CITY of WELLS
Kenny Huff - Mayor
CHAMBER of COMMERCE
WELLS MUNICIPAL POOL
Call for hours & schedules.
The Original City of Wells
In case you didn't know, it's in England.
Travel the Angel Lake Road.
Why the color Ruby? Because it glows that way in the sunsets.
40th Bomb Group
Read the story of how the 40th Bomb Group was quarantined in Wells.
The Irish & The Chinese
Is this story Fact or Fiction?
Central Pacific Railroad
Riding the Rails of History with the CPRR.
Union Pacific Railroad
Pictorial History of the UPRR.
Nevada Rail Terminal
Railroad History in Nevada.
Northern Nevada Railways
The Northern Nevada Railways History
Tour Northeastern Nevada's Cowboy Country
Cottonwood Guest Ranch
Visit the Cottonwood Guest Ranch for a few surprises about Northeastern Nevada.
Tent Mountain Guest Ranch
You might be a city-slicker when you get here...they'll change that.
Mr. Lee B. Quilici
A tale of two families.
Trail of the '49ers
California Trail Interpretive Center
The Nevada Traveler
The Nevada Traveler takes a look at Wells, Nevada.
The Birds of Nevada
A Field List by the University of Nevada - Reno.
OPEN ROADS ~
Nevada Home Page
Battle Mountain, Nevada
Nevada Incentives for Renewable Energy
Equipped to Survive
MILITARY LINKS ~
DOD Dictionary of Military Terms
Military Career Guide Online
Military History Online
Military Women Homepage
Military Women - Veterans
The Internet's #1 Resource for Military Information
Vets Roll Call
Vietnam Veterans Memorial
MILITARY BRANCHES ~
Dept. Of Defense
U.S. Air Force
U.S. Marine Corp
Welcome to Wells, Nevada
Hello from Wells, Nevada. Even though our little town was slam-dunked by a 6.0 earthquake on February 21, 2008 that pretty much wiped out our historical section of town...We Are Still Here!
There has been an ongoing effort to develop programs that will save as much of what is left, if at all possible, and it is that 'possible' which is the primary focus of this enormous undertaking for the Wells community.
Most of the residents took it on their own, along with community groups and outside volunteers, to rebuild our own town as much as we could. We gave up on any help from government organizations and many heads turned away from those who wanted to offer financial assistance at the price of signing over the titles on personal properties. We saw how that worked after huricane Katrina. No thank you.
So, if you happen to be some of those lucky people who manage to travel through our area...take a little time with some of the local folks and say hello. We'd be more than happy to spend a little time with you.
Now, on with the rest of our story...
Originally the area where Wells was established was the home of the Western Shoshone - the indigenous people who occupied their nation for over 10,000 years and called it 'Newe Sogobia'. A treaty of 'Peace and Friendship' was signed between them and the U.S. Government on October 1st, 1863, during the Civil War, wherein no lands were ceded from the Shoshone to the United States. This treaty was known as the 'Ruby Valley Treaty'. At this time Nevada was still a territory and had not yet been accepted as a state. It's statehood was awarded on October 31st, 1864. By Constitutional law regarding territories being accepted into statehood that no territory may include into its boundary's any lands that are already held by treaty. What this means is that approximately 86% of the then and current State of Nevada are held by the Western Shoshone Treaty of 1863 - a treaty signed one year and thirty days before Nevada became a state.
The controversy over this treaty has been an ongoing battle between the Western Shoshone, the United States and the State of Nevada from that day to this. Much of what is argued is that the Department of Interior, the BLM (Bureau of Land Management) claim that the Western Shoshone 'lost' their lands by way of 'gradual encroachment' but fail to realize, much less uphold, that there is no provision contained in the Constitution of the United States, with respects to treaties signed between nations, that any treaty can be dissolved by the means claimed. The only ones who have any legal authority to negotiate any changes of a treaty is the President of the United States, the U.S. Congress and the Party of the other Nation - collectively and not acting as individuals. What one should also understand is that the claim of 'gradual encroachment' means 'the illegal possession of anothers property'.
The Birth of Humboldt Wells
The interesting settlement of Wells came into being as a station on the Union Pacific Railroad. In September, 1869, Humboldt Wells (as it was called because of the headwaters of the Humboldt River nearby) and the many natural wells and springs boasted a Wells Fargo office, a log shanty saloon, and a railroad station in a boxcar.
