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Terminology

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About our School

Special Events

History of Tang Soo Do

Patch Philosophy

The Korean Flag

Tang Soo Do Uniform

Ranking System

Codes of Tang Soo Do

Lineage of Instructors

Martial Arts Etiquette

Class Procedure

Forms

One Step Sparring

Testing Requirements

Terminology

Int'l Tang Soo Do Alliance

Tang Soo Do Martial Arts Society

Pictures

Links

HOME

                                                  

 

Commands in Class

 

cheong nyeol

정렬

students line up

ch’a ryeot

차렷

attention

gukki bae rye

salute flags

ba ro

finish/return

anjeu seyo

앉으세요

sit please

ireo seo seyo

일어서세요

stand please

mung nyum

묵념

meditate

kyeongnye

bow

kwanjang nim ke kyeongnye

bow to grandmaster

sabum nim ke kyeongnye

bow to master instructor

kyosa nim ke kyeongnye

bow to instructor

chogyo nim ke kyeongnye

bow to assistant instructor

sunbae nim kae kyeongnye

bow to senior belt

hubae han t’e kyeongnye

배한테경례

bow to junior belt

sang ho kan e kyeongnye

상호간에 경례

bow to training partner

shim sa kwan nim ke kyeongnye

경례

bow to testing board

chunbi

ready

swio

쉬어

relax/rest

shi jak

begin

geu man

stop

kyo dae

change positions

bal ba kweo

바꿔

switch feet

da shi

again/repeat

tora

돌아

turn

dwi ro tora

돌아

turn to rear

chun jin

전진

moving forward

hu jin

moving backward

hoeng jin

횡진

moving sideways

yuk jin/tol yeo

/틀어

reverse technique

ku ryung e mat ch’weo seo

맞춰서

by the count

ku ryung eop shi

없이

without count

o reun tchok

right side

weon tchok

left side

weon tchok tora

돌아

counter-clockwise

o reun tchok tora

돌아

clockwise

 

 

 

 

Titles

 

doju nim

주님

founder

kwanjang nim

grandmaster/head of style

chungsa nim

사님

senior master

sabum nim

master instructor

kyosa nim

instructor

chgyo nim

assistant instructor

sunbae nim

senior

hubae

junior

kodan ja

senior midnight blue (black) belt holder

yudan ja

midnight blue (black) belt holder

yugup ja

colored belt holder

chobo ja

beginner

kwan weon

student member

moo sul ga

무술가

martial arts student

 

 

 

 

General Terms

 

dojang

training hall

dobok

training uniform

dan

midnight blue (black) belt level

gup

colored belt level

dee

belt

chunbi un dong

warm-up exercises

ki ch’o un dong

basic techniques practice

hyung

form

yeon moo sun

연무선

line/pattern (form)

bun seok

analysis (form)

eung yong

응용

application (form)

keup soo

vital points

weh gong

external power

nae gong

내공

internal power

il soo sik dae ryun

one-step sparring

ja yu dae ryun

free sparring

sil  ch’e dae ryun

contact sparring

keunh neun dae ryun

끊는

non contact sparring

da soo in dae ryun

multiple partner sparring

wa sul gi

와술

ground techniques

wa dae ryun

와대

groundfighting

ho sin sool

self-defense

kong kyuck ja

공격자

attacker

pang eo ja

방어자

defender

dae k’al

knife defense

dae kweon ch’ong

gun defense

dae kon bong

club defense

kwan jeol ki sul

joint locking techniques

chil sik sul

choking techniques

teon ji ki

던지기

throw/throwing

teoreo ji ki

떨어지기

falling

kyeok pa

breaking

dallyeon

conditioning

dallyeon dae

련대

conditioning post/bag

ki hap

yell

cha seh

자세

stance

mak ki

block

kong kyuck

attack

chi ru gi

지르기

punch

ch’a gi

kick

ha dan

low

chung dan

center

sang dan

high

ap

front

yup

side

tollyeo

돌려

round/turn

dwi

back/rear

ttwi eo

뛰 어

jump/skip

yuk jin

역진

reverse technique

aneseo pakeuro

안에서 밖으로

inside-outside

pakeseo aneuro

밖에서 안으로

outside-inside

o reun tchok

right

oen tchok

left

 

