by  Stewart Traill
To the Glory of God

(Colors of the entire Bible)
Date  of  first edition:  December 29, 1975
Worcester,  Massachusetts

COLOR          CODE



                            CHRISTIAN LIFE

                            HOLY SPIRIT

                            AND THE DEVIL


      GRAY              GOD'S TEACHING TOOLS AND



      BROWN           HUMAN NATURE


                                                                  COLORED BIBLE


                 About the colored Bible Explanatory in nature -- Fully describing the nature, construction, and 'use of the Colored Bible as a whole, from both a theoretical and practical viewpoint; much use of logical reasoning in proceeding
from concept to defense of final  arrangement.


           About the usages of the Colors. More technical or mechanical than Part One -- concentrating on fully describing the basis of the color-subject relationships, color by color and giving much information on their application and use.

                                                      UNDERSTANDING THE COLORED  BIBLE

                     Table of Contents

       PART ONE: About the Colored Bible
Ch. I      The Nature, Purpose and Plan of this Book
Ch. 2      Bible Teaching                                                                           4
Ch. 3      What is the Colored Bible?                                                        6
Ch. 4      The Need for the Colored Bible
Ch. 5      Background and Development of the Colored Bible                  12
Ch. 6      The Nature of the   Colored Bible                                             14
Ch. 7      The Purpose of the   Colored Bible                                           16
Ch. 8      The Elements of the Colored Bible                                            18
Ch. 9      General Usage Color Explanation                                              20
Ch. 10     Specific Color Usage Directions                                               21
Ch. 11     The Seven Size Scales of Context                                            24
Ch. 12     About the Use of the Colored Bible                                          26
Ch. 13     How to Use the Colored Bible                                                 28
Ch. 14     The Value of the Colored  Bible                                               32
Ch. 15     Limitations and Problems in the Colored Bible                          36
Ch. 16     The Colors of the Whole Bible                                                 39

                    Chapter One

     The Nature, Purpose and Plan of this Book

         As the title suggests, the purpose of this book is to promote understanding of the Colored Bible, to the end that its benefits might be more widely appreciated. The Colored Bible can be used quite effectively with no more than the statement of the Color Code.  But, as in everything else, more is to be gained and appreciated by understanding one's tools than by only mechanically applying them.  For that purpose, this present work is prepared. The need for and interest in the effective use of the Colored Bible has evolved to the point where the effort invested in this book is justified, although the Colored Bible itself will not be complete for a long time. The Colored Bible is only emerging and so is this work, which is its explanation.  The Colored Bible will come to be of extreme significance in our fellowship and it is important that it be understood by all so that it may be effectively used as a teaching tool. As the Colored Bible develops further, the importance of this present book will increase and it will be reworked with more material added.  This edition of Understanding the Colored Bible was hastily put together and is both lacking in material and unpolished. Suggestions for its improvement will be gratefully received and will be laid up and considered in time for the next edition.
         The author is aware of his lack of understanding of and appreciation for several areas of the Bible (e.g. Ezekial 1& Exodus 40,etc.). Yet he here begins the task of making the Bible understood by explaining the Colored Bible, which is and will continue to be his basic vehicle for communicating the intent, meaning, and truths of scripture.  He is presently more concerned with the proper outline of this present work and with pointing to the meaningful areas of consideration than with being exhaustive in each one of them. 'With these reservation, the author considers the present work to be a sufficient guide to the proper introduction and use of the Colored Bible.
       This book will be found to be apologetic in nature in that its purpose is to explain the use of and justify the existence of the Colored Bible.  It is designed to help people to understand and then to use the Colored Bible in such a way as to be able to more effectively benefit from it and to appreciate its value than would otherwise be possible.  An effort is made to justify its existence by setting down in order the thinking behind it to aid in its being used by all with common understanding. Part One is designed to show the nature and workings of the Colored Bible.  It attempts to show a necessary connection between the Colored Bible and Understanding the Bible. The chapters are written, arranged and titled so as to give insight concerning the Colored Bible by means of giving many different angles of sight and thus several "handles" on it. Although the chapters follow on each other and in many instances directly rely on the material covered in the previous chapters, there is no danger in beginning to study this work "In medius res", that is, from the middle out.  One should read the titles and then read and learn several chapters that interest him. But it is most important to get understanding about the Colored Bible as one learns to use it. Nevertheless, it is not necessary to digest this present book before one can begin to handle the Colored Bible.  This is especially true of the young and less learned. Except for "What is the Colored Bible?", generally, the first half is theoretical while the second half is practical.  A quick reading of the titles should reveal that the book is planned in this fashion and one should read with this plan in mind.

      Part Two is more empirical in nature and  more technical than Part One.  It defines in fuller terms the mating of the colors to areas of Bible teaching.  The outline of Part Two is quite simple and mechanical.  Each of the ten colors are to be dealt with in ten ways so as to give a uniform and controlled means of comparing one color usage with another.  The ten considerations applied to each color are discussed in the introduction to Part Two.  The colors are arranged and listed in order of their "official importance".  It will be seen that the discussion of the meaning of the color turquoise is particularly incomplete in that it was changed immediately prior to this writing. The color gray has also undergone considerable development only recently.  Some other colors are also seen to be appreciably less developed than others in this first edition.  The imperfections of the present work arise first and foremost from the limitations of its author, both those that are inherent in him and those of his incomplete view and abilities.  We pray that these will be of less significance at the time of the next edition. One must appreciate the author's difficulties in explaining an evolving understanding through an evolving method.  Some of the areas under discussion are improperly developed and imbalanced, both in amount of material and in emphasis.  But hopefully this will also be repaired by the time of the second edition.

                  Chapter Two

                 Bible Teaching

       The subject of Bible teaching is in need of far more development than is attempted here. The present purpose is only to show a place for the Colored Bible in this area with respect to the inherent problems of teaching in general, which approximate those of a cat chasing its tail, and those faced by those who would follow in the footsteps of our
Teacher, by instructing others in understanding the Bible.
       The fundamental problem of all teachers is that of having to simultaneously increase the student's knowledge and understanding of the chosen area of study, while, at the same time, having to motivate him to begin, continue, and complete those studies. Although the beginner may desire proficiency in the chosen field, the teacher is unable to "lend" it to him as both would like; but he must rely on the demonstration of his own proficiency, the rewards of it, and other extraneous lures to motivate the student, somewhat unconsciously, to apply himself to study and to "master" the subject.
       The proper work of every Bible instructor is that of attractively presenting the truths of the Bible in such a fashion as to develop understanding and appreciation in the minds and the hearts of the hearers.  More especially, his problem is represented by the gap between the student's initial development, abilities, understanding, background, and appreciation for the scriptures -- the increase of which is itself a powerful motivation for further study -- and his interest in and need for proper development, and even repair, in these pre-requisite areas before the Bible can be rightly handled!  He must begin with some simple, central and attractive concepts and methods that can be grasped by the student, and which lead  him to a deeper appreciation of the nature of scripture, and which furthers his ability to handle it and his interest in doing so.  If  the student is to be able to maturely, safely, and accurately handle the Word himself, he must increasingly see a connection between his teacher's direction and that of the Bible itself.
          Furthermore, he must increasingly see the same foundation and order in both, which also must appear to him to be the foundation and order of all creation, and finally of God's will.  The experience of our fellowship and the law of diminishing returns, when applied to this problem, show it most efficient to initially aim the student at a level of understanding found somewhere between that afforded by sending him to learn Greek and Hebrew at a seminary on the one hand, and on the other hand, that provided by sending him to the college of hard knocks, armed only with several salvation verses.  The Colored Bible and the present work aim at this compromise while stressing the importance of a clear sight of, and need to build upon the established framework of the Bible as right interpretation progressively reveals it to the student. In the case of a teacher of the Bible, the enormities of the problems are matched only by the importance of the work.  Yet when  his sight and motivation are sound, he has help greatly beyond that of other teachers. In our case, our Shepherd supplies what is lacking in the abilities of those whose hearts are looking to Him through the kindly ministrations of the Holy Spirit, the Spirit of Truth, who renders the teacher's problems workable and the student's frustrations manageable.

            Chapter Three

              What is the Colored  Bible?

