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My North Carolina


From A to Z

By: Brittany Strothers

Agriculture, Tobacco

Some of North Carolina's agriculture crops are corn, peanuts, cotton, and tobacco. North Carolina is the largest producer of tobacco. The tobacco product is used to make cigars, snuff, chewing tobacco, and most popular cigarettes. During the Civil War soldiers were found taking this yellow leaf plant. The Duke family found that the soldiers were smoking the plant. Soon cigarettes made from tobacco were a winner. The Washington Duke family, manufactured this product and became very rich. Today you may visit the Duke home to see how to prime tobacco, to curing tobacco to placing it in the smoke barn. In 1970 tobacco became a very important crop in North Carolina.

Bird, Cardinal

On March 4, 1943, North Carolina named the cardinal as the state bird. Most of the people in North Carolina choose this bird. In the winter you can easily notice the red bird. His nickname is the winter bird. The cardinal is a very good singer. It is odd to have a female sing as well as the male. As winter comes to an end you may hear the cardinal singing on the first sunny day. Cardinals do not leave as the season changes (migrate). The cardinal is about six to eight inches. It is about the size of a catbird. The male is red all over. He has a black mask covering his eyes down his throat. The female is olive green with red wings with brownish pink undersides. Both the male and female cardinal remain together. The cardinal is North Carolina's state bird and six other states.

Capitol, Raleigh

The state capitol was named after Sir Walter Raleigh in 1792. Raleigh is located in Wake County. Some of the schools in Raleigh, North Carolina are NC State, Saint Augustine College, Shaw University and Meredith college. Together Raleigh, Durham, and Chapel Hill make up the Research Triangle Park. Research Triangle Park focuses on scientific and educational research. There are more than 70 research companies located in the triangle. The Raleigh Durham airport services the Raleigh- Durham- Chapel Hill Area. In October of every year the state holds its state fair.

Dog, Plott Hound

The Plott hound was named the North Carolina state dog in August 1989.It was in August 1750 when the hounds were found in the mountains of North Carolina. The Plott hounds was named after Jonathan Plott. This hound is known to be a great fighter. He really holds to his battle. He is a very aggressive fighter also. Plott hounds are very loyal to their owners. These dogs are very gentle animals. The Plott hound has a brindle color coat and a spine tingling bugle like call

Eva M. Clayton

Eva Clayton was the first black woman elected to congress from North Carolina. Eva Clayton was born in Georgia. In 1955 she received her degree from Johnson C. Smith. At North Carolina Central University, she received her masters degree in 1962. In 1992 Clayton ran for office as congress women. In the next several years Clayton would continue to defeat her opponents.

Flower, Dogwood

In 1941 the dogwood was named the state flower. Dogwood is a name for flowering plants. Mostly trees are members of the dogwood family. The dogwood flower will blossom early spring and will continue through the early part of the summer. Dogwood flowers are small and blossom in clusters with small white petals. They are not really petals but bracts. Sometimes the bracts are red or pink. Many birds eat the fruit of the dogwood. In France the dogwood is used to make wine. Also, the wood found in dogwood is used to make furniture and can be found throughout the state.

Gemstone, Emerald

It was 1973, when North Carolina named the emerald as the state stone. An emerald is bright green in color. The emerald is one of the most valuable stones. Many people treasure gemstones because of their beauty, and durability. It is not always easy to tell if an emerald is real so scientist must see if it refract lights. Long ago the emerald was used to treat diseases of the eye. Sometimes the emerald may appear to look mossy this is because it contains a feather like material. A perfect flawless emerald is very rare and can cost more than some diamonds the same size. Emeralds have been found in Alexander and in Mitchell counties in North Carolina. The largest emerald was found in North Carolina near Statesville. The Carolina emerald is the largest and finest cut emerald in the continent.


Bennett place located in Durham North Carolina, is where troops in the civil war surrendered. They surrendered in April 1875. The confederate and unions where at war. The confederates were losing the war. The confederates realized how bad they were doing in the civil war. Nearby areas were destroyed. Sherman headed for an area with little growth after destroying areas with building and factories. The confederates did not want to be captured in Virginia. On April 11 the president met with Johnston to discuss the strength of the army.

It was April 17 when Johnston and Sherman met for the first time. During this meeting Sherman let Johnston know president Lincoln had been killed. Johnston and Sherman met several times to reach an agreement. They could not reach an agreement. The war was bad for the confederates. Johnston met Sherman again without permission. The meeting took place on April 26. It was on April 26 that they reached a decision. The troops surrendered and North Carolina was not destroyed.

Insect, Honey Bee

In 1973 the Honey Bee was named the State Bee. The Honey Bee makes millions worth of honey for North Carolina. The Honey Bee eats lots of nectar. The Honey Bee has a mother or better known as the Queen, and all of her children are known as workers. When a bee finds honey it goes back to the hive and tells the others. Honey Bees helps our crops grow. Because of the Honey Bee, we can have apples, apricots, cantaloupe, pears, strawberries, watermelon, and many other foods. Worker bees live up to five weeks. The Queen Bee lives one to three years. The honey bee is the state bee for fifteen other states.


Professional basketball player Michael Jordan

goes down in basketball history. The 6 foot 6 inch basketball star led the Chicago Bulls to six national championship. Michael Jordan received 4 most valuable player awards. Jordan guard position leaves the crowd roaring. Jordan is an excellent shooter as well as defensive player. Jordan sportsmanship brings many viewers to the basketball arena. Jordan returned from basketball. yet couldn't leave the court. Later Jordan return to the court with the wizards uniform. Michael Jordan, a sports legend .


