The Lineage of George Washington
Written and researched by Margaret Odrowaz-Sypniewska

Please be advised that the lineage of George Washington has been reproduced in many conflicting versions since his death. At this moment in time, this tree seems to have the general concensus of most genealogists. However, there are many older records that do not agree.

I advise you to find your own sources and make your own mind up, if your family ties leads you here. Remember these people are not necessarily direct line ancestors, until we find them living in Sulgrave Manor. Had George Washington written down his own family records, or hired a genealogist, things might have been more clear-cut. Since George had no heirs, excepting Martha's children by her first husband, he might have thought it unimportant.

Washington's Coat of arms ...

Close-up of Eagle crest (left). Oil portrait of George Washington by Gilbert Stuart - painted in 1796.

George Washington's Coat of Arms (left top). In The General Armory it states that this coat of arms has its origins in Lancaster, Leiceister, Northampton, Buckingham, and Kent, England. Argent two bars gule in chief three mullets of the second. However, George Washington added his own motto: Exitus acta probat or " The end proves actions." His bookplate (as shown here) has an eagle sa and a bordure gules. A painting by Carlotta Reed Stuart has the Washington arms as argent 2 bars gules, In chief 3 mullets gules. The motto is shown and it hangs in Mount Vernon, Fairfax County, Virginia.

Crest (on right) - out of a ducal coronet or, a raven wings endorsed, ppr. Another Crest (on left) - Out of a ducal coronet or, an eagle, wings endorsed sa.

It might be noted that a stained glass at Fawsley Church (formerly of Sulgrave) Northamptonshire, England has an eagle. This is also shown at Thapston (Sir John) and at Cambridge, England (Rev. Godfrey).

In Fairbairn's Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland by James Fairbairn it has two crests that are similar to that of George Washington:

(1) Kent, Bucks., Northamp., and Warw., out of a ducal coronet, or, a raven, wings addorsed, sa. (right)
(2) Kent, Bucks., Northamp., and Warw., out of a ducal coronet, or, an eagle, wings addorsed, sa. (left)

These two crests (above) are variations on the crest of William de Wassington (French Origin) - bore argent, two bars in chief three mullets pierced gules; Surrey Roll (right) - the colors are reversed and the mullets unpierced in Jenyns' Roll (French)(left)(Foster, Joseph, The Dictionary of Heraldry: Feudal Coats of Arms and Pedigrees.London: Studio Editions, 1994).

The Washington Family Lineage

GENERATION ONE:

Raoul Baiart, of Normandy, was born about 1050. He held land in Fontenay that he gave to Barberie Abbey [Magn. Rotul. Sacaccarii Normannie, by the Societe des Antiquaires de la Nomandie vii, 144], built fot the Cisterian Order. It was thought that Gervaise, the author of Le Bestaire de Gervaise (1280), was a member of this abbey, in the diocese of Bayeau (est. 1176). Raoul was one of William the Conqueror's companions and was nicknamed "Barte."

GENERATION TWO:

Geoffrey Bayand or Baird held the Barony of Northumberland in 1165 [Liber Niger, Ed. Hearnes], and was of Norman descent, and his family is mentioned in the list of the Conqueror's companions as "Barte." and he MIGHT have been a descendant of Raoul Bairt.

GENERATION THREE:

*William de Hertburn, alias de Washington, appears to be the son of Geoffrey Baard or Bayard. The family of Baird or Bayard is the same in Scotland. Their arms were a fesse, in chief three muletts, the same as the de Washington arms, to which the Bairds added a bear passant [Genealogical Collection regarding the name of Baird by W. Baird, Esquire, 2nd edition, 1870]. This is the earliest recorded Washington. William de Hertburn was from Wessington, Durham. When or how the de Hertburns first acquired possession of this village is not known.

He lived there prior to the compilation of the Boldon Book published in 1183 [Hutchinson, Durham, ii 489; Surtees, ii, 40]. The family later on went by the name Washington (The Norman People, 441). Much of this information was from Jared Sparks' Life of Washington, App. No. I.

The family changed its surname with each new estate. The name de Wessyngton is thought to be of Anglo-Saxon origin. The name existed in the Isles prior to the Conquest. The village of Wassengtone is mentioned in the Saxon charter by King Edgar in 973.

The Bolden Book was a survey made in 1183 by the Bishop de Pusaz, for the parish of Bolden:

"Willus de Hertburn habet Wessyngton (except ecclesia et terra ecclesie partinen) ad excamb, pro villa de Herteburn quam pro hac quietam clamavit: Et reddit 4 L., Et vadit inmagna caza cum 2 Leporar. Et quando commune auxillum venerit debet dare 1 Militem ad plus de auxilio, &c. Collectanea Curiosa. voll. ii, p. 80."