          Strictly speaking, there is no such thing as the Colored Bible in that the text itself is not colored or tinted, nor does it yet exist as a finished work, but is only emerging verse by verse.  Even Colored John is far from finished.  It is no different from any other Bible except for variously placed rows of colored circles which are associated with various areas of the text both large and small. Most rows have about five colors in them, although some may have only one or two and some have all ten.  To some of the colored circles are added other markings to signify "relative importance".  There are rows that apply to phrases, verses, passages, chapters, books, and even to the entire Bible. Later there will be several numbers assigned to each color and attached to each circle in order to show further subdivisions of meaning.
          The Colored Bible affords a degree of immediate understanding and direction in an easy fashion that is an introduction to the deeper teaching of Understanding the Bible, from which it descends and to which it is a companion.  Ideally the Colored Bible should be seen as a sort of prism that breaks up the Bible's light of understanding into various single lights, or colors, that can more easily be handled by all Christians in order to facilitate their coming to see and be able to use the light itself.  To each color is assigned a particularly important area of Bible teaching and interest In a remarkably appropriate fashion, and the presence of a color in the row of circles associated with any given area  indicates that the assigned area of teaching Is being dealt with in that area of the text. Phrase colors are found in the text itself,.verse colors in the margins, passage colors at the head of the passage, chapter colors beside the chapter  number, book colors under the title, and the  colors of the entire Bible on the cover page.
          The Colored Bible cannot truly be called a commentary, although in its final form it will be such a safe and simple guide to the true interpretation of the Bible that it will in effect be a sort of commentary.  It should be used in conjunction with Understanding the Bible, the Reference Bible, a concordance, word frequency lists, and other Bible helps. In its final form, the Colored Bible will not be bound to the passage and verse divisions, nor to any present printing formats, but will cross over these 'boundaries" to display the meanings of phrases within the text of each verse and across them when so needed, and will also display the meanings of the whole verse as well as those of the passage, chapter, and book.  The author hopes to produce a special edition of the entire Bible in this fashion, and only  then will there truly be a Colored  Bible.


            The Need for the Colored Bible

          In general, the word "need" speaks of  a partial or complete vacuum. When speaking of a need, one's thoughts quickly turn to the relationship between desired goals, problems, and tools.  Before something can be said to be needed, it should be shown that it succeeds in overcoming pressing problems more effectively than alternate answers.  Consequently, it must be shown that the Colored Bible is needed by showing that it overcomes problems faced by the Church today in doing God's will.  The present problem is well seen by considering the condition of five classes of people today, and then their need is made clear by comparing how these classes ought to relate together, and instead, what in fact occurs, and why, as they press on or stumble on, as the case may be, toward the desired goal.  The five classes are:
          1. The entire Church
          2. Bible teachers
          3. Christians in general
          4. New Christians
          5. The world

          The immensity of the task of right Bible teaching, the difficulties caused by our nature, our poor view and viewpoint, and our present historical condition are major problems in one's coming to understand the Bible. These problems are greatly compounded by the sad social condition of the world today, so long after it was visited by truth and hope. Far from having been raised in a Christian environment, the average young person today is mildly hostile toward Jesus, largely because of the Church's unfaithfulness in its mission to him.  He has heard only enough about Jesus and His salvation to be inoculated against Him.  He is as a wounded tiger and only ready to fight back having been mis-handled, and the cause of his subsequent rebellion being misunderstood.  Even when he is led to decide to follow Jesus he must begin learning the Bible from the simplest first principles, and so a simple yet effective and challenging opening is needed for him.  In is growth, he needs much help from his elder brothers, yet among older Christians today, there is an appalling lack of interest in and devotion to the Bible.  Whole areas of scripture are laid aside as "Irrelevant" because they cannot be dealt with by present methods and thus much needed teaching is lost.
          We ought to be able to speak of Christians as one body, but sadly we see that this is impossible.  The Church was long ago fractured into self-serving parties of local interest and the initial failure of the remedy of repression has only been replaced by the failure of anarchy as "freedom of religion" has only succeeded in producing chaos among men.
          The problem is that there is no standard of understanding among Christians and their teachers.  Indeed the word understanding is seldom used.  There is thus necessarily a certain area of uncertainty and confusion in the Church in that the framework of the Bible is neither seen nor taught, and least of all with respect to the clear sight available through true interpretation. Unlike any flock of physical sheep, Christians today generally see themselves as free to do as they please, and ultimately Christians only consciously unite in fellowship in things that inherently appeal to them. Surely it is God's will that this bleak picture be improved and that His shattered temple be rebuilt. Thus, in whatever time is left to us before the close of the age, Christians must seek and pursue right Bible understanding if they are to unite in anything higher than convenience or if the authority of truth and understanding is to reign among Christians in unity, peace, and strength. The author contends that the absence of God's teaching methods and the ignorance among teachers of the keys of knowledge is necessarily the cause of the Church's present weakness.  This is further aggravated by the desire on the part of Christians to be "at ease", and their opportunity to do so, in the absence of forceful teaching, creates a situation similar to the days of Judges, as each one teaches as he individually sees best and  "teachers" unknowingly fill only the office of preacher.  In the absence of order, each  "teacher" answers only to himself, and seldom tries to show that his teaching or his method  is valid and necessarily descending from God's revealed will and methods.
         Although much of God's will and plan can be understood and appreciated by individuals through present methods, they are weak enough to be fertile ground for schism, heresy, division, and disunity, and if one is so foolish as to try to build a house there, the final structure will reveal confusion and weakness. The basic teaching of salvation and several other doctrines are rather well presented by many, yet unless these teachers themselves clearly understand true Bible interpretation and God's teaching methods, then their teaching value must be short-lived at best to the convert.  When right Bible teaching is ignored or replaced even by other good things, failure must be the result, and such has been the case  in the history of the Christian Church.  Unless teaching is directly, clearly, and fully descending from the Bible and unless it conforms to God's method of teaching as shown in Understanding the Bible, it will necessarily be weak at best and is usually found to be much worse.  Unhappily we know of no teachers who are correctly teaching today, in that we know of none who understand and rightly handle the only true method of handling the Bible as shown in the scripture itself.  We hasten to add, though, that at least in the most critical areas, many seem to come to much understanding of God's will without it, by the mercy of God through the Holy Spirit.
         Finally, understanding of the Bible is the need, and help in this area was sought in a fashion that would be immediate, simple, and yet lasting.  A method was sought that would display the teachings of scripture to provide true direction for individuals and for the Church.  While it is true that Understanding the Bible does this, there are three problems in applying it to this problem:
         1. It provides little immediate direction for new Christians;
         2. It is itself a method that requires considerable effort to understand; and
         3. It does not yet exist.

    So a compromise was needed.  Clear sight must be restored in an immediate way so that its benefits can be enjoyed while understanding is being developed.  But to develop this understanding and to give the available view is itself a lengthy process; thus it is as an initial guide to this understanding that the Colored Bible is being developed.  The need is for a process that is easily learned, attractive, and motivating, and which approximates, at least for beginners, the direction and understanding to be found in Understanding the Bible.  The Colored Bible fits this description and is that identifiable standard easily opened to the new and young, and leading to much understanding and appreciation of the scriptures.  It is as an aid in the orderly handling of the duties of teachers and instructors that the Colored Bible is being developed. Its "teaching" descends immediately from and is easily traceable to and thus justified by Understanding the Bible.


   Background to the Development of the Colored  Bible

        The initial view of the author is that of great concern for the pursuit, discovery, and application of the methods that God intended us to use when handling His Word.  The author turns neither to the right nor left in his determination to accurately teach the Word. He lays claim to being neither liberal nor fundamental, but only to that of pursuing, finding and displaying the purposes of God as hidden in the Bible and of being faithful to His will and intent as discovered therein. In his approach, he aims at pointing out what is being said and "where it is coming from" but attempts to avoid doctrinal connections unless they are clearly and directly intended. He admits the possibility of arbitrary thrusts coming from the latter statement, but such is the dilemma of all who claim to see and present the purpose, teaching and meaning of scripture. Because of the nature of the method and its intended purpose, the author admits to leaning toward the former and thus points more toward what is said than what is meant; although the method lends itself well to displaying the area of meaning also, and the author avails himself of the opportunity to use the Colored Bible to teach what Understanding the Bible shows more deeply.  The author is convinced that his choice of the ten areas faithfully reflects this understanding.  Nevertheless, even if he is perfectly accurate and faithful in pointing to and arranging all meanings of all verses in proper order, he still is acting as an interpreter in the choice of those ten subjects, and the justification of, or at least the display of the claimed need for those decisions is meaningful.  The author recognizes this.  However, the need for this is greatly reduced when it is considered that the choice of these ten areas is such that any other subject could easily and appropriately be included in one of the existing ten as a subcategory, and that no scriptural subject or interest is is ignored by this  method.

