The VA has determined that a positive association exists between exposure to herbicides and the subsequent development of 11 conditions. (descriptions of many of these conditions are listed below)
Soft tissue sarcoma (other than osteosarcoma, chondrosarcoma, Kaposis sarcoma, or mesothelioma)
Porphyria cutanea tarda (PCT)
Acute and subacute peripheral neuropathy
Respiratory cancers (cancers of the lung, bronchus, larynx and trachea)
Type 2 diabetes (also known as Type II diabetes mellitus or adult-onset diabetes)
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)(Lamb 2009)
Non Agent-Orange related conditions according to the VA but need to be pushed to be recognized by our out for themselves politicians.
FIGHT THE GOVERNMENT THESE BENFITS BELONG TO YOU FOR YOUR SERVICE TO THIS COUNTRY!!!!! GET YOUR CLAIM STARTED AND NEVER GIVE UP!! THE ONLY WAY TO HELP IS TO NOT BACK DOWN--ITS TIME FOR THIS GOVERNMENT TO TAKE CARE OF THEIR MILITARY!!! THE VA DENIES EVERYONE ALL THE TIME--HELP TO FILE CLAIMS ARE LOCATED BELOW.
Nasal and nasopharyngeal cancer
Cancers of the female reproductive system
Urinary bladder cancer
Leukemia (other than chronic lymphocytic leukemia)
Reproductive effects (abnormal sperm parameters and infertility)
Chronic persistent peripheral neuropathy
Lipid and lipoprotein disorders
Gastrointestinal and digestive disease
(other than diabetes mellitus)
Respiratory disorders (other than certain respiratory cancers)
Cognitive and neuropsychiatric effects
Gastrointestinal tract tumors
Below are the health affects, symptoms and treatments for some of the related diseases.
Chloracne is an extremely rare skin disorder that has only been reported to affect 4,000 individuals worldwide. The physical affects are unsightly blemishes that cover the face, neck, arms, and back. These blemishes are in fact open, straw-colored cysts. These reactions appear to be proportional to the amount of exposure to a number of various chemicals. Most who develop the condition are workers who have worked in plants or have been in some other way in direct contact with strong chemicals and dioxins (Burton, 200).
Porphyria Cutanea Tarda
Porphyria Cutanea Tarda is a disease that is caused by the decrease in production of the enzyme uropor-phyzrimogen decarborylase. This is a vital element in the bladder of humans that breaks down uroperphyrims. When this breaking down is hindered there are elevated levels of porphyrins, which alter the normal processes of the bladder leading to the darkening of the urine. Some other symptoms are blistering on the hands and increased hair growth on the sides on the temples reaching to the checks. Treatments include phlebotomy, a treatment used for cleansing the blood. Also, it is vital to use sunscreen to prevent a harmful reaction with the sun's UVA and UVB rays (Bielan, 171).
Sarcoma is a type of cancer that develops in the soft tissues of the body. These areas included fat and muscle in the arms, legs and are even the head, neck, and abdominal wall. These tumors may begin in one type of tissue, but are likely to metastasize or spread to any part of the body. The most common noticeable symptom is painless lumps. If diagnosed early these growths can very easily be removed surgically; however, later in the illness radiation and chemotheropy are used (Clinical Referance, 429).
Hodgkin's Disease is an uncommon form of cancer, which affects the white blood cells. There is a lower count of these white blood cells in general; yet, when being diagnosed doctors look for a high level of Reed-Sternberg cells, which are an abnormal form of white blood cells. The symptoms are similar to those of any type of cancer. A patient will have aching in the bones and increased infection. Treatments are similar to that of any form of cancer including radiation and chemotheropy. Patients with more mature tumors the treatments are too stessful on the body and cause more health problems (Carde, 99).
Multiple myeloma is a type of cancer that is characterized by an excess of plasma or white blood cells. This increase in production of one type of cell leads to a deficiency in the other vital parts of the blood. The principle danger is that other problems can branch from this one disorder such as, anemia, paralysis, blood, clotting problems, nerve damage, and kidney failure. The chief symptom is pain in the bones, especially the vertebrae. Treatments are common to other cancers such as radiation, chemotheropy and in some cases bone marrow transplants and steroids (Clinical Reference, 342).
Respiratory cancers include trachea, larynx, and bronchus; however, the most common among veterans and civilians is lung cancer. Each year 170,000 new cases are diagnosed and another 149,000 lives end because of this deadly cancer. There are four types of lung cancer, they are as follows: small cell, squamous cell, adenocarcinoma, and large cell. Small cell is the most aggressive form and usually spreads to other organs by the time the cancer is diagnosed. Squamous cell is more centrally located and often does not spread. Adenocarcinoma starts smaller in the bronchi tubes, in turn it easily spreads to the space between the lung and chest wall. Large cell is the rarest form and is known are a variation of squamous cell and adenocarcinoma. The symptoms include persistent cough, blood-streaked saliva, chest pain, and recurring pneumonia or bronchitis. Treatment may include surgical removal of the tumor, but more commonly is radiation and chemotheropy (Antman, 443).
Non-Hodgkin's Disease Lymphoma
Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system is a network of collecting tubes that drain the fluid, lymph, which fights infection. The principle problem with this type of lymphoma is abnormal lymphocyte formation and clogging can occur and can be detected physically by feeling swelling in the neck, armpit, and groin. Other symptoms are enlarging liver and spleen, loss of appetite, headaches, and vomiting. Treatment is similar to other cancers including radiation and chemotheropys (Clinical Reference, 2193).
Prostate Cancer is a small tumor on the prostate, which surrounds the male urethra. The cancer commonly occurs in men age 50 and older. A malignant tumor forms usually on the outside of the prostate that can sometimes be physically noticeable. Symptoms include frequent need to urinate, dribbling after urination, empty urges, pus or blood in urine, painful ejaculations, and pain in the back, hips, or thighs. Treatments are much the same as other cancers. Surgical removal is profitable only if the cancer has not spread to the other parts of the body. Radiation and chemotheropy are used and sometimes hormone theropy. In some extreme cases castration is used (Clinical Reference, 209).
The peripheral nerves are the nerves that come from the brain and spinal cord to the muscles, skin, internal organs, and glands. Peripheral Neuropathy is when the motor and sensory nerves are not operating properly. When in conjunction with diabetes, peripheral neuropathy can also affect heart rate and digestion. Feeling is lost in the limbs along with numbing. In addition to the lost feeling, one may lose control of some reflexes, have very sensitive skin, and more serious affects when the patient is elderly. Understanding of this disorder is limited, thus so are treatments. Splints are used on most patients to help the weakening in muscles and joints. Also, creams are used to comfort sensitive skin (Clinical Reference, 2077).
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HERBICIDES USED IN VIETNAM
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Agent Orange Herbicide Exposure
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Agent Orange & PTSD
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