Abra Logar

Polisci 222



Research Paper Outline



·        Start with ebasicf introduction of topic. Include detailed description of thesis (tentative thesis: The evolution of the class action has resulted in the retention of a useful legal anachronism.)

·        Summary of what a class action lawsuit is. Include also brief definition of tort; an alarming number of people donft know what tort is.

·        Statement of paper objective and relevance.

Main body:

·        Brief (1-11/2 paragraph) contrast between modern and medieval group litigation, supported by reference materials.

·        In-depth discussion of early group litigation:

o       Difference in attitude between ancient and modern perceptions of the group, and the validity of such litigation.

o       Results of early group litigation.

o       Court bias of early group litigation.

·        Use a comparison between modern and ancient group litigation as a vehicle to illustrate the differences. Cover:

o       Adequate representation of parties. (Include the enecessary partiesf clause of the sixteenth-eighteenth centuries.)

o       Perceived historical legitimacy of group litigation.

o       More stuff as yet to be determined.

·        The politics of group litigation in different time periods; devote a paragraph to each.

·        The near-vanishing and reemergence of group litigation:

o       Describe the process.

o       Cover various reasons for the near-vanishment.

o       Describe the way group litigation came back.

·        The final evolution of the modern class action:

o       Segue from the vehicle of group litigationfs return.

o       Cover through the nineteenth and early twentieth century the changing in how a group or class is perceived and defined; at least three paragraphs.

o       A brief description of the process of the modern class action, with the context of its evolution from the old group litigation; three-five paragraphs.


·        Tie the end together with the beginning:

o       Segue from modern process to return to medieval origin.

o       Tie together any remaining loose ends.

·        Final conclusion; 1-2 paragraphs.