Chapter Six

            The Nature of the Colored Bible

           The nature of things is dependent upon their conception and it is helpful to consider what makes the Colored Bible the way it is -- what lies behind it -- for its real nature is deeper than the simple rows of colors might suggest.  The heart of the nature of the Colored Bible lies not so much in the assignment of colors as in the choice of and definition of the areas of meaning with which they are associated.  These decisions largely fix the nature of the Colored Bible, and the decisions themselves must be based on deeper insight.  This in dealt with at greater length in Chapter Sixteen.
          The Colored Bible is as it were a vehicle or a channel whereby the author's true sight and understanding of scripture might be safely delivered and handled.  Especially now during its developmental period, the Colored Bible is more a method than a book. To the mature, the accumulated understanding of the teachings and methods of scripture form the background and framework of one's approach to an interpretation of any passage or verse.  The Colored Bible aids in providing this needed but lacking basis for the immature by visually displaying the areas of meaning and the thrust of purpose of each verse and passage so clearly that children can easily obtain a basic appreciation and understanding of the interpretation of scripture.  Nor will this guide become useless to them when in their maturity they themselves are teaching new Christians, for they will then both more appreciate the Colored Bible and be better equipped to teach with it when they themselves more deeply understand the necessary reasons for the arrangement of the colors. The Colored Bible should be seen as mid-way between the Bible itself and valid creeds such as the "Apostle's Creed." It links the two extremes and makes both more meaningful. The truths being pointed to in the Colored Bible are fixed in scripture and seen by the author, yet the student is more aware of a sense of discovery than of being led.  The Colored Bible is planned to present the maximum amount of directed information and explanation from and leading the student toward the much deeper work, Understanding the Bible.  It is planned to do this with the minimum amount of pre-requisite and effort on the part of the student, and no more is needed to begin than some understanding of the usage of each of the ten colors.  However, the student can deepen his understanding of the nature of the Colored Bible and his appreciation for it by applying himself to the present work, and to the study of Understanding The Bible, and it is hoped that the reader will deepen his commitment to God's will and intent by carefully studying these works and following their direction.

Chapter Seven

        The Purpose of the Colored Bible

       This chapter has a very simple sound to it purposely. The last three chapters were theoretical in nature, but from here on, the chapters will be more practical.  They describe some of the ways that the Colored Bible implements some of the directions set in the previous chapters.
       "Purpose" is a word that speaks of direction.  It must be the basis, the thrust of a plan to fill a certain need.  In the case at hand, when speaking of the purpose of the Colored Bible, we ought to deal with the relationship between its design and the desired results in order to show what it ought to achieve.
       Simply stated, the purpose of the Colored Bible is to make it easier to see and understand the meaning of each verse and the patterns running, through the passages.  It increases an appreciation for right interpretation by identifying what is being said and by indirectly pointing to its purpose in being said as shown by the true interpretation of the Bible.  It is designed to show the common denominators between passages, to indirectly show their common roots and to develop an appreciation for their properly fitting together.  It is also designed to help people pick out the more  important "focal point" verses of the messages of the Bible.  It does this by defining and displaying relationships of areas of the Bible,  large and small, areas of the meaning and message of the Word.  Thus the Colored Bible will begin to bridge the enormous gap between the available understanding of the bible and the present condition of Bible students, especially new ones. While the Colored Bible is aimed at all new Christians, it is especially helpful for those who are young humanly.  It will also be found useful by those who have been Christians for years but who have never developed a proper concern for interpretation.  It is also designed as an aid to those who have decided to seriously seek their Creator, including those who have not yet been born again (Psalm 119:13O). It will serve as an easy introduction to the basic truths of scripture while simultaneously simplifying deeper doctrinal study for those who are more mature.

Chapter Eight

        The Elements of the "Colored Bible"

        This chapter is related to:
        1. What is the Colored Bible'?
        2. The Nature of the Colored Bible.

    It is also important to the understanding of the subsequent; five chapters.
        As the title suggests, this chapter is concerned with the identification and description of those things, the sum of which constitutes the Colored Bible.  Some of these elements are tangible, while others are not, but, taken as a whole, they are the tools of the coding and decoding process that has much to do with the nature and workings of the Colored Bible.  Some of them are more tangible than others and they can thus be broadly divided into two categories, those that are tangible and those that are intangible.  'The intangible elements which are more difficult to handle have been and are more properly handled at greater length in other chapters; as the present chapter is more concerned with the tangible elements, nevertheless both are here discussed.  The elements as a group would be those that are not seen physically, while the tangible ones are those with visible direction.

The intangible elements are generally listed as follows;
1. the decision fixing the division of Bible teaching into ten areas and the naming of those ten areas;
2. the assignment of an appropriate color to each of the ten subject areas;
3. the total arrangement of the circles, that is, the teaching;
4. context information and thus direction; and decisions to include or reject more fringe connection, meaning, and    applications.

         In general, the tangible elements are those that are seen and handled and are the easy means of the student's dealing with the intangible elements.  While gratefully acknowledging the help afforded by Flair Pens, the list of the tangible elements of the Colored Bible must be restricted to the following:
         1. presence of the colored circles;
         2. order of the colored circles;
         3. relative importance;
         4. patterns in surrounding passages;
         5. small numbers within the circles; and
         6. "nuggie" color.

Chapter Nine

            General Color Usage Explanation

           In that such important factors as the definitions of the basic sub-categories of each of the colors are unprepared at the time of this edition, this chapter must necessarily be lacking.  However, much understanding of this subject can be gained from reading the other areas of this book without its all being directly collected here.
           It is important to realize that, far from being capricious, the color explanations in Part Two of Understanding the Colored Bible are purposely aimed at the common denominators which unite each of their sub-categories.  These color explanations are concurrently aimed at accurately and faithfully applying to and describing the nature of each of the ten chosen areas of Bible teaching being displayed by the Colored Bible.  Thus the student can take hope in seeing that the Colored Bible is truly designed as a bridge across the gap between what he reads and what God is teaching.
           It is also helpful to understand the relative nature of several of the workings of the color usages.  In a sense, all colors apply to all verses and, in the last analysis, only order is most significant in terms of context and true meaning.  Every verse and every passage has elements of every color in it if one searches far and wide.  But colors are only recorded in the Colored Bible at a certain point of direct applicability which, in the designed philosophy of the Colored Bible, tends toward the exhaustive rather than the surface level. Finally, as dealt with at length in Chapter Fourteen, it is necessary to have the view of the workings of the colors as being discreet and yet harmonious, if one is to appreciate the value and derive the maximum benefits from the Colored Bible,

Chapter Ten

            Specific Color Usage Directions

          The nature of the usage of each color is explained at some length in the rest of the present work, yet each of the subjects dealt with by these ten areas of Bible teaching must be treated in separate works and at much greater-length.  The present comments are designed only to point to the value of each area and not to teach concerning them.  A great deal more could be said and taught concerning the usages of each of these colors, but this will be enough at first; and later, as there is more experience in using them, more can be added.
          Given the Color Code, the Colored Bible becomes at least partly self-explanatory. Clearly, the various colors are announcing by their presence that their singular and special areas of study are to be found in that particular area of the text.  Yet several other things need further explanation, as this was only partly done in Chapter Eight, and it is necessary that the workings of the "tangible elements" listed therein now be more fully described.
          We have seen that the mere presence of a colored circle indicates only the presence of the appropriate area of a scriptural teaching in that passage.  Beyond that, when a certain color appears first in order, it is because that verse or passage is primarily concerned with the subject covered by the color.  If another color appears second in order, it simply means that that subject is the one aimed at secondly in that passage and is of secondary importance, and so on through all the colors.  The order of the colors, moving from left to right, indicates the decreasing order of significance of those areas of teaching in that passage.  It should be observed  that the order of the colors becomes less  meaningful as one proceeds from left to right.
       Generally, only  the first three colors  really accurately show  the true order of significance.  Many of the colored circles have markings within them, such as 'x" and "-" The first one, "x", means that the particular verse is very, very important to the subject dealt with by that particular color.  The second one,"-", means that the verse contains lesser but still  important insight into the area represented by its color.  The "relative importance" that is being displayed is that of the level of significance of the appropriate teaching in that particular passage.  It does not necessarily show the reverse, namely, the significance of that passage to the teaching. The patterns in surrounding passages may give clues as to the context of the passage at hand.  In my given case, context information would be derived from the six scales of groups of colored circles other than the one being studied, there being seven in all (Chapter Eleven).  Another generality that needs to be observed and dealt with is the relationship between each of the first two or three colors of each verse in a particular passage.

