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Magnitud 7.6 - PAKISTAN
8 de Octubre de 2005 03:50:38 UTC

Reporte Preliminar del Terremoto
U.S. Geological Survey, National Earthquake Information Center
World Data Center for Seismology, Denver
 

 

Un terremoto mayor ocurrió a las 03:50:38 (UTC) del Sábado 8 de octubre de 2005. El evento de magnitud 7.6 ha sido localizado en PAKISTAN. 
   
Small globe showing earthquake

Small map showing earthquake

 

 
   
Magnitud 7.6
Fecha y Hora Sábado 8 de Octubre de 2005 a las 03:50:38 (UTC)
= Coordinated Universal Time
Sábado 8 de Octubre de 2005 a las 8:50:38 AM
= hora local en epicentro

Hora del terremoto en otras Zonas Horarias
Ubicación 34.402°N, 73.560°E
Profundidad 10 km (6.2 millas) determinado por programas de ubicación
Región PAKISTAN
Distancias
90 km (55 miles) NNE de ISLAMABAD, Pakistan
115 km (75 miles) ESE de Mingaora, Pakistan
120 km (75 miles) WNW de Srinagar, Kashmir
165 km (100 miles) N de Jhelum, Pakistan
 
Ubicación Aproximada horizontal +/- 5.9 km (3.7 miles); depth fixed by location program
Parámetros Nst=199, Nph=199, Dmin=918.1 km, Rmss=0.98 sec, Gp= 22°,
M-type=moment magnitude (Mw), Version=R
Fuente USGS NEIC (WDCS-D)
 
ID de Evento   usdyae
Reportes Al menos 39.422 personas fallecidas, 65.038 heridos y muchas ciudades y pueblos destruidos o seriamente dañados en el norte de Pakistan. Al menos 800 peersonas fueron muertas en la India y 4 en Afganistán. Una estimación de 2.5 millones de personas en el área han quedado sin casa. Los derrumbes han dañado caminos y puentes bloqueando el acceso a muchas de las áreas más golpeadas.

 

 

Earthquakes and active faults in northern Pakistan and adjacent parts of India and Afghanistan are the direct result of the Indian subcontinent moving northward at a rate of about 40 mm/yr (1.6 inches/yr) and colliding with the Eurasian continent. This collision is causing uplift that produces the highest mountain peaks in the world including the Himalayan, the Karakoram, the Pamir and the Hindu Kush ranges. As the Indian plate moves northward, it is being subducted or pushed beneath the Eurasian plate. Much of the compressional motion between these two colliding plates has been and continues to be accommodated by slip on a suite of major thrust faults that are at the Earth’s surface in the foothills of the mountains and dip northward beneath the ranges. These include the Main Frontal thrust, the Main Central thrust, the Main boundary thrust, and the Main Mantle thrust. These thrust faults have a sinuous trace as they arc across the foothills in northern India and into northern Pakistan. In detail, the modern active faults are actually a system of faults comprised of a number of individual fault traces. In the rugged mountainous terrain, it is difficult to identify and map all of the individual thrust faults, but the overall tectonic style of the modern deformation is clear in the area of the earthquake; north- and northeast-directed compression is producing thrust faulting. Near the town of Muzaffarabad, about 10 km southwest of the earthquake epicenter, active thrust faults that strike northwest-southeast have deformed and warped Pleistocene alluvial-fan surfaces into anticlinal ridges. The strike and dip direction of these thrust faults is compatible with the style of faulting indicated by the focal mechanism from the nearby M 7.6 earthquake.