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Microbiology

Chapter 2 The Microbial World Defined


  1. Prokaryote vs Eukaryote
    1. Basic structures
    1. Prokaryotic cells


Prokaryotes Eukaryotes

Nuclear Membrane Absent Present

Chromosomes Single molecule (ds) One or more pairs (ds)

Nuclear division No mitosis Mitosis

Ribosomes 70S 80S

Flagella (when present) Submicroscopic Microscopic

Cell wall Present & complex Simple when present

Organelles Absent Usually present


 

  1. Principles of Classification
    1. Basic taxonomy
    1. Five Kingdoms of Living Things
    1. Kingdom Animalia
    1. Kingdom Plantae
    1. Kingdom Fungi
    1. Kingdom Protista

Unicellular organisms (algae)

Protozoa

    1. Kingdom Monera
  1. The Prokaryotes and Viruses
    1. Bacterial Morphology
    1. Size
    1. Shape
    1. Cocci
    1. Bacilli or Rods
    1. Spirilla
    1. Group Patterns
    1. Coccal Patterns

pairs

    1. Bacillary Patterns
    1. Spirilla
    1. Cell Wall


Cell Wall

Outer layer

 


Inner layer Cell Membrane

 

 

    1. Gram-positive
    1. Gram-negative
    1. Other

 

    1. Capsule
    1. Cell Membrane
    1. Flagella
    1. Pili (Fimbriae)
    1. Internal Structures
    1. Nuclear Material
    1. DNA
    1. Bacterial DNA
    1. Plasmids
    1. RNA
    1. Ribosomes
    1. Protein Synthesis
    1. Bacterial endospores
    1. Rickettsiae and Chlamydiae
    1. Rickettsiae
    1. Chlamydiae
    1. Viruses, Viroids and Prions
    1. Viruses

a) Morphology & Classification

    1. Viral nucleocapsid

b) Reproduction

    1. RNA Viruses
    1. DNA Viruses
    1. Retroviruses
    1. Viroids
    1. Prions
  1. The Eukaryotes
    1. Protozoa
    1. Rhizopoda
    1. Morphology
    1. Reproduction & Encystment
    1. Amebic infection
    1. Ciliophora
    1. Zoomastigina
    1. Intestinal flagellates
    1. Hemoflagellates
    1. Apicomplexa
    1. Fungi
    1. Morphology

 

 

 

    1. Zygomycota
    1. Ascomycota
    1. Basidiomycota
    1. Deuteromycota
  1. Animal Parasites
    1. Nemathelminths
    1. Platyelminths