One, two or three colors may appear strongly,  Indicating that the entire passage is directly dealing with those special areas.  In the completed Colored Bible, many passages will have colored lines running from color to color and from verse, to verse in a follow-the-dots fashion, generally within the first one or two colors.  This, when done, will drastically show the presence of a particular subject and its considerable significance to the meaning of that passage!  As an example, if in any passage of ten verses, orange appeared in the top three of all the verses, one could conclude  that the passage is largely teaching about  Christian life.  Or if in a passage of five verses, green appeared in either of the first two positions of the colors of each verse, one would look for teaching about preaching and witnessing.  The small black numbers, later to be included within the colored circles, will indicate at least two things.  The first set of numbers located in the bottom half of the circle will indicate which sub-category or sub-categories of the meaning of that particular color are to be found in the area under consideration.  As an example, purple shows many things about God.  Some of them are his kingship, his love, his fatherhood, etc.  Each of these sub-categories will receive a number as a further guide to the true interpretation, as will all the other colored circles.  In order to accomplish this, of course, the lists of the sub-categories of the meaning of each of the colors will have to be listed, numbered and published in a latter edition of Understanding the Colored Bible.  The second usage of the small black numbers will be that of a single number, found in the top half of the inside of the colored circle.  When more than one sub-category of a color is to be found in any area being studied, this number will indicate it.  No number will appear when, as often happens, there is only one sub-category present.
           Finally, passages thus designated as  "nuggies" are appropriately colored yellow, as gold, partly because this light tint does not affect the reading of the text which will be totally filled in  by this color.

Chapter Eleven

           The Seven Size Scales of Context

           There are, as it were, seven scales of length and size divisions in the Bible, as it presently stands with its several divisions.
      These are:
           1. the entire Bible,
           2. the two Testaments,
           3. book,
           4. chapter,
           5. passage,
           6. verse, and
           7. Phrase
           The meaning in each of the scales, especially the most "natural", is generally continuous and interconnected to the others; and thus an overview of each is desirable and even necessary in coming to understand the nature of the Bible and the meaning of its messages.
      The scale of colors most difficult to define is that of the first and largest -- that of the entire Bible itself.  This is because one  must interpret most areas and be certain of their meanings before he can attempt this task. Yet, once it is done, it is of great benefit to others in coming to understand the relationship between the Bible and the Colored Bible.  In this present work, "the die is cast" to the extent of a presentation and discussion of the colors of the entire Bible as seen through the eyes of the true interpretation of the Bible (Chapter Sixteen).
           Yet the whole is also made up of the sum of its parts, and to consider the other and of the scale, we must most often deal with the colors of verse and phrase, which more immediately enhance and even reflect each other to the end that the meaning of verse and passage quite readily appear.  Happily, the colors of a single thought or phrase are also the easiest to determine, while verse and passage problems are on a level of difficulty easily handled by those with minimal experience in the method of  the Colored Bible, which is particularly well designed to aim at understanding on a passage level.  It should be noted that the seven scales of color guidance find their optimum midrange value in that especially useful area, just as the midrange of an automobile speedometer is set to be most accurate in the 50 to 60 mph speed scale.
         In later editions of this present work, more will be said about the other context scales, such as the difference between the colors of the Old and New Testaments.  For it is well-known that when dealing with a passage, context is of great significance.  With this in mind, the colors of each book and chapter will be given with the hope that they will be consulted for oversight and in order to find a home for the meaning of the area most under consideration, which is that of the passages.
    One will thus be well-armed and prepared when using this system to begin training himself to discover, see, and understand the meanings of larger areas of the Bible, to appreciate their relationships with each other and finally, in
his maturity, to lay hold of the available view of the will and nature of God.

Chapter  Twelve

About  the Use of the Colored Bible

        This chapter is a surface approach to the actual use of the understanding and techniques described in detail throughout much of this book -- principally in Chapters Three, Eight, Nine, Ten, Thirteen and Sixteen.  It will be developed more fully later, as will many other chapters, when the problems in using the Colored Bible become clearer.  The understanding of the use of this book will also be enhanced later by the publishing of an "Answer Book" of sorts which will list the teachings pointed to by the various elements in many of the more important verses and passages.
         In beginning to seriously handle the Colored Bible, one should first seek to gain the understanding available from the present work and to faithfully apply it to his studies. He should be familiar with the colors of the whole Bible and the reasons for their choice and be able to descend through book, chapter and passage in this fashion to the scale and area being considered.
         The student should pursue maximum training benefit by trying to find the "answers" himself by means of working "down and up" simultaneously -- that is, to use the directions given in the Colored Bible as a safe guide to his own attempts to understand the scriptures, being careful to use the usual interpretation methods as the perfect path to the meaning, since it came by that path and was then coded into the Colored Bible.
         Yet there are other less obvious matters that must be kept in mind as one handles the Colored Bible.  In searching for the right understanding contained in this system, one must remember that each colored circle often aims at more than one meaning in each usage. So he should consider the sub-categories carefully, remembering also that sometimes the use of a mere word is enough to justify the inclusion of another color or of another sub-category, and that two "similar" colors might appear together in a single verse or passage, etc., for it is possible for pink and red to be in the same row of colored circles, as well as blue and turquoise, or gray and green.
        Another general rule to be remembered is that the larger the area under consideration, the more overview is needed and more experience then required to safely handle the workings of the Colored Bible.  So beginners should handle the Colored Bible with some caution and good judgment and adhere closely to these directions and to those of Chapter Thirteen.

