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                              THE TRAYNER COAT of ARMS

   Arms were created for a single individual. Even a son of the original owner of the arms had
to make a slight change in the original to make it his.
There are really no "family" or surname arms, but plaques, keychains, etc. are sold to anyone bearing the surname as if it was their family arms.
   One of my family sent for a TRAYNOR arms plaque and got one having an arm holding an up-rooted oak tree.
The heraldry company failed to mention it was the Armstrong arms or explain why they
would substitute that name.  They will send you whatever they can find that's close.

   The only "TRAYNOR" arms I found was created for Lord TRAYNER of the University of
Glascow Scotland, Dr. of Laws, and was only created in 1878 for himself only.
    I have corresponded with his descendant, Peter.  He says Lord Trayner's arms originaly
were from Ireland and the spelling there was TREANOR. There was  reported to be some
association with  "the Bishop of all ireland".
That's all he knows about the origin of the arms before Lord Trayner's use of it.

                                          TRAYNER ARMS

 The cross is called a St. Andrews cross.
Atop the shield is the crest; a large helmet with a sitting lion on it.
The bottom third of the shield has a fleur de lis.
The motto is  "par lois et droit", which I think means; "By Right of Law".


  A good number of Irish Armstrongs are of Gaelic Irish extraction. Some of the Irish McCLAVEs,
LAVERTYs, LAVERYs of Co Antrim and TRAYNORs, TRAINORS of Tyrone and Monaghan,
had their names anglicised or mis-translated by the English to Armstrong due to the Irish "trean"
for strong in the Irish name, and some of them went by that name when moving into the English "Pale" as it was at one time a crime to use an Irish name in the Pale. (See The English Pale below)

   Ancestors of the Armstrongs were mainly settlers from Scotland. Mostly they settled in county Fermanagh during the "Plantation" period of the 1600s. Most of them in the adjoining county of Monaghan settled in the north and central part of that county.


    Some of the English were becoming too "Irish", so............
 A statute of 1366 in Ireland provided that;

        "Every Englishman do use the English language,  and  be  named  by  an
     English  name,  leaving  off  entirely  the  manner of naming used by the
     Irish";  and in 1465 a law was passed enacting "that every Irishman  that
     dwells betwixt or amongst Englishmen in the county of Dublin, Myeth,
     (Meath), Vriell,(Oriel) and Kildare .....  shall take to him an
     English Surname of one town, as Sutton, Chester, Trym, Skryne, Corke,
     Kinsale; or colour, as white, blacke, browne; or arte or science, as
     smith or carpenter; or office, as cooke, butler . . ."

The area mentioned, was known as the "Pale". Pale = fence.
It was first named about the beginning of the 14th cent.

Whence came the expression; "Beyond the Pale".
   It meant outside the protection of the English areas. If you ventured
out from there you might be set upon by those "savage" Irishmen.
English authority could not be enforced where there were no troops.

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