Curriculum Vitae of Zbigniew Jaworowski
Past chairman of UNSCEAR
Professor Zbigniew Jaworowski was born on 17 October 1927 in Krakow, Poland. He graduated as a physician in 1952 at the Medical Academy in Krakow. In 1963 He received Ph.D in natural sciences (in Polish: doktor nauk przyrodniczych), and in 1967 DSc in natural sciences (in Polish: doktor habilitowany nauk przyrodniczych). He became a docent in 1967 and in 1977 became a full professor. Since 1958 he is married to Zofia Kielan-Jaworowska, who is a professor emeritus of paleontology at the University of Oslo and at the Institute of Paleobiology of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw; she is a full member of the Polish Academy of Sciences. They have one son, Mariusz.
Between 1951 and 1952 Professor Zbigniew Jaworowski worked as an assistant at the Institute of Physiological Chemistry of the Medical Academy in Krakow, studying chemical carcinogenesis. Between 1953 and 1958 He worked as a radiotherapeutist at the Oncological Institute in Gliwice. In 1957 and 1958 he served as a medical doctor of the Polish International Geophysical Year Expedition to Spitsbergen, where he studied radioactivity of precipitation and concentration of CO2 in the air. Between 1958 and 1970 Jaworowski worked in the Institute of Nuclear Research in Warsaw as a head of the Laboratory of Radiotoxicology. In 1960/1961 he worked at the Department of Physics of the Research Cancer Institute in London as a stipendiary of International Atomic Energy Agency measuring content of 210Pb in bones of British population and in hair of Polish uranium miners. Between 1970 and 1987 Professor Zbigniew Jaworowski worked in the Central Laboratory for Radiological Protection in Warsaw as the head of the Department of Radiation Hygiene. Between 1982 and 1984 he worked in the Centre d'Etude Nucleaires in Fontenay-aux-Roses near Paris as a guest professor. In 1987-1988 Professor Jaworowski worked at the Biophysical Group of the Institute of Physics, University of Oslo. In 1988-1990 he worked at the Norwegian Polar Research Institute in Oslo. Between 1990 and 1991 Zbigniew Jaworowski worked for six months as a visiting professor at the National Institute for Polar Research in Tokyo. Between 1991 and 1993 he was working in the Institute for Energy Technology at Kjeller near Oslo. Since 1993 he is working at the Central Laboratory for Radiological Protection in Warsaw, now as the chairman of the Scientific Council.
Professor Zbigniew Jaworowski studied: (1) internal contamination of man and animals with radionuclides; (2) development of analytical methods for detection of pollutants in the human body and environment; (3) metabolism of radionuclides; (4) biological effects of ionizing radiation; (5) impact of nuclear war on population; (6) remedial measures in nuclear emergencies; (7) environmental levels and migration of radionuclides and heavy metals; (8) relation between pollutants in the environment and in man; (9) historical monitoring of radionuclides and heavy metals in man - the first discovery that lead level in human bones was much higher between 11th and 19th century than now; (10) historical monitoring of radionuclides and heavy metals in environment; (11) vertical distribution of natural radionuclides, fission products and heavy metals in the troposphere and stratosphere; (12) determination of natural radionuclides, fission products and heavy metals in contemporary and pre-industrial ice from glaciers in both hemispheres, for studying the geographical distribution, temporal changes and flux of natural and man-made pollutants in the global atmosphere; (13) regional and global impact of pollution caused by coal burning; (14) validity of polar ice core records of greenhouse gases for reconstruction of the composition of the ancient atmosphere.
Professor Zbigniew Jaworowski was a principal investigator of three research projects of the US Environmental Protection Agency, and four research projects of the International Atomic Energy Agency.
Professor Zbigniew Jaworowski organized 10 expeditions to the polar and high altitude temperate glaciers (Spitsbergen, Alaska, Northern Norway - Svartisen, Southern Norway - Jotunheimen, Alps, Tatra Mountains, Himalayas, Ruwenzori in East Africa, Peruvian Andes and Antarctica. Their aim was to measure, for the first time, by means of radioactive tracers (natural 210Pb, and 137Cs from nuclear tests) the mass of stable heavy metals and activity of natural radionuclides entering the global atmosphere from natural and man-made sources. An additional result of these studies was measuring (for the first time) the mass of global annual atmospheric precipitation.
Professor Zbigniew Jaworowski is (or was) a member of: (1) Polish Society of Radiation Research, (2) Polish Society of Medical Physics, (3) Commission of Radiobiology of the Committee of Medical Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences, (4) Polish Commission of Nuclear Safety - until 1980), (5) Polish Society of Polar Research, (6) Polish National Council for Environmental Protection - until 1987, (7) Committee of the Basic Medical Sciences of the Polish Academy of Sciences - until 1987, (8) Health Physics Society (USA) - until 1987, (9) Founding member of the International Society for Trace Element Research in Humans, (10) Commission of Radiological Protection of (Polish) National Council of Atomic Energy (1984-1988 chairman) - until 1989, (11) Norwegian Physical Society.
Since 1973 Professor Zbigniew Jaworowski is a member of the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR); in the years 1978-1979 he was the vice-chairman, and 1980-1982 the chairman of this Committee.
Professor Zbigniew Jaworowski was participant or chairman of about 20 Advisory Groups of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and of the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP).
In 1986 Professor Jaworowski was a member of the Polish Governmental Commission on the Effects of Chernobyl Accident. He advised the Government to use stable iodine to protect Polish children against radioiodines from the burning Soviet nuclear reactor.
Professor Zbigniew Jaworowski published 196 scientific papers, 4 books and participated in writing and editing 10 published scientific documents of UNSCEAR, IAEA and UNEP. Professor Zbigniew Jaworowski published about 60 articles in Polish newspapers and popular science magazines.