Chapter Thirteen

             How to Use the Colored Bible

         Finally, here are the practical rules for handling and using the Colored Bible.  Perhaps more than any other chapter, this one is based on the understanding derived from the entire book and is itself the pinnacle of its direction.
         First of all, in studying the context, the student must understand, something of the area in the one or two size scales directly above the one in question.. For example, since this chapter is based, an the assumption that understanding is first being sought on the verse level, the student should first familiarize himself somewhat with the chapter, and especially with the background and nature of the passage.  He should begin this by possibly considering the chapter colors, and then by reading the text of the passage several times before he examines any passage or verse color.  He should cover up these colors until he is ready to examine them, or else use another "uncolored" Bible.  Throughout the passage context study, he should make certain that he never sees the colors of the verse in question. He should then attempt to arrive at the passage colors himself, in writing, and to set down his reasons for choosing those colors.  He should then weigh the relative significance of the colors or at least of the first few of them without spending too much time.
          He should do all this as training for himself and to learn his mistakes in using this method.  Otherwise he will be "spoiled" by seeing the colors displayed before him and be "unable" to exercise himself to think independently, and thus lose the opportunity to gain the extra benefit of this training in learning the techniques of handling the Colored Bible. After doing this work faithfully, he is now rewarded by comparing his own passage colors with those of the Colored Bible, and probably being pleasantly surprised to see that  he was not far from the  truth!
        He will then be well motivated to carefully study the passage colors and to arrive at a fair understanding of the context of the passage itself and something of the chapter. He will do this largely by directly comparing the colors and their order of importance with the text itself and probably see some errors in his own color choices and even understand
why they were wrong.  He should especially be looking for those areas of meaning in and near the verse in question, and be looking for a common thread running through the verse and throughout the passage.
        Yet in pursuing understanding of the context of the verse, he has further help. In many cases, the general meaning of a passage can be seen by noting the predominant color seen in the first few colors of all the verses in a passage.  It will then be meaningful to deal with the first one or two colors of each verse, except the one in question, especially considering the "important ones" and then  lightly considering some of the "minor meanings" of the nearest verses.
        The student should now be ready to directly consider the verse itself, but still without seeing its colors.  He should do this in the same fashion as the passage context is studied. After reading the verse several times and comparing it with the context study information, he should set down in writing his idea of what the verse colors should be, their order, and
his major reasons for thinking thus.  Now the student is ready for the moment of truth!  He is ready to uncover the verse colors and to compare them with his own!  If he has carefully worked at the process described in this chapter, he will probably be overjoyed to see that his verse colors are even more accurate than his passage colors!  As an added twist, he can later study the phrase colors before uncovering the verse colors, and possibly have an even more accurate answer. The student should now be ready to "wrap it all up" by finally comparing his growing understanding of the verse with the Colored Bible's guidance-- by considering the sub-category numbers and  their hints -- and he probably saw many of them anyway!"
         This whole process is almost too easy and the added challenge of seeking understanding about whole passages far beyond that available in any context study will soon be welcomed by eager students.  This too will soon be found
to be "easy". To begin this next step, he should first repeat the process just described for each verse in the passage, remembering the context information derived before from the larger areas, for it will now be more meaningful. While he is forming his own ideas about the message of the whole passage, he should "step back" from those ideas and attempt to commensurate or relate them to the message contained in the passage colors and to the previously gained contextual insight.
         At this point, the student should become aware that the "voice" of these three independent witnesses, pointing to and focusing on the same understanding, is itself now emerging into his view to reward him with its light. It is written that "a man's wisdom makes his face shine and the hardness of his countenance is changed." (Ecc. 8:1) This is indeed true, especially when the student realizes that although he may be a novice at Bible interpretation, he can now extend this same process up and down and all around and quickly achieve a level of understanding with which he will be ready to enter into, be led by, and finally handle the Colored Bible's "parent", Understanding the Bible!  Then, when he himself sees and knows God's simple plan for handling  His Word, and when he can rightly handle it himself, he will be equipped to interpret
scripture without any guide other than the Holy Spirit!  But the understanding he then has will not surpass that which he "had" in the beginning, for he will then appreciate how it was his all along through the Color Bible!

Chapter Fourteen

            The Value of the Colored Bible

         Value is based on needs being met, and as we saw earlier, our need is for an attractive, motivating, rewarding, lasting, concise and easy to handle method of conveying the true Bible interpretation while increasing understanding and appreciation for it.  This chapter is particularly "apologetic" in that it speaks of the value of the Colored Bible by pointing out how it fills these needs.
         There are really three values to the Colored Bible. The first is the scripture itself, the second is the true teaching being
conveyed, and the third is our method.  In this chapter we will concentrate on the last one, which is the intrinsic value of the method. The Colored Bible is the result of mating an effective method with the right view of scripture.  It is the happy combination of deep and lasting teaching in an easy-to-handle format.  It gets a difficult job done and is an attractive and simple opening to considerable depths of serious content.
         The Colored Bible is simple enough to be inviting, challenging enough to be motivating, deep enough to be permanently helpful, and meaningful enough to be rewarding to a new convert as well as to an older Christian.  Its simplicity is that it can be used effectively at various levels, especially in conjunction with other Bible helps.  Its challenge is that it is only a guide and is far from a spoon- feeding.  In this sense, the Colored Bible can be called rewarding in that it easily conveys and promises to continue to convey, in a deepening way, the understanding of the messages of the Bible which is the desired goal of all true Bible students.
          It is of great tutorial value in being an easy means of training students and "naturally guiding" them into an initial approach to Bible interpretation.  It helps train new Christians in the methods needed to perceive the meanings and intent of scripture, and quickly makes rather effective instructors out of relatively now Christians.
       To the new Christian, the Colored Bible's format is that of a guided search for meaning. Rather than directly interpreting or explaining the various messages in each verse or passage as commentaries do, the Colored Bible only points to the areas of those messages and, by various means, gives what amounts to a general outline of that area.  The student then pursues the matter more closely, having an opportunity to grow in understanding and to test his abilities in Bible interpretation.  The areas of meaning thus become as easy to remember and deal with as the arrangement of the ten appropriate colors.  In that it deals with only ten rather discreet areas of meaning, the new student is less perplexed in deciding what is meant than he would be otherwise, and yet later the sub-categories will give him a new challenge to consider.
       In that it is a scriptural shorthand, a lot of "commentary" is displayed in a small space, and it would obviously be easy to look up any scripture's "commentary" at any time by this method.  This "commentary" is concise enough to be included in and beside the text itself, yet it points to a wealth of insight as the student grows in his abilities to handle further understanding.
       One area of Bible teaching that ought to be considered in more depth and one in which the prismatic Colored Bible is well-suited to help is that of clearly separating the teachings of the Bible from each other while simultaneously synthesizing them into one picture or source of light.  While the sum of the Word is indeed truth, one must necessarily consider
the various parts of the Word in coming to understand the whole.  Thus it is necessary and valuable to give a view of the different general subjects of scripture and approaches of the Bible as discreet and yet harmonious. One could say that there are an infinite number of subjects dealt with by the Bible. He could also say that there is but one --that of God Himself -- and sound very good saying either one, but both statements are arbitrary and extreme, and both leave the student with little more than polemics.  If everything is run together and the bugle gives no distinct sound, what can be learned?  For when it is only shown that there are an almost infinite number of meanings, shades and colorations hidden in the Bible, one tends to lose hope of being able to see and handle them.  This is especially true of new Christians.  On the other hand, over-simplification is an ever present danger.  To reduce the Bible and every passage in it only to "the will of God" or to some other equally true yet inane expression, is begging the question while the phrases themselves remain unexplained.  Thus it is seen that the Colored Bible is valuable in yet another way in looking at it "naturally" makes many easily handled tasks out of the big problem of understanding the Bible and prepares the student for even deeper approaches to understanding God's will.
          Also, the Colored Bible is a safeguard for new Christians in that with this method, it is easy to check on teaching. This is particularly valuable today when there is so little right Bible understanding among, pastors, preachers and even Bible instructors.  The Colored Bible readily shows the overview of various contexts and settings, and especially easily and quickly reveals the context of passage and verse.  Finally, the Colored Bible finds two other applications which are of particular in- terest to our fellowship.  It teaches the basis of a "color code language", which we use among ourselves, while making it much easier for new Christians to quickly and safely find, communicate, show and prove the basic teachings of the Bible to an unbelieving world. Yet, when speaking of the Colored Bible, much deeper things can be said regarding its to our fellowship, both immediately and value in the future as we rapidly expand already our numbers have grown far beyond the point where we can all be taught by those who are "from the beginning", and this will have worse effects on us as we also spread farther apart.  The leaders are now concerned for fear that we might lose the value of the strength and clarity of our original teaching,  then lose the benefits of what remains as it becomes more questionable and finally lose sight of it altogether.  The author has long seen that the Colored Bible should prevent this development in that it is particularly well suited to overcome it through its inherent characteristics.  Altogether aside from the content, part of the value of our original teaching was its novel and interesting delivery, when compared with other methods seen around us.
        There is also a need for teaching tools on the part of the present leaders, to help them to raise a new generation of youthful instructors who are capable of somehow showing and proving truths that are as yet somewhat beyond them.  The Colored Bible continues this tradition by fulfilling the need for an attractive and yet valuable format; one that can and will expand to include all our teaching and be the Guide to it -- while itself being in the safe context of the Bible itself.

Chapter Fifteen

     Limitations and Problems in the Colored Bible

          "Surely there is a limit to all perfection and the Colored Bible is no exception."

