I. APPEAR (The Verb).
There are eight words (or expressions) rendered appear, &c., in the A.V., which are to be distinguished as follows : --
i. phaino = to shine forth so as to be seen : having reference to the manner in which a matter presents or shows itself, independently of any observer. Hence the word phenomenon.
ii. anaphainomai. Passive of No. i, with ana prefixed = to be shown forth, come to light, come into sight.
iii. epiphaino = to shine, shew light upon. No. i with epi (Ap. 104. ix).
iv. emphanizo = to cause to be manifested or shown plainly and clearly; used of causing that to be seen (or known) which would not otherwise have been cognizable by the unaided eye (or mind). It occurs ten times : Matt. 27:53. John 14:21,22. Acts 23:15, 22; 24:1; 25:2, 15. Heb. 9:24; 11:14. Cp. the Sept. use for Heb hodia (Ex. 33:13); and for amar (Est. 2:22).
v. phaneroo = to bring to light, make manifest. Cp. phaneros = manifest in No. viii below.
vi. optomai = to see with the eye, referring to the thing seen (objectively); thus differing from blepo (see Ap. 133. I. 5), which denotes the act of seeing or of using the eye.
vii. erchomai = to come. Rendered "appear" only in Acts 22:30, where all the critical texts (See Ap. 94) read sunerchomai = "come together".
viii. eimi phaneros = to be visible, manifest, or open to sight (phaneros, adj. of No. v, above, with eimi = to be). So rendered only in 1Tim. 4:15.
ix. apokalupto = to unveil so as to be visible to the eye.
i. apokalupsis = unveiling, revelation, manifestation. Hence Eng. "Apocalypse". From apo = from (Ap. 104. iv), and kalupto, to cover = uncovering, or unveiling. When used of a person it always denotes that he is visible. Occurs Luke 2:32. Rom. 2:5; 8:19; 16:25. 1Cor. 1:7; 14:6, 26. 2Cor. 12:1, 7. Gal. 1:12; 2:2. Eph. 1:17; 3:3. 2Thess. 1:7. 1Pet 1:7, 13; 4:31. Rev. 1:1.
ii. epiphaneia a shining forth upon. Hence,
Eng. epiphany. From No. iii, above.