By 1872, stores and hotels had been added to the single business street paralleling the west side of the railroad tracks, and stagecoaches ran south into White Pine County three times a week. But devastating fires in 1877, 1881 and 1900 slowed development, and, lacking any business beyond that provided by the railroad and the ranches, growth was very slow. During the fire of 1877 a railroad telegrapher, for the sake of expediency, ticked off the message that 'Wells was burning', therefore shortening the name from Humboldt Wells to just Wells and it has remained that way since.
Since the turn of the century, Wells, like many of the old railroad towns, has slowly shifted its center away from the railroad tracks. In the 1940s businesses migrated a block south to US 40, (also known as 6th Street) and in the 1980s, it began an agonizing stretch toward I-80. The last business on Commercial Row, Quilici's, a 60-year institution, closed in 1991. Thirteen saloons once provided entertainment to railroad travelers. Now even the Bullshead Bar, the last and most famous of them, with its big dance floor upstairs, is closed and padlocked. However, the Ruby Mountain Brewing Company is a short drive south of Wells.
Wells' prosperity is solidly based in the crossroads created by I-80 and US 93. I-80 is a main east-west transcontinental artery with the US Highway 93, designated US 93 at Roosville, MT, extends from Jasper, British Columbia, Canada, in the north to Wickenburg, Arizona, in the south and beyond into Mexico.
The National Road was authorized by U.S. President Jefferson in 1806 as a way to connect the eastern and western states. Construction of the National Road began in 1811 in Cumberland, Maryland, and finished in Vandalia, Illinois, in the 1850s.
After falling into disrepair in the late 1800s, this National Road, known as U.S. Route 40, was revamped and became the first interstate, known today as I-80. To date, it is the only completely federally funded road, running from New Jersey in the east to California in the west.
In the 1970's Interstate 80 and US 93 became known as the Crossroads of the Intermountain West coming together in the City of Wells, Nevada which runs from Canada to Mexico...as you've already read.
Wells is located in Northeastern Nevada in Elko County and is approximately 340 miles Northeast of Reno, Nevada. We are about 50 miles East of the Elko County Seat, which of course is in Elko; 63 miles West of Wendover on the Nevada-Utah border; 65 miles South of Jackpot on the Nevada-Idaho border. Ah, we can't forget about Las Vegas can we? Nah. We are about 540 miles North of Las Vegas and believe it or not, (which has nothing to do with Ripley's), there is a short-cut from here to there. We'll make it easy though: If you're heading South on U.S. 93 to Las Vegas when you get to Ely take Highway 6 to Highway 318. Ely, Nevada is about 139 miles from Wells. This shortcut route will knock off about 50 miles and also help you save fuel. Also, this route is one of the most traveled during the winter months because it enables travelers the opportunity to avoid the higher mountain range along the U.S. 93, just outside of Ely, that has a lot of twists and turns and ups and downs. Of course, all of these miles depend on which side of the road your traveling. Okay, enough geography.
When you arrive at our remote little desert/mountain community you will find that there is an enormous amount of potential in our area of the world for growth, investment and development. We are located in a rather unique position in the Intermountain West as you will soon "Discover Us!"
Travel to Wells can be accomplished by motor vehicles, of your choice, or by small to midsize aircraft coming and going at Harriet Field, the local munincipal airport. There once was a bus service provided by Greyhound for those who would prefer to take the 'on the ground' scenic routes and leave the driving to them, but, recent cutbacks with the company in (2004) have stopped service to about 250 locations and, you're right, Wells just happened to be one of them. So, no more Greydog Express to Wells. At least, not for now.
As we mentioned above, the Western Shoshone Nation known as 'Newe Sogobia' covers about 86 million acres of Nevada and includes a small area of Utah and a lot of southern California. The Western Shoshone signed a treaty of 'Peace and Friendship' also known as the 'Ruby Valley Treaty' with the United States on October 1, 1863. To this day this treaty is still in controversy because the Shoshone ceded none of their lands to the United States and recent issues surrounding the Yucca Mountain Project, amongst others, have brought this treaty to the foreground once again. On October 31, 1864, one year and 30 days after the signing of the Ruby Valley Treaty the territory of Nevada was granted Statehood. Las Vegas, the area known to people all over the world was annexed to Nevada from both Utah and Arizona. In other words, it was not an original part of the Nevada Territory.