Lost Colony

Sir Walter Raleigh found a land that could be a colony. This land was in North Carolina. Queen Elizabeth wanted Raleigh to find new lands. Raleigh received a grant of land from Queen Elizabeth. In August 1585, Sir Walter Raleigh went out to settle this land. When he arrived there were bad relationships with Native Americans. Because of bad relationship with Native American Indians they had little food. Sir Walter Raleigh decided they needed more help. He returned home to get more help. In 1587 he tried to settle the colony again with John White. John White brought many people with him. The sailors on the boat would not stop the boat unless it was on the Roanoke Island. They arrived in July 1587, one month later, John Whites daughter gave birth to a child. The child was born August 18, 1587 and was the first English child born in America. The child was a girl named Virginia Dare. White decided he needed more supplies and he would return home to get them. When John White returned everyone was gone. All he found was the letters Croaton carved in a tree. They could not find any people not even there homes. This is why we call it the lost colony. White attacked the Croaton but never found the people. Today we still do not know what happen.

Mammal, Gray Squirrel

In 1969, the Gray Squirrel was named the state mammal. The gray squirrel is a tree squirrel which does not travel as the seasons changes. The gray squirrel eats acorns and many different fruits and vegetables. He can bury an acorn up to 100 feet into the ground and return to his acorn. His nose helps him find where he buried it. If he forgets to go back it turns into a tree. The gray squirrel can be harmful to trees. It's sharp teeth tearing the bark off trees destroys it.

Nickname, The old state or The Tar Heel State

There was a land named after King Charles I of England. The land named after King Charles is called carolina. Carolina is from the Latin word Carolus. Carolina was divided into two parts. The south part of carolina was called south carolina and the north was called north carolina. The split in the carolina's took place in 1710. One of the most important products in North Carolina was tar. The states were at war. This battle was very fierce. The men who fought in the battle were asked if there was anymore tar in the old north state. If so they would place it on the hills of their soldiers so that maybe they would stick better. This is how North Carolina got the name the Tar Heel State.

Old Salem

Old Salem is located in Winston Salem, North Carolina. Located in Old Salem you may see building dating back to the early 1760's. These building have been remodeled but shows us today what that appeared like. The oldest morivan church is also located here.


The Great Smoky Mountains is

located in North Carolina and

Tennessee. The mountain has

a smokey appearance and is

also known as the Smokies.

Cape Hatteras is greatly view by many people.


Reptile, Eastern Box Turtle

In 1939, the eastern box turtle was named the state reptile. When threaten this turtle pulls in his head and legs and boxes itself up into his shell. Box turtles lives on dry land. It lives in hot weather, and they cool off in streams and in ponds. In the winter they go under soft soil. The box turtle eats insects, leaves, worms, and berries. They are about 6 inches. The box turtle lives about 40 years. The box turtle is now near to being extinct.


The old north state song was named the state song in 1927. The song was written by William Gaston' and arranged by E. E. Randolph.

William Gaston; Collected and Arranged by Mrs. E. E. Randolph)

Carolina! Carolina! heaven's blessings attend her,
While we live we will cherish, protect and defend her,
Tho' the scorner may sneer at and witlings defame her,
Still our hearts swell with gladness whenever we name her.
Hurrah! Hurrah! the Old North State forever,
Hurrah! Hurrah! the good Old North State.

Tho' she envies not others, their merited glory,
Say whose name stands the foremost, in liberty's story,
Tho' too true to herself e'er to crouch to oppression,
Who can yield to just rule a more loyal submission.
Hurrah! Hurrah! the Old North State forever,
Hurrah! Hurrah! the good Old North State.

Then let all those who love us, love the land that we live in,

As happy a region as on this side of heaven,

Where plenty and peace, love and joy smile before us,
Raise aloud, raise together the heart thrilling chorus.
Hurrah! Hurrah! the Old North State forever,
Hurrah! Hurrah! the good Old North State.

Tree, Pine

The pine tree was name the state tree in 1963. It is the most common tree in North Carolina . It plays a key role in North Carolina's economy. People use the pine tree to make many wood products. This why the pine tree is so important to North Carolina. Years ago the navy used pine to repair there ships.

University of North Carolina

University of North Carolina is the oldest public or the first public university. It first opened its doors to students in 1795. The school offered instruction in Greek, Latin and Philosophy, UNC Became one of the largest colleges in the country. During the Civil War the school remained opened. The college added a graduate study in 1875. It went on to have a medieval study in addition. For the first time women were allowed to attend in 1897. UNC went on to add many other studies. Many famous people graduated from the University of North Carolina, such as: President James Polk, Andy Griffin, and Michael Jordan.

Vegetable, Sweet Potato

It was 1995, when the sweet potato was named the state vegetable. The root of the vegetable is important part which is edible. The sweet potatoes have little fat and is rich in vitamin A and C. Sweet potatoes are also used for feeding livestock. In 1989, North Carolina produced more than four billion pounds of sweet potatoes.

Wright Brothers

December 17, 1903, the Wright Brothers made the first successful flight at kitty Hawk, North Carolina. The Wright Brothers made The first flight on a plane that they built themselves. The first flight lasted about 12 seconds. The brothers names were Wilbur and Orville. The first flight traveled 120 feet. The Wright Brothers continued to experiment with flying. There final flight lasted 59 seconds. The Wright Brothers create an airplane that could fly up to thirty minutes, make circles and turns and make figure eights. The importance of the Wrights Brothers discovery was not known. In 1908 the brothers shared their experiment with the army. During this demonstration, the plane crashed. After experiencing this crash, the army saw the potential in airplanes. Later the development of airplane flew off.


Zoo, North Carolina

The North Carolina Zoological Park is located in Ashboro, North Carolina. The zoo has many animals from elephants to apes. The North Carolina zoo is also a museum. Many people visit the zoo to see the animals in create living environments.