More pictures are forthcoming but the patent claim is not helpful. This is a simple device and it was constructed in an odd manner. Below you can see the patent drawing. (1,826,727) You are looking at a copper pipe mounted on a piece of glass. Inside the copper pipe is the main wire (inner central wire) which has coiled wire wrapped around it. The coiled wire is separated from the copper pipe with insulation. Mica was the preferred insulator. The copper pipe has a partial vacuum. The coiled wire and the inner central wire have their ends connected to the binding post (together). There is a battery and an old receiver not shown. That is the apparatus in a nutshell, no pun intended.
Here is what he did. A standard house TV type antenna is connected to the negative side of a battery. (He used 4 1/2 volts.) The other side of the battery or the positive side, is connected to the binding posts (7) on one side of the copper pipe(34). The other end of the pipe (4) hooks to a radio (standard broadcast radio). That's it! He tuned in the power and ran his house from this device for years and did NOT use the power company. I feel certain the pipe does not have to be bent, he just mounted his battery there. The device looks to be insulated from ground.
What is not known:
He did not say if the "coiled" wire is insulated from the inner central wire. He did not say if the binding posts were insulated from the central wire and coil but it would seem so with all the mica insulation in the pipe. We do know there is 1 lead in and only 1 lead out. This should not be hard to test if the bend is left out of the pipe.
Here is a close-up of what is inside the pipe
US Patent # 1,826,727 (Cl. 250-20)
(October 31, 1931)
Chancy J. Britten, of Charlote, Michigan, assignor to Britten Light & Power Company, of Lansing, Michigan, a corporation of Michigan
This invention relates to improvements in radio apparatus in the nature of an economizer and clarifier.
The objects of the invention are particularly to economize and conserve the current and to regulate and to clarify the tone.
Further objects and objects pertaining to details and economies of construction and operation will definitely appear from the description to follow.
I accomplish the objects of my invention by the devices and means described in the following specification. The invention is clearly defined and pointed out in the claim.
A device embodying my invention s clearly illustrated in the accompanying drawings forming a part of this specification, in which:
Figure 1 is a detail perspective view of my improvement designed as an attachment to an ordinary radio set.
Figure 2 is a full size vertical detail longitudinal elevation view partially ins ection on a central plane.
Figure 3 is an enlarged detail sectional view on line 3-3 of Figure 2 through the body of the main connection.
Figure 4 is a detail diagrammatic wiring view showing the relation of my apparatus in combination with a radio set.
The parts will be identified by their numerals of reference which are the same in all the views.
1 is the base which may be of glass or suitable insulating material. 2 is a metal supporting column secured to the glass base in any suitable way. 3 is the main connector of my improved economizer and regulator having a horizontal portion 31 disposed in proximity to the base and secured thereto by a suitable welded or soldered button 32. It has an upright portion and horizontal portion 33 disposed through the upright supporting post 2. This connector comprises an outer tube or casing 34 preferably of copper, an inner central wire 35, around which is disposed a coil of wire 36. The coil of wire is embraced within a layer of mica insulating material 37. The tube is preferably under partial vacuum. Plugs 38 of insulation are in the ends of connector 3.
The inner central wire 35 and the coil 36 have their ends connected to suitable binding posts. The binding post 4 on the lower horizontal part provides the connection to the radio set 5 containing the usual A, B and C batteries and being otherwise organized as indicated diagrammatically in Figure 4.
The binding post 6 is provided with connection 7 leading to the positive terminal 8 of the battery 9. The negative terminal 11 of the battery 9, which is a 4-1/2 volt dry cell battery, is connected to the lead 10 to the aerial.
The battery 9 is a duplicate of the C battery of 4-1/2 volt capacity but is not coupled up to act as a C battery but in the particular auxiliary relation specified herein.
Just how the structure results in the advantages stated is problematical and applicant is only able to state the results and define the structure which accomplishes the same without expanding on the theory by which it is accomplished.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by letters patent is:
The combination with a radio set comprising A, B, and C batteries and an aerial of an economizer and clarifying device comprising an auxiliary battery dry cell, a base with post, a metallic tubular casing with a horizontal lower part and an upright and an upper horizontal part disposed through said post, a central conductor, a coil of wire around the conductor, the opposite ends of said conductor and coil being connected to a single binding post mounted on the upper and lower ends of the tubular casing which casing is suitably sealed at the ends, a mica insulation between said coil and the casing, a connection fro the lower binding post to the antenna connection of the radio set and from the upper binding post to the positive terminal of said battery dry cell, and a connection from the negative terminal of the said battery cell to the aerial of said radio set.
In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand,
Chancy J. Britten