---A Jordon Baard is recorded in Essex and Hertfordshire in 1130 [Rotulus Cancellarii, records, Pip]. His son was William Baard of London. Jordon was thought to be a relative of William de Hertburn. The Hertburns lived in the wapentake of Sadberge, Durham, and was granted by Richard I to the See of Durham. This included "the service (or fief) of the son of Godfrey Baard for two parts of a knight's Baard in Middleton and Hertburn" [Surtees, iii, 265], and "as late as 1364 the Baards or Barts has lands there" [iii, 221]. He might have been a brother or a cousin?

GENERATION FOUR:

Sir Walter de Washington, Knight, of Washington in Durham County, England; and Bewell of Northumberland County, England. His ancestor, William de Harteburn/Hartburn exchanged his Manor of Hartburn, near Stockton-on-Tees, for the Manor of Washington in Durham County, England; before 1184. Walter was a knight at the Battle of Lewes on May 14, 1264. Walter was born circa 1215. He married Joan de Whitchester, daughter of Sir Robert de Whitchester. Her brother, Roger de Whitchester was Keeper of the Rolls, Canon of St. Paul's. Walter died around 1215. He left five (5) sons and three (3) daughters.

GENERATION FIVE:

Robert de Washington was born circa de 1270 in England. Robert de Washington of Routhworth of Westmoreland County, England; was also jure uxois of Canforth, in the parish of Warton, Lancaster.County, England. Robert was a Knight of the Shire for Westmoreland in 1300. Robert married (1) Amice (2)*Joan Strickland, in 1274, Lady of Carnforth, who was the daughter of Sir William de Strickland of Sozergh and Elizabeth Deincourt, heir of Ralph Deincourt.

They had four (4) sons: the eldest, Robert Washington (b: 1296) was the grandfather of Agnes de Washington, who married Edmund Lawrence of Ashton Hall, Lancs. County, England. The youngest was John de Washington.

---There is a mention of a Sir Stephen de Wessyngton as a knight at the tournament in Dunstable in 1334, in the reign of Edward III. He bore a gold rose on a blue field as his shield.

GENERATION SIX:

John I de Washington was born around 1315 in England. He married (1)Agnes Le Gentyl (b. 1325)John de Washington of Tewitfield, Warton Parish, Lancaster County, England; acquired the Manors of Tewitfield, Durslet from his wife (2)* Joan de Croft, heiress of John de Croft. John died before 1406, leaving a son. Joan married (2) her Cousin, Sir John Croft, Knight of Leighton Conyers.

---There was a Sir William de Weschington in 1350, who had a son William. This line had feudal duties as knights of the palatinate.

GENERATION SEVEN:

John II de Washington was born circa 1359 in Tewitfield, England. He married Joan de Creft (b. 1363) in Tewitfield/Trevitfield, England. John was living in 1412, and he died in 1417. He had two sons: (1) Robert de Washington of Tewitfield married Anne Harrington and was the ancestor of the Washingtons of Tewitfield and its branches in Berkshire and Kent County. (2) John Washington.

GENERATION EIGHT:

These first two Washingtons seem to be the sons of John II:

Robert Washington I was born in 1404 in Warton, Lancashire, England, and died in 1479 in Warton (or Warrington), Lonesdale, Lancastershire, England.

John de Washington of Tewitfield, Lancastershire, England, living in 1412. He had two sons: (1) Robert II de Washington of Tewitfield married Anne Harrington and was the ancestor of the Washingtons of Tewitfield and its branches in Berkshire and Kent(2) John Washington was the bailiff of Wharton in 1454.

---A John de Wassyngton was elected prior of a Benedictine convent in 1416, in Durham. In 1426, the prior presided at the general chapter of the Order of Saint Benedict, held at Northampton. The Wassyngtons/Washingtons were found in many parts of England. In the reign of Henry VI, the "de" was dropped. Most of the Washingtons seem to have lived in County Durham and Sussex County.

GENERATION NINE:

Robert Washington II was born in 1444 in Warton, Lancastershire, England, and died in 1517. He married Elizabeth Westfield (b. 1444) about 1464/5. Elizabeth was the daughter of John Westfield and widow of Robert Lambertson. The issue of Robert and Elizabeth Washington: John Washington, Thomas Washington, and Ellen Washington who married James Mason of Warton.

GENERATION TEN:

John Washington (b. 1465) of Warton, Lancastershire, England, died after 1528. He married Margaret Kitson (b. 1482) on May 1, 1498.