 

 

 

Counting

 

hana

one

dul

two

set

three

net

four

da seot

five

yeo seot

여섯

six

il gop

seven

yeo deol

여덟

eight

ahop

nine

yeol

ten

seu mul

스물

twenty

seo reun

서른

thirty

ma heun

forty

swin

fifty

ye sun

sixty

ir heun

일흔

seventy

yeo deun

여든

eighty

a heun

ninety

baek

one hundred

ch’eon

one thousand

 

 

 

 

Sino-Korean Numbers

 

il

first

e

second

sam

third

sa

fourth

o

fifth

yuk

sixth

ch’il

seventh

pal

eighth

ku

ninth

sip

tenth

 

 

 

 

Stances

 

pyeongnip chaseh

natural stance

bal moa seo ki chaseh

모아 서기 자세

attention stance

chunbi chaseh

ready stance

cheon gul chaseh

자세

front stance

hugul chaseh

자세

back stance

kima chaseh

자세

horse stance

sa ko rip chaseh

side stance

dwi pal ja rip chaseh

자세

pigeon-toed stance

dwi bal kup higi chaseh

cat stance

ch’oi hadan soo do chaseh

자세

low (ground) stance

kyo ch’a rip chaseh

자세

tripod stance

han bal seo ki chaseh

서기 자세

one leg/knee stance

 

 

 

 

Hand Techniques

 

ssang soo

two hands

yang soo

양수

double hand

cheong kwon

forefist

chang kwon

장권

palmheel

kap kwon

갑권

backfist

yoo kwon

우권

middle knuckle fist

soo do

knife hand

yuk soo do

역수

ridge hand

kwan soo

관수

spear hand

kwon do

권도

hammer fist

chirugi

지르기

punch

son mok deung

gooseneck

ban jeol kwan soo

knuckle strike

il ji kwan soo

one finger spear hand

e ji kwan soo

two finger spear hand

pal koop

elbow/forearm

pal mok

outer wrist

yuk jin kong kyuck

역진

reverse punch

hoeng jin kong kyuck

횡진

side punch

soo do ttae rigi

side knife hand strike

pal put ki

punch exercise

chung dan kong kyuck

단공

center punch

sang dan kong kyuck

단공

high punch

 

 

 

 

Blocking Techniques

 

hadan makki

low block

sangdan makki

단막

high block

aneseo pakeuro makki

안에서 밖으로 막기

inside-outside block

pakeseo aneuro makki

밖에서 안으로 막기

outside-inside block

yummakki

side block

ssang soo makki

two hand block

yang soo makki

양수막

simultaneous block

sangdan kyoch’a makki

high x-block

hadan kyoch’a makki

low x-block

hadan soo do makki

low knife hand block

chungdan soo do makki

center knife hand block

yuk soo do makki

ridgehand block

jang kwon makki

장권

palmheel block

kwon do makki

권도막

hammerfist block

soo do makki

도막

knife hand block

ch’oi hadan soo do makki

도막

ground block

 

 

 

 

