Short Direct Quote
A source with an author
How to do it:1 Enclose the words in double quotation marks. 2 Enclose a SINGLE WORD in parentheses. This should be the author's last name; if the author is unknown, use the first important word in the title . 3 Don't use the word "page" or "p" or use a comma within the parentheses. 4 Place the period AFTER the final parenthesis.
Method 1: Source given in text
Roger Smith, who is a medical researcher, reported in the July 1998 issue of Medicine, that "the placebo effect disappeared when behaviors were studied in this manner" (276).
Method 2: Source in ParenthesesHe stated, "The placebo effect disappeared when behaviors were studied in this manner" (Smith 276), but he did not clarify which behaviors were studied.