          In that the Colored Bible is only emerging its limitations and problems are not yet fully clear.  Hopefully they will come to light and can be pruned from the work to make it more effective in subsequent editions.  The saddest one yet appearing is that the Colored Bible is still unfinished and incomplete and apparently will remain so for some time.  While it must be remembered that not all limitations are necessarily damaging, another important one must be somewhat so -- that of the imperfect and incomplete view of the Bible on the part of the author. Yet this has little affect on the limitations of the method, but does indeed affect the value of the teaching being delivered by it.  The users of the Colored Bible ought to communicate their views on this subject before the next edition, and effort will accordingly be spent to improve Understanding the Colored Bible.
          In the view of the author, perhaps the most noteworthy problem in the method is that of some overlapping and thus potential duplication and confusion between some colors and their subject areas.  For instance, where does red end and purple begin, or vice versa, since they are intimately connected?  These "border problems" are described in some detail, however in Part Two of this work, in the passages concerned with each color, and it should present no great difficulty when properly understood.
     Some subjects overlap considerably, however, and later a list must be drawn up to identify the major ones in order of difficulty.  For instance, "miracles" has to do with purple, red, green, pink, blue and brown.  When a subject overlaps colors enough, it is important that it be defined as belonging to one particular sub-category, in order to end confusion and to make it possible for it to be easily found, even though it will necessarily involve an imperfect decision.
       As has been noted previously, the order of the appearance of colored circles denotes the order of importance.  Yet this order almost cannot be determined with total certainty, partly because God's purposes cannot be fully known and also because a somewhat arbitrary element was introduced when it was "decided" that the Bible speaks of only ten major areas of meaning.  Indeed the author is aware of and admits to an unmeasured but small element of error having been introduced through the method by this "decision", and this certainly represents one of its limitations.  It should be understood that this error is rendered negligible by the sub-category system, however, and further, that the error is tolerable when it is considered that the only alternative is no Colored Bible, since there are only a small fixed number of primary colors.
       Other possible limitations have also already appeared.  The author is not certain if it is desirable or not, yet a limitation to this method certainly is that the meanings of the various areas are not as directly or as fully explained as they would be in a commentary.  Also, in that this method is necessarily bound to a small fixed number of colors, and thus subjects, many important teachings must be considered to be sub-categories, for instance,  the Holy Spirit, miracles, etc.  It is also well known that scriptural insights and meanings being expressed in the text are not always bordered by the verse or even passage delineations, but they are at least good units with which to presently work.  Later, perhaps, changing the meaning of some colors would help, but this will not be done unless absolutely necessary, nor will scriptural divisions be likely to be changed.
        Finally, a possible problem to be avoided is an over-confidence in and an excessive trusting of these colors  instead of using them as a guide to the deeper understanding that is available, yet this could be true of any method of Bible training.

Chapter Sixteen

The Colors of the Whole Bible

   (There are eleven paragraphs in this chapter;  there are no titles in front of the paragraphs, but in this introduction, their subjects will be named.

        Although the colors of the whole Bible have already been displayed, their "derivation" is repeated in this chapter using the methods described in this book.  This is an important chapter in that it "sets the stage" for all color usages.  It is more than an example in that, in a sense, it sets the pattern for the arrangements of the colors of each of the areas of the Bible and says much of the nature of the Colored Bible.  It rests on and arises from the understanding resulting from the study of this book. This chapter -- along with the Old and New Testament colors, the colors of many of the sixty-six books of the Bible, the numerous examples of the analysis of various passage and verse colors, as well as the "answers" to many important verses -- should later be expanded into a third part of this book.  Indeed later, "if the Lord tarries," a verse-by-verse "Answer Book" for whole books of the Bible or even the entire Bible may be produced.  Because this chapter is long and will later be expanded, its outline is given here by means of listing the subjects of each of the eleven paragraphs:
   1.  Introduction
   2.  Value and purpose of the chapter
   3.  Need for this chapter
   4.  Nature of the problem
   5.  Difficulty and problems to be encountered
   6.  Basis of decision -- The colors must reflect the way God deals with us through the Bible.
   7. Criteria of decision
   8. Guidelines in handling criteria and some general arguments concerning relationships between colors
   9. Some limiting arguments involving "single color groups"-- the three categories
  10. Objections and how to handle
  11. An example of handling an objection

          If it is true that the Color Code of the Colored Bible descends from and reflects the true nature of the Bible, then it follows that the nature of the Bible must in turn be reflected by the colors of the entire Bible.  Success at the attempt to show and prove that this right relationship actually exists will go a long way toward justifying the Colored Bible. This chapter will be found to be engaged in that pursuit.  Because of the design of the Colored Bible, the Bible itself and the Colored Bible ought to mirror each other!  Nowhere ought this fact to be clearer than in the right display of the colors of the whole Bible, the order of which ought to display the nature of the Bible itself.  If the concept of the Colored Bible is valid, it ought to find its most "colorful application" at this point and a helpful guide should arise.  If indeed the method of the Colored Bible is not arbitrary but directed meaningfully, and if the Bible really is able to be dealt with in this fashion, then this application of the method of the Colored Bible to the entire Bible should yield the ultimate contextual insight in the most convenient form to the user of the Colored Bible!  Thus the purpose of this chapter is to show the necessary reasons for the order of the colors of the whole Bible and to show why those reasons are sufficient to take such an important step.
           There is some room for flexibility in the method of the Colored Bible, especially in the matter of the order of the appearance of the colors, since in the last analysis, it becomes difficult to prove or justify some minor arrangements.  Yet some standard is needed; for, however good this method may be, it will lose much of its value if it becomes another excuse and opportunity for arbitrary interpretation.  Thus it is necessary that a teacher take a stand and "fix" the colors of the Bible  if the  Colored Bible is to be a trustworthy, safe, and effective tool.  It may seem presumptuous to attempt such a task, yet, quite to the contrary, if it were left undone, real problems would arise. Therefore, not without showing considerable justification for his work, the author proceeds to do this in the present chapter.

This chapter attempts to decide the necessary order of the colors of the whole Bible. Much can and has been said about the connections between colors and their teachings. It should be seen that the nature of the Colored Bible is closely associated with the process of relating colors to Bible teachings or subjects.  Indeed, the very decision to relate color to subject should be seen as crucial to the nature of the Colored Bible, and the ten subject-color relationships resulting from that decision should be well understood before this, the greatest example of their application, can even reasonably be followed.  The decisions concerning the nature of the major subjects of the Bible, the number of colors available, and the matching of those colors to the subjects, are the limiting decisions which fix much of the nature and use of the Colored Bible.  In that these decisions have already been made, we turn to the task of deciding in what order to place them in order to most accurately reflect the nature of the Bible.  Obviously the colors of all the Bible must include all ten colors -- otherwise, why would they be needed anywhere if they are not needed here?  Only the order of those ten colors is the issue here, yet that decision is bound to be difficult enough.  However, this decision will in turn be found to rest partly on those decisions made earlier, and the cat is seen chasing its tail again, but in a "right" way.

This is a hard chapter to follow and harder yet to appreciate.  The difficulties arise mainly from the need for a complete view of the Bible and its method of interpretation before this task can be attempted.  Keeping the many factors in sight and in their proper relationships is difficult enough, and it is made more difficult by the author's desire to justify these explanations.  The problem of the cat chasing its tail constantly arises, since here, one must use the colors and methods derived from the Bible to "paint the picture" of the Bible itself.  A major problem is the tendency to "read in" arbitrary ideas, and clearly, the first thing that must be done is to set forth the guidelines, criteria and basis for making these important decisions.

