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Philosophy of Man




            Suppose it were possible to avail of a super penetrating laser beam to reveal or make transparent the innermost yearnings of the human breast, heart, mind, will end to decipher mans deepest longings, what would we discover?


            We would find that man fundamentally longs for three basic realities: Life, Truth, and Love, considered in one essence – Happiness.


            Man differ in many ways, yet beyond all doubt and dispute, they are, without any possible exception, are in their ceaseless search for happiness and its attributes – Life, Truth, and Love. All men absolutely agree that each man seeks his own well being, his success in all his undertakings – in a word his own happiness.




Etymological Definition. It comes from two Greek words, “Philo” and “Sophia”, which mean love of wisdom.

Thus, a philosopher is a lover of wisdom.

Real Definition. It is a search for meaning. The word “search” means to look, to find, to seek. This connotes something more serious and intense. It is a quest.

Nature. It is in the very nature of philosophy that man searches for the meaning of himself was born the very first time man stared wondering at what he saw around him.

Philosophizing. It is a searching for meaning. It is trying to “see” into something more that what meets the eye.


            The history of philosophy shows that men have seen and noticed thing around them, thought and pondered on these, and acted on their reflections.



Philosophical Inquiry


1)      The first condition for adequate philosophy is theoretical coherence (logic).

v                 Making sense of my self-awareness as unfolded by the environment.

2)      Logical patterns must be complemented and tented by what we may call    

       Phenomenological adequacy.

v                 I must live my thought.

3)      Philosophy must lead me to:

a)                  The formulation of an ideal of human wholeness.

b)                  The work of continuous criticism in the light of human wholeness.




Present Situation


Divorce Bill

Pagpapalaya kay convicted Priest Manero

(conditional pardon – signed by Pres. Estrada)

                  Pagsabog ng Granada sa TIP & Trinity College

                  Kahapon (Ikinamatay ng isang student leader na si Navarro)

                  Threat by driver “Malawakang strike ng mga sasakyan”


“Human experience is a shared experience”

                  The very acts eating, learning, playing, has to be done with others.


Concluding Paragraph


Happiness has been sought for by sinners and saints alike.  The sinner is looking for it in the wrong way; the saint looks for it in the right way. It is happiness they both look for. The saint looks for the gold finds its; the sinner also looks for it out but mistakes the glitters for the gold.


Philosophy is a guest for meaning. Man seeks the perfect good. He longs for life, for truth, for love – in short, he longs for happiness.


“While beast is born with a bent figure so as to look ever at the mind, man is given an erect posture to lift has vision to the stars and his destiny beyond” (a translation from Ovid’s and “Metamorphoses”)




            Show in a pantomime / skit the meaning of happiness (in the family / work place),

The paradox of the Filipino finds a beautiful parable in the ways up the bamboo.


Another paradox in the Filipino is shown strikingly in the Filipino people’s unity of faith in Divine Providence. Despite geographical barriers separating them, scattered in 7,001 islands, despite their differences in many ways – beliefs, customs, traditions, history, religion – etc. The Filipino people are one when they involve Gods name: Bathala, Allah, Ama, Apo, Katawan, Chirsto Dios, Panginoon etc.


Of self – restraint, Buddha says;

            The well subdued may subdue others;

Oneself indeed is hard to fame.

One may conquer a thousand in battle,

But he who conquers himself alone

Is the greatest victor.




The Paradox of Man


The wise man does not accumulate for himself. 


                  He lives for other people

                  And grows richer himself,

                  He gives to other people

                  And has greater abundance.


Futility of Contention


                  To yield is to be persevered whole

                  To be bent is to become straight

To be hollow is to be renewed

To be fettered is to posses

To be in want is to be confused.


The sage does not reveal himself

And is therefore luminous.

He does not justify himself

And therefore far-famed

He does not boast of himself

And therefore people give him credit.


He does not pride of himself

And is therefore people the ruler among men.

It is because he does not contend

That no one in the world contend against him. (from Lao Tzu’s “Tao Te Ching”).


“Man is nothing in comparison with the infinite, an all In comparison with nothing, a mean between nothing and everything.” (writes Pascal).


The Divine Paradoxes


1.      “Blessed are the poor in spirit for theirs is the Kingdom of heaven,” – Christ, one          Divine Teacher

2.      “He who loses his life for my sake will find.” - Christ, one Divine Teacher

3.      “He who exalteth himself will be humbled, and he who humbled himself will be exalted

4.      “Man’s perfection consists in knowing his imperfections,” – St. Augustine

5.      “Life is certain only with its uncertainties.” – Chief Justice Teehankee






Man and the State

(based on the Psychological Principles)


1.      Man is a Social Being. He has a nature and inclination for family life. He cannot live alone as an individual. To fulfill his inborn urge for happiness, he longs for group life. The origin of the state, therefore, has its roots in man’s social nature. Therefore, the authority came about the general will and consent of the ruler comes from the governed and the purpose of the state common good of the people.


2.      Man is a personal being. From the metaphysical viewpoint, man as an individual is dependent and is subservient to the state, since the general is always greater than the individual; the whole, superior to the part.



Meaning of Life


            Life is a living reality, a blessing, a natural priceless right and opportunity to be your fellows to work together for your common good and finally attain your destiny: Happiness.


            Man’s perfection and happiness is realized and achieved in social life. Confucius was more concerned with the reconciliation of conflicts, and advocated harmony among men in society.


Who Man Is

(According to G. Buddha)


            Man is often unhappy because of his uncontrolled bodily desires. Man’s selfishness and uncontrolled fleshy impulses engendered by the passions are the root causes of human misery and suffering. Hence, in order to be happy, man must liberate himself of selfishness, subjugate his baser instinct by self-restraint or denial, and in so doing he acquires virtue.