THE following notice of the "Poor Palatines" occurs in the Memoirs of
Thomas, Marquis of Wharton, by Sir E. Steele, p. 66:
"In this year (1709) the Poor Palatines came into England, and my
Lord Wharton, whose wisdom was too extensive to be confined to
the narrow views of an ignorant selfish faction, procured the Privy
Council of Ireland to join with him in an humble address to Her
Majesty, that as many of the poor Palatines as Her Majesty should
think fit, might be settled in that kingdom; where they should be
very kindly received, and advantageously settled."
Other notices of the Palatines will be found in the Annals of Queen
Anne, 1709, SYO, pp. 166-168, in Boyer's Political State of of Great
Britain, Vol. 1., pp. 133, 276-280; Ferrar's History of Limerick, pp.
409-412, edition 1787; Mr. and Mrs. Hall's Ireland, Vol. 1., p. 353,
355, 372; Lord Dunraven's Memorials of Adare; Lenihan's History
of Limerick; Fitzgerald and McGregor's History of Ireland; Irish
Lords' Journal, Vol. II., p. 312, History of Queen Anne, Vols. 1.
and 2. In Marsh's Library, Dublin, there is a Manuscript, classed
V, 3. i. 27, which contains documents relative to the Palatines, and
lists of their families; and in the Treasury there is, according to
Notes and Queries, a bundle of papers which contains particulars
of the numbers, arrivals, and expenses of the Palatines. In June,
1709,there were 6,600 of them in London: those of them who were
lodged in barns to be removed at Midsummer. The Queen had
ordered them a thousand tents, but there was no place to pitch them.
According to the Irish Evangelist, Vol. 1., No. 9, June, 1860, the
following is a short history of the Palatines:
"In the year 1709, seven thousand Protestant Lutherans were driven
from their homes in the Palatinate, by the French, under Louis IV.
On hearing the intelligence, Queen Anne sent ships for them, and
conveyed them to England. Grants were given by the Crown to permit
of their settling in these countries; but about half of the number
proceeded to North America. Probably a few families stayed in
England; and the rest came to Ireland, and were chiefly located on the
Southwell property, near Rathkeale (county Limerick). Each man,
woman, and child was allowed eight acres of land, for which was to be
paid five shillings an acre, yearly, for ever. The Government agreed to
pay their rent for twenty years, in order to encourage the Protestant
interest in Ireland, and make them all freeholders. They supplied
every man with a good musket (called a Queen Anne piece) to protect
himself and his family. They were embodied in the free eomanry of
the country, and were styled True Blues, or German Fusiliers; and
were commanded by one Captain Brown."
Some of the Palatines settled in the co. Carlow, some in the Queen's
County, some in the county Tipperary, some in the county Wexford,
some in the county Kerry, some in the county Limerick, etc. In Carlow
there is a hamlet named "Palatinetown;" so called, no doubt, from a
settlement of those refugees in that neighbourhood, under the auspices
of Mr. Burton, of Burton Hall, at the commencement of the 18th
century; but, with the exception of those of Keppel, Hanbridge, and a
few others, families of the Palatine race have disappeared from that
neighbourhood. Mr. Bogue, of Wells, of that period, was also a patron
of the Palatines; many of whom settled on his estate in the county
Wexford. In the county Limerick some of them settled at Castle
Oliver, near Kilfinnan, southwest of Knocklong, and others of them in
Ballyorgan, in the barony of Coshlea; but it would appear that the
Palatines were introduced upon the Adare's property, about A.D.
The following list contains names of the Palatine families that settled
in Ireland, those in italics are borne by tenants on the Adare estate:
Baker Gruer Ruckee *
Barkman * Heek Switzer *
Barrowbier Hoffman Sparling *
Benner Hifle * Stark *
Bethel Heavener * St. John *
Bowen Glozier (probably St. Ledger
Bowman now Leguer) Straugh
Bovinger (now Lawrence Sleeper
Bobanizer) Lowes Shoemaker
Brethower Ledwick Shier *
Cole Long Sweltzer
Coach Millar * Shoultare *
Corneil * Mich Shunewire
Cronsberry Modler Tesley (now Tesky)
Dobe Neizer Tettler
Dulmage * Piper * Ursburlbaugh
Embury Rhineheart Williams
Figgle * Rose Young
In the MS. V. 3. 1. 27, deposited in the (Marsh's) Public Library of
St. Patrick's, Dublin, is mentioned: 1. Petition of Daniel Hintze to
Archbishop of Dublin, praying to be excused from attending at a
meeting of "the Commissioners for the Palatines." 2. "An Account of
what is due to the several Gentlemen for Palatine Familys settled
under them to compleat their allowances to the 29th September, 1723."
In this Account, but few Palatine names are mentioned, twenty-six
families are mentioned, but no names are given for them. The names
actually given are: Ann, Eliz., and Margaret Beckerren, three Palatine
Orphans. Margaret Filme, a Palatine. Susanna Kaysor, a Palatine.
Mary Hardwick, with her husband, to be allowed as a Palatine family.
Hans and Jacob Writer, as heads of two families. Michael Miller, a
Palatine. "His charges home to Greagh near Limerick."
The sum total of this Account is given as £ 256 7s. 11 1/2d.
* Palatines : The Palatines were German Protestants in the Palatinate,
under the sway of King Louis XIV of France.
PALATINATE: In England, a county in which the tenant in chief
exercises powers normally reserved for the king, including the
exclusive right to appoint justiciar, hold courts of chancery and
exchequer, and to coin money. The kings writ is not valid in a