Site hosted by Build your free website today!

Fencers of Fame and Fiction - 3
Written and researched by Margaret Odrowaz-Sypniewska, B.F.A.

"as Armor passed out of use [in warfare], the carrying of swords passed out of use, the carrying of swords by men going about their business [then] became more common" (Read, 98).

"Fencing Taught in fashionable schools according to continental methods - became popular in England in Elizabethean times" (Arlott, 20).

In the reigns of Francois II (1559-1560), Charles IX (1560-1574), and Henri III (1574-1589) dueling (in France) was popular even though it was outlawed in 1559.

Fencing academies were located in Milan, Venice, Verona (in Italy) and Madrid (Spain) in the 16th century. They taught Spanish and Italian styles which used a parrying dagger to match their rapiers. The French style came into vogue after 1650.

Both Benvenuto Cellini and Hans Holbien, the Younger (famous as a portrait painter), made decorative swords in the 16th century. Both were metal workers and jewelers too.

Swords were made in Brescia and Milan, Italy; Toledo and Valencia, Spain; and Solingen (Rheinland) and Passau (on the Danube) in Germany.

In England, in 1781, Boulton and Fothergill of Birmingham, England produced small sword hilts.

The skill of fencing masters grew in the second quarter of the sixteenth century. The rapier was developed and fencing was done with rapier and dagger or even another sword (in the left hand).


Powered by WebRing.


Duels and Dueling on the Web ... Dueling ... Fencing Masters of the 16th Century
Adrian Paul ... La Maupion ... Pushkin's Duels ... Andrew Jackson's Duels.


Arlott, John and Arthur Daley. Pageantry of Sport. New York: Hawthorne Books, Inc., 1968.P> Axelrod, Alan and Charles Phillips. The Macmillan Dictionary of Military Biography. New York: Macmillian, 1998.

Cohen, Richard. By the Sword. New York: Random House, 2002.

Dupuy, Trevor N. The Harper Encyclopedia of Miliatary Biography. Edison, N.J.: Castle Books, 1995.

Emery, H.G. and K. G. Brewster. The New Century Dictionary of the English Language. Vol. 2 in "Biographical Names." New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc., 1953.

Fliegal, Stephen N. Arms and Armor: The Cleveland Museum of Art. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Incorporated, 1998.

Franklin, Fay. History's Timeline. New York: Crescent Books, 1981.

Gottlieb, Agnes and Harry with Barbara and Brent Bowers. 1,000 Years, 1,000 People.

Hutton, Alfred. The Sword and the Centuries. Wren's Park, 2003.

Read, Williams. Weapons Through the Ages. London: Perrage Books, 1984.

Tarassuak, Leonid & Claude Blair. The Complete Encyclopedia of Arms and Weapons. New York: Bonanza Books, 1979.

Yenne, Bill. The Legend of Zorro. Greenwich, CT: Mallard Press, 1991.



You are the visitor since September 10, 2004

This page is updated and designed by Maggie (BFA) and Matt Sypniewski(BA/MA)
Last updated on June 2, 2011.