The Mormon Faith & Black Folks
Question #23

Q. Was Cain the first Negro, and the father of the African Race?

A. Undoubtedly many Mormons have believed this. However, our Scriptures do not inform us how the Cainites became black. If Adam and Eve were ruddy-complexioned people (from the name “Ah-dam”--to appear reddish or “to show blood”) then their children would also be of a ruddy complexion; including Cain.

The Hebrew word Adam (Aw-dawm) comes from the root word Adam (Aw-dam). A popular Evangelical Bible dictionary says:

aw-dam: to show blood (in the face).” (Strong’s Dictionary of Hebrew and Chaldee, p.8 #119)

The name Adam in Hebrew is written with three letters: Aleph, Daleth, Mem. Before vowel signs were introduced into Hebrew, the word aw-dam (to blush, to show blood in the face), and aw-dawm (Adam) were the same: ADM (Aleph Daleth Mem).

Some believe that Adam and Eve and the Israelites were black people, and that the Israelites were black as well.

However, the Bible says that Esau was the twin-brother of Jacob; whose name was later changed to Israel. The Israelites were the “descendants of Israel (Jacob)”. The Bible describes that Esau was called “Edom” (Heb. “Red”), and that he had red hair “all over  like an hairy garment.” ( Gen. 25:25).

*Celts Show Blood in the Face

Only the Celtic Race (a race of white-skinned people) have red hair and hairy bodies. Africans and other black-skinned races do not have hairy-bodies nor red hair (unless they have Celtic blood in them). Pure Africans have smooth (hairless) bodies and short kinky black hair.  Celtic people are very light-skinned. They have very little melanin in their skin, and so they very easily blush ( turn red, or show blood in their face); unlike other races (even some other white-skinned races). The Celtic Race  intermarried with other white-races, but we can still see their descendants among various nations.

According to Flavius  Josephus, the renowned ancient Jewish historian, the name Adam means “one who is red”. (History of the Jews 1:1:2) It means to blush, to turn red in the face.

In the Song of Solomon, one of the book in the Old Testament, Solomon (the son of David), the King of Israel, and the Queen of Sheba, write love poems to each other. The Queen of Sheba says of herself, “I am black, but comely [beautiful],....” (Song  1:5).  Sheba was a son of Cush, the son of Ham (Genesis 10:7). The land of Sheba included what is now called Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia,  and Yemen. But the Queen writes of Solomon thusly:

“My beloved is white and ruddy [red-freckled], the chiefest among ten thousand.” (Song 5:10)

The Ethiopians still have ancient manuscripts; which say that Solomon and the Queen had a son; who became the King of Ethiopia. He is pictured as being light brown skinned. His mother is pictured as being black. And Solomon is pictured as being white-skinned.

*Most Black-skinned People  Are NOT Negroes

Most people believe that there are only three races (Ethiopian, Caucasian, Mongolian), or perhaps only five (black, brown, red, yellow, and white), but in fact there are many races of men. There are at least 5 (five) different races of black-skinned people (Africans, Dravidians, Melanesians, Negritoes, and Aborigines). There are different races of red-skinned men, yellow skinned men, brown-skinned men, and white-skinned men. The black-skinned Dravidians of India and Sri Lanka are closer genetically to white-skinned races than they are to black-skinned Africans.  There are more black-skinned Dravidians than there are black-skinned Africans.

*Adamites and Pre-Adamites

How could all the races of men come from Adam and Eve?

Some Latter-day Saints believe in Pre-Adamites, that the earth was populated by different races of people before Adam and Eve. This was the belief of Brigham Young, Hyrum Smith, and some other LDS Apostles. This is called the Pre-Adamite Theory. Under this theory, there were many races of men before Adam and Eve. Some of these races were black, some brown, some yellow, some red, and some white. In Hebrew, there are four different names for “man”:

1. Iysh (a male human being)

2. Enosh (a foreign man)

3. Gibbor (a mighty man/hero)

4. Adam (a man with ruddy complexion)

The name ‘Adam’ in Hebrew is pronounced Ah-dawm. The word for blood in Hebrew is dawm. Thus ‘Adam’ mean Ah-“to show” and dawm-“blood”; to blush, or show blood in the face; which only certain races can do.

The Pre-Adamite Theory, held by some LDS Presidents and Apostles, but not by others, declares that Adam and Eve were the first of a new race of men; not the first Ish (male human being) and Isha (female human being) on earth, but the first Ah-dawm (man who blushes or “blushing man”).

Brigham Young accepted the Pre-Adamite Theory, and believed that Adam was not made like men make adobes (mud bricks), but that he was made the same way all human beings are made. He declared:

“He was made as you and I and every person was ever made, and no person was ever made upon any other principle.” (J.D. 3:319)

“Here let me state to all philosophers of every class upon the earth, when you tell me that Father Adam was made as we make adobes from the earth, you tell me an idle tale. When you tell me that the beasts of the field were produced in that manner, you are speaking idle words devoid of meaning.” (Discourses of Brigham Young, p.104)

President Joseph F. Smith, the son of Hyrum Smith, nephew of Joseph Smith, the father of Joseph Fielding Smith, and the  6th President of the Church, also believed that Adam was born of a woman in the same way that you and I were. In fact, he and his two counselors in the First Presidency wrote an official letter which said that Adam was born of a woman (Messages of the First Presidency 4:205). That Adam was made from the dust of the earth is a metaphor; just as is the saying that our bodies shall “return to dust” when we die (Ecclesiastes 12:7). Our bodies are from the wombs of our mothers. From dust to dust means from material to material. Solomon wrote that our bodies shall return to dust, and our spirits return to God at death (Eccl. 12:7). In other words, our bodies are material, and our spirits are spiritual; from God.  If our spirits were never with God in the beginning, then they cannot return to Him. LDS Doctrine teaches that our spirits were with God in the beginning.

Please feel free to e-mail Darrick Evenson

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