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World Of Islam; Evil Eye (Al-3yn)

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AHADITH ON AL-AYN (EVIL EYE)

Narrated 'Aisha: The Prophet ordered me or somebody else to do Ruqya (if there was danger) from an evil eye. (Bukhari)

Narrated Um Salama: That the Prophet saw in her house a girl whose face had a black spot. He said. "She is under the effect of an evil eye; so treat her with a Ruqya." (Bukhari)

Book 50, Number 50.1.1: Yahya related to me from Malik that Muhammad ibn Abi Umama ibn Sahl ibn Hunayf heard his father say, "My father, Sahl ibn Hunayf did a ghusl at al-Kharrar. He removed the jubbah he had on while Amir ibn Rabia was watching, and Sahl was a man with beautiful white skin. Amir said to him, 'I have never seen anything like what I have seen today, not even the skin of a virgin.' Sahl fell ill on the spot, and his condition grew worse. Somebody went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and told him that Sahl was ill, and could not go with him. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to him, and Sahl told him what had happened with Amir. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Why does one of you kill his brother? Why did you not say, "May Allah bless you?" (ta baraka-llah) The evil eye is true. Do wudu from it.' Amir did wudu from it and Sahl went with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and there was nothing wrong with him."

Book 50, Number 50.1.2: Malik related to me from Ibn Shihab that Abu Umama ibn Sahl ibn Hunayf said, ''Amir ibn Rabia saw Sahl ibn Hunayf doing a ghusl and said, 'I have not seen the like of what I see today, not even the skin of a maiden who has never been out of doors.' Sahl fell to the ground. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was approached and it was said, 'Messenger of Allah, can you do anything about Sahl ibn Hunayf? By Allah, he can not raise his head.' He said, 'Do you suspect anyone of it?' They said, 'We suspect Amir ibn Rabia.' " He continued, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, summoned Amir and was furious with him and said, 'Why does one of you kill his brother? Why did you not say, "May Allah bless you?" Do ghusl for it.' Amir washed his face, hands, elbows, knees, the end of his feet, and inside his lower garment in a vessel. Then he poured it over him, and Sahl went off with the people, and there was nothing wrong with him."

Book 50, Number 50.2.3: Yahya related to me from Malik that Humayd ibn Qays al-Makki said, "A man came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, with the two sons of Jafar ibn Abi Talib. He said to their nursemaid, 'Why do I see them so thin?' Their nursemaid said, 'Messenger of Allah, the evil eye goes quickly to them. Nothing stops us from asking someone to make talismans (using ayats of Qur'an) for them, except that we do not know what of that would agree with you.' The Messenger of ,Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Make talismans for them. Had anything been able to precede the decree, the evil eye would precede it.' "

Book 50, Number 50.2.4: Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said from Sulayman ibn Yasar that Urwa ibn az-Zubayr told him that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entered the house of Umm Salama, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. There was a child weeping in the house, and they told him that it was from the evil eye. Urwa said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Why do you not find someone to make a talisman to protect it from the evil eye?' "

Book 50, Number 50.4.9: Yahya related to me from Malik from Yazid ibn Khusayfa that Amr ibn Abdullah ibn Kab as-Salami told him that Nafi ibn Jubayr told him that Uthman ibn Abi al-As came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Uthman said that he had a pain which was enough to kill him. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Rub it with your right hand seven times and say, 'I take refuge with the might of Allah and His power from the evil of what I feel.' " Uthman added, "I said that, and Allah removed what I had. I still command my family and others to say it."

Book 50, Number 50.4.10: Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Urwa ibn az-Zubayr from A'isha that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when he had a complaint, would recite the last three suras of Qur'an, over himself and blow. She said, "When his pain was great, I would recite it over him and wipe him with his right hand hoping for its blessing."

Book 50, Number 50.4.11: Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said from Amra bint Abd ar-Rahman that Abu Bakr as-Siddiq visited A'isha while she had a complaint and a jewish woman was writing a talisman for her. Abu Bakr said, "Write it for her from the Book of Allah."

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EVIL EYE IS IN THE EYE OF THE BEHOLDER?

By Anayat Durrani

June 10, 2001, 02:49 PM

Arabia OnLine

The evil eye is centered on the belief that jealousy, envy, or praise can inflict misfortune. That piercing stare. Sharp glare. Venomous glance. Beware to those on whom befall the evil eye. For centuries, the evil eye has been blamed as the cause behind everything from withering crops, to headaches, impotency, disease, and even death. But how real is the threat of the evil eye? Is it an old wives’ tale? Superstition? To those who believe in the power of the evil eye, it is terrifyingly real. So real is the fear, that many go to great lengths to shield themselves from the wrath of the evil eye.

