical
Background of Machismo & Domestic, Violence," New Jersey Public TV
Network (May 16, 1996).
Consultant to and panelist in New
Jersey Public TV Network one-hour program on "Battered Hispanic Women"
Guest on Radio Station WADO (Miami,
Fla.). Talk on "Puerto Ricans in New Jersey Oral History Project"
(June 7, 1993).
Guest on Radio Pocahallo (San Martín
de los Andes, Province of Neuquén, Argentina. Talk on the
"Conditions of the Puerto Ricans in the U.S." (Dec. 1991).
Guest Panelist on "Labyrinth" (NJ
Cable T.V.), one-hour discussion on the "Proposed 1991 Puerto Rican Plebiscite"
Guest on Radio America (New York Station),
half-hour radio program on the "Historical Importance of the Hispanics
in the U.S.A." (Nov., 1989).
Panelist, "Frente al Pueblo" (NJ Cable
TV), one-hour discussion on "Issues Affecting the Hispanic Community of
New Jersey (Oct., 1989).
Active member in several Caribbean
and Latin American academic organizations; the Fulbright Association and
the Oral History Association.