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                                                            From "Irish Pedigrees", by John O'Hart, vol. 2
                                                    THE PALATINES.*

            THE following notice of the "Poor Palatines" occurs in the Memoirs of
            Thomas, Marquis of Wharton, by Sir E. Steele, p. 66:

            "In this year (1709) the Poor Palatines came into England, and my
             Lord Wharton, whose wisdom was too extensive to be confined to
            the narrow views of an ignorant selfish faction, procured the Privy
            Council of Ireland to join with him in an humble address to Her
            Majesty, that as many of the poor Palatines as Her Majesty should
            think fit, might be settled in that kingdom;  where they should be
            very kindly received,  and advantageously settled."

               Other notices of the Palatines will be found in the Annals of Queen
            Anne, 1709, SYO, pp. 166-168, in Boyer's Political State of of Great
            Britain,  Vol. 1., pp. 133, 276-280; Ferrar's History of Limerick, pp.
            409-412,  edition 1787; Mr. and Mrs. Hall's Ireland, Vol. 1., p. 353,
            355, 372; Lord Dunraven's Memorials of Adare; Lenihan's  History
            of Limerick; Fitzgerald and McGregor's History of Ireland; Irish
            Lords' Journal, Vol. II., p. 312,  History of Queen Anne, Vols. 1.
            and 2.   In Marsh's Library, Dublin, there is a  Manuscript, classed
            V, 3. i. 27,  which contains documents relative to  the Palatines, and
            lists of their families; and in the Treasury there is,  according to
            Notes and Queries, a bundle of papers which contains particulars
            of  the numbers, arrivals, and expenses of the Palatines.  In June,
            1709,there were  6,600 of them  in London: those of them who were
            lodged in barns to be removed at  Midsummer.  The Queen had
            ordered them a thousand tents, but there was no place to pitch them.
               According to the Irish Evangelist, Vol. 1., No. 9, June, 1860, the
            following is a short history of the Palatines:

              "In the year 1709, seven thousand Protestant Lutherans were driven
            from  their homes in the Palatinate, by the French, under Louis IV.
            On hearing the intelligence, Queen Anne sent ships for them, and
            conveyed  them to England.  Grants were given by the Crown to permit
            of their  settling in these countries; but about half of the number
            proceeded to North America. Probably a few families stayed in
            England; and the rest came to Ireland, and were chiefly located on the
            Southwell property, near Rathkeale (county Limerick). Each man,
            woman, and child was allowed eight acres of land, for which was to be
            paid five shillings an acre, yearly, for ever. The Government agreed to
            pay their rent for twenty years, in order to encourage the Protestant
            interest in Ireland, and make them all  freeholders. They supplied
            every man with a good musket (called a Queen  Anne piece) to protect
            himself and his family. They were embodied in the free eomanry of
            the country, and were styled True Blues, or German Fusiliers; and
            were commanded by one Captain Brown."

            Some of the Palatines settled in the co. Carlow, some in the Queen's
            County, some in the county Tipperary, some in the county Wexford,
            some in the county Kerry, some in the county Limerick, etc. In Carlow
            there is a hamlet named "Palatinetown;" so called, no doubt, from a
            settlement of those refugees in that neighbourhood, under the auspices
            of Mr. Burton, of Burton Hall, at the commencement of the 18th
            century; but, with the exception of those of Keppel, Hanbridge, and a
            few others, families of the Palatine race have disappeared from that
            neighbourhood.  Mr. Bogue, of  Wells, of that period, was also a patron
            of the Palatines; many of whom  settled on his estate in the county
            Wexford.  In the county Limerick some  of them settled at Castle
            Oliver, near Kilfinnan, southwest of Knocklong,  and others of them in
            Ballyorgan, in the barony of Coshlea; but it would appear that the
            Palatines were introduced upon the Adare's property, about   A.D.
               The following list contains names of the Palatine families that settled
            in Ireland, those in italics are borne by tenants on the Adare estate:

            Baker                  Gruer                      Ruckee *
            Barkman *           Heek                      Switzer *
            Barrowbier           Hoffman                 Sparling *
            Benner                 Hifle *                    Stark *
            Bethel                  Heavener *            St. John *
            Bowen                 Glozier (probably    St. Ledger
            Bowman                 now Leguer)        Straugh
            Bovinger  (now     Lawrence               Sleeper
              Bobanizer)          Lowes                    Shoemaker
            Brethower            Ledwick                 Shier *
            Cole                     Long                       Sweltzer
            Coach                  Millar *                  Shoultare *
            Corneil *              Mich                      Shunewire
            Cronsberry           Modler                 Tesley (now Tesky)
            Dobe                    Neizer                   Tettler
            Dulmage *            Piper *                  Ursburlbaugh
            Embury                 Rhineheart           Williams
            Figgle *                 Rose                     Young
            Grunse                  Rodenbucher

                In the MS. V. 3. 1. 27, deposited in the (Marsh's) Public Library of
            St. Patrick's, Dublin, is mentioned: 1. Petition of Daniel Hintze to
            Archbishop of Dublin, praying to be excused from attending at a
            meeting of  "the Commissioners for the Palatines." 2. "An Account of
            what is due to the several Gentlemen for Palatine Familys settled
            under them to compleat their allowances to the 29th September, 1723."
                In this Account, but few Palatine names are mentioned, twenty-six
            families are mentioned, but no names are given for them.  The names
            actually given are: Ann, Eliz., and Margaret Beckerren, three Palatine
            Orphans. Margaret Filme, a Palatine. Susanna Kaysor, a Palatine.
            Mary Hardwick, with her husband, to be allowed as a Palatine family.
            Hans and Jacob Writer, as heads of two families. Michael Miller, a
            Palatine.  "His charges home to Greagh near Limerick."
               The sum total of this Account is given as £ 256 7s. 11 1/2d.

            * Palatines : The Palatines were German Protestants in the Palatinate,
            under the sway of King Louis XIV of France.
            PALATINATE: In England, a county in which the tenant in chief
            exercises powers normally reserved for the king, including the
            exclusive right to appoint justiciar, hold courts of chancery and
            exchequer, and to coin money. The kings writ is not valid in a
            County Palatinate.

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