On what basis are we to decide how to order the colors of the Bible?  This question must be decided before any valid criteria can be named, for it must be shown that they themselves follow from the necessary basis.  An initial premise is that the colors and their order must reflect the nature of the Bible, and thus of the will, purpose, intent and wishes of its author, who is God our Father. Thus it appears that knowing Him personally is centrally necessary to solving the present problem, and His very attitudes must be understood and appreciated before the colors can reflect the nature of His dealing with us through the Bible.  In choosing the order of the colors of the Bible, it is thus necessary to rightly interpret and understand the Bible, and then to arrange the colors with respect to the various weights, emphases and thrusts of the Bible itself, which reflects God's will toward us.  Only then can the colors reveal  the nature of the Bible to us.  Those who have interpreted the Bible, and thus know God, realize that in His mercy.. His "Priorities" are with respect to our needs.  Thus the order of His dealing with us is with respect to His leading us in entering life and growing, entering bible understanding and the process whereby we come to know God as Creator and Father, to love Him and to desire to make Him known.  The order of the colors thus reflects God's will and plan that He first save us and then equip us to responsibly "stay saved" by more consciously choosing to remain faithful to Him, then
to fellowship with Him in working with Him; and they thus also reflect His plan to deal with us according to our faithfulness.
The order in which we become aware of the importance of each area would reflect God's dealing with us and would, of course, say alot about the way in which we were made and are led as sheep and children.  It would reflect our needs and serve them perfectly as arranged by our Creator and Father.  While it is true that not all Christians will "follow" this path of development in this order, it is certain that God has planned for us to grow in a definite way as lambs and children do, and the wise will seek His leading in this respect.  Thus, in the order of the colors of the Bible, each succeeding color helps to explain the previous ones and is the one that "naturally" is most needed at that point of understanding and development.  Much can be said about this process.
    What criteria could be established as the proper vehicle for implementing the basis described in the last paragraph?  Some rule or criteria must now be stated as reflecting that basis in order to directly apply it or "put it into effect." As we have seen, the nature of the leading of the Colored Bible must reflect the leading of the Bible itself, and it finally appears that the following three considerations should form the necessary direct criteria for deciding the order of the colors of the Bible:

1. flat statements in scripture directly concerning God's will, intent, and plan for dealing with us through the Bible -- and His
example in doing so;
2. the guidance and sight available from right interpretation and Understanding the Bible;
3. the physical amount of the appearance of that particular subject area and thus color-- that is, the amount that it appears in the area of the text under consideration.  Arguments for establishing the order of the colors would thus have to be limited to those that descend from the right basis and that reflect the relationship of these three criteria to the nature of the Bible.  It was by applying these criteria to the problem at hand that the author arrived at his view of the order of the colors of the Bible.

Now that the colors of the whole Bible are fixed, let's see how they got that way.  When it comes down to it, how does one actually go about deciding such a question?  To see how it all happened, let us find out about the kind of thinking and arguments that led up to the final decision, and how they necessarily follow from the basis and the criteria mentioned earlier.  All helpful arguments that aid in settling the order of the colors will be found to be attached to that basis, tested by means of the three criteria, and sensibly weighed and balanced by other considerations. The location of each color must be decided by faithfully adhering to this process.  As a further aid to understanding, many other arguments leading up to this decision can and should be presented later.  The value of studying this process is that it can be applied to any text, and similar problems are faced in smaller areas.  There is a direct relationship between the method used in this application and that used in any other.  Thus it is meaningful for the student to try to understand all of this book, and finally, this difficult process.  A larger number of factors need to be taken into consideration in making this decision, and it is meaningful for us to consider some of them.  Overlapping should be taken into account when attempting to determine the order of the colors, as it both solves and creates problems.  When one color is partly overlapped by another color which is higher in the order, then there is not as much need to raise it, also.  A common problem   experienced by many users of the Colored Bible that of the desire to put all colors higher in the order. But there are only so many places for the colors, and to move one up is to move at least one other further down, and this must not be done without sufficient and proven reason.  Arbitrary and unfounded arguments are to be avoided if we are to please  Him who said, "I did not say..., 'seek me in chaos'." All such arguments need to be weighed, considered and held in flux as long as possible; and one should allow the order to "gel" only when necessary and sufficient limiting arguments arise and are themselves seen to be rigidly fixed to and supported by the established basis and criteria.

Many other considerations enter into the "equation", and they certainly cannot all be included here. But our present point in history ought to receive some consideration, as indeed it does in prophecy.  It is certain that God's attitudes must be a balance between God's perfect and permissive will, between God's original intent and his work in the present age.  God Himself does not change, but He has "changed the times" over and over again for our sakes, and we would be naive to ignore this when
speaking of His attitude as this age rapidly draws to a close.  It is easy to speculate and to over-emphasize the end of the age, but to introduce an arbitrary element to the order of the colors is to seriously reduce its effectiveness.  As a possible extreme example of the latter, we note the temptation to enslave the design of the Colored Bible to the present needs of our fellowship-but this would be to emasculate it.  Yet it is true that our present point in history affects the position of at least blue, turquoise and green.  Bible prophecy has only begun to be understood relatively recently, and the soon coming of the Lord raises the need for preaching and witnessing to an urgent level.  While the top four colors have always been the "top four", two others have "moved up" in significance.  Turquoise is possibly higher now on the scale of colors than it would have been long ago, while brown might not have "made it" at all.  Last, but not least, when considering the relationships between the colors of the Bible and their order of significance, and remembering that it was given for our benefit, we realize that the order of significance of the colors of the Bible would at least reflect our needs as we grow from helpless infancy to mature manhood in Christ.  He who instructed Peter to consider the lambs first, who Himself carries them gently, who reveals Himself to babes, and who gave Himself as a sacrifice for those yet to come to life this same one who creates and arranges our lives has also arranged that His Word should first save us and keep us safe, should give us understanding about all things, and should empower us to fellowship with Him by sharing His Word.  When thus considering the relationship between Jesus' care for us, the nature of the Bible, the need of our lives,  and the proper order of the colors of the Bible, we find peace between all of them when we remember how He dealt with us, and how He will deal with others.  Our first serious contact with Jesus must necessarily be some  kind of explanation of red, which means pink.

Then, upon getting saved, we enter into orange and begin to realize what has happened to us! We begin to understand our salvation and to settle into it to learn more about purple-who He is and how to please Him through our orange.  But the babyhood is soon over and, although we had heard of him before, there comes a frightening day when black comes close enough to be seen.  He frightens us, and we learn that we need to stay closer to our Shepherd.  Turquoise then becomes more meaningful as we realize that we were saved for a purpose, and that to endure to the end, we must set our hope more fully on Jesus and on His soon coming.  This pleases Jesus and He begins to teach us more about ourselves through gray and, our eyes are opened more as we determined to stay faithful to purple, and to green with Him, besides to live our orange.

The more faithful we are to Him, the more blue He shows us and reveals to us the things that are to come- more than "just" turquoise.  And He teaches us more about brown in order to help us in our orange and green, both of which continue to get better every day!
       We must now consider at least the outline and framework of the majority of the more important arguments for the order of the colors of the Bible.  In determining the order of the colors of a passage, large or small, it is often helpful to divide the colored circles into two or three groups of approximate importance as a guide.  In the case of the colors of the whole Bible, with its ten colors, three groups would be right.  The first group of four colors reflect our needs most directly and immediately.  The second group of three colors are those that are necessary for a full and right growth, but without whose direct benefits Christians can and have  "survived".  The third group of three are helpful and even necessary to effective Christian work.  Many arguments are then presented for moving colors up and down in the order.  But one must be diligent in searching for evidence both for and against these suggestions before acting (Prov.11-14, Prov.18-17).

This approach method of dividing the colors into several groups must be seen only as a general guideline, however, and only a first approximation of order, and must not be relied upon alone without further proof, although it is helpful in that at least two "end groups" would be roughly defined.  One must also remember that the location of a color in the order does not necessarily mean  that it is not needed or considered until the previous colors are "digested". (If this were the case, what would we do at pink?) Many books  could be written on the subject of the "fight" for first place among the colors- which should be first and why.  The top four must be those that are at once most fundamental, far- reaching, and all inclusive. Those that are  most important would have to be those that deal most with our safety as Christians, and such is the case with the four chosen. The explanation of salvation necessarily involves some surface sort of dealing with all the colors.  In a sense we have "dealt with" them, or at least we have been prepared to deal with them all our "natural" lives.  Concerning the  first color, although one might say that purple or red are more "important", in His mercy God speaks pink more than He speaks of the other two.  Red is indeed first in importance, in a sense.  The importance of Calvary to us and in scripture cannot be over-estimated.  Yet it does not appear very much numerically, and it is also to be remembered that Jesus spoke pink much more than red.  When considering orange, it is well to note that much of the New Testament is spent indirectly teaching us how to live as Christians in order to please God.  So does the Old Testament, although much of it is hidden in figures.  Orange as the continuing sense of salvation is central to God's will and is critical and vitally necessary to our continuing in real life.  If orange were first in significance, then the Bible is mainly for the already saved- and Calvary denies that!  Again, in a real sense and for obvious reasons, purple could be called the most important matter in scripture.  But God has written the Bible partly to make Himself   .:known to us, but even more to seek our good   as our Father.  In His love, He laid aside His right and acts more out of pity for us   (Job 23-6, Ps. 103-13).  Concerning the "second three" colors, blacK is first to be considered.

