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The Austrian and Bavarian Crowns
Written and researched by Margaret Odrowaz-Sypniewska


The Imperial Crown of Austria was originally made for
the Holy Roman Emperor, Rudolf II (1576-1612).
The Scepter and Orb was made for Matthias (1612-1619).
The Shaft of the Sceptre is made of narwal's horn.

The Crown of Wuttemburg was originally made for
King William I of Wurtemburg (1816-1864) in 1822.
It now resides in the Wurtenburg Museum in Stuttgart.


The Bavarian Queen's Crown was made in Paris by Biennais
in 1806, and was altered by G. Merck, at the order of
King Ludwig II. The Crown was intended for his fiancee
the Dutchess Sophia. However, the engagement was cancelled
and the wedding never took place.

The Bavarian King's Crown was made in Paris, France,
by Martin Guillaume Bienais for King Max I Joseph
in 1806. It contains rubies, emeralds, sapphires,
pearls, and brilliants.



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