GENERATION ELEVEN:

Lawrence Washington was born in 1500, and died February 19, 1581/2. Lawrence married Anne Aimee Pargiter (b. 1504) in 1538, in Sulgrave, England. Sulgrave Manor is located near the town of Banbury. Sukgrave was a quiet rural town. There was a brass plate, on a stone slab and effigy, in Sulgrave showing Lawrence Wasshington, gent., and Anne his wife, their four sons and eleven daughters. This land was given to him, in 1538, after the disolution of the priories by Henry VIII. Sulgrave Manor was completed (or restored) by Lawrence Washington in 1560. The Washington family owned Sulgrave Manor for 120 years after George Washington's grandfather emigrated to Virginia in 1656, and for 216 years total.

Sulgrave Manor
Sulgrave, Banbury
Oxon 0X17 2SD.

---Sir William Washington of Packington, Kent, England, was thought to be a relative of Lawrence Washington (1550-1581). This Sir William married the sister of George Villers, the Duke of Buckingham.

---Lawrence Washington, Esquire of Gray's Inn was the Mayor of the Northamptonshire, England.

GENERATION TWELVE:

Robert Washington was born in 1544 in Sulgrave Manor House. He died March 10, 1621/2 in England. He married Elizabeth Light (b. 1547) of Radway Grange, Warwickshire. Her father was Walter Light and her mother was Ursula Woodward. Elizabeth died in 1599. Robert's granddaughter married Richard Shirley, the Earl Ferrars and Viscount of Tamworth. Many descendants of her line have the baptismal name "Washington."

GENERATION THIRTEEN:

Lawrence I Washington, Gentleman was born in 1566 in Sulgrave Manor, and died December 15, 1616, in Wyke Hamon, Northamptonshire, England. He married Margaret Butler (b. 1568) in Tyes Hall. Margaret's parents were William Butler of Tyes Hall, Cuckfield, Suffolk County, England, and Margaret Greeke of Palsters, Lancashire and London, England. Her grandparents were John Butler and Margaret Sutton. Margaret died in 1652.

GENERATION FOURTEEN:

Rev. Lawrence II Washington was born in 1602 in Virginia, and died January 21, 1651/2. He is buried in Malden, Essex County, England. He was the rector of Purleigh and Little Braxted in Essex County, England. He was also a lecturer of Brasenose College, Oxford and Purleigh from March through December in 1633. He married Amphillis Twigdon, in 1632, Purleigh, England. She was the daughter of John Twigden who died in Little Creation, Northamptonshire, England, between December 8, 1610 and January 26, 1611. He mother was Anne Dickens, daughter of William Dickens and Anne Thorton. Amphillis was born February 2, 1599/00 in Spatton, Northamptonshire. She is buried in Tring, Hertfordshire on January 19, 1654/5.

GENERATION FIFTEEN:

Two brothers, John and Andrew Washington, arrived in Virginia in 1657, and purchased land in Westmoreland County, between the Potimac and Rappahannock rivers.

Col. John Washington was born in 1630 in Sulgrave Manor. He died September 1677 in Westmoreland County, Virginia, in Washington Parish. John was married (1) Mrs. Anne Garard Broadhurt Brett (2) Mrs. Frances Gerard Peyton Appleton (3) Mary Ford (4) *Anne Pope was born in 1635 in Westmoreland County, Virginia. They lived at Bridges Creek. John was a planter and a member of the House of Burgesses. She was married on December 1, 1658 in Virginia and died circa 1668 in Westmoreland, Virginia. John is buried in a vault on Bridges Creek.

---Andrew Washington is the brother of John (above).

GENERATION SIXTEEN:

Capt. Lawrence Washington was born September 1659 in Bridge Creek, Westmoreland County, Virginia; and died February 1698 in Warner Hall, Gloucester County, Virginia. He married Mildred Warner (b. 1671 in Warner Hall), in 1690, from Fredericksburg, Spotsylvania County, Virginia. Mildred married (2) George Gale of Whitehaven, Cumberland, England. Mildred was the daughter of Augustine Warner, Jr. (1642-1681) of Warner Hall, Gloucester County, VA. and Mildred Reade, daughter of George Reade of Virginia and Elizabeth Martiau. Augustine Warner and Mildred Reade were both of Royal Descent, and relate to Diana Spencer, Princess of Wales.

Mildred died in 1701. Lawrence Washington provided that upon the death of he and his wife, that his estate should be managed by his first cousin, John Washington of Chotank, which was located in Stafford County, Virginia (which is noe King's County). The courts relinquished custody of Augustine to his father's cousin. So Augustine's life changed and he left Appleby School in England, and returned to rural Virginia. He spent the rest of his childhood and teens at Chotank (as did his siblings). Then at age 21, he set off on his own.

