The Russia Federation is the largest country in the world, measuring almost twice the size of the United States and includes eleven time zones. It’s divided into European Russia and Asian Russia (Siberian Russia); it has a population of 143,736,790 and a life expectancy of 67.5. Once a communistic country, in 1991 ten Soviet Republics declared independence from the Soviet Union, and the remainder or the Union became the Russian Federation, which is about 75% of the land area.
Located in the Northern and Middle latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere, most of Russia is closer to the North Pole than to the equator, which affects their temperature. Russia has only two seasons, summer and winter, with a very short period of moderation between them.
The Ural Mountains divide European Russia and Asian Russia and stretch along the Kara Sea and Kazakhstan. Moscow and St Petersburg are located in European Russia and are the two largest cities in the country. Moscow is the second largest city (compared to Paris) in Europe.
Public underground system transportation is only available in six Russian cities: Moscow, St. Petersburg, Yekaterinburg, Nizhniy Novgorod, Novosibirsk, and Samara. Moscow has an extensive decorated subway system, built in the 1930’s as a showpiece of Stalinist engineering, and still remains the most reliable and inexpensive means of transportation in the nation’s capital.
Since the formation of the Russian Federation, much transformation is taking place to restore the ancient cathedrals and a surge to activate the arts and literatures of the past. Attractions in the city of Moscow include the Kremlin, Red Square, Bolshoi Theatre, and St. Basil’s Cathedral, just to name a few. St. Petersburg attractions include the Palace Square, Alexander Column, Peter the Great Statue, and Engineer’s Castle and countless others that are rich is Russia’s culture and history.
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Last updated: 12/07/2004 01:39:45 AM