The evil eye is centered on the belief that jealousy, envy, or praise can inflict all kinds of misfortune. The penetrating look is believed to cause illness, injury, or death upon its intentional or unintentional target. Most prevalent is the belief that the evil eye can cause things to whither away or dry up -- the loss of crops, drying up of milk in nursing mothers, impotency in men, illness among children, are all commonly attributed to the evil eye. Those most susceptible to the evil eye are women, children, crops and domestic animals. Women are believed to be at greatest risk as new brides, during pregnancy, and at childbirth. And if you’re good looking, watch out! A woman’s risk increases in proportion to her beauty. Children are at highest risk at birth and before either baptism or circumcision. Domestic animals who supposedly are the most likely to come under the spell of the evil eye are cows, sheep, pigs, chickens, horses, mules and camels.Belief in the evil eye is ancient. Reference to the evil eye is found on Sumerian, Babylonian and Assyrian clay tablets. It is also found in the writings of Greeks and Romans and in the Bible and Talmud. The belief is prevalent in almost every region. It is part of the folklore of Europe, the Middle East, and Africa and is particularly strong in the Mediterranean basin. Almost every country in the world is well acquainted with the concept of the evil eye. In Arabic the evil eye is known as ‘al ayn’, or ‘ayn hasooda’, in Turkish, ‘nazar’ or ‘kem goz’, in Greek, ‘baskania’, in Italian, ‘mal occhio’, in Chinese ‘ok ngan’, in Norway ‘skřrtunge’, in Spanish ‘mal de ojo’ and in Armenian, ‘pasternak’. In the United States and England, the evil eye is usually referred to as “overlooking”.

From earliest times, those credited with inflicting the evil eye have been women, particularly old women, strangers (especially those with blue eyes), and malformed individuals. Measures taken to ward off the evil eye vary from culture to culture but range from the saying of prayers and wearing of sacred text to beads, amulets, talismans, and charms. Many of these objects are in the form of a hand, eye, or horseshoe and are usually blue. The eye-in-hand charm is common in the Middle East. In Greece and Turkey, the blue glass eye and blue beads are the most commonly used. These objects are hung on men, women, children, animals, crops, and anyone or anything else thought to be in harms way.Though the use of protective amulets and charms is forbidden in Islam because it is considered a form of idolatry, the use of protective objects is still commonly seen among Muslims. These objects contain the color blue, such as beads or charms that are worn by children and animals. Blue is sometimes painted on the shutters of houses to protect against the evil eye. Common is the hamsa hand charm, also called the “hand of Fatima,” named after the daughter of Prophet Mohammed. Mothers often pin these kinds of charms on the clothing of their newborn babies along with verses from the Quran, like Ayat Al-Kursi, to protect their little ones from the affects of praise or the evil eye. Despite the use of these protective objects among some Muslims, Islam instead teaches Muslims to seek refuge and protection with God from the evils of envy. To protect from the envy of others, many Muslims use the phrase 'Ma sha'a Allah wa la Kuwata illa Billah' (Whatever Allah wishes and There is no Power except with Allah). Muslims also recite verses from the Quran like Ayat Al-Kursi, Surat Al-Fatiha, Surat An-Naas, and Surat Al-Falaq: "Say: I seek refuge in the Lord of the Daybreak from the evil of that which He has created; from the evil of the darkness when it is intense; and from the evil of malignant witchcraft; and from the evil of the envier when he envieth." (Surat Al-Falaq or “The Daybreak,” 113:1-5) For centuries, combating the evil eye has come in many forms among various cultures. Incantations and prayers have been used since the 7th century. Ancient Greeks spat upon themselves and medieval nurses licked the faces of children.

Even in modern Greece, Hungary, and Ireland and among some Muslims societies, peasant mothers spit in the faces of their children or dirty them with soil in order to diminish the effects of the evil eye or flattery. In India, women and children line their eyes with kohl to protect them against the evil eye as well as from giving off the evil eye.Today, belief in the evil eye is very much alive, especially so in Italy, Greece, Turkey, India, South America, and the Arab world. And while there are many who insist the evil eye is nothing more than good old-fashioned superstition, to the believers of the evil eye its powers are nothing to be taken lightly.

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EVIL EYE: ENVIOUS PEOPLE

Our Dialogue

Question: Whenever our four-month-old son cries a little more than usual or runs a mild temperature, my wife says that this is the result of an evil eye cast by some of our relatives who may have admired him during a visit.

Response: I find it difficult to believe this could be true. It is true that an evil eye could cause problems. The Prophet, peace be upon him, is quoted as saying: "An (evil) eye can make a thick rope go through a needle hole." Some people are so envious that a desire to see other people deprived of what they have is very strong in their minds. Such people look at others, who enjoy one aspect or another of Allah's grace, with an evil eye. The great majority of people are not like that. There is no need, therefore, to be unduly worried about relatives who admire your child or speak highly of them. If you feel unduly worried about this, it could destroy your social life. [It is a good practice to praise Allah when someone is admiring your child — by saying 'Masha'Allah'.]The Prophet, peace be upon him, has taught us what to do in order to seek Allah's protection for our children. You can pray to Him in these words: "It is by Allah's complete words that I seek protection against the evil perpetrated by His creatures." Another prayer which you may repeat for your child is: "I seek protection for you with Allah's complete words against every devil and evil and against every evil eye."Moreover, if you read the last two surahs of the Qur'an, "Al-Falaq", or the Daybreak, and "An-Naas", or Men, you protect him from evil eyes and from harm caused by other people, you can always be certain that these prayers are answered because they undoubtedly are. Liked things and Fear of The Evil Eye (169)

Allah The Exalted said with respect to the story of the two men: "Why do you not, when you enter into your garded say: Mă shă'a 'allăhu lă quwwata 'illă bil-lăhi"(180) The Prophet said: "The `Ein (the [evil] eye) is true, and if there was anything that was going to beat Fate, the evil eye would have beaten it." Reported by Muslim and Ahmad by way of 'Ibn `Abbăs. Al-Albăni included this hadeeth in The Authentic of Good Sayings as #187.

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