This city was formerly an boundary for the eastern Russian kingdom. As an outpost of Moscovia till the 17th century, it today is now one of the places in European Russia that many people cross through to other locations in the coutry--a virtual crossroads if you will. Being such, it has become a vital air-, rail-, and motorways junction connecting the far west to the east. It also connects Moscow with the Urals, as a large hub for trains, car travel, and by water,along the Volga River. Natives of Novgorod, an ancient city in northwest Russia, founded the city. Its name meas 'Lower Novgorod.' The city is located at the merging point of the Volga and the Oka rivers and was founded in 1221.
Over time, the city grew up beside the rivers, now covering 260 square miles. The 4th largest city in Russia, has a population of 1.36 million. It is administrative center of the Nizhny Novgorod region and the Volga Federal District. These districts cover 14 regions and republics of the Russian Federation.
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Last updated: 12/07/2004 01:39:46 AM