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Norse Artifacts - Viking Religion and Adornments


Picture
Name 
Area Discovered 
Carbon Dating 
Iron Thor's Hammer  Ring (replica)

Odin's son, Thor possesses incredible physical strength and wields a hammer called Mjolnir, which may identify him as the god of blacksmithing.  His popularity is seen by the large number of hammer shaped pendants found in Viking burials (see Thor's Hammer)

Sweden
920 AD
 Glass Beads:

Glass and Amber beads were a sign of status, prestige and perhaps regional affiliation.

Sweden
1000 AD 
 Silver Valkyrie Pendants: (replicas)

Valkyries were female spirits of norse mythology who gather the souls of the dead warriors from the battlefield and escort them to valhalla.  They wear long dresses, large beaded necklaces, and elaborate knotted hairdos as they offer the dead a drink from a large conical cup (see picture stone)

Sweden 
920 AD 
 Silver Crucifix (replica)

This silver crucifix is the earliest Scandinavian crucifix discovered; It was found in a rich female grave at the ninth century trading site of Birka.  It marks one of the first indigenous steps toward conversion to Christianity in Scandinavia, a process that took more than 200 years and transformed viking society

Birka, Sweden 
900 AD 
 Silver Horseman Pendant (replica)
Birka, Sweden 
920 AD 
 Thor's Hammer Pendant (replica)
Sweden 
920 AD 
Silver Warrior Pendant (replica)

Wearing a long tunic, a horned headdress, and holding a word and a spear, this mythical figure reflects a culture experienced in warfare

Birka, Sweden 
800 AD 
 Silver Viking Woman Pendant (replica)
Sweden 
920 AD 


 Picture Stone (replica):

Vikings on the island of Gotland erected engraved limestone slabs known as picture stones to commemorate people and deeds of valor.  This picture stone portrays a common motif; a ship sailing deceased warriors into the afterlife, a deceased warrior or Odin the God of War (riding an eight legged horse called Sleipner), Valkyries offering drinks, and Valhalla the hall of valor - to the left.

Gotland, Sweden 
900 AD 
 Wooden Rune Stick (replica)
Norway 
1050 AD 
 Ivory Polar Bear (replica)
Norway
850 AD 
 Bronze Trefoil Brooch
Sweden 
1000 AD 
 Bronze Equal-armed Brooch
Sweden 
 1000 AD
 Bronze Oval Brooch:

Viking woman pinned their aprons to their dresses with oval brooches, and more than 50 styles of oval brooch have been identified.  The difference may reflect changes in fashion, but more likely this enormous diversity shows an arcane language of class and regional affiliation we can no longer understand.

Sweden 
1000 AD
 Bronze Boar's Head Brooch
 Sweden
 1000 AD
 Bronze Disk Brooch:

Sometimes made in silver with detailed filigree ornamentation, disk brooches were worn on the chest between oval brooches

 Sweden
 1000 AD
 Bronze Box Brooch
 Sweden
 1000 AD