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Willamette University, 2004

Courtney Jensen
Exercise Science
Senior Seminar Project

Hisaeda, Miyagawa, Kuno, Fukunaga & Muraoka. (1996). Influence of two different modes of resistance training in female subjects. Ergonomics, 39 (6), 842-852.

Webster's New International Dictionary: Second Edition, Unabridged

Faulkner. (2003). Terminology for contractions of muscles during shortening, while isometric, and during lengthening. Journal of Applied Physiology, 95, 455-459.

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Gates, George & Campbell. (2003). Concentric adaptation of the left ventricle in response to controlled upper body exercise training. Journal of Applied Physiology, 94, 549-554.

Lombardi & Piazzesi. (1990). The contractile response during steady lengthening of stimulated frog muscle fibres. Journal of Physiology, 431, 141-171.

Brown & Whitehurst. (2003). The effect of short term isokinetic training on force and rate of velocity development. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 17 (1), 88-94.

Maynard & Ebben. (2003). The effects of antagonist prefatigue on agonist torque and electromyography. Journal of Strength Cond Res, 17 (3), 469-474.

Izquierdo, Ibanez, Hakkinen, Kraemer, Ruesta & Gorostiaga. (2004). Maximal strength and power, muscle mass, endurance and serum hormones in weightlifters and road cyclists. Journal of Sports Science, 22 (5), 465-478.

Hakkinen, Pakarinen, Kraemer, Hakkinen, Valkeinen & Alen. (2001). Selective muscle hypertrophy, changes in EMG and force, and serum hormones during strength training in older women. Journal of Applied Physiology, 91, 569-580.

Frontera, Meredith, O’Reilly, Knuttgen & Evans. (1988). Strength conditioning in older men: skeletal muscle hypertrophy and improved function. Journal of Applied Physiology, 71, 644-650.

Terzis, Georgiadis, Vassiliadou & Manta. (2003). Relationship between shot put performance and triceps brachii fiber type composition and power production. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 90 (1-2), 10-15.

Kent-Braun, Ng, Doyle & Towse. (2002). Human skeletal muscle respnoses vary with age and gender during fatigue due to incremental isometric exercise. Journal of Applied Physiology, 93, 1813-1823.

Reeves, Laskowski & Smith. (1998). Weight training injuries: part 1: diagnosing and managing acute conditions. The Physician and Sportsmedicine, 26(2).

Kratzman & Stamford. (2002). US Fitness Industry Market Overview and Entry Strategies. Tekes Technology Review, 127.

Adams, Cheng, Haddad & Baldwin. (2004). Skeletal muscle hypertrophy in response to isometric, lengthening, and shortening training bouts of equivalent duration. Journal of Applied Physiology, 96(5), 1613-1618.

Ballor, Becque, Marks, Nau & Katch. (1989). Physiological responses to nine different exercise:rest protocols. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 21(1), 90-95.

National Electronic Injury Surveillance System: 1995 summary on injuries caused by weight lifting and sports. US Consumer Products Safety Commission, Washington DC, 1997.

Gotsch, Annest, Holmgreen & Gilchrist. (2002). Nonfatal sports- and recreation-related injuries treated in emergency room departments --- United States, July 2000--June 2001. MMRW, 51(33), 736-740.

Zajac. (1989). Muscle and tendon: properties, models, scaling, and application to biomechanics and motor control. Crit Rev Biomed Eng, 17(4), 359-411.

Joyce & Rack. (1969). Isotonic lengthening and shortening movements of cat soleus muscle. Journal of Physiology, 204(2), 475-491.

Gordon, Huxley & Julian. (1966). The variation in isometric tension with sarcomere length in vertebrate muscle fibres. Journal of Physiology, 184(1), 170-192.

Joseph Hamill & Kathleen Knutzen. Biomechanical Basis of Human Movement, second edition. Copyright © 2004 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Bagust, Knott, Lewis, Luck & Westerman. (1973). Isometric contractions of motor units in a fast twitch muscle of the cat. Journal of Physiology, 231(1), 87-104.

Abbot & Aubert. (1952). Journal of Physiology, 117(1), 77-86.

Herzog, Guimaraes, Anton & Carter-Erdman. (1991). Moment-length relations of rectus femoris muscles of speed skaters/cyclists and runners. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 23(11), 1289-1296.

Cox. (1991). Exercise training and response to stress: insights from an animal model. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 23(7), 853-859.

Claytor. (1991). Stress reactivity: hemodynamic adjustments in trained and untrained humans. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 23(7), 873-881.

Holloszy. (1967). Biochemical adaptations in muscle. Effects of exercise on mitochondrial oxygen uptake and respiratory enzyme activity in skeletal muscle. J Biol Chem, 242(9), 2278-2282.

Dudley, Abraham & Terjung. (1982). Influence of exercise intensity and duration on biochemical adaptations in skeletal muscle. Journal of Applied Physiology, 53(4), 844-850.

Barany. (1967). Journal of General Physiology, 50(6), 197-218.

Carpinelli & Otto. (1998). Strength training. Single versus multiple sets. Sports Medicine, 26(2), 73-84.

Billeter & Hoppeler. (1994). Basis of muscle contraction. Schweiz Z Med Traumatol, 2, 6-20.

Murray, Duthie, Gambert, Sepic & Mollinger. (1985). Age-related differences in knee muscle strength in normal women. Journal of Gerontol., 40(3), 275-80.

. Hakkinen, Alen & Komi. (1985). Changes in isometric force- and relaxation-time, electromyographic and muscle fibre characteristics of human skeletal muscle during strength training and detraining. Acta Physiol Scand., 125(4), 573-85.