  Black and red are in the same relationship to each other as plus and minus charges, or night and day.  They are opposites and "oppose" each other continually.  Black is the source of all our troubles and is first explained in Genesis three, and is Jesus' spiritual enemy and the reason for the need for Calvary.  Jesus spoke of black more than He spoke of heaven.  One
might argue that we should put black nearer salvation, which is red, but at what expense would that movement be?  Is it really true that God wants us to know about the devil more than or before we know Him?  Or must we be familiar with the wolf before we can follow our Shepherd?  Rather, part of the good news is  that black is less emphasized in the New Testament than the Old Testament, because Jesus has largely "taken care of" the problem for us!

Next, we see that turquoise is our lasting source of serious hope, yet it is only "needed" after the previous colors are somewhat grasped. Indeed, some background is necessary before we can realize why this is so.  It is somewhat considered in and aimed at by purple, and enough of it is irreducibly Included in the background of orange to render other studies more immediately imperative.  For instance, the depths of conscious turquoise is not required until after one is mature enough spiritually to more responsibly and seriously set his mind on things above; although again, it must be understood that "after" does not  necessarily refer to time.  Finally, of the three second colors, it is to be noted that turquoise is directly mentioned much less than the other two throughout scripture, yet its weight, given by Jesus in the Gospels, outweighs this consideration.

One might also argue that gray ought to be put higher than its present position.  Gray is important, yet we must remember that its direct need is not as great at first when our Shepherd gently carries us Himself, and our mother, the Church, feeds us as lambs without our knowing it.  An element of gray is needed as "early" as pink, yet gray is at best a tool in the hand of others in our coming to red and orange.  We need gray more directly only as we become more responsible and need a means of checking our faithfulness as growing sons.  It is to be seen that turquoise and gray are closely united in purpose, just as they are closely united in the significant parable about the ten virgins.

Indeed, many of the turquoise teachings require considerable gray before they can be properly handled!  The third three colors are  those that would especially be needed and studied by more mature Christians, and meaningful mainly in fellowshipping more closely with Jesus.  Being the "bottom three", it should be relatively easy to see that these studies are not at all necessary to lambs, yet, the middle three clearly show their need to those who are able to see.  Green, among other things, would reflect Jesus' approaches, techniques, attitudes, etc., in presenting the Word; and, in following His example, we have much to learn from this study.  It could again be argued, especially in our fellowship, that green should be higher in order-(that wouldn't be hard, considering its present position). But once again- is it Jesus' will, and is it needful that we consciously study the greens "early" in our growth?  Our understanding is so poor at first that, were green studies pursued, we would have little to offer to justify its need.  New wine is connected with the witnessing attempts of new Christians as we are suddenly strongly motivated to witness and preach, but it is necessarily poor, harsh, rough and ineffective.  This author (and many others) vigorously pursued "green" the day following the new birth, when he had never heard of such a thing as green and perhaps  know of only one or two green verses; and, for a long time, the results reflected his lack of wise preparation.  Blue and brown have at least one thing in common- they are too attractive for wrong reasons!  The desire to know the future is all "too great" in us and often needs to be curbed.  Indeed, it has often been the "cause" for such deadly pursuits as astrology and wizardry, etc.  Yet it is expressedly mentioned throughout scripture (Jn 16-13) as part of God's plan.  And blue, along with the "natural hunger" for it, is being used by God in these last days as the nature of scripture is unfolded more fully, and areas such as Daniel and Revelation become more understood through blue. However as we have a real need to know the future, it will be revealed to us by God, through the Holy Spirit and in fulfillment of scripture.

Much of blue has already "happened", in that Jesus has come, and of the blue yet remaining , turquoise covers the most important and relevant part.  This serves to lessen our need for it, although it is still useful as proof for the Word- when the prophecies that have already taken place are matched with the verses in which their fulfillment is shown.  Blue has much to do with the nature of the Bible, and the mature Christian finds many benefits from this common theme.  Brown is one of the most interesting of studies, but only because we have a vested interest!  As "tongues" is the least of gifts and yet considered fascinating, so the pursuit of brown, to the exclusion of much more important needs, is to be discouraged among new
Christians.  However, the combination of gray and brown understanding enables a mature Christian to plant pink and red deeply while doing his green work.  It also helps him to understand his own weaknesses.  Matthew 11-16 is a good example of brown, and one that is meaningful to our fellowship as we, and apparently only we, understand and appreciate its description of part of human nature.  Nevertheless, in general, brown is not a subject that is stressed in scripture.

   Because of the crucial nature of fixing the order of the colors of the entire Bible, the Colored Bible itself might be "attacked" at this point.  Without wasting time with polemics such as, "You can't paint the Bible,"  serious objections to this method or to specific usages and examples of the Colored Bible must be dealt with, and some thoughts about this area are here presented.  One could claim that any one of the colors is most important of all, and state a plausible case, and yet only chaos would finally result!  We must not allow this to happen.  One might argue that one color is more meaningful than another in some particular application- this is possible but one should be prepared either to demonstrate it from the stated criteria, or to show something wrong with the criteria, and thus substitute better criteria, or else be honest enough to reject the Colored Bible in its entirety and start all over again.  It is important to understand the usages of the colors and the plan of the Colored Bible before trying to change the present color order or charging that it is unfaithful to scripture.  As an example, only to say that "there is more red than pink" in the order of the colors of the entire Bible, is to misunderstand the nature of the usage of both colors, and would not be worthy of rebuttal.

As an example of an objection to the order of the colors of the Bible, let us lightly consider someone's objection, "you should have put purple first".  He (or she, as the case may be) might say, "God is mentioned in Genesis 1:1 and John 1:1.  He is the author of the Bible, and the Bible is written about  Him, and the words God, Father, Lord add up to one of the most often repeated concepts in the entire Bible." Forceful arguments indeed, and they show a place of considerable importance for purple, but in order for any color positions to be decided or changed, arguments must be presented relative to another color's claims, and all such arguments must be judged with respect to some common a basis and accepted criteria.  It is not enough
to speak of absolute importance in this matter, but relative importance is here more significant.  Otherwise, decisions are made on emotional, aesthetic, or, worse yet, "religious" grounds.  How should such an argument be answered?  Here's how.  The order of the colors of the Bible are not meant to reflect God's importance, but that of the nature of the Bible, which centers in God's will, not in His person. "Whom I have I formed for my praise" might seem to make purple first, but this verse speaks of the reason for our creation not His reason for giving the Bible! The Bible was written for and to all men, through His special people and so the salvation of men must be the initial theme in scripture, as we do indeed see it to be.

While we come to know God deeply through the Bible while this is part of His plan, it is not His initial or primary concern.  God paid the highest price imaginable (Jn 3-16) for unsaved men.  It is thus unkind to Him to say that He cares more for Himself than for us. In choosing importance, pink, red, and orange are considered more important than purple because this represents God's attitude and will.  In His love, He wants it to be so, although it is certainly beyond dispute that He Himself is more important than anything. Also, coming to know God deeply and to understand Him is a process and requires some preparation, although once again, we know about Him before we are saved, begin to know Him at that point, yet can know Him much more  intimately later.  It was necessary for us to begin to grow out of infancy before we could respond to our human parents, or even be aware of their existence.  Yet they understood this and in their love were concerned only for our good and patiently waited for us to be able to come to know them and love them.

From this we learn of our heavenly Father who invented this human fatherhood as a means of teaching us about His perfect Fatherhood.  After all this, perhaps the reader will act more knowledgeably and with more understanding the next time someone says "the Bible was written about God"!