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(1) EXTRACT FROM "STATISTICS OF EDUCATION - SCHOOLS IN ENGLAND, 2001"

Under the School Standards and Framework Act 1998, four new categories: Community, Foundation, Voluntary Controlled and Voluntary Aided replaced from 1 September 1999 the previous five categories of mainstream state school: county, controlled, special agreement, aided and grant-maintained (GM).

Schools in all the four categories have a lot in common. They work in partnership with other schools and with local education authorities (LEAs), and they receive funding from LEAs. But each category also have its own characteristics.

Community schools Community schools are very similar to former county schools. The LEA employs the school`s staff, owns the school's land and buildings and has primary responsibility for deciding the arrangements for admitting pupils.

Foundation schools At Foundation schools, the governing body employ the school's staff and have primary responsibility for admission arrangements. The school's land and buildings are owned by the governing body or by a charitable foundation.

Voluntary Aided schools Voluntary Aided schools are similar to former aided schools. The governing body employ the school's staff and have primary responsibility for admission arrangements. The school's land and buildings are normally owned by a charitable foundation. The governing body contribute towards the capital costs of running the school.

Voluntary Controlled schools Voluntary Controlled schools are very similar to former controlled schools. The LEA employ the school's staff and have primary responsibility for admission arrangements. The school's land and buildings are normally owned by a charitable foundation.

(2) Mainstream Schools and others

Under the Education (School Organisation Proposals) (England) Regulations 1999 (Statutory Instrument 1999 No. 2213) the term "mainstream school" means a community, foundation or voluntary school. Other schools such as City Colleges and CIty Academies are technically classed as independent, despite being funded publicly and operating as local schools.

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