In addition, the treaty between the United States and the Western Shoshone recognizes their land rights and are upheld by the U.S. Constitution as the Law of the Land. The argument seems to stem over whether or not such treaties can be dissolved by what is termed 'gradual encroachment', an act not outlined or protected by Constitutional Law or Treaties. This, in essence, is the controversy.
Other historical facts about Wells can be found in the column to your right or by clicking HERE. The history of Wells offers such stories that are not so obvious like the Bing Crosby and Jimmy Stewart Ranches, the discovery of heavyweight champion Jack Dempsey and what he was doing in Wells - before he was the champion, and how the town of Humboldt-Wells became just Wells...oh yeah, and the Ghosts!
Whether you are looking for that quiet rural atmosphere to live and raise a family, a higher impact for your business - be it warehousing, manufacturing, or even retail sales, then you might consider Wells, Nevada as that place.
The crime rate in our area is nearly zero and the gang type stuff is just something to watch on the news. As stated before, we're rather quiet here. We do not stress over traffic jams (as a matter of fact, when two cars go down the street at the same time - well, that's our traffic jam, but, if three go by then it's a parade! Yeah!!) We don't stress over corporate deadlines, stock market fluctuations or crime. The local atmosphere is one that is cherished by all who live here and is shared by those who visit our little community surrounded by the majestic mountains of the East Humboldt range where even the wildlife are at peace.
Being of a 'high desert topography' geographically located at the base of the "East Humboldt Range" (Humboldt National Forest), this pine-forested range, with it's fair share of sagebrush and natural wild herbs, has several natural lakes, including the famous "Angel Lake", that offers developed Camp Sites and numerous hiking trails. Wells also offers a whole bunch of other things to do, like, Softball, Baseball, Football and Soccer Fields along with the Chimney Rock Golf Course which has a '9 Hole' spread and Club House. Let's not forget the famed Nevada Gaming.
Wells Municipal Pool
As of June 2013 Wells is proud to announce the opening of their brand new municipal pool, located on Shoshone Ave. The original pool was damaged beyond repair from the 2008 earthquake and with great effort from the City Council and community members funds were generated through numerous sources to move forward with the construction of this new and beautiful facility.
There is a large variety of swimming activities to choose from at the pool but you will have to call them for their weekly schedules. You can just go swim too. For more information please call: 775-752-3956.
Wells also has great annual events like the "Wells Fun Run Car Show", "PRCA Senior Rodeos", "Wells High School Rodeo", "Wells Junior Rodeo", "The Charlie Nannini Invitational Chariot Races", "Race to The Angel" "Old Time Fiddlers Contest" and the "National Cross-Country MotoCross Races" just to name a few. We also provide access to "Guest Ranches" and have several Outfitters & Guide Services. Believe it or not, one of the darkest places on the Earth for viewing the night sky is just out of town and well worth the drive on a moonless night. (You will be amazed at what you can see. UFO's? Perhaps. You may even see a 41' Custom Ford Coupe Cruising the streets and that can even be in the daytime).
Academic and Technical Education follows a path from Pre-School to College. These services are provided by the Elko County School District'(Combined Schools), and the 'Great Basin Community College' which carries a 'Four Year Accreditation' for some degrees.
Wells, Nevada is approximately 5622 feet above sea level (some say about 10 to 12 feet higher) and has a current population of about 1350 (some say more) combined with the adjacent Clover & Starr Valleys. Wells Time Zone is PST - Pacific Standard Time and we do recognize Day Light Savings Time here.
Wells is still one place in this world that the adventurous, the investor and the dreamer can truly come and 'Build an Empire!'
We may be small but we're big on hospitality.
Information Resources for Nevada:
Nevada Business Journal
Nevada Commission On Tourism
Wells Annual Fun Run
Show & Shine Car Show
Nevada Roads - NDOT
CNN Storm Center
NOAA Home Page
Earth at Night
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NEWS SOURCES ~
Elko Daily Press
Las Vegas Sun
RANCH and FARM ~
Nevada Cattlemen's Assc.
NV Cattlemen's Beef Assc.
Country of Origin Labeling
TOP STORIES ~
NETWORK NEWS ~
NATIVE AMERICAN NEWS ~
Gathering of Nations
Indian Country News
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Don't forget to return for another exciting episode of Wells, Nevada On Line. You just never know what's going to happen next...and neither do we. That's the adventure. C'ya then!
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