The only "TRAYNOR" arms
I found was created for Lord TRAYNER of the University of
Glascow Scotland, Dr. of Laws, and was only created in 1878 for himself only.
I have corresponded with his descendant, Peter. He says Lord Trayner's arms originaly
were from Ireland and the spelling there was TREANOR. There was reported to be some
association with "the Bishop of all ireland".
That's all he knows about the origin of the arms before Lord Trayner's use of it.
The cross is called a St. Andrews cross.
Atop the shield is the crest; a large helmet with a sitting lion on it.
The bottom third of the shield has a fleur de lis.
The motto is "par lois et droit", which I think means; "By Right of Law".
Ancestors of the Armstrongs were mainly settlers from Scotland. Mostly they settled in county Fermanagh during the "Plantation" period of the 1600s. Most of them in the adjoining county of Monaghan settled in the north and central part of that county.
The ENGLISH PALE
Some of the English
were becoming too "Irish", so............
A statute of 1366 in Ireland provided that;
"Every Englishman do use the English language, and be
named by an
English name, leaving off entirely the manner of naming used by the
Irish"; and in 1465 a law was passed enacting "that every Irishman that
dwells betwixt or amongst Englishmen in the county of Dublin, Myeth,
(Meath), Vriell,(Oriel) and Kildare ..... shall take to him an
English Surname of one town, as Sutton, Chester, Trym, Skryne, Corke,
Kinsale; or colour, as white, blacke, browne; or arte or science, as
smith or carpenter; or office, as cooke, butler . . ."
The area mentioned,
was known as the "Pale". Pale = fence.
It was first named about the beginning of the 14th cent.
Whence came the expression; "Beyond the Pale".
It meant outside the protection of the English areas. If you ventured
out from there you might be set upon by those "savage" Irishmen.
English authority could not be enforced where there were no troops.