Site hosted by Angelfire.com: Build your free website today!

Chapter 1 Biology as a Science


  1. Biology as a Science
    1. What is Science?
    1. What is Biology?
    1. What Characterizes Life?

1) Definitions of Life.

    1. Cessation of breathing
    2. Cessation of brain activity

2) Characteristics of Life

    1. Organization
    2. Response to Stimuli
    3. Metabolism & Homeostasis
    4. Reproduction
    5. Growth
    6. Adaptation & Variability
  1. Scientific Method


Observations

Formulate a Hypothesis


Design a Controlled Experiment

Prior Knowledge Collect Data

Interpret Data



Draw Conclusions

 

    1. What is a Hypothesis?
    1. Verifiable vs. Falsifiable Hypotheses
    1. What kind of statements are not hypotheses?
    1. Specific vs. General Hypotheses
    1. How do you devise a hypothesis?
    1. Deduction => Reasoning from general to specific
    2. Induction => Reasoning from specific to general.
    3. Other ways => intuition, analogy, serendipity,

religious/philosophical ideas.

    1. What is a Theory?
    1. How do you test a Hypothesis?
    1. Naturalistic Science

 

    1. Experimental Science
  1. Science in a Cultural Context


Ethics and Social Decision Making


  1. Morals as guidelines for Everyday Conduct
    1. Moral Codes
    1. Ethics
    1. How do you resolve Moral Conflicts?

 

 

 

 

  1. Ethical Systems
    1. Deontological Systems
    1. Utilitarian Systems
    1. Egoism
    1. Natural-law Ethics
    1. Ethical Relativism
  1. Ethical Decisions of a Democratic Sociey.
  1. Animal Experimentation
    1. Uses/ Abuses of Animals
    1. Justification for animal use
    2. Animals as test subjects
    3. Regulation of animal use
    1. Animal rights movement
    2. Current Debates
    3. Humans as Experimental Subjects