GENERATION SEVENTEEN:

Colonel Augustine I Washington was born in 1684 in Bridges Creek, and died on April 12, 1742. Augustine married twice, At age 21, Augustine married Jane Butler, the daughter of Caleb Butler Esquire of Westmoreland Couny, VA. Augustine and Jane married on April 20, 1715. Jane brought 1,300 acres of land to their marriage, which she inherited from her father. At this time in his life, Augustine was richer than his father had been. Augustine's home was called Lisson Estate, which was located across Bridges Creek his grandfather's home. Bridges Creek is where Augustine's father was buried. Jane had four children, but only Lawrence and Augustine survived into adulthood:

  1. Butler Washington died as an infant.
  2. Lawrence Washington was born in 1718, and inherited Little Hunting Creek before 1740. Little Hunting Creek was renamed Mt. Vernon after Lawrence's British Commander, Admiral Edward Bernon.
  3. Augustine, Jr. was born in 1720, and he inherited the Pope's Creek plantation, a year before his father's death. This house was purchased for 180 English pounds from his father's sister, Mildred and her husband.

    Their mother died on November 24, 1728, and is buried in the Bridges Creek family vault. Augustine officially moved to Popes Creek in 1726 with his wife Jane and his two surviving sons. Augustine was a successful tobacco farmer.

    Augustine's second wife was Mary Ball, the daughter of Col. Ball of Lancaster, Virginia. Augustine and Mary were married on March 6, 1730. Mary brought Augustine even more property. Mary and Augustine lived at Popes Creek, the home Augustine bought from Joseph Abbington on February 22, 1732. Mary gave birth to two daughters and four sons:

    1. George Washington was born in February 22, 1732. He inherited Ferry Farm when he reached maturity. George was eleven (11) years old when his father died. His father moved to Ferry farm in 1735.
    2. Elizabeth "Betty" Washington was born in early 1733. She married Fielding Lewis, a successful businessman. They lived in Kenmore Mansion.
    3. Samuel Washington was born in late 1733.
    4. John Augustine Washington was born in 1735.
    5. Charles Washington was born in 1738.
    6. Mildred Washington, died in infancy.

    Mary (nee Ball) Washington (c. 1708-1789)lived at Strother Plantation across from Fredericksburg, VA. Her son George helped her for another 4 years. She never remarried. George would later inherit the Strother Plantation from his mother. Her daughter Betty lived close to her mother. Mary Ball Washington lived to age 81, surviving her husband Augustine by 40 years. She remained a Tory and died on the eve of her son, George's, inauguration as the first President of the United States of America.

    GENERATION EIGHTEEN:

    George Washington was born in February 22, 1732, in Bridges Creek. in

    George's historians made it difficult to separate the mythology of George from the facts. George made no attempt to visit his greatgrandfather's (Andrew's) brother, his own cousin, since they arrived in Virginia in 1657.

    SOURCES:

    Irving, Washington. The Life of George Washington. Vol. I #7 as part of the Guttenburg E-book Project at Book Project

    FTM CD367 Notable British Families, 1600s-1900s, American Families With British Ancestry, Wade-Wyman, Broderbund Software, Inc. Banner Blue Division

    FTM CD368 British Coats of Arms, Bolton's American Armory, Surnames W-X Broderbund Software, Inc. Banner Blue Division

    FTM CD368 British and American Coats of Arms, The General Armory, Waade-Wyward, Broderbund, Banner Blue Division

    The Norman People. Baltimore, MD.: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1999, 44.

    Rasmussen, William M. and Robert S. Tilton, George Washington: The Man Behind the Myths, Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1999

    Roberts, Gary Boyd. Ancestors of American Presidents. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995.

    Tyack, Geofrey and Steven Brindle, Country Houses of England, London: A&C Black, 1994, 389-390

    Ditchfield, P. H., The Manor Houses of England. New York: Crescent Books, 1985, 125.

    Lines to English Royalty

    GENERATION ONE:

    Edward I, King of England, was born June 17, 1239 in Westminister, Middlesex, England. Edward died July 7, 1307 in Burgh-on-the-Sands, Northumberland, England. His second (2)wife, Alianor of Castile was born in 1240 in Castile, Spain and they were married in 1254. Alianor died November 23, 1290 in Harby, Northumberland, England.

    GENERATION TWO:

    Joan Plantagenet of Acre was born in 1272 in Acre, Palestine. Joan died April 23, 1307 in Clare, Suffolk, England. She married: Gilbert de Clare on April 30, 1290 in Westminster Abbey, England. Gilbert was born September 2, 1243 in Christ Church, Hants., England; and died December 7, 1295 in Moumouth Castle, in Wales.

    GENERATION THREE:

    Margaret de Clare was born on October 1292 in Caerphily Castle and died April 9, 1342. She married (2) Hugh D'Audley after 1312. Hugh was born circa 1289 and died November 10, 1347.

    GENERATION FOUR:

    To be continued......

    GEORGE WASHINGTON

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