Foot Techniques

 

ap euro ol rigi

앞으로

front leg stretch

yup euro ol rigi

옆으로

side leg stretch

dwi ro ol rigi

뒤로

back leg stretch

aneseo pakeuro ch’agi

안에서 밖으로 차기

inside-outside crescent kick

pakeseo aneuro ch’agi

밖에서 안으로 차기

outside-inside crescent kick

ap ch’agi

front snap kick

ap mireo ch’agi

밀어차기

front thrust kick

yup ch’agi

side thrust kick

yup peodeo ch’agi

뻗어 차기

side snap kick

tora yup ch’agi

돌아

turning side kick

tollyeo ch’agi

돌려차기

roundhouse kick

bit ch’agi

빗차기

diagonal kick

dwi ch’agi

뒤차

back kick

dwi tollyeo ch’agi

뒤돌려차기

turning back kick

dwi hu ryeo ch’agi

spinning hook kick

yup hu ryeo ch’agi

side hook kick

tchigi ch’agi

axe kick

dwi aneseo pakeuro ch’agi

안에서 밖으로 차기

spinning crescent kick

ttwi eo dwi ch’agi

뛰어뒤차

jump back kick

ttwi eo hoejeon dwi ch’agi

뛰어회 뒤차

jump spinning back kick

ttwi eo dwi hu ryeo ch’agi

뛰어뒤 차기

jump spinning hook kick

ttwi eo yup hu ryeo ch’agi

뛰어옆

jump side hook kick

ttwi eo dwi pakeseo aneuro ch’agi

뛰어뒤밖에서 안으로 차기

jump spinning outside-inside crescent kick

ttwi eo ap ch’agi

뛰어앞

jump front kick

ttwi eo yup ch’agi

뛰어옆차

jump side kick

ttwi eo tollyeo ch’agi

뛰어돌 려차

jump roundhouse kick

ttwi eo bit ch’agi

뛰어빗

jump diagonal kick

ttwi eo tchigi ch’agi

뛰어찌

jump axe kick

ssang bal ch’agi

double kick (same time)

dubal ch’agi

double kick (in sequence)

moo reup ch’agi

knee strike

chit balp ki

밟기

stomp kick

yeon sok ch’agi

속차

combination kicks

 

 

 

 

Tournament Terms

 

shim sa kwan nim kae kyung ryet

bow to judges

seon soo ip jang

contestants to the ring

seon soo wi ch’i jeongni

정리

contestants take positions

shi jan

timekeeper ready

geu man

temporary stop

kye sok

resume match

han jum

one point

du jum

two points

se jum

three points

e sang

end of match

baek

white

hong

red

seungni

승리

victory

sim pan

judgment

bee gim

draw

yeon jang jeon

연장전

extend time

moo jum

no point

ban ch’ik

반칙

infraction

kyeong go

warning

ja kyeok sang sil

자격

disqualified

but jab eum

holding

seung ja

winner

pe ja

폐자

loser

 

 

 

 

Anatomy

 

pal

arm

jok/bal

/

foot

chu mok

fist

mok

neck

heo ri

waist

da ri

leg

soo/son

/

hand

son deung

upper wrist

pal koop

elbow

moo reup

knee

t’eok

chin

e ma

forehead

ko hwan

groin

dan jeun

단전

abdomen

myeong ch’i

solar plexus

in chung

philtrum

meo ri

head

eol gul

face

son mok

wrist

bal ga rak

toes

eo kae

shoulder

k’o

nose

ip

mouth

t’eok

jaw

meo ri

머리

hair

son ka rak

fingers

nun

eye

kwi

ear

swae gol

쇄골

collarbone

ka seum

chest

deung

back

p’al mok

ankle

bal ba dangmit

bottom of foot

bal deung

instep

bal dwi kkum ch’i

heel

 

 

 

 

Attributes

 

yong gi

용기

courage

chung wi

충의

loyalty

chung sin t’ong il

정신

concentration

in nae

endurance

jeung jik

정직

honesty

kyeom son

humility

kyeol sim

결심

decisiveness

paek cheol pul gul

백절불굴

determination

seong sil

성실

sincerity

ch’aeg’imgam

책임감

responsibility

ch’eong nyeom

청렴

integrity

keom so

검소

frugality

hyeom nyeok

협력

cooperation

p’an dan nyeok 

판단력

judgment

chabi

자비

mercy

mua

무아

selflessness

chi hye 

지혜

intelligence

cheong jik 

정직

honesty

cheong hawk seong 

정확성

meticulousness

ch’ung sil

충실

faithfulness

ko ryeo 

고려

consideration

him cho cheol

힘조절

power control

sin ch’uk

tension & relaxation

wan keup

speed control

shi sun

focus of eyes

kyunhyeong

균형

balance

 

