Ethnic-nationalism has become more and more over the past few years a bigger problem for many countries as minority groups have been starting to exert themselves and demand independence and rights for their peoples.
many claim that the whole concept of nationalism and especially ethic-nationalism is a result of modern politics. Where as before in the feudal times differences among people were based under what lord they served and language now nationalism has gotten to be more. As in India because the Hindus were said to have adapted to the British political systems better and in general the British rule, the Muslims there claimed that they did not have the same opportunities and were being under-represented because of the facts that they were Muslim instead of Hindu.
Most of the time ethnic-nationalism results from some kind of feeling that a group is being under-represented and they often draw the lines at religion, language, or even skin color. In many instinces yes the reports are true, but for man it is just a fact of life.
modern politics have attempted to put people into states, as families and neighbors are divided apart, they attempt to be able to re-align with their neighbors and people like them. They recognize the need to be near the people who are like them. If they are minorities they recognize the need to have their group represented and have the equal say of the majority
In relation to India and Pakistan
Prior to British colonization the Indian sub-continent had managed to get to a state where it was trying to integrate all the smaller states into one. It was at this time that the Britain was trying to get into the Indian sub-continent, as a result many of the princes prefered to ally with the British than the emerging Indian government.
It was as a result of Britain being in India that ethnic conflicts emerged. The Muslim League was formed because many Muslims felt they were being under represented in the Indian parliament
When ethnic-nationalism gets intense
Sometimes ethnic groups get to the point where they believe that in a country or a section that only they should live there and those who are like them. At this point persecution and forcible expulsion of the other groups starts to happen. This leads often leads to intense political strife and intervention from outside forces like the UN.
This deciding that one group is not welcome is not something that is recent and more dates back to Hitler's Nazi regime in Germany and the forcible internment of Jews into concentration camps.
The Myth of Global Conflict