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Chapter 4: Carbohydrates

Functions of carbohydrate



Disaccharides (Fig. 3-2)

Complex carbohydrates





Polysaccharide: Glycogen

Dietary Fiber

Health benefits of dietary fiber

Diverticula (Fig. 3-7)

Recommended CHO intake

Recommended dietary fiber intake

Recommendation for simple sugar intake

The rumors about sugar

The truth about sugar

Types of Sweeteners

Sugar substitutes

Sugar substitutes


Aspartame (NutraSweet)

Acesulfame (Sunette)

Other sugar substitutes

Sweetener paradox

A high-carbohydrate diet

Health benefits of a high-carbohydrate diet




Regulation of blood glucose

Role of the pancreas in blood glucose control

Function of Insulin

Function of Glucagon

Other hormonal influence

Diabetes Mellitus--Type I

Diabetes Mellitus--Type II

Consequences of uncontrolled blood glucose

Lactose Intolerance

What you can do if you are lactose intolerance

Dental Caries