 

 

 

Forms

 

ki ch’o hyung ilbu

기초형 일부

basic form one

ki ch’o hyung ibu

기초형 이부

basic form two

ki ch’o hyung sambu

기초형 삼부

basic form three

p’yeong’an ch’odan

평안초단

peaceful confidence one

p’yeong’an idan

평안이단

peaceful confidence two

p’yeong’an samdan

평안삼단

peaceful confidence three

p’yeong’an sadan

평안사단

peaceful confidence four

p’yeong’an odan

평안오단

peaceful confidence five

balsae (bassai) so/palch’ae so

발새 / 발채소

remove obstacle lesser

balsae (bassai)/palch’ae dae

발새대/ 발채대

remove obstacle greater

naebojin (naihanchi) ch’odan

내보진초단

inward stepping one

naebojin (naihanchi) idan

내보진이단

inward stepping two

naebojin (naihanchi) samdan

내보진삼단

inward stepping three

sip soo

십수

ten hands

chin dong (jinto)

진동

guard the east

e sip sa bo

이십사보

twenty four steps

nop’ae (ro hai)

노패

white heron

kong sang gun so

공상군소

imperial governor general lesser

kong sang gun dae

공상군대

imperial governor general greater

sang keuk kwon

상극권

ultimate supreme fist

wan su/yeonbi

완수/연비

royal envoy

sip sam (seisan)

십삼

thirteen influences

chaeun (jion)

자은

temple sound

chayun (jiin)

자윤

temple grounds

chin soo (chinte)

진수

extraordinary hands

woon soo

운수

cloud hands

o sip sa bo

오십사보

fifty four hands

chilsung illo

칠성 일로

seven stars one

chilsung iro

칠성 이로

seven stars two

chilsung samno

칠성 삼로

seven stars three

chilsung saro

칠성 사로

seven stars four

chilsung oro

칠성 오로

seven stars five

chilsung yungno

칠성 육로형

seven stars six

chilsung chillo

칠성 칠로

seven stars seven

yungno ch’odan/du mun

육로초단/두문

six path one/entering the gate

yungno idan/jung jol

육로이단/정졸

six path two/cutting the center

yungno samdan/po wol

육로삼단/포월

six path three/embrace the moon

yungno sadan/yang pyun

육로사단/양편

six path four/high whip

yungno odan/sal ch’u

육로오단/살추

six path five/killing hammer

yungno yukdan/ ch’ungno

육로육단/충로

six path six/jump catch

t’ae keuk kwon

태극권

grand supreme fist

sip e ro t’am t’oi

십이로탄퇴

twelve step springing legs

so rim jang kwon

소림장권

shaolin long fist

 

 

 

 

Definitions

 

tang soo do

chinese hand way

moo duk kwan

school (house) of martial virtue

soo bahk do

hand fighting way

hwa soo do

flowering hand way

hwa rang dan

flowering youth

moo do

martial way

moo ye

martial arts

 

 

 

 

Phrases

 

annyeong haseyo

안영 하세

hello

kam sa ham ni da

thank you

ch’eonmaneyo

만에

you’re welcome

annyeonghi kyeo seyo

히게세

goodbye

 

©2001 Jonathan Plyler, All Rights Reserved.  This website is designed as a forum for practitioners of traditional martial arts to further their knowledge of the art of Tang Soo Do/Soo Bahk Do.  It is created for informational purposes only.  It is not my intention to use anyone’s copyrighted material.  If there are any images on this site which you feel should not be here, please e-mail me and they will be removed immediately.