War Department: Washington, D. C.

 

Citation of Units in the United States Forces
in the Philippines

 

THE 515th ARTILLERY, ANTI-AIRCRAFT, United States Army Forces in the Far East is cited for outstanding performance of duty in action. Constituted initially as a provisional unit on December 8, 1941, when hostilities began, it effected its organization, obtained its material from depot stocks, and was in position to fire by daylight of December 9, 1941. During the period from December 9, 1941, to January 6, 1942, this regiment defended initially Nichols Field and portions of the city of Manila against heavy aerial attacks, materially reducing the effectiveness of the hostile bombardment. After the evacuation of Manila, this regiment, through skillfully executed displacements, successfully covered the retirement of the ground forces into the Bataan Peninsula. Through technical skill and courage and devotion to duty, the regiment contributed in large measure to the successful execution of the difficult movement that made possible the prolonged defense of Bataan.

 

THE 200th COAST ARTILLERY, ANTI-AIRCRAFT, United States Army Forces in the Far East, is cited for outstanding performance of duty in action. From December 8 to 22, 1941, this regiment defended Clark Field, Pampanga, Philippines, against attack by overwhelming numbers of hostile medium and dive bombers. Although it suffered heavy casualties in personnel, the regiment, through magnificent courage and devotion to duty, continued to display outstanding technical ability and exacted a heavy toll from the attacking forces, thus materially reducing the effectiveness of the hostile attack. When Clark Field was uncovered by the withdrawal of the North Luzon Force, this regiment, displacing to the rear, successfully covered the retirement into the Bataan Peninsula, contributing in large measure to the successful execution of the difficult maneuver that made possible the prolonged defense of Bataan.

 

THE 200th COAST ARTILLERY, ANTI-AIRCRAFT, and the 515th COAST ARTILLLERY, ANTI-AIRCRAFT, United States Army Forces in the Far East, are cited for outstanding performance of duty in action. From January 7 to March 8, 1942, these regiments were constantly in action on the Bataan Peninsula, covering airfields and artillery and rear installations. Under constant attack by an enemy enjoying unopposed superiority in the air, these regiments despite heavy losses in men and materials, maintained a magnificent defense through outstanding technical ability and courage and devotion to duty, contributing in large measure to the successful defense of the Bataan Peninsula.

 

J. A. Ulio,

Major General

 

G. C. Marshall,

Chief of Staff