Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command (PFLP-GC)
Split from the PFLP in 1968, claiming it wanted to focus more on fighting and less on politics. Violently opposed to Arafat's PLO. Led by Ahmad Jabril, a former captain in the Syrian Army. Closely tied to both Syria and Iran.
Carried out dozens of attacks in Europe and the Middle East during 1970-80.
Known for cross-border terrorist attacks into Israel using unusual means, such as hot-air balloons and motorized hang gliders.
Primary focus now on guerrilla operations in southern Lebanon, small-scale attacks in Israel, West Bank, and Gaza Strip.
HAMAS (Islamic Resistance Movement)
Formed in late 1987 as an outgrowth of the Palestinian branch of the Muslim Brotherhood. Various HAMAS elements have used both political and violent means, including terrorism, to pursue the goal of establishing an Islamic Palestinian state in place of Israel. Loosely structured, with some elements working clandestinely and others working openly through mosques and social service institutions to recruit members, raise money, organize activities, and distribute propaganda. HAMAS's strength is concentrated in the Gaza Strip and a few areas of the West Bank. Also has engaged in peaceful political activity, such as running candidates in West Bank Chamber of Commerce elections.
HAMAS activists, especially those in the Izz el-Din al-Qassam Brigades, have conducted many attacks--including large-scale suicide bombings--against Israeli civilian and military targets. In the early 1990s, they also targeted suspected Palestinian collaborators and Fatah rivals. Claimed several attacks during the unrest in late 2000.
Operates primarily in the occupied territories, Israel. In August 1999, Jordanian authorities closed the group's Political Bureau offices in Amman, arrested its leaders, and prohibited the group from operating on Jordanian territory.
Tens of thousands of supporters and sympathizers.
Hizballah (Party of God)
Radical Shia group formed in Lebanon; dedicated to creation of Iranian-style Islamic republic in Lebanon and removal of all non-Islamic influences from the area. Strongly anti-West and anti-Israel. Closely allied with, and often directed by, Iran but may have conducted operations that were not approved by Tehran.
Known or suspected to have been involved in numerous anti-US terrorist attacks, including the suicide truck bombing of the US Embassy and US Marine barracks in Beirut in October 1983 and the US Embassy annex in Beirut in September 1984. Elements of the group were responsible for the kidnapping and detention of US and other Western hostages in Lebanon. The group also attacked the Israeli Embassy in Argentina in 1992 and is a suspect in the 1994 bombing of the Israeli cultural center in Buenos Aires. In fall 2000, it captured three Israeli soldiers in the Shabaa Farms and kidnapped an Israeli noncombatant whom it may have lured to Lebanon under false pretenses.
Has several thousand supporters.
Palestine Liberation Front (PLF)
Broke away from the PFLP-GC in mid-1970s. Later split again into pro-PLO, pro-Syrian, and pro-Libyan factions. Pro-PLO faction led by Muhammad Abbas (Abu Abbas), who became member of PLO Executive Committee in 1984 but left it in 1991.
The Abu Abbas-led faction is known for hang glider attacks against Israel. Abbas's group also was responsible for the attack in 1985 on the cruise ship Achille Lauro and the murder of US citizen Leon Klinghoffer. A warrant for Abu Abbas's arrest is outstanding in Italy.
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP)
Marxist-Leninist group founded in 1967 by George Habash as a member of the PLO. Joined the Alliance of Palestinian Forces (APF) to oppose the Declaration of Principles signed in 1993 and suspended participation in the PLO. Broke away from the APF, along with the DFLP, in 1996 over ideological differences. Took part in meetings with Arafat's Fatah party and PLO representatives in 1999 to discuss national unity and the reinvigoration of the PLO but continues to oppose current negotiations with Israel.
Committed numerous international terrorist attacks during the 1970s. Since 1978 has conducted attacks against Israeli or moderate Arab targets, including killing a settler and her son in December 1996.
Operates in Syria, Lebanon, Israel, and the occupied territories.
Palestine Islamic Jihad (PIJ)
Originated among militant Palestinians in the Gaza Strip during the 1970s. Committed to the creation of an Islamic Palestinian state and the destruction of Israel through holy war. Because of its strong support for Israel, the United States has been identified as an enemy of the PIJ, but the group has not specifically conducted attacks against US interests in the past. In July 2000, however, publicly threatened to attack US interests if the US Embassy is moved from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. Also opposes moderate Arab governments that it believes have been tainted by Western secularism.
Conducted at least three attacks against Israeli interests in late 2000, including one to commemorate the anniversary of former PIJ leader Fathi Shaqaqi's murder in Malta on 26 October 1995. Conducted suicide bombings against Israeli targets in the West Bank, Gaza Strip, and Israel.
Operates primarily in Israel and the occupied territories and other parts of the Middle East, including Jordan and Lebanon. Headquartered in Syria.
I highly recommend this site if you want
to learn more about the Palestinian terrorist organizations and attacks against the Israelis.
Palestinian Terrorist Groups
HAMAS Operations - The Glory Record
From a Palestinian Information left Website glorifying HAMAS attacks against Israelis.
The Charter of Allah
The Platform of the Islamic Resistance Movement
Article 31 'Hamas is a humane movement, which cares for human rights...' (Terrorism and murder are humane ?!?!?!?)
A Guide To HAMAS
The recent wave of Hamas atrocities in Israel and
the contradictory statements emerging from Hamas
spokespeople have led to much confusion regarding
the nature of Hamas, its goals and the scope of its
activities. The confusion stems from the fact that
Hamas is simultaneously a terrorist organization
and a mass social, political and religious movement.
Hamas--an Arabic acronym for Islamic Resistance Movement
meaning "zeal"-- was created in Gaza by Sheikh Ahmad
Yassin shortly before the intifada as a more militant,
Palestinian offshoot of the Muslim Brotherhood, a religious,
political and social movement founded in Egypt and
dedicated to the gradual victory of Islam.
Who Are The Hamas?
Hamas, the main Islamist movement in the Palestinian
territories, was born soon after the previous intifada
erupted in 1987. The organisation opposes the Oslo
peace process and its short-term aim is a complete
Israeli withdrawal from the Palestinian territories.
Hamas does not recognise the right of Israel to exist.
Terrorism: Q & A | Hamas, Islamic Jihad
Who Are The Islamic Jihad?
Terrorism: Q & A | Hezbollah
Fatah: Cornerstone of Arafat's Power
Profile: Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigade
The al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigade is an armed Palestinian group
associated with Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat's Fatah organisation...
Who Are Force 17?
Who Are The Suicide Bombers?
A Suicide Bombers World
Inside Suicide, Inc.
Palestinians Killing Palestinians
MEMRI: Palestinian Authority
Arafat and the PLO
Arafat's Nazi Connection
By Hal Lindsay, WorldNetDaily
Arafat The Nazi
By Joseph Farah, WorldNetDaily
Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)
Background on the PLO
The Islam Threat and the Enemy Within
Islamic Terror Sites On The Web
Islam: A Critical Review
Islam And Terrorism
Islam: A Religion of Terror?
What The Quran Teaches
And Kill Them Wherever You Find Them
Jihad Against Jews And Crusaders
Last updated 19 August 2003