Maj. Gen. W.W. Loring commanded the 1st Division of Lt. Gen. J.C.
Pemberton's Army of
Mississippi. The 33rd was a part of the 2nd brigade commanded by
Brig. Gen. W.S. Featherston.
Pemberton ordered Loring's division to stop the threat of Federal forces
coming down the Tallahatchie River to Vicksburg. The 33rd boarded boats
at Vicksburg, traveled up the Yazoo River to the mouth of the Sunflower
and landed about 5 miles from the Federal gunboats at Deer Creek.
As Pvt. M.V. Kees (Co. C) recorded in his diary, there was a "great
deal (of) heavy skirmishing and driving the enemy back, but no regular
engagement...we followed them until they went back into the Mississippi
River." Afterwards, the 33rd traveled by boats up the Yazoo River to
Greenwood. [Featherston's report
| Losses of the 33rd]
April: Most of the month was spent building breastworks around
Fort Pemberton, outside of Greenwood. At the end of the month the
regiment was transported by rail to Grenada, then south to Jackson.
May: Loring's division, along with two others, were concentrated at
Edwards' Depot southwest of Jackson. On the 15th, the 33rd set out on
the military road toward Raymond with 3 days of cooked rations in their
haversacks. As night approached, the army bivouacked near Champion Hill.
On the 16th, enemy demonstrations became serious and battle lines were
drawn. The battle began in earnest around 10:00 a.m. Loring's division
had been thrown back to cover the military road. Up to 2:30 p.m.
Loring's command had not fired a gun. As Featherston's Brigade was
moving to the left of Champion Hill, the order to retreat came. Unable
to reach the bridge over Baker's Creek and not finding a place to cross
the swollen river, the 33rd, cut off from the rest of the army, marched
all night toward Crystal Springs. The following day they returned to
Jackson, then to Canton. [33rd
July: After the fall
of Vicksburg on the 4th,
Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's army fell back from the Big Black River to
Jackson. By the 9th, Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, with three corps of
the Federal army were positioned on the outskirts of town. From the 10th
to the 15th there was brisk, spirited skirmishing, as the siege began.
The Federals pressed in and heavily shelled the city. The 33rd, along
with the rest of Johnston's army, evacuated the city on the 16th,
marching toward Brandon and finally halting about 3-4 miles west of
Morton on the 18th.
[Vicksburg paroles |
For the remainder of the year the 33rd remained in central Mississippi
at various camps --- Brandon, Canton, Enterprise, Morton, Meridian or
All photographs of Generals on this page are
believed to be in the Public Domain.
For more information see
Dr. Sidney W. Bondurant's
of